Insights Daily Current Events, 14 October 2015
Paper 3 Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT.
Cyberdome to become operational next month
Cyberdome, the hi-tech centre for cybersecurity being set up by the Kerala Police, is expected to become operational by mid-November this year.
Cyberdome will be a hi-tech centre for cyber security. The project is worth Rs.2-crore. The project is being established on the public-private partnership model with the technical support offered by IT companies.
As many as 500 ethical hackers and cybersecurity experts would be involved in the project
- It would have centres for social media awareness, protection of children on the Internet, Internet monitoring and ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in service delivery.
- It would also host an Anti-Cyber Terror Cell and a cybersecurity training unit.
- It would be equipped with an automated crime intelligence-gathering unit and a unit for anti-piracy on the Internet.
- It will have its server hosted at the State Data Centre. Software companies will provide technical support on a voluntary basis, develop software for the purpose, and supply technical manpower.
- The station will be manned by police officers with IT-related qualifications. The Additional Director General of Police (Crimes) will be in charge of the project.
- Cyberdome would be open to new models of partnership to find solutions to emerging threats and challenges.
- It would work on prevention of hacking and defacement of websites and child pornography.
- It would have facilities to analyse Skype and VOIP (Voice over Inernet Protocol) calls and deal with money laundering on the Internet. Policing the Dark Net would be another mandate of the Cyberdome.
- Cyberdome would synergise its operations with the Computer Emergency Response Team-Kerala.
sources: the hindu.
Paper 2 Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability.
PM’s photo on ads: SC notice to Centre
The Supreme Court has asked the Centre to respond to a plea by an NGO challenging the publishing of Prime Minister’s photograph in government advertisements.
An NGO had filed a PIL seeking a judicial review of the supreme court’s verdict exempting the Prime Minister from a ban on politicians’ photographs, including Chief Ministers, on government advertisements.
Why, according to NGO, even the PM should not be exempted from the ban?
- The NGO contends that the exemption from the ban gives the PM and the political party he belongs to, mileage over the political opponents.
- Such advertisements have the potential to create partisan politics, favouring party in power and putting Opposition in bad light.
- The exemption given to the Prime Minister undermines the letter and spirit of the court’s guidelines and defeated the very purpose involved in disseminating information to the citizens about government schemes, policies, welfare programmes and achievements.
Supreme Court’s order:
- In May 2015, the Supreme Court issued guidelines for the publication of government advertisements and held that publication of photographs of politicians and government functionaries, including Chief Ministers, defeated the public interest behind advertising welfare schemes and encouraged personality cults.
- However, the court exempted the President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice of India from this ban, leaving it to their discretion to decide whether they wanted their pictures published in the advertisements or not.
Sources: the hindu.
Paper 1 Topic: Salient features of Indian society.
Uniform Civil Code must for national integration
Union Law Minister D V Sadananda Gowda has asserted that a common code is necessary for national integration. However, the issue requires discussions with all stakeholders, including various personal law boards, to evolve consensus.
- The Supreme Court had recently asked the central government to come to a conclusion regarding framing and implementing the Uniform Civil Code.
- Even the high courts of Kerala and Karnataka, in their judgments dealing with some marriage laws, had already said that a common code was needed.
What does Article 44 say?
Article 44 of the Constitution says that there should be a Uniform Civil Code. According to this article, “The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”. Since, the Directive Principles are only guidelines, it is not mandatory to use them.
What is uniform civil code?
Uniform civil Code is a proposal to have a generic set of governing laws for every citizen without taking into consideration the religion.
Currently, there are personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each major religious community. They are separate from the public law and are applied on issues like-
- Adoption and maintenance
Arguments against the implementation of a Uniform civil code:
India being a secular country guarantees its minorities the right to follow their own religion, culture and customs under Article 29 and 30. But implementing a Uniform Code will hamper India’s secularism.
sources: the Hindu, India today.
Paper 3 Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Jan Dhan deposits exceed Rs 25k cr
Deposits in accounts opened under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) recently exceeded Rs 25,000 crore. And, PMJDY accounts with balances now exceed 60%, with zero-balance accounts constituting less than 40%. This ratio was 76% to 24% in September 2014.
PRADHAN MANTRI JAN DHAN YOJANA:
The PMJDY was conceived as a national mission on financial inclusion with the objective of covering all households in the country with banking facilities and having a bank account for each household.
- It is a scheme for comprehensive financial inclusion.
Benefits under PMJDY Scheme:
- Interest on deposit.
- Accidental insurance cover of Rs.1.00 lac
- Accounts can be opened with zero balance. No minimum balance required.
- Life insurance cover of Rs.30,000/-
- Easy Transfer of money across India
- Beneficiaries of Government Schemes will get Direct Benefit Transfer in these accounts.
- After satisfactory operation of the account for 6 months, an overdraft facility will be permitted
- Access to Pension, insurance products.
- Accidental Insurance Cover, RuPay Debit Card must be used at least once in 45 days.
- Overdraft facility up to Rs.5000/- is available in only one account per household, preferably lady of the household.
Sources: the Hindu.