February 21, 2014
By- DEEPA M
Mother & Child Tracking System (MCTS) – Government of India has introduced web based name based tracking system called Mother & Child Tracking System (MCTS) across all the States & UTs to facilitate timely delivery of antenatal and postnatal care services to all the pregnant women and immunization to all the children.
MCTS is an innovative IT system providing alerts to health service providers about the services due list and services delivery gaps. Furthermore, the system also provides ready reference about the status of services / vaccination delivered to pregnant women and children.
Under MCTS, appropriate health promotion messages to beneficiaries that are relevant according to the month of pregnancy or date of birth of the child are being sent on mobiles of beneficiaries.
MCTS is also being used for transfer of JSY benefits to pregnant women after delivery as is presently being done in 121 DBT districts. A pilot to transfer ASHA payments directly into their accounts has also been initiated.
Mother and Child Tracking Facilitation Centre (MCTFC) has been inaugurated on 31st January, 2014. It is a major step taken by Government of India under the National Health Mission in improving the maternal and child health care services.
JSY (Janani Suraksha Yojana) – Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neo-natal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women.
JSY is a 100 % centrally sponsored scheme and it integrates cash assistance with delivery and post-delivery care. The scheme focuses on the poor pregnant woman with special dispensation for states having low institutional delivery rates namely the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir. While these states have been named as Low Performing States (LPS), the remaining states have been named as High performing States (HPS).
Narcotic drugs Bill– Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Amendment) Bill, 2011, simplifying the regulations for procuring and possessing narcotic drugs when used for medicinal purposes.
It would bring relief to thousands of cancer patients in the country who use opium for acute and chronic pain relief.
Use of morphine was under strict regulation under the NDPS Act, 1985, and lengthy bureaucratic procedures discouraged its manufacturing in the country and limited its availability at medical institutions that care for cancer patients.
The move will result in cancer patients in India getting an easier access to morphine for the first time since 1985 when the country enacted the Narcotics law. The hospitals will now be allowed to prescribe and supply morphine to patients by applying for a single permit.
The amendments will prescribe the forms and conditions of licence or permits for the manufacture, possession, transport, import inter-State, export inter-State, sale, purchase, consumption or use of essential narcotic drugs and charge a fee for that.
The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Bill 2011-
The salient features of the MMDR Bill are as follows:-
- It provides for a simple and transparent mechanism with clear and enforceable timelines for grant of mining lease or prospecting licence through competitive bidding in areas of known mineralization, and on the basis of first-in-time in areas where mineralization is not known.
- It enables the mining holders to adopt the advanced and sophisticated technologies for exploration of deep-seated and concealed mineral deposits, especially of metals in short supply through a new concession.
- It enables the Central Government to promote scientific mineral development through Mining Plans and Mine Closure Plans enforced by a central technical agency namely the Indian Bureau of Mines, as well as the Regulatory Authorities and Tribunals.
- It empowers the State Governments to cancel the existing concessions or debar a person from obtaining concessions in future for preventing illegal and irregular mining.
- It empowers the Central and State Government to levy and collect cess.
- Establishment of the Mineral Funds at National and State level for funding activities pertaining to capacity building of regulatory bodies like Indian Bureau of Mines and for research and development issues in the mining areas.
- It provides for reservation of mineral bearing areas for the purpose of conservation of minerals.
- It enables the registered co-operatives for obtaining mineral concessions on small deposits in order to encourage tribal and small miners to enter into mining activities.
- It empowers the Central Government to institutionalize a statutory mechanism for ensuring sustainable mining with adequate concerns for environment and socio-economic issues in the mining areas, through a National Sustainable Development Framework.
- It provides for establishment of the National Mining Regulatory Authority which consists of a Chairperson and not more than nine members to advise Government on rates of royalty, dead rent, benefit sharing with District Mineral Foundation, quality standards, and also conduct investigation and launch prosecution in cases of large scale illegal mining.
- It provides for establishment of the State Mining Regulatory Authority consisting of such persons as may be prescribed by the State Government to exercise the powers and functions in respect of minor minerals.
