All India Radio News Summary: 05 SEPTEMBER 2017

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All India Radio News Summary: 05 SEPTEMBER 2017


  1. Prime Minister held a bilateral meeting with Chinese President

Prime Minister held a bilateral meeting with Chinese President in Xiamen this morning. It was the first meeting between two leaders after both countries withdrew their troops from Doklam area following a nearly 2-month long stand-off.

  • India has reiterated that peace and tranquillity is pre-requisite for further development in bilateral relationship with China.
  • Prime Minister told Chinese president that India and China are each other’s major neighbours and both the countries are world’s largest and emerging.
  • He said, there should be stability in relationship between both the countries.
  • He also said, both the countries do not allow to disagreements to become disputes.
  • The leaders recalled their Astana meeting and reaffirmed that disagreements should be resolved with mutual respect and confidence.

 

PM took part in Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries at Xiamen-

  • Addressing Emerging Markets and Developing Countries Dialogue for promoting mutually beneficial cooperation for Common Development during BRICS summit at Xiamen, PM said that India’s no-strings-attached model of cooperation is driven purely by the requirements and priorities of partner countries.
  • He said, India’s development partnership projects are providing water, electricity, roads, healthcare, tele-medicine, and basic infrastructure in dozens of countries.

 

Prime Minister concludes his three day visit to China today where he attended BRICS Summit and also held bilateral meetings with Russian President and Brazilian President.

  • Prime Minister has suggested that BRICS-leadership-for-global-transformation can be achieved through ten noble commitments.
  • These include counter terrorism, cyber security and disaster management, and creation of a greener and enabled world created by sharing and deploying suitable technologies to enhance efficiencies, economy and effectiveness.
  • PM said that earlier this year, India launched the South Asia Satellite to benefit willing regional partners in meeting their developmental goals. He said, India has a long tradition of partnerships with fellow developing countries, while pursuing its own aspirations for growth. He said, India’s programmes are geared to accomplish these priority goals in a time-bound manner and the bedrock of the development agenda lies in the notion of ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas.’
  • The countries other than BRICS nations participating in the dialogue are Egypt, Guinea, Mexico, Tajikistan and Thailand. They have been invited by the host China under its BRICS plus approach.
  • The 9th BRICS Summit held in China has been very successful for India as it has been able to get named terror groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad operating from Pakistani soil and a comprehensive approach against terrorism by BRICS leaders in the Xiamen declaration.

 

After his engagements in Xiamen, PM departed for Myanmar capital Nay Pyi Taw in the afternoon on the final leg of his two-nation tour.

  • The two sides are expected to ink a number of agreements and deliberate on key issues.
  • PM’s visit will greatly contribute to further strengthening the bilateral ties between the two countries.

 

  1. Supreme Court has sought the government’s stand on a petition related to Rohingya Muslim immigrants

The Supreme Court has sought the government’s stand on a petition challenging the Centre’s decision to deport illegal Rohingya Muslim immigrants back to Myanmar.

  • The matter came up before a bench, headed by Chief Justice, which asked Additional Solicitor General to take instruction from the Centre about its response.
  • The petition, filed by two Rohingya immigrants, has challenged the Centre’s decision on various grounds including that it violated international human right conventions.
  • The petitioners said, they had taken refuge in India after escaping from Myanmar due to widespread discrimination, violence and bloodshed against the community there.

 

  1. Pleas challenging the validity of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA)

The Supreme Court has asked the Bombay High Court to decide within two months the pleas challenging the validity of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA) which are pending there.

It also asked the other high courts where pleas have been filed by builders and others challenging the provisions of the RERA, to await the decision of the Bombay High Court before deciding the cases.

The apex court made the observations while hearing a plea filed by the Centre seeking transfer of all the petitions challenging the provisions of the RERA pending in different high courts to either the apex court or one of the high courts.

 

  1. Teacher’s Day celebration

Teacher’s Day is being celebrated today. The day is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of academician, statesman and philosopher Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan who was the second President and first Vice President of India.

President, Vice President and Prime Minister have greeted the teachers on the occasion.

  • President today said that
    • a teacher should always be a learner.
    • teachers are the best nation builders.
    • teachers have an important role in minimizing disparity between students.
    • a teacher has a bigger responsibility than parents.
  • In the national capital, Vice President conferred the National Award to Teachers. The award is given as public recognition to meritorious teachers working in primary, middle and secondary schools.
  • National Award to Teachers awards, which were instituted in 1958, carries a medal, certificate, and award money of 50 thousand rupees. Special awards also have been instituted for special educators who promote inclusive education in schools.
  • Vice President today said,
    • India has a great cultural educational heritage.
    • education is the most crucial foundation for nation building
    • Teachers should be given credit for country’s development and shaping the future of children.
  • The Vice President also launched DIKSHA portal, a National Digital Infrastructure for Teachers. It is a unique initiative which leverages existing highly scalable and flexible digital infrastructures, while keeping teachers at the centre.

