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Comprehension Passage – Challenge -1

(Please try to answer questions within time limit. Don’t look at the comments. Start answering as soon as you see the questions)

Read the following passage and answer the following questions. (Time – 4 Mins)

When two people become a couple, the brain extends its idea of self to include the other; instead of the slender pronoun “I,” a plural self emerges who can borrow some of the other’s assets and strengths. The brain knows who we are. The immune system knows who we’re not, and it stores pieces of invaders as memory aids. Through lovemaking, or when we pass along a flu or a cold sore, we trade bits of identity with loved ones, and in time we become a sort of chimera. We don’t just get under a mate’s skin, we absorb him or her.

Love is the best school, but the tuition is high and the homework can be painful. As imaging studies by the U.C.L.A. neuroscientist Naomi Eisenberger show, the same areas of the brain that register physical pain are active when someone feels socially rejected. That’s why being spurned by a lover hurts all over the body, but in no place you can point to. Or rather, you’d need to point to the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex in the brain, the front of a collar wrapped around the corpus callosum, the bundle of nerve fibers zinging messages between the hemispheres that register both rejection and physical assault.

Whether they speak Armenian or Mandarin, people around the world use the same images of physical pain to describe a broken heart, which they perceive as crushing and crippling. It’s not just a metaphor for an emotional punch. Social pain can trigger the same sort of distress as a stomachache or a broken bone.

I . Consider the following statements:

  1.  The immune system remembers antigens and it uses them as aids to recognize the person from where the antigen originates.
  2. People use the same images of physical pain because immune system remembers it and responds to it.

Which of the above statements are correct according to the given passage:

a)       Only 1

b)       Only 2

c)        Both

d)       Neither of them

II. Social pain can trigger the same sort of distress as a stomachache or a broken bone, because:

a)       The immune system stores pieces of invaders as memory aids and acts accordingly

b)        The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex in the brain registers both physical and social pain.

c)        Love is the best school, but the tuition is high and the homework can be painful.

d)       people around the world use the same images of physical pain to describe a broken heart

REASONING ( 2 Mins)

P, Q, R, S, T, U and V are seven members belonging to the same family of three generations. First and second generation has a married couple each. All seven travel in three different cars C1, C2, and C3. There is At least one female in each car and no car has more than three members. Q travels with his father T in car C2. R who is a granddaughter does not travel with her grandfather and grandmother. U travels with her grand daughter S in car C1. P travels with her daughter in car C3. 
 
Questions:
 
1. How many female members are there in the family?
a)3
b)4
c)5
d) data inadequate
e) none of the above
 
2) which among the following are married couples?
i) UT ii) QR iii) PT iv) PQ
a) i only 
b) i & iii 
c) i & iv
d) iii only
e) iv only
 
3) How is V related to R? 
a) Daughter
b) Son
c) Sister
d) Brother
e) none of the above 
 
4) Which car has three members travelling in it? 
a) C1
b) C2
c) C3
d) Either C1 or C2
e) data inadequate
 
5) with the same data given, if R travels with her grandfather, then in which car does V travel? 
a) C1
b) C2
c) C3
d) Either C1 or C3
e) data inadequate