Insights Daily Current Events, 06 January 2016
Paper 1 Topic: empowerment.
Enhancement of representation of women in CAPFs
With a view to enhance representation of women, the Union Government has reserved of 33% of posts at Constable Level in Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) for women. This reservation would be horizontal and will be implemented with immediate effect.
- The 33% reservation of Constable level posts will be in CRPF & CISF.
- 14-15% posts at Constable level will be reserved in border guarding forces i.e. BSF, SSB & ITBP.
The Committee on Empowerment of Women in its Sixth Report of the (2010-11) had recommended urgent need to provide due representation to women in paramilitary forces. The CRPF, considered to be world’s largest paramilitary force mostly deployed in law and order duties and the anti-Naxal operations, has just around 6,300 women in its rank.
Paper 3 Topic: conservation.
First Company of Ganga Task Force deployed
As a major initiative towards fast track implementation of Namami Gange Programme the first company of Ganga Task force Battalion was deployed at Garhmukteshwar recently.
- Three such companies will be deployed soon at Kanpur, Varanasi and Allahabad.
- The Jawans of the Ganga Task force will be deployed on the banks of the river Ganga to ensure that industry and civilians do not pollute the river.
Namami Gange Programme:
The Union government approved “Namami Gange” Program in May 2015. It integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner. Among other things, the programme will focus on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation / appropriate in-situ treatment / use of innovative technologies.
- The program has a budget outlay of Rs. 20,000 crore for the next 5 years.
- Under this programme, the focus of the Government is to involve people living on the banks of the river to attain sustainable results.
- The programme also focuses on involving the States and grassroots level institutions such as Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj Institutions in implementation.
- The program would be implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterpart organizations i.e., State Program Management Groups (SPMGs).
- In order to improve implementation, a three-tier mechanism has been proposed for project monitoring comprising of a) High level task force chaired by Cabinet Secretary assisted by NMCG at national level, b) State level committee chaired by Chief Secretary assisted by SPMG at state level and c) District level committee chaired by the District Magistrate.
- The program emphasizes on improved coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of Central and State governments.
Paper 2 Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Ganga Gram Yojana launched
The union government recently launched Ganga Gram Yojana at a village in Hapur district of U.P.
- 1600 villages situated along the banks of river Ganga will be developed under this scheme.
- In the first phase of the progamme 200 villages have been selected. In these villages open drains falling into river Ganga will be diverted and alternative arrangements for sewage treatment will be made.
- The villages will have toilets in every house hold. It is proposed to incur and expenditure of Rs. One crore on every village.
- These villages will be developed under the Sichewal model. It may be noted that Sichewal is situated in Punjab, where cooperation of the villagers has been solicited for the water management and waste disposal in a meticulous way.
Paper 1 Topic: Art and Culture.
Memories of a glorious past to come alive at historic Chandragiri fort
The historic Chandragiri Fort near Tirupati is all set to host the 545th birth anniversary of famous Vijayanagara emperor Sri Krishnadevaraya from February 14 to 16.
- The Chittoor district administration in Andhra Pradesh is planning to hold the event on a “grand scale”. Various cultural programmes will be held. Hundreds of artists from Rayalaseema and Karnataka will take part in the three-day festival.
- The fort is under the control of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
- He was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire who reigned from 1509–1529.
- He is the third ruler of the Tuluva Dynasty.
- Krishna Deva Raya earned the titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana, Andhra Bhoja and Mooru Rayara Ganda.
- He became the dominant ruler of the peninsula of India by defeating the Sultans of Bijapur, Golconda, the Bahmani Sultanate and the Raja of Odisha.
- The great south Indian mathematician Nilakantha Somayaji also lived in the Empire of Krishnadevaraya.
- Portuguese travellers Domingo Paes and Fernao Nuniz also visited the Vijayanagara Empire during his reign.
sources: the hindu, wiki.
Paper 3 Topic: conservation.
Snowflake coral, a serious threat to biodiversity
Scientists have recently discovered the presence of several colonies of an invasive species of snowflake coral off the coast of Thiruvananthapuram and Kanyakumari.
- These fast growing alien species have been discovered at a depth of 10 metres off Kovalam, a beach town by the Arabian Sea in Thiruvananthapuram.
- Scientists have warned that these invasive species of snowflake coral could pose a serious threat to the marine ecology of the region.
The snowflake coral or branched pipe coral is a species of soft coral in the family Clavulariidae. The snowflake coral is a colonial soft coral with a tangled, bushy growth form. Its hollow branches go up to 30 centimetres in length, forming a creeping stolon.
- Native to the tropical western Atlantic Ocean, it has spread to other areas of the world such as Hawaii. In 1972, it was first reported as an invasive species in Hawaii. Since then, it has spread to countries like Australia, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines.
- Being a shade-loving species, snowflake coral grows on hard surfaces, away from direct sunlight. These include caves, overhangs, ledges and under piers.
- Because of its capacity to dominate space and crowd out other marine organisms, snowflake coral is considered as an invasive species.
- In India, it was reportedly seen from Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Gulf of Mannar (Tamil Nadu), Gulf of Kutch (Gujarat) and Goa.
sources: the hindu, wiki.