All India Radio News Summary: 28 OCTOBER 2017

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All India Radio News Summary: 28 OCTOBER 2017


  1. Supreme Court asks Centre to explain the reasons for delay in appointment of Judges.

The Supreme Court has said that it will examine the issue relating to delay in finalising the Memorandum of Procedure (MoP) for appointment of judges to the higher judiciary.

  • Even though there was no time limit fixed for finalisation of the MoP, the issue cannot linger on for indefinite period.
  • The court order in this regard came in 2015 and nearly two years have passed since then, the apex court asked Attorney General to respond on the issue.
  • The court also appointed senior advocate KV Vishwanathan as amicus curiae and asked him to assist the bench in the matter, whose next hearing will be on 14th of next month.

The court agreed with the petitioner that the MoP must provide for a mechanism so that appointments of regular Chief Justices of High Courts are not unduly delayed.

 

Memorandum of Procedure (MoP)

  • The document that guides appointments to higher judiciary.

Why is it still stuck?

  • It is still stuck due to differences between the SC collegium and the government over some controversial clauses like – allow the government to hold the power to reject any name for appointment as a judge of the high court for reasons of “national security”.

 

  1. Blue Whale challenge game is a national problem

Context:

Throughout 2017 media in India has reported several cases of child suicide, self-harm and attempted suicide alleged to be a result of Blue Whale, although no case has been officially confirmed. In August 2017, the Government of India’s Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology requested that several internet companies (including Google, Facebook, and Yahoo) remove all links which direct users to the game.

 

A petition filed by Supreme Court advocate, asking the court to frame guidelines for regulating and monitoring the virtual digital online games and to take immediate measures to ban/ block sites linked to the Blue Whale game or any other forms of violent and immoral games.

 

SC stance:

  • The Supreme Court has said that the Blue Whale challenge game is a national problem and it must be contained.
  • It asked public broadcaster Doordarshan to produce a 10-minute educational show on the perils of virtual dare games like Blue Whale Challenge within a week and directed the Centre to ensure that children do not fall prey to such dangerous activities online.
  • The apex court said the educational TV programme should also be shown by all private channels on prime time.
  • The Centre informed the court that it has set up an expert committee to look into the issue and file a report within three weeks.

 

Objective

  • The idea behind the programme in Doordarshan is to make parents and children aware of the dangers of online games like Blue Whale.
  • The message of the programme should be that children should not be trapped into the game.

 

  1. Government makes all efforts to ensure adequate fund flow to States and Union Territories under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme.

The government is making all efforts to ensure adequate fund flow to the States and Union Territories under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Gurantee Scheme.

  • It has released 40,480 crore rupees so far in this Financial Year which is around 4,500 crore rupees more than the release during the corresponding period of the last financial year.
  • As per the financial norms, after 30th September of every year, the States/UTs are required to submit Audited Reports and Utilization Certificates of previous financial year along with other requisite information for release of second tranche of funds.
  • Immediate action has been taken on proposals submitted so far by Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Jammu and Kashmir and proposals have been processed.
  • The Ministry has been constantly engaging with the rest of the States / UTs for submission of proposals without delay.
  • The current Financial Year is marked by the highest ever budget allocation of 48,000 crore rupees.

 

  1. Telangana’s first Mother’s Milk Bank

Telangana’s first Mother’s Milk Bank was inaugurated by Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare in Hyderabad.

 

Aim:

  • The milk bank is aimed at providing pasteurized human breast milk to premature neo-natal babies of mothers who are unable to lactate due to serious health complications.
  • The centre in coordination with the states has taken up several cost-effective measures to promote the best breastfeeding practices to increase the survival rate of new born.

 

Significance:

  • India is one of the countries in the world which is contributing to the highest number of deaths of the new born.  
  • It is as high as 30 percent of total deaths globally which are taking place in the world of the new born.
  • This is significant in bringing down the high number of deaths of the new born.

 

  1. India and US have agreed to address the issue of trade deficit by increasing and diversifying bilateral trade

Context:

India and US have agreed to address the issue of trade deficit by increasing and diversifying bilateral trade after the first US-India talk at the bilateral Trade Policy Forum in Washington.

 

What did India seek?

  • India has sought to ease procedures for export of mangoes and pomegranates to the US.
  • India also strongly raised the issue of H-1B and L1 visas with the United States.
  • It was explained to the US that the issue is being raised not because Indians will find it difficult but the US economy itself will find it difficult to cope with the reality.
  • US companies are encouraged to take benefit of the Make in India policy and establish manufacturing facilities in India which would considerably bring down the cost.
  • India has also sought cooperation from the US on certain technology sectors like artificial intelligence, electric vehicles and aviation.

 

  1. First Guwahati International Film Festival

In Assam, the first Guwahati International Film Festival began today. Chief Minister will formally inaugurate the six day festival in the evening.

  • Iranian movie ‘The Salesman’ will be the inaugural movie.
  • The festival is being organized by Jyoti Chitraban society , Assam government and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Regional Government Film and Television Institute. Official sources said that 75 movies from 35 countries will be screened.

 

  1. CBSE, has invited online applications for its Merit Scholarship Scheme for single girl Child for plus-2 studies

Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, has invited online applications for its Merit Scholarship Scheme for single girl Child for plus-2 studies – 2017 and renewal of applications of Merit Scholarship Scheme for Single Girl Child 10th Pass awarded last year.

According to the Board, students who have passed Class 10th Examination this year from CBSE affiliated Schools, can apply for these scholarships