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Insights Daily Current Events, 10 November 2015

Insights Daily Current Events, 10 November 2015

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Paper 3 Topic: indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Agni-IV successfully test-fired

India’s strategic missile, Agni-IV, was successfully test-fired from Abdul Kalam Island, formerly known as Wheeler Island, off the Odisha coast recently.agni IV missile

  • The launch was spearheaded by India’s missile woman Ms. Tessy Thomas.
  • This was the fifth trial of the Agni IV missile.

About the Missile:

  • Agni-IV is a surface-to-surface missile equipped with modern and compact avionics to provide high level of reliability.
  • It is capable of hitting a target at a distance of 4,000 km.
  • The missile is about 20 metres tall and weighs 17 tons.
  • It is equipped with 5th generation onboard computer and distributed architecture.
  • It has the latest features to correct and guide itself for in-flight disturbances. The most accurate ring laser gyro-based inertial navigation system (RINS) and supported by highly reliable redundant micro navigation system (MINGS), ensures the vehicle reaches the target within two-digit accuracy.
  • The re-entry heat shield can withstand temperatures in the range of 4,000 degrees centigrade and makes sure the avionics function normally with inside temperature remaining less than 50 degrees centigrade.

sources: the hindu, wiki.

 

Paper 2 Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Pakistan invites India for key Afghan meet

Pakistan has invited India’s External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj for a crucial regional conference on Afghanistan, called “Heart of Asia”. This move could provide an opportunity for both India and Pakistan to mend their frosty ties.

  • The ‘Heart of Asia’ conference will be held in December, where representatives from Azerbaijan, China, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and the UAE are expected to attend.
  • The Afghan conference will discuss the current situation in Afghanistan with particular focus on helping the war-torn country’s economy.

About the conference:

The Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process presents a new vision of cooperation and confidence building for the region with Afghanistan at its centre.

  • The Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process articulates a set of principles, such as respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, and promoting cooperation in the areas of common challenges and shared interests in the region.
  • It provides a platform for discussing key regional issues among participating states.
  • Since its inception in 2011, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has been lead by two co-chairs: Afghanistan as a permanent co-chair, and one of the Heart of Asia countries hosting the annual ministerial meeting as the co-chair.
  • As permanent co-chair of this regional process, Afghanistan has been recognized as the main focal point/ coordinator of the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process.

The Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has three main elements:

  • Political Consultation involving Afghanistan and its near and extended neighbours.
  • A sustained incremental approach to implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) identified in the Istanbul Process document.
  • Seeking to contribute and bring greater coherence to the work of various regional processes and organisations, particularly as they relate to Afghanistan.

sources: the hindu, heartofasia.org.

 

Paper 2 Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

UNESCO rejects Kosovo’s bid for membership

Members of the U.N. cultural agency have rejected Kosovo’s bid for membership. This is being seen as a victory for Serbia and Russia and a blow to Kosovo’s mission for global recognition as a state.

  • Most nations that participated in the recent voting favoured Kosovo’s membership, with 92 “yes” votes and 50 “no” votes and 29 abstentions. But, according to UNESCO rules, Kosovo needed the support of two—thirds of those voting, or 94 “yes” votes.
  • Russia, which backed Serbia in Kosovo’s 1998—99 war for independence, has used its U.N. Security Council veto to block Kosovo from becoming a full U.N. member.

About Kosovo:kosovo map

  • Kosovo is a self-declared independent country in the Balkans region of Europe.
  • In 2010 the International Court of Justice ruled that Kosovo’s declaration of independence did not violate international law, but Serbia rejected that decision.
  • Kosovo has been recognized by 111 countries since it declared independence from Serbia in 2008.
  • Kosovo has won membership in the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. Kosovo’s predominantly ethnic Albanian leadership had promised that if it became a UNESCO member, it would protect the cultural heritage of Serbs, despite tensions that have lingered since the war.
  • Serbia had warned that allowing Kosovo into UNESCO would fuel those tensions and hurt an EU-brokered dialogue aimed at normalizing ties between the former foes.

sources: the hindu, Britannica.

 

General awareness.

Indian Air Force (IAF) Exercise Livewire Concludes

IAF’s annual exercise, Exercise Livewire, was recently concluded.

What is it?

It was a country-wide Air Force exercise conducted to work up the full spectrum of IAF capability and undertake planned operations in response to likely future threats and operational contingencies.

Other details:

  • During the exercise, the IAF operated its latest acquisitions in a network centric environment, achieving very high levels of synergy with the Army and the Navy.
  • During this exercise, hundreds of missions were flown with impeccable planning and execution.
  • Some of the major types of missions flown include long range strikes, Air-to-Air Refueling, Air Defence in a net-centric environment, Counter Surface Force Operations and operations in varied kinds of terrain.
  • The successful and seamless conduct of the exercise has brought great confidence among the operating crew in the capability of their equipment and aircraft.
  • The exercise was based on a scenario that included rapid deployment across the country at all operational Air Force bases.

sources: pib.

 

Paper 2 Topic: Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

National Legal Services Day

The 21st National Legal Services Day was recently celebrated across the nation. The National Legal Services Day was initiated by the Supreme Court in the year 1995 all across the India to offer help and support to the weaker and poor group of sections of people which may be women, disabled persons, Scheduled Tribes, children, Scheduled Castes, human trafficking victims as well as natural calamities victims.

Aim: The aim of the observance is to offer the free of charge, proficient and legal services to the people of weaker sections of society.

sources: pib.

 

Paper 3 Topic: indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Defence Minister Launches Army Cloud, Data Centre & Digi-Locker for the Indian Army

The Defence Minister Shri Manohar Parrikar recently inaugurated the Central Data Centre, Army Cloud and Digi-Locker for the Indian Army.

  • Such initiatives can be of great use for faster documentation, information and speedy delivery of services.

Army Cloud:

  • The facility under the Army Cloud includes a Central Data Centre, a Near Line Data Centre, both in Delhi and a Disaster Recovery site for replication of its critical data along with virtualised servers and storage in an environmentally controlled complex.
  • This is similar to the Meghraj; the Cloud of National Informatics Centre (NIC).
  • It will provide all Information Technology Infrastructure including servers for computing, storage, network and network security equipment centrally, for automation of Indian Army.

Digi-Locker:

  • Digi-Locker will provide a secure and exclusive data storage space to all the units and formation headquarters of the Army over its dedicated data network.
  • It is similar to e-Locker of Digital India program and has all the advanced features like digital signatures and watermarking.
  • This is an important step towards implementation of cyber security as it precludes carriage of soft copies of data on CDs/DVDs and removable media. Users can store, share and access the data from anywhere any time on the Army Data Network.

sources: pib.