- It provides for establishment of a National Mining Tribunal and State Mining Tribunals to exercise jurisdiction, powers and authority conferred on it under the proposed legislation.
- It empowers the State Governments to constitute Special Courts for purpose of providing speedy trial of the offences relating to illegal mining.
- It empowers the Central Government to intervene in the cases of illegal mining where the concerned State Government fails to take action against illegal mining.
- It provides for stringent punishments for contravention of provisions of the proposed legislation.
Sachar committee has put a lot of analysis about the Indian Muslim with “statistical reports” based on information from government agencies, banks, Indian Minority Commission, different state governments and its agencies
The Sachar committee report helped in a big way to remove common stereotypes
The report put forward some recommendations to eliminate the situation raised for Indian Muslim. Justice Sachar explained that the upliftment minorities and implementation of these recommendations would strengthen the secular fabric of Indian society as well as increase patriotism due to their all inclusive progress
Sachar Committee have been grouped under the major areas namely (i) Education; (ii) Skill Development; (iii) Access to credit; (iv) Special development initiatives; (v) Measures for affirmative action; (vi) Wakfs; and (vii) Miscellaneous
The Committee made a number of recommendations to address the status of the Muslim community in India, including:
• Set up an Equal Opportunity Commission to look into grievances of deprived groups like minorities.
• Create a nomination procedure to increase participation of minorities in public bodies.
• Establish a delimitation procedure that does not reserve constituencies with high minority population for SCs.
• Increase employment share of Muslims, particularly where there is great deal of public dealing. Work out mechanisms to link madarsas with higher secondary school board.
• Recognize degrees from madarsas for eligibility in defence, civil and banking examinations.
National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW)- The Ministry of Women & Child Development implements the Scheme “National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW)” with a view to empower women socially and economically throughout the country, including rural and tribal areas.
NMEW as a mission based approach towards gender equality was initiated as per recommendations of the Committee of Governors (COG) setup by the President of India to address socio economic development and empowerment of women at the Centre and in the States/UT Administrations.
NMEW was made functional during the terminal year of the XI plan to bring about convergence across schemes and programmes with a gender focus. The Mission has the mandate to demonstrate convergence action across Ministries to address issues for overall development of women.
The State Mission Authority (SMA), the apex body of the Mission in the State has been notified in almost all the States. The State Resource Center for Women (SRCW) has also been set up in the States.
Schemes for Development and Protection of Children-
The Government has initiated various Schemes to address the problems. Some of the Schemes are outlined as follows:
· Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme which provides a package of six services to children below 6 years and pregnant and lactating mothers which inter-alia includes supplementary nutrition.
· Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) was introduced in 2009-10 with the aim to contribute to the improvement in the well being of children in difficult circumstances, as well as the reduction of vulnerabilities to situations that lead to abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment and separation of children from their families.
Scheme for Welfare of Working Children in Need of Care and Protection provides opportunities including non-formal education, vocational training, etc. to working children to facilitate their entry / re-entry into mainstream education.
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG)-SABLA aims at an all-round development of adolescent girls (AGs) of 11-18 years by making them self reliant by facilitating access to learning, health and nutrition through various interventions such as health, education, vocational training etc. Such empowerment also addresses the issue of Child Marriage.
Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) is a Conditional Cash Transfer Scheme for pregnant and lactating women which was introduced in October, 2010 for improved health and nutrition to pregnant and nursing mothers.
Trafficking: “Ujjawala” – is a Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of Trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation, Re-integration and Repatriation of Victims of Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation
Rehabilitation of Child Labour: National Child Labour Project (NCLP) is a Scheme with the objective to withdraw children working in hazardous occupations and processes, and mainstream them into formal education system. All children rescued/withdrawn in the age group of 9-14 years are enrolled in the NCLP Special Training Centers, where they are provided with bridge education, vocational training, mid-day meal, stipend, health care, etc. before being mainstreamed into formal education system.