 

  1. The 10-day long Ganeshotsav celebrations

The 10-day long Ganeshotsav in Mumbai will culminate today with the immersion of Ganpati idols in various parts of the city. The state government has taken various measures to ensure that the process of immersion is carried out smoothly.

  • A total of 32 artificial ponds have been created for immersion while people can also immerse the idols in natural ponds.
  • Coast Guard will be carrying out close to coast patrol by two each ship, hovercrafts and helicopters. 
  • The 125th Ganeshotsav celebrations in Pune will conclude with grandeur as usual, with the spectacular visarjan procession. The procession began from the statue of Lokmanya Tilak near Mandai.
  • In Telangana, Ganesh Idol processions are progressing smoothly for immersion in Hyderabad and other parts of the state. Over 50 thousand Ganesh Idols after 11-day community prayers have been lined up in Shobha Yatra to the Hussain Sagar Lake in Hyderabad.

 

  1. Inter-ministerial task force to expedite the implementation of the Namami Gange mission

New Water Resources Minister has announced the formation of an inter-ministerial task force to expedite the implementation of the Centre’s Namami Gange mission.

  • The task force is expected to have ministers and officials from water resources, urban development, drinking water and sanitation and rural development Ministries among others.
  • Task force will come out with a detailed schedule on achieving various targets under the mission in a time-bound and transparent manner in a week.

 

  1. National minimum wage in the Code on Wages Bill 2017

The Government today clarified that it has not fixed or mentioned any amount as national minimum wage in the Code on Wages Bill 2017.

  • Dismissing news reports that minimum wages had been fixed as 18,000 rupees per month for all employees, the Government said the minimum wages will vary from place to place depending upon skill required, arduousness of the work assigned and geographical location.
  • Labour and Employment ministry said, the Code on Wages Bill 2017, clearly states that the Central Government, before fixing the national minimum wage, may obtain the advice of the Central Advisory Board, having representatives from employers and employees.
  • However, the new Code on Wages will ensure minimum wages to one and all and timely payment of wages to all employees irrespective of the sector of employment without any wage ceiling.

 

  1. Health and Family Welfare Ministry has launched two new contraceptives

Health and Family Welfare Ministry has launched two new contraceptives, an injectable contraceptive MPA under the Antara programme and a contraceptive pill, Chhaya, in the public health system.

  • The Antara injectable is effective for three months and the Chayya pill for one week.
  • The contraceptives are safe and highly effective and will help meet the changing needs of couples and help women plan and space their pregnancies.
  • The contraceptives are available for free in Medical Colleges and District Hospitals at present.
  • The contraceptives have so far been launched in 10 states including Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Haryana, West Bengal, Odisha, Delhi and Goa.
  • In addition, Mission Parivar Vikas, a central family planning initiative has also been launched by the Ministry.

 

  1. NITI Aayog has launched National Nutrition Strategy

NITI Aayog has launched National Nutrition Strategy today.

  • It lays the roadmap for targeted action to address India’s nutritional needs.
  • NITI’s national nutrition strategy calls for convergence between four proximate determinants of nutrition – food, health services, income and water.
  • Currently, there is also a lack of real time measurement of these determinants, which reduces the capacity for targeted action among the most vulnerable mothers and children.
  • The strategy will bring nutrition to the centre-stage of the National Development Agenda.
  • The Nutrition Strategy framework envisages a Kuposhan Mukt Bharat – linked to Swachh Bharat and Swasth Bharat. The aim is to ensure that States create customized State/ District Action Plans to address local needs and challenges. This is especially relevant in view of enhanced resources available with the States, to prioritise focussed interventions with agreater role for panchayats and urban local bodies. 

 

  1. NPPA has asked manufacturers to display price of knee implant system

Drug price regulator, NPPA has asked manufacturers to display price of knee implant system on their websites within the next three working days.

  • National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority today said, all the manufacturers, importers, marketers of knee implant system and all hospitals, clinics must display the MRP or price of knee implant system, which they are charging the patients.
  • Last month, the government had fixed a price range for knee implants from 54 thousand rupees to one lakh 14 thousand, nearly 70 per cent lower than most surgeries currently cost.

 

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority

The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is a government regulatory agency set up as per executive order that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs in India

  • It has been given powers to implement and enforce the Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO).
  • It can fund studies regarding pricing of drugs.
  • It also has the task to monitor drug shortages and take appropriate actions to rectify
  • It also has to collect and maintain data regarding the import and export of drugs, market shares of pharmaceutical companies and their profits.
  • It also handles legal disputes that arise out of policies created by it.
  • It advices the Government of Indiain matters of drug policies and pricing.
  • It renders advice to the Central Government on changes/ revisions in the drug policy.
  • It can also cap the prices of a drug and recently it capped the prices of coronary stent.