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5) Artificial Intelligence(AI) heralds the next phase of digital capitalism where capital accumulation is powered by data. Elaborate the statement and discuss who should own data in AI driven digital capitalism and why.

Topic:   Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, 

5) Artificial Intelligence(AI) heralds the next phase of digital capitalism where capital accumulation is powered by data. Elaborate the statement and discuss who should own data in AI driven digital capitalism and why. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question?

By the time Mains exam comes, the debate on AI will evolve and encompass many dimensions. Role of AI in capitalism is one such dimension that is going to be a major issue and expect UPSC to notice it either in 2018 or 2019. It’s an important question both of GS and Essay.   

Key demand of the question:

You should first explain the statement. Show that you have conceptual clarity on meaning of both AI and digital capitalism, and relationship between them, especially in the light of Big Data. Secondly, question demands your opinion (yes, you can give opinion even when the directive word is DISCUSS) on who should own data and why.   

Directive Word:

Elaborate: Make the meaning clear – no opinion, no analysis. Explain the statement. 

Discuss: Here, discuss how should own data in AI driven economy and why. It requires your opinion as well as facts. 

Structure of Answer:

In the intro, you should address question in holistically – AI, digital capitalism, data and its ownership. Intelligently write 1-2 statements that value (For ex, you can say that AI driven digital capitalism should acknowledge and reward users who generate data)

After introduction you must define AI and Digital capitalism (this is must wherever you find certain keywords/terms in question whose definition is key to write relevant answer)

In the body, there should be TWO Mains Parts: One to elaborate statement; Second part to discuss who and why aspects of data ownership. You should divide second part into further two sub-parts. (in any answer, highlight main Parts to let examiner notice that you are answering all parts of the question)

In the conclusion, show concern for the user (the invisible labour) and say that new era of capitalism shouldn’t be built at the cost of privacy and life of ordinary users. You may also bring Aadhaar dimension. (Again, use your creativity and knowledge to write interesting conclusion that is thought provoking)