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Insights Daily Current Events, 19 May 2015

Insights Daily Current Events, 19 May 2015

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CVC appointments soon

Days after the Supreme Court gave the go-ahead for the appointment of Chief Vigilance Commissioner and a Vigilance Commissioner, Union Minister of State for Personnel has said that the top vacancies would be filled soon.

  • The Supreme Court had last week given its approval for the appointments asking the government to ensure transparency by providing the high-powered selection committee headed by the Prime Minister with names and details of all 130 applicants and not just of those shortlisted by a scrutiny panel of three senior bureaucrats.
  • The key posts fell vacant last September after CVC Pradeep Kumar and Vigilance Commissioner J.M. Garg completed their terms.

Basic facts: Central Vigilance Commission:

  • It was created via executive resolution (based on the recommendations of Santhanam committee) in 1964 but was conferred with statutory status in 2003.
  • It is the apex vigilance institution.
  • Presently, the body consists of central vigilance commissioner along with 2 vigilance commissioners.
  • They are appointed by the President of India on the recommendations of a committee consisting of Prime Minister, Union Home Minister and Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha (if there is no LoP then the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha).
  • Their term is 4 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier.
  • It submits its report to the President of India.
  • The Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner can be removed from his office only by order of the President on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity after the Supreme Court, on a reference made to it by the President, has, on inquiry, reported that the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner, as the case may be, ought to be removed.
  • CVC is advisory body.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.

 

First tribal woman to be Jharkhand Governor

Draupadi Murmu recently took oath as the ninth Governor of Jharkhand, the first tribal woman to occupy the position in the State.

Governors of States in India:

  • Governor is the head of the Executive power of any state in India, just like the President who is the head of the executive power in the Union. But, Governor is the nominal head of a state, unlike the Chief Minister who is the real head of a state in India.
  • According to an amendment in the Constitution of India, brought about in 1956, the same person can be the Governor of two or more states.
  • Like the President of India, the Governor of any state in India is vested with certain executive, legislative and judicial powers. He or she also possesses certain discretionary or emergency powers. But one major difference in the powers enjoyed by the President and those enjoyed by the Governor is, the Governor does not have any diplomatic or military powers.
  • The governors and lieutenant-governors are appointed by the president for a term of 5 years.
  • Article 157 and Article 158 of the Constitution of India specify eligibility requirements for the post of governor.
  • The term of governor’s office is normally 5 years but it can be terminated earlier by: Dismissal by the president on the advice of the prime minister of the country, at whose pleasure the governor holds office or Resignation by the governor. There is no provision of impeachment, as it happens for the president.
  • The first woman to become a Governor of a state in India was Sarojini Naidu. She remained the Governor of Uttar Pradesh in independent India.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki, EC.

 

Assurance on Polavaram project

The Union Minister for Water Resources has assured that the Centre would do everything for completion of the Polavaram project on time. The Union Water Resources Ministry may approach the government seeking an increase in allocation of funds for Polavaram Multi-Purpose Irrigation Project in Andhra Pradesh.

polavaram project map

Polavaram Project:

  • Polavaram Projec, also called as Indira Sagar Project, is a multi-purpose irrigation project which has been accorded national project status by the central government.
  • This dam across the Godavari River is under construction located in West Godavari District and East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh state and its reservoir spreads in parts of Chhattisgarh and Orissa States also.
  • The project is multipurpose major terminal reservoir project on river Godavari for development of Irrigation, Hydropower and drinking water facilities to East Godavari, Vishakhapatnam, West Godavari and Krishna districts of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The project is likely to displace over 1.88 lakh people across 222 villages and so far, 1,730 persons in six villages have been rehabilitated by the government.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.

 

Seoul to provide aid for smart cities in India

South Korea has decided to provide $10 billion to India for infrastructure, development of smart cities, railways, and power generation. The two countries have also agreed to upgrade their bilateral relationship to a Special Strategic Partnership.

Details:

  • Both Countries have agreed to increase their defence and security cooperation and have also inked seven agreements, including on avoidance of double taxation and for cooperation between their National Security Councils.
  • As part of the Special Strategic Partnership, both countries would hold annual summit meetings; hold annual joint commissions led by their foreign ministers and boost cooperation between their defense education institutions.

Sources: The Hindu.

 

68th World Health Assembly opens in Geneva

After a gap of 19 years, India has assumed presidency of the 68th Session of the World Health Assembly (WHA), the top decision-making body of the World Health Organisation. Union Health Minister J P Nadda presided over the WHA session.

  • India would contribute $2.1 million to the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a reflection of its commitment to the global health body and its mandate.
  • The presidency of World Health Assembly, the top decision-making body of the WHO, is based on a regional rotation practice and saw India assuming the presidency after 18 years.

World Health Assembly (WHA):

The World Health Assembly (WHA) is the forum through which the World Health Organization (WHO) is governed by its 194 member states. It is the world’s highest health policy setting body and is composed of health ministers from member states.

  • The members of the World Health Assembly generally meet every year in May in Geneva, the location of WHO Headquarters.
  • The main functions of the World Health Assembly are to determine the policies of the Organization, appoint the Director-General, supervise financial policies, and review and approve the proposed programme budget.

Sources: The Hindu, WHO, Wiki.

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