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Insights Daily Current Events, 09 January 2016

Insights Daily Current Events, 09 January 2016

Archives

Paper 1 Topic: Salient features of Indian society; Art and culture.

Jallikattu in T.N., bullock cart race in Maharashtra cleared

The Centre has issued a notification to permit jallikattu, Tamil Nadu’s traditional bull-taming sport, ahead of the Pongal festival. The order permits jallikattu — and bullock cart races in Maharashtra, etc.

Details:

  • The notification overturns a 2011 notification that prohibited the exhibition or training of bulls, and some other animals, as performing animals, and also goes against Supreme Court’s 2014 ruling.
  • While retaining the general prohibition on using some animals — bulls, bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers and lions — as performing animals, the notification makes an exception for such traditional sports involving bulls, subject to the permission of the local administration and some conditions.
  • The new notification says that “bulls may be continued to be exhibited or trained as a performing animal — at events such as Jallikattu in Tamil Nadu and bullock cart races in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Punjab, Haryana, Kerala and Gujarat — in the manner by the customs of any community or practiced traditionally under the customs or as a part of culture, in any part of the country”. The notification mentions that this exemption is subject to the condition that bulls are treated properly and not subjected to cruelty.
  • The new notification adds a few guidelines to regulate these sports: these events shall take place in these areas at such places as the district magistrate or collector explicitly permits, and that the bull once out of the enclosure shall be tamed within a radial distance of 15 metres.

Implications:

  • With this notification, the Centre has circumvented the Supreme Court’s judgment in which the Court had banned jallikattu as plain act of cruelty shown to a dumb animal. It had held that this “sport” was grossly against the Tamil culture and tradition to “embrace bulls and not over-powering the bull, to show human bravery”.
  • The notification also violates the very essence of the PCA Act as interpreted in the May 2014 verdict of the Supreme Court. Under Section 3, no right is conferred to inflict necessary or unnecessary pain or suffering on the animals.

Background:

Ahead of Pongal festival, people from Tamil Nadu had sought a government initiative to permit this event.

sources: the hindu.

 

Topic: general awareness.

Premji most generous Indian, Mukesh ranks sixth

According to the Hurun India Philanthropy List, which is a ranking of the most generous individuals from the country, Azim Hashim Premji was named as the most generous Indian as he donated Rs 27,514 crore for education, followed by Nandan Nilekani and Narayana Murthy in the second and third places, respectively. Mukesh Ambani of Reliance Industries was ranked sixth in the List.

sources: the hindu.

 

Topic: general awareness.

RBI Dy Governor Patel gets second term

Urjit Patel, Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in-charge of the monetary policy department, has been re-appointed for a term of three years.

  • Patel, who will complete his three-year term on January 10, could become the longest serving deputy governor in recent times if he serves the full three-year term. Most of recent deputy governors served a maximum of five years.
  • This appointment was cleared by the government appointed search panel.

RBI has four Deputy Governors, two are from outside, a commercial banker and an economist while two others are promoted from within its ranks.

sources: the hindu.

 

Paper 2 Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

President Signs Ordinance to Amend Enemy Property Act

An ordinance to amend the 47-year-old Enemy Property Act has been approved by President Pranab Mukherjee to allow custodians to continue to hold sway over such properties.    

  • These amendments plug the loopholes of the Enemy Property Act, 1968.

The amendments include:

  • Once an enemy property is vested in the Custodian, it shall continue to be vested in him as enemy property irrespective of whether the enemy, enemy subject or enemy firm has ceased to be an enemy due to reasons such as death and others.
  • The law of succession does not apply to enemy property. There cannot be transfer of any property vested in the Custodian by an enemy or enemy subject or enemy firm and that the Custodian shall preserve the enemy property till it is disposed of in accordance with the provisions of the Act.
  • A new section has been inserted in the ordinance to say that “the Custodian, may, after making such inquiry as he deems necessary, by order, declare that the property of the enemy or the enemy subject or the enemy firm described in the order, vests in him under this Act and issue a certificate to this effect and such certificate shall be the evidence of the facts stated therein”.      

Background:

  • The Enemy Property Act was enacted in the year 1968. It provided for the continuous vesting of enemy property in the custodian. The Union Government through the Custodian of Enemy Property for India is in possession of enemy properties spread across many states in the country.
  • To ensure that the enemy property continues to vest in the Custodian, appropriate amendments were brought in by way of an Ordinance in the Enemy Property Act, 1968 by the then Government in 2010.
  • However, the ordinance lapsed on 6 September 2010. Later on 22 July 2010, it was introduced in Lok Sabha in form of a Bill but was withdrawn and another bill with modified provisions was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 15 November, 2010. This bill was thereafter referred to the Standing Committee. However, the said bill could not be passed during the 15th term of the Lok Sabha and it lapsed.

Enemy properties:

In the wake of the Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971, there was migration of people from India to Pakistan. Under the Defence of India Rules framed under the Defence of India Act, the Government of India took over the properties and companies of such persons who had taken Pakistani nationality. These enemy properties were vested by the Union Government in the Custodian of Enemy Property for India.

After the 1965 war, India and Pakistan signed the Tashkent Declaration on 10 January 1966. The Tashkent Declaration inter alia included a clause, which said that the two countries would discuss the return of the property and assets taken over by either side in connection with the conflict. However, the Government of Pakistan disposed of all such properties in their country in the year 1971 itself.

sources: pib.

 

Topic: general awareness.

Raghuram Rajan Conferred Central Banker of the Year Award

RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan has been felicitated with the Central Banker of the Year Award (Global and Asia Pacific) for 2016 by the Financial Times Group’s monthly publication ‘The Banker’.

  • The Central Banker of the Year 2016 awards celebrate the officials that have best managed to stimulate growth and stabilise their country’s economy.

sources: the hindu.