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All India Radio News Summary : 25 FEBRUARY 2018


All India Radio News Summary : 25 FEBRUARY 2018


  1. UNSC has unanimously demanded a 30-day ceasefire in Syria with the backing of Russia

With Russia’s backing, the United Nations Security Council has unanimously demanded a 30-day ceasefire in Syria to allow for humanitarian aid deliveries and medical evacuations.

  • The resolution, demanding the ceasefire without delay, was adopted, as the Syrian government forces pounded the rebel-held enclave of Eastern Ghouta where more than 500 people have been killed in seven days.
  • The resolution said, the ceasefire will not apply to operations against the Islamic State or Al-Qaeda, along with individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with the terror groups.
  • This would allow the Syrian government’s offensive to continue against Al-Qaeda-linked terrorists in Idlib, the last province in Syria outside the control of Damascus.
  1. Highlights of PM Mann Ki Baat programme
  • The Prime Minister said, technologies like artificial intelligence must ensure the welfare of the poor, the underprivileged and the needy. 
  • Scientists to find out how Artificial intelligence can help in improving the lives of Divyangjans, and how it can be better used to predict natural disasters and improve health services.
  • India has produced many great scientists from Bodhayan, Bhaskar, Bramhagupta and Aryabhatt to Sir CV Raman, Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose, Satyenda Nath Bose and Hargobind Khurana.
  • PM stressed on pro-activeness and preparedness for public safety during crisis. People need to be aware about safety. Barring natural disasters many accidents happen because of human error.
  • GOBAR Dhan initiative, which was announced in the Budget as part of the Swachh Bharat Mission, nearly 30 lakh tonnes of cow dung, which  is produced on a daily basis, can be used to generate energy and for making Compost.
  • The Prime Minister urged entrepreneurs and women living in rural areas to create Self Help Groups and cooperative societies for the GOBAR DHAN initiative, which will give a source of income for the rural population.
  • Kachra Mahostav, recently held in Chhattisgarh,was also being mentioned. The festival created awareness about creatively using urban waste and re-use of garbage.
  • The dream of New India is where women are empowered, strong and equal partner in overall development of the country.
  • The Prime Minister also mentioned the 15 lakh women of Jharkhand, who actively participated in a continuous month long Swacchta Abhiyan and congratulated them for constructing one lakh 70 thousand toilets in only twenty days.
  • Expressed happiness over the electrification of three villages of Elephanta island near Mumbai after 70 years of independence.

 

  1. India imposes anti-dumping duty on import of ceramic tableware and kitchenware from China
  • India has imposed anti-dumping duty on import of ceramic tableware and kitchenware from China in a bid to protect domestic producers.
  • Ceramic tableware and kitchenware shipped in from China will attract an anti-dumping duty of 1.04 US Dollar per kg, making the imports expensive.
  • The All India Pottery Manufacturers’ Association (AIPMA) and the Indian Ceramic Society had approached the Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD) for imposition of the levy on the items.
  • Based on the recommendations of the DGAD, the revenue department in the finance ministry has slapped the duty.

 

  1. China’s ruling Communist Party set the stage for President Xi Jinping to stay in office indefinitely

China’s ruling Communist Party set the stage for President Xi Jinping to stay in office indefinitely, with a proposal to remove a constitutional clause limiting presidential service to just two terms in office.

  • The proposal had been made by the party’s Central Committee, the largest of its elite ruling bodies.
  • The proposal also covers the vice president position.
  • The Communist Party of China Central Committee proposed to remove the expression that the President and Vice-President of the People’s Republic of China shall serve no more than two consecutive terms’ from the country’s Constitution.
  • Constitutional reform needs to be approved by parliament. That is stacked with members chosen for their loyalty to the party, meaning the reform will not be blocked.

 

  1. North Korea condemned the latest round of sanctions imposed by the United States

North Korea condemned the latest round of sanctions imposed by the United States, accusing it of trying to undermine an improvement in inter-Korean relations during the Winter Olympics.  

  • The two Koreas have cooperated together and the Olympics were held successfully.
  • The U.S., however, brought the threat of war to the Korean peninsula with large-scale new sanctions on the North ahead of the Olympics closing ceremony.