ETHICS Revision Test
Answer following questions in about 150 words each. (1 Hour, 100 Marks)
- What is equality? Why should we be concerned about this moral and political ideal? Illustrate.
- Do you think reservations or affirmative actions are a form of reverse discrimination? Examine the ethical issues involved in implementing policies of affirmative action.
- Discuss John Rawls’ argument that a fair and just society would be in the interest of all members and could be defended on rational grounds.
- On what grounds are some rights considered to be universal in nature? Identify three rights which you consider universal. Give reasons.
- What arguments on ethical grounds did Martin Luther King Jr make against the prevailing laws of segregation in the US? Examine.
- Do you consider democracy as a value? How is a democracy more effective than authoritarian governments in dealing with conflicting nationalist aspirations?
- Is secularism anti-religious and unethical? Justify.
- What are the main reasons for the growing violence in our society? How can they be contained? Discuss
- Is it ethical to use violence to establish peace? Justify.
- “Justice implies something which it is not only right to do and wrong not to do; but which some individual person can claim from us as his moral right.” – J. S. Mill. Discuss the meaning and significance of this quote in today’s context.