OPTIONALS – WRITING CHALLENGE

If anyone has questions in word format on below Optional Subjects, please send them at insightsonindia at gmail dot com.

Insights Optional Subjects Writing Challenge 

  1. ANTHROPOLOGY
  2. ECONOMICS
  3. ENGLISH LITERATURE
  4. GEOGRAPHY
  5. HISTORY
  6. KANNADA LITERATURE
  7. LAW
  8. MANAGEMENT
  9. MEDICAL SCIENCE
  10. PHILOSOPHY
  11. POLITICAL SCIENCE
  12. PSYCHOLOGY
  13. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 
  14. SOCIOLOGY
  15. MATHEMATICS
  16. COMMERCE AND ACCOUNTANCY 

 

  • TAS

    Sir what to say…Completely adorable. Please can you initiate this for sociology too for those aiming mains of this year and a holistic attempt for all those aiming mains 2014, in a way to complete the syllabus..Thanking you.

    • If you can provide some good questions on daily basis, I can do this. Or anyone can send questions. They should be either original or from previous papers (year mentioned).

      Also mention topics from syllabus and names of reference books/chapters wherever applicable. Thanks.

      • Insights, I can send you good questions on Public Administration. Although it would not be possible on a daily basis, but i assure you of 3-4 questions on a weekly basis.

        Please mention the mode of sending.

      • Bindu

        Sir, can you please initiate this for Economics also for those who are taking Economics as optional(mains) for FY 2014-15. Also please share your thought on how to study Economics for mains as you mentioned for GS(1,2,3 & 4).

        Thanks a ton for this commendable job and the support which you are providing us though this blog.

  • Mahesh BC

    Thank you sir
    You have taught me to have patience also.

  • BIDESH DAS

    sir, its a really good initiative ….. thank you so much…. 🙂
    it will definitely help us to self- evaluate…… 🙂
    sir, is it possible for you to provide the study materials (in PDF format ) on optional subjects as per specific topics to be cover for the main exam ?
    I AM FROM COMMERCE BACKGROUND. I am taking preparation by myself. not able to attend any coaching class in any institute…
    I am getting complications to assemble all the relevant topics from various books…
    *** sir, is it possible to get the whole assembled study materials on optional subjects???? which will be sufficient for the preparation of optional subjects, after following the basic books on those subjects…
    I WILL BE HIGHLY OBLIGED FOR THAT….
    thank you sir… 🙂
    subject – Public Administration, Psychology…..

  • Richa

    I am feeling happiness as if i am getting one after one offers. Sir, I respect your zeal and tons of thanks to you taking so much pain.

    • shanku

      hii.. can u tell me from which jobs u r geting offers?? did u appear for any exams or wat?
      i want to knw how did u prepare for exams.. did u follow d same criteria as told above? hv u appeared for upsc?

  • Cherry

    Sir,
    Can u please guide us about the map preparations for Geography Paper I?
    A thread or some suggested map marking will be helpful..
    Thanx..

  • Chandra

    Such a great initiative from you 🙂 .. it would be great if SOCIOLOGY is also added in your list. Thank you very much sir.

    Regards

  • Vijay Pateriya

    Sir,hats off to your efforts………i am visiting the site after 5-7 daysand found it much more than what i left then…….really great…..its much more comprehensive now….i missed it for these days…..request to start sociology.

  • isha

    Sir, wonderful work you are doing by helping aspirants ..salute to your efforts..I would like to request you to initiate this for Philosophy too sir..Thank you

    • Isha, can you send questions on daily basis? It is becoming hectic, so if you can provide questions, chapter/topic names, i will be happy to post them and provide platform for you all to interact and discuss.

      send to: insightsonindia at gmail dot com

      • chandra pratap

        Sir when would you resume the philosophy test challenge.we all are grateful to u

  • Sir, its Social service at its pinnacle.
    It would be great if we can have questions on Anthropology as well.
    I know its asking for too much. I assure you I’ll personally try and contribute as much as possible.
    `Thanks

    • dileep

      @akhil ..Sir asked us to prepare questions by our own..or else v hav to send some previous questions to him…its like a one man army…so v hav should work in cordination n contribute sir to ease his work.

