[Insights Secure – 2017] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Affairs: 30 December 2016
Click on EACH question to post/read answers.
General Studies – 1;
Topic: World history; Impact of globalizaton; Political philosophies
1) What do you understand by an open society? At present the world is witnessing the rise of of closed societies. What danger do closed societies pose to world peace? What factors are contributing backlash against democracy? Discuss. (200 Words)
Topic: Social empowerment; Salient features of Indian society.
General Studies – 2
Topic: Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs,
Topic: Welfare schemes and their performance
4) On 2 October 2014, Prime Minister announced the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), which targets eradicating open defecation in India by 2019. Halfway through its term in office, how close is the government to achieving this ambitious target? What needs to be done to make this mission successful? Examine. (200 Words)
General Studies – 3
Topic: Economic growth; Employment; Developments in S&T
5) It is argued that leaving everything to the market can lead to social and political turmoil. It is also said that the evolution of vicious politics is due to steady march of technology. Discuss. (200 Words)
Topic: Indian economy
6) A recent survey in USA has revealed that nearly a fourth of Americans use cash for all or almost all of their purchases during a typical week and more than half tended to use a mix of both cash and cashless payment modes, in an economy that is overwhelmingly dominated by non-cash payment options, unlike India. In the light of this survey, critically comment on ongoing push towards cashless economy by the Indian government. (200 Words)
General Studies – 4
Topic: Ethical dilemmas in public and private institutions
7) Land needed for mining, dams and other large-scale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill dwellers and rural communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the legal provisions. However, the payment is often tardy. In any case, hit cannot sustain the displaced families for long. These people do not possess marketable skills to engage in some other accusation. They end up as low paid migrant laborers. Moreover, their development go to industries, industrialists and urban communities whereas the costs are passed on to these poor helpless people. This unjust distribution of costs and benefits is unethical.
Suppose you have been entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation policy for such displaced persons, how would you approach the problem and what would be the main elements of your suggested policy? (250 words)
CSE Mains 2016 GS-IV