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Insights Daily Current Events, 11 February 2016

Insights Daily Current Events, 11 February 2016

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Paper 2 Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme expanded in additional 61 districts

The Ministry of Women and Child Development has expanded Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme in additional 61 districts, covering 11 states.

  • This expansion was recommended by the Standing Finance Committee (SFC) in its recently held meeting, after seeing the overwhelming response by stakeholders in the form of various initiatives and innovations.

About the Scheme:

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme was launched in January, 2015 at Panipat in Haryana.
  • The scheme is aimed at promoting gender equality and the significance of educating girls.
  • The Scheme is targeted at improving the Child Sex Ratio through multi sectoral interventions including prevention of gender biased sex selection and promoting girls’ education and her holistic empowerment.
  • It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.
  • In the first phase, 100 districts with low Child Sex Ratio were selected for the Scheme implementation for creating awareness and advocacy about the issue.
  • During the last one year, the BBBP Scheme is being implemented under the overall guidance and supervision of concerned District Magistrate/Deputy Commissioners.

sources: pib.


 

Paper 3 Topic: IPR related issues.

India near bottom of intellectual property index

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce in its International Intellectual Property Index has placed India at 37th position out of 38 countries.

  • This report comes at a time when the government is close to finalising a National Intellectual Property policy to improve the IP regime, increase IP awareness and strengthen enforcement of rules.

Details:

  • The list is topped by the US, which is followed by the UK, Germany, France and Sweden.
  • India’s peers in the BRICS grouping were all ranked ahead with Russia ranked 20th, China (22nd), South Africa (26th) and Brazil (29th).
  • Venezeula occupies the last position in the index.

The report said Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and Russia introduced or maintained policies that tie market access to sharing of IP and technology. Such forced-localization policies tend to undermine the overall innovation ecosystem and deter investment from foreign IP-intensive entities.

Performance of India:

  • India remains at the bottom of the Index for the fourth year in a row.
  • The report notes that India’s score would have increased if the government had not suspended implementation of Final Guidelines for Computer Related Inventions (CRI).

The report notes the following reasons for India’s low rank:

  • Patent protection in India remains outside of international best practices.
  • Indian law does not provide adequate enforcement mechanisms to effectively combat online piracy.
  • Among India’s key areas of weakness was the use of compulsory licensing (CL) for commercial and non-emergency situations, and the expanded use of CL being considered by the Indian government. CL relates to the government allowing entities to manufacture, use, sell or import a patented invention without the permission of the patent-owner.
  • Another area of weakness was poor application and enforcement of civil remedies and criminal penalties.
  • The fact that India was not party to major international treaties, like the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement, was also a consideration.

About the Index:

The Index — produced by the Chamber’s Global Intellectual Property Center (GIPC) — is based on 30 criteria critical to innovation including patent, copyright and trademark protections, enforcement, and engagement in international treaties.

  • The 38 economies benchmarked in the 2016 Index accounts for nearly 85% of the global GDP.
  • The Index was created so that countries such as India can hear directly from the business community on the IP-related issues important to them when considering investing in new markets.

sources: the hindu.


 

Paper 3 Topic: cyber security.

NATO, EU sign agreement on cyberdefense cooperation

NATO and the European Union have signed an agreement to improve cooperation in cyberdefense.

  • The technical agreement, in this regard, was signed at NATO recently between the NATO Computer Incident Response Capability (NCIRC) and the Computer Emergency Response Team of the European Union (CERT-EU).

Details:

  • The agreement establishes a framework for emergency response teams from NATO and the EU to exchange information and share best practices.
  • The cooperation will help both organizations better address the challenges of cyber attacks as they face similar challenges in protecting their networks against the growing threat of cyber attacks.

sources: et.


 

Trivia:

In a first of its kind deal, UAE’s national oil company Adnoc has agreed to store crude oil in India’s maiden strategic storage and give two-thirds of the oil to it for free. India is building underground storages in Visakhapatnam and Mangalore and Padur in Karnataka to store about 5.33 million tonnes of crude oil to guard against global price shocks and supply disruptions. Adnoc will use the facility as a warehouse for trading its oil.