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[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 30 March 2015

Archives – Secure 2015

30 March  2015

 

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General Studies – 1;

 

Topic: political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

1) How did European Painting influence Indian Painting in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries? Examine. (150 Words)

The Hindu

Reference

 

General Studies – 2

 

TopicIndian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, 

2) Why is it necessary for a country to have a clear demarcation of powers and responsibilities in the constitution? What would happen in the absence of such a demarcation? Examine. (200 Words)

NCERT, Class XI : Indian Constitution at Work, Chapter – 1

 

TopicComparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

3) The Japanese Constitution was made when the US occupation army was still in control of Japan after its defeat in the Second World War. The Japanese constitution could not have had any provision that the US government did not like. Do you see any problem in this way of making the constitution? In which way was the Indian experience different from this? Examine. (200 Words, Direct Question from the Book)

NCERT, Class XI : Indian Constitution at Work, Chapter – 1 

 

TopicComparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

4) The South African Constitution says that its “Bill of Rights is a cornerstone of democracy in South Africa”. Critically discuss similarities and differences between Fundamental Rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution and the Bill of Rights of the South African constitution. (200 Words)

NCERT, Class XI : Indian Constitution at Work, Chapter – 2

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India

5) In the light of setting up of new multilateral banks by emerging economies, critically examine if existence of Bretton Woods institutions is still relevant today. Justify. (200 Words)

Business Standard

 

Topic:  India and Its neighbhours

6) Discuss the factors that helped Singapore to transform itself from a Third world country to a First world nation. (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education,

7) Examine the salient features of India’s National Policy on Education (NPE 1986, modified in 1992). Do you think introducing a religious text in school curriculum violates Constitution and National Education Policy? Critically examine. (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

Topic: India and Its neighbhours

8) Examine the implications of ongoing internal war in Yemen on regional security in the Middle East.  (200 Words)

The Hindu

The Hindu

Livemint

 

TopicIssues relating to poverty and hunger; Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes;

9) It is said that the Integrated Child Development Services – the world’s biggest social programme – needs restructuring and expansion. Examine why. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

 

General Studies – 3

 

TopicEffects of liberalization on the economy; land reforms etc

10) Critically analyse merits and demerits of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014. In your personal opinion, what constitutes ‘Fair Compensation’ to the farmer? Comment. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

 

General Studies – 4

Topic:  Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions;

11) You are rushing in a car to attend UPSC civil services interview. You should be there near the UPSC gate within 30 minutes so as to be allowed inside. Near a traffic signal a small boy comes near your car and starts asking for money to feed his little sister. The newspaper in your hand carries a front page story which says that a ‘begging racquet’ was recently busted by the police. According to this story the racquet was worth crores of rupees and kidnapped children from remote villages were pushed to begging for making profits.  Near another car you see a small girl being beaten by a driver for begging him money. Within seconds the green light will be on and your car shall move.

a) Will you alight from your vehicle and try to save the girl from beatings? Justify. (100 Words)

b) Will you give money to the boy and encourage begging? Justify. (100 Words)

If you do not want to follow above two options, what else will you do? Justify. (100 Words)

Case Study