Insights Daily Current Events, 11 September 2015
Paper 1 Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
PM salutes Freedom Fighter Bagha Jatin, on the centenary of his martyrdom
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has saluted Freedom Fighter Bagha Jatin, on the centenary of his martyrdom.
- 100 years ago, on September 10, Bagha Jatin succumbed to severe bullet injuries in Balasore hospital following a gallant battle with British Police.
About Bagha Jatin:
- He was born in Kaya village in Kushtia district of the undivided Bengal, part of present day Bangladesh, in 1889
- Jatin ignited the flame of revolution against the colonial British rule in Indian subcontinent.
- In 1904, a young Jatindranath Mukherjee fought with a Royal Bengal tiger all alone, killed it with the help of a dagger and earned the epithet ‘Bagha Jatin’.
- Bagha Jatin was the principal leader of the Jugantar party.
- He is one of the founders of the Anushilan Samiti, the principal revolutionary organisation operating in Bengal in the early 20th century.
- Bagha Jatin proudly took the path of violence and dedicated himself to the cause of Purna Swaraj (total independence) as opposed to the framework of Indian National Congress.
- Bagha Jatin successfully organised armed uprising against the British in cooperation with Germany.
- Mahatma Gandhi, in 1925, had described Bagha Jatin as a ‘divine personality’.
Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.
Paper 2 Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Approval of National Offshore Wind Energy Policy
The Union Cabinet has cleared the National Offshore Wind Energy Policy to generate electricity from offshore windmills.
- With this approval, the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has been authorized as the Nodal Ministry for use of offshore areas within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the country.
- The National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) has been authorized as the Nodal Agency for development of offshore wind energy in the country and to carry out allocation of offshore wind energy blocks, coordination and allied functions with related ministries and agencies.
- The scheme would be applicable throughout the country depending upon offshore wind potential availability.
- The approval paves way for offshore wind energy development including, setting up of offshore wind power projects and research and development activities, in waters, in or adjacent to the country, up to the seaward distance of 200 Nautical Miles (EEZ of the country) from the base line.
- The policy will provide a level playing field to all investors/beneficiaries, domestic and international.
- With the introduction of the National Offshore Wind Energy Policy, the Government is attempting to replicate the success of the onshore wind power development in the offshore wind power development.
- The development would help the country in moving forward towards attaining energy security and achievement of the NAPCC targets.
- The policy would help achieve the country’s ambitious targets for renewable energy and accelerate the development of wind energy. The government aims to add 1 lakh mw of solar energy capacity and 60,000 mw of wind energy by 2022.
- One of the key advantages of off-shore wind energy is that large sized projects of 1,000 MW and above can be built with the capacity utilization factor ranging from 45-50%. This also enables better utilization of transmission infrastructure and better dispatchability, with insignificant impact on land requirements.
Disadvantages of off shore wind turbines: The PLF (plant load factor) of off-shore wind turbines will be higher than the on-shore projects. The cost per MW of off-shore wind power project will be higher by 50-100% as compared to on-shore projects depending on the water depth.
India is already among the world’s top producers of electricity from windmills on land, with a capacity of more than 23,000 mw, but extending the success to offshore regions has not made much progress so far. Preliminary assessments along the 7600 km long Indian coastline have indicated prospects of development of offshore wind power.
Paper 2 Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
Constitution of 21st Law Commission of India for a period of three years
The Union Cabinet has given its approval to constitute the 21st Law Commission of India, for a period of three years w.e.f. 1st September. 2015 to 31st August, 2018.
Composition: The 21st Law Commission will consist of:-
- a full-time Chairperson;
- four full-time Members (including a Member-Secretary);
- Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex off do Member;
- Secretary, Legislative Department as ex offcio Member; and
- not more than five part-time Members.
Important Functions to be carried out by the commission:
- Undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms therein and enacting new legislations.
- Undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures, speedy disposal of cases, reduction in cost of litigation etc.
- Identify laws which are no longer relevant and recommend for the repeal of obsolete and unnecessary enactments.
- Suggest enactment of new legislations as may be necessary to implement the Directive Principles and to attain the objectives set out in the Preamble of the Constitution.
- Prepare and submit to the Central Government, from time to time, reports on all issues, matters, studies and research undertaken by it and recommend in such reports for effective measures to be taken by the Union or any State.
About Law the commission:
- The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of lndia from time to time.
- The Commission was originally constituted in 1955 and is re-constituted every three years.
- The tenure of the 20th Law Commission was upto 31st August, 2015.
- various Law Commissions have been able to make important contribution towards the progressive development and codification of laws of the country.
- Law Commissions have so far submitted 262 reports.