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Mains Self Study 2017 – Test 17

 

 


Mains Self Study 2017 – Test 17


 

  1. As per the World Bank (2010), there are significant constraints to the continued growth of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to support mitigation in developing countries. Identify and examine these constraints. In the light of these constraints, should the CDM be scrapped?

Source: National Parks, Biosphere Reserves, Species, Environmental Laws/Conventions/Treaties/Bodies

 

 

  1. What are Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)? What is their relevance in a globalized and liberalized world? In this context, critically examine the credentials of the Indian state in addressing major issues related to climate change.

Source: National Parks, Biosphere Reserves, Species, Environmental Laws/Conventions/Treaties/Bodies

 

 

  1. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) squarely places the responsibility of providing climate finance to the developing countries on the developed countries. Argue for and against this view. In face of continued denial by developed countries and considering the resource shortages in developing countries, how climate change projects should be financed?

Source: National Parks, Biosphere Reserves, Species, Environmental Laws/Conventions/Treaties/Bodies

 

 

  1. What is an Eco-sensitive Zone (ESZ)? Discuss the 2011 guidelines of Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on ESZ. Do these guidelines significantly affect industrial development in India?

Source: National Parks, Biosphere Reserves, Species, Environmental Laws/Conventions/Treaties/Bodies

 

 

 

 

  1. “The outbreak of the First World War in 1914 gave a new lease of life to the nationalist movement which had been dormant since the heady days of the Swadeshi Movement.” Discuss.

Source: Bipin Chandra: India’s Struggle Since Independence: Chapter 12

 

 

  1. On one hand, Indian immigrants abroad helped arouse Indian national consciousness in India and abroad, and on the other, immigrants from abroad in India helped organize and consolidate the Indian National Movement. Examine the role played by both these groups in our freedom struggle.

 Source: Bipin Chandra: India’s Struggle Since Independence: Chapter 12

 

 

  1. What were the major differences between the ideological positions of the Indian Home Rule League movement and the Indian National Congress (INC)? How were these reconciled later? Examine their broader impact on the freedom struggle.

 Source: Bipin Chandra: India’s Struggle Since Independence: Chapter 13

 

 

  1. Trace the evolution of Mahatma Gandhi’s view of the Indian National Movement, starting with his arrival from South Africa. Can these changes be attributed to his personal growth or the transformed milieau in the country? Justify with appropriate examples.

 Source: Bipin Chandra: India’s Struggle Since Independence: Chapter 14

 

 

  1. Compare and contrast the Arab Spring with the Indian National Movement. How their organization, inspiration and core values led to varying outcomes and effectiveness in each case? Discuss.

Source: Bipin Chandra: India’s Struggle Since Independence: Chapter 15

 

 

  1. “Peasant discontent against established authority was a familiar feature of the nineteenth century leading to major movements which were deeply influenced by and in their turn had a marked impact on the ongoing struggle for national freedom.” Elaborate.

Source: Bipin Chandra: India’s Struggle Since Independence: Chapter 16

 

 

  1. The rulers of Vijayanagar were the inheritors of the rich traditions in art and architecture of the Cholas, the Pandyas and the Hoysalas. Elucidate.

Source: TamilNadu History Textbook – Class XI – Chapter 19

 

 

  1. What factors came to shape Akbar’s religious policy? Bring out the salient features of his religious policy and evaluate its impact on the religious developments ahead in India.

Source: TamilNadu History Textbook – Class XI – Chapter 20

 

 

  1. Bring out how Indian traditions came to be blended with Turko-Iranian culture which was brought into India by the Mughals. In this light, examine key features of this synthesis.

Source: TamilNadu History Textbook – Class XI – Chapter 21

 

 

  1. The ongoing administrative conflict in Delhi can be attributed more to the constitutional fuzziness rather than the design of the Indian Federation itself. Do you agree? Justify your view.

Source: Chapter on Union Territories: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth

 

 

  1. Eradication of Left Wing Extremism (LWE) requires a significant change in the way Fifth and Sixth Schedule of the Constitution are being presently administered in the country. Examine this view offering possible administrative solutions to tackle the LWE problem in India.

Source: Chapter on Scheduled and Tribal Areas: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth

 

 

 

  1. The Election Commission (EC) has proposed several important electoral reforms with a view to cleanse the political funding and decriminalize politics in India. Examine these reforms bringing out their rationale, significance and associated challenges.

Source: Chapter on Election Commission of India: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth

 

 

  1. Has the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) effectively responded to the growing complexities and challenges of personnel recruitment in India taking into account the forces of liberalization, privatization and globalization? Discuss. How do you view the ‘future’ of personnel recruitment to the Civil Services of India?

Source: Chapter on UPSC: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth

 

 

  1. Bring out the causes behind the initial hike and later decline in the wage rates of unskilled rural labour in India in past decade. Examine their impact on urban economic growth in India.

Source: Indian Economy: Ramesh Singh: Chapter on Human Development in India

 

 

  1. Central Sector Schemes (CSS) in India are criticized for being too rigid in their structure and focussing excessively on ‘outputs’ rather than ‘outcomes’. Elucidate. What solutions do you offer to address these major problems with CSS?

 Source: Indian Economy: Ramesh Singh: Chapter on Human Development in India

 

 

  1. In view of declining private investments and eroding corporate profitability, would you suggest a revival of the Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) in the Indian economy? Justify your view.

Source: Indian Economy: Ramesh Singh: Chapter on Public Finance in India