    • priya

      anthro starting tomorrow – indian prehistory..plz start answer writing tomorrow

      • dileep

        Priya I also sent some topic wise questions…if possible I vill send daily….but frnds plzz join ur hands n v vill make Anthro writing initative successful

    • dileep

      May b tomorrow onwards anthropology writing vill start and partcipate actively….n v vill make this initiative grand success

  • Prashant Jadhav

    Sir plz suggest the strategy for geography optinal…..

  • I wonder how question & answer will be posted for chemistry optional 🙂

  • dileep

    Sir plzz start anthro

  • dileep

    Guys any one in rajindeer nagar r willing 2discuss anthro….plzz only serious guys who already given attempt

    • priya

      did u give this 2013 mains with anthro? i wud like to discuss with u for this year…plz reply asap

      • priya

        we can restart anthro optional with gud questions which have come previously…

        • dileep

          Sis I didnt gav mains in 2013 but I revised once…so I need frnd to discuss as I dnt hav any frnds having anthro as an optional

        • dileep

          Sister priya v vill start discussion this 2 months if ur intrested after that v can spend time exclusively 4 prelims

          • priya

            plz give me ur email id…we can talk about discussion there

  • ashish

    can this be done for medical sciences as well ??

    • It can be done if you can send previous year questions in word document topic wise.

  • dileep

    So far we hav benefitted by u in GS and we are indebted to u…im requesting you please start anthropology writing challange as I cant afford testseries outside….please

  • Vijay Singh

    It would be helpful if you can provide writing challenge for Commerce and Accountancy Paper as well, as very few people opt for this optional.

  • dileep

    Friends please send ur anthro questions to sir so that we can start anthropology writing challange…kindly send ur questions to insightsonindia at gmail dot com and make this initiative successful

    • priya

      anthro starting tomorrow – indian prehistory..plz start answer writing tomorrow

  • Vijay Singh

    If possible, please start writing challemge for COMMERCE optional as well.

    • anwar

      I also want commerce here, please start after prelims if possible

  • Ahmed

    no questions in anthropology…please add! !!

    • priya

      anthro starting tomorrow – indian prehistory..plz start answer writing tomorrow

  • Vijay Singh

    Sir,

    Please start answer writing challenge for Commerce also, i am willing to put in my efforts for its success.

  • dileep

    Sir, first of all i hv 2 thanq for providing great arena….we r indebted u…..plz try2 start anthropology writing challange…. frm tmrw onwards…..sir I hav sent u few questions of anthro topic wise…..I keep on contribute my self….

  • Arjun

    Sir,
    I thank you for providing us such a great platform to hone our writing skills. I, in-spite of being aware of script problem, would like to request you to include “Hindi Literature” writing challenge as well. This request is here because this writing challenge keep me spearheaded towards the preparation.
    Thank you

    • You are welcome. Please send questions. We will post.

  • dheeraj

    sir please start MATHEMATICS writing challenge as well

  • Saurabh Bansal

    Sir, can you do this for commerce n accountancy also??

  • Pl. include commerce and accountancy too. Much of its syllabus matches with Management optional (some topics with public administration) which is already included by you.

    Thank you

  • bothra

    please include pub ad as well!

  • pratap

    Sir,
    Would it be possible to start a thread in civil engineering optional and if possible you can give a guiding strategy in this regard.

  • naina kaur

    there is no place for zooogy optional students

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  • jamir

    Sir, could you kindly start answer writing series for Botany optional as well

  • dev

    Sir dil se respect….your quality of work extremely awesome than any private coachings….I too respect and salute your intention behind this website…it will go high….moreover I waana ask you that zoology/botony option not having proper guidance all over India….only one good coaching available that I know..but coaching not accessible due to various reasons to everybody….so can make such guidance available through your connection s with cleared or experience candidates…

  • vinitha

    I need Physics optional.. Anyone who is preparing for Physics?

