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4) In a recent study by the UNICEF, India’s still has one of the highest newborn-mortality rate – nearly 640,000 babies were lost in 2016, more than any other country. What are the solutions to prevent newborn-mortality? Also comment why India is not able to reduce newborn-mortality rate.

Topic Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

4) In a recent study by the UNICEF, India’s still has one of the highest newborn-mortality rate – nearly 640,000 babies were lost in 2016, more than any other country. What are the solutions to prevent newborn-mortality? Also comment why India is not able to reduce newborn-mortality rate. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question?

This question is asked to stir your conscience (640000 deaths in one year!). And to test your gravity and  understanding of the issue.  It’s also important for Mains. 

Key demand of the question:

Write about solutions to stop newborn child deaths. And critically comment on this issue (be objective, don’t be emotional)

Directive Word:

Comment: Based on facts, argue why India’ rank is low. Also mention efforts are being made to reduce these deaths. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, prominently highlight why this issue in very important for India and how it’s shameful that our efforts are not bearing fruits.

In the body, in the first part, give around 10 measures with stats/data/examples. In the Second part, in 2-3 paragraphs, comment why we have failed.

In the conclusion, comment why other states can no achieve lower deaths when  Kerala and Tamil Nadu are able to achieve this.