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ETHICS Revision Test

ETHICS Revision Test

 

Answer following questions in about 150 words each. (1 Hour, 100 Marks)

 

  1. What is equality? Why should we be concerned about this moral and political ideal? Illustrate.
  2. Do you think  reservations or affirmative actions are a form of reverse discrimination? Examine the ethical issues involved in implementing  policies of affirmative action.
  3. Discuss John Rawls’ argument that a fair and just society would be in the interest of all members and could be defended on rational grounds.
  4. On what grounds are some rights considered to be universal in nature? Identify three rights which you consider universal. Give reasons.
  5. What arguments on ethical grounds did Martin Luther King Jr make against the prevailing laws of segregation in the US? Examine.
  6. Do you consider democracy as a value? How is a democracy more effective than authoritarian governments in dealing with conflicting nationalist aspirations?
  7. Is secularism anti-religious and unethical? Justify.
  8. What are the main reasons for the growing violence in our society? How can they be contained? Discuss
  9. Is it ethical to use violence to establish peace? Justify.
  10. “Justice implies something which it is not only right to do and wrong not to do; but which some individual person can claim from us as his moral right.” – J. S. Mill. Discuss the meaning and significance of this quote in today’s context.