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[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 29 April 2015

[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 29 April 2015

Archives – Secure 2015

29 April 2015

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General Studies – 1;

TopicPost-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country

1) How did the national movement influence foreign policy and political norms of the post Independent India? Critically discuss. (200 Words)

Bipan Chandra, India Since Independence, Chapter – 3


TopicSalient features of Indian society

2) According to a recent release by Census 2011, Indians are now getting married at a higher age than a decade ago and a decline in fertility has also been observed. Discuss the causes and consequences of this trend. (200 Words)

Business Standard


Topic:changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and the effects of such changes; World Geography

3) Recently the Australian Weather Bureau (AWB) said that there is triple the normal chance of the El Niño happening in 2015. Examine the factors that cause El – Nino, its features and its effect on Indian monsoon. (200 Words)

Business Standard


Topic: changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and the effects of such changes.

4) Depleting groundwater levels is said to be the biggest threat to rural livelihoods and food security in India. Critically examine the causes of groundwater depletion, its effects and remedies to halt its further depletion. (200 Words)



General Studies – 2


Topic:Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

5) In your opinion, how will the China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) be different from IMF and World Bank? In the light of its stated objectives, critically examine how would it benefit global economy. (200 Words)

Business Standard


General Studies – 3


Topic: Infrastructure – Railways

6) It is fact that the Indian railways and the organisation both are in crisis. Critically examine what needs to be done to improve railways’ finances, efficiency and profitability. (200 Words)

Business Standard


Topicenvironmental impact assessment; 

7) Various environmentalists have raised concerns regarding construction of dams in the Himalayan region. Critically comment on these concerns, their scientific validity an the government’s response to these concerns. (200 Words) 

The Hindu


Topic: Government Budgeting; Mobilisation of resources

8) ‘The fiscal deficit gives the borrowing requirement of the government’. Elucidate. (150 Words)

NCERT, Class XII, Introductory Macroeconomics, Chapter – 5


Topic: Government Budgeting;

9) Write a note on the important components of Union government budget. Also examine the relation between government deficit and government debt. (200 Words)

NCERT, Class XII, Introductory Macroeconomics, Chapter – 5


General Studies – 4

Topic: strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance

10) Sometimes it is seen that a country which perceives its neighbour as its enemy and threat to its existence doesn’t receive its neighbour’s help nor does it allow its neighbour to carry on relief work when it’s needed most during events such as aftermath of an earthquake or severe floods. Whereas, a country which sees its neighbour as its friend accepts its help during the times of need. Should people suffer because of bad relationship between two governments? What do you understand by ethics in international relations? Discuss. (200 Words)

The Hindu