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[Insights Secure – 2016] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 21 January 2016

[Insights Secure – 2016] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 21 January  2016

Archives – Secure 2015

Archives – Secure 2016

Click on EACH question to post/read  answers.

General Studies – 1;

TopicSalient features of Indian society

1) A national survey showed that less than half of the toilets built in the Swachh Bharat mission are being used for defecation, but doing duty instead as small granaries or as store rooms. Critically discuss why Swacch Bharat mission has failed, the reasons why people do not use toilets and practical measures needed to stop open defecation in India. (200 Words)

Business Standard

 

Topic: Social empowerment; Role of women

2) The Bihar government’s move to reserve 35 per cent of all jobs in the state sector for women is an attempt to increase their presence in the workforce. Do you think reservation in jobs alone will empower women? What else should government do in this regard? Discuss. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

General Studies – 2

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

3) Maternity entitlements are an important policy tool for encouraging better maternal health. In this regard, critically examine if the provisions of  the National Food Security Act (NFSA) and the Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) are sufficient in ensuring better maternal health. Examine shortcomings of these schemes and government’s role in better implementation of these schemes. (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

TopicDevelopment processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

4) To address some of the pressing socio-economic problems, it is necessary for government to work together with civil society and NGOs. Do you think this partnership is working well in India? If no, what needs to be done by both to work together efficiently and transparently? Discuss. (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,

5) It is said that persistently low crude oil prices will impact India in several positive ways. How should India capitalise on persisting low crude oil prices? Comment. (200 Words)

Business Standard

General Studies – 3

Topic: Developments in S&T

6) What do you understand by photonics? Explain its various applications. (200 Words)

The Hindu

Topic: Resource mobilization; 

7) Curbing tax evasion to boost public finance is part of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In the light of this statement and recent recommendations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)-led project on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) on tax avoidance, critically discuss the need for India to implement these recommendations and the challenges India faces in their implementation. (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

Topic: Employment; Energy; Economic growth; Industrial policies

8) India hopes to have 175 Gw worth of renewable energy (RE) capacity by 2022 and the next target is to double this, to 350 Gw of RE by 2030 i.e. 40 per cent of actual power generation would be from renewables by 2030. Are there any negatives from this major shift in energy generation from renewables? Critically examine. (200 Words)

Business Standard

General Studies – 4

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. 

9)“Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make man a more clever devil.” Explain the meaning of quote in the present context. (150 Words)

General