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1) Both Buddhist and Jain literature, though parted their ways from Sanskrit and created large trove of works in vernacular languages, later had to abandon their hostility to the Sanskrit language. Examine.

Topic Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times

1) Both Buddhist and Jain literature, though parted their ways from Sanskrit and created large trove of works in vernacular languages, later had to abandon their hostility to the Sanskrit language. Examine. (250 Words)

Reference

Reference

 

Why this question?

It is in our static topic list. This question is related to art and culture topic in syllabus. UPSC is known to ask questions which demand ability to analyse features of two topics across time and space. 

Key demand of the question:

You should examine why they Jainism and Buddhism ditched Sanskrit in their literature and returned later to its fold.  

Directive Word:

Discuss– With suitable examples, you need to examine the reasons only.  

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, write in 1-2 lines distinct features of Jain and Buddhist literatures and their impact on India’s culture. You must also write a line on their on and off relationship with the Sanskrit language.

In the body, in TWO Mains parts address question’s demand. In first part, write why they chose local languages. Give many examples from Pali, Prakrit, Kannada etc. In the Second part (refer to first link), examine why later scholars again resorted to Sanskrit. Here also give examples. 

In the conclusion, make a general observation that it has been a trend in literary movements throughout history to adapt to and imbibe existing social conditions, and these religious literatures were not exceptions.  

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