    • Munirathna

      Hai I am also a physics optional aspirant, could you help me how to prepare for physics optional

    • Munirathna

      Hai I am also a physics optional aspirant, could you help me how to prepare for physics optional. how u are preparing for this exam

  • Anand Veeral

    Hi Insights ,
    Am a student of your PT test series for PT 2015 and have benefitted immensely by it . Am very confident of clearing PT now ( After initial hiccups , and working on feedback i developed from ur test series , i have started scoring consistently in 150 range after starting out in 30-40 s !! ) .
    Just went through this post on Geo Optional and you have just taken a huge burden off my shoulders about joining any test series for my optional . After seeing this initiative in detail , I am so relieved that i need not join any test series ( not just because of an otherwise humongous fee structure they have for it but also because of the time it would kill in commuting to and fro to the institutes, which incidentally is more important than the money) .
    Just a request : I am sure you will come up with a new series for 2015 for optionals again but please dont delete the 2013 and 2014 archives . Its really useful with all the answers in commnet boxes to get to the task right away after PT . I am sure you wont , but just wanted to convey lest you decide otherwise and that would scuttle my plans even before they begin . I am sure there are many more like me out there .
    Thanks a lot , guys . You have been such a boon to the aspirants’ community …

    ( PS : the fig below is just to check if i will be able to upload my figures when i write answers 😉 )

  • Mrinal Mukherjee

    Anybody for statistics ?

  • keshav

    anyone with electrical optional??

  • Mark Hoaps

    Law???? Please upload questions of Law optional as well. Thanks!

    • mahesh patil

      hey!! my optional is law. let me know how you r practicing answer writing???

      • vishnu

        Hi!! My optional too is law…. Can u pls share abt ur answer writing practice and preparation of d same

  • believer

    sir plz start public administration writing challenge..

  • Prem

    Could you please start Physics writing challenge as well. That would be awesome!

  • parthiban krishnan

    please start physics writing challenge also. thank you in advance

  • Roshan Tiwari

    Hi Insights:

    We would be very very grateful if you also make optional questions hyperlinked to their dedicated page as you do for daily mains current events questions, it is being very difficult to review the answers of candidates.

  • Dinesh Kumar

    Hi, Insight team!, It is requested that Please included Hindi Literature in your answer writing challange. This will be very helpful for aspirants with this optional.

  • Ramesh rocks

    Sir… Plz start Kannada literature Writing practice

  • vishnu

    Hello Insights!!
    My name is vishnu and iam from
    Bangalore.. I tried my best to join offline test series of urs… Unfortunately I couldn’t!! I’m looking forward for a personal guidance from u… My situation is very worst and I’m facing too many hurdles… It would be of great help if I get to contact u n get some solutions fr my problems.
    Pls do reply at d earliest.

    • naren

      dnt worry directly talk to AIR 65 man MR. Raju Mishra .he can solve all your problems

      • vishnu

        Thank u very much fr d reply sir!! Bt he to contact Mr mishra..

      • vishnu

        Thank u very much fr d reply sir!! Bt hw to contact Mr Mishra..

        • naren

          you can check his interview there u can get

          • vishnu

            Sure!! Thank u… Dat was helpful!!!

            • naren

              if you need any help any time here I will support you as I can

        • naren

          his mail id

  • Alice

    hi insights…first of all thank you so much for your selfless commendable service that you are providing to us. i am targetting 2016 exam with botany optional and i want to know is there any initiative for botany optional.

  • ADITYA BAJPAI

    Hello , my optional subject is history . the content of the question is just fine . but most of the questions are of ancient history . I request , therefore , please also provide more question on modern history and world history .
    Thank you

  • DEV

    Dear insight
    where is the mock test-3?????

  • krish

    i have little bit confusion regarding ..my approach to sociology ..can anyone help me out ????
    how my statergy should be …in sociology ?
    how to remmember thinkers
    how to use newspaper in sociology studies
    reference books for …
    PLEASE guys …….stuggling hard from one month

  • krish

    Is their anyone opting “SOCIOLOGY” as optional …
    i’m starting my optional preparation now …and im looking for guys like me …to share ideology and knowledge regarding optional
    If you are looking for the same please comment ..guys

  • SHIDHARTH TIWARI

    is there anyone with zoology optional? plz reply

    • Riya Sinha

      I’m with zoology optional

      • SHIDHARTH TIWARI

        hi, it is nice to see that someone is here with zoology as optional. you can discuss with me and i can also share with you my strategy and approach to prepare this subject. if intrested then mail me to my email id-kundankumartiwari26@gmail.com

  • Son Bri

    Vinay Sir… please.. we beg you dont stop HINDU NEWS ANALYSIS VIDEO initiatve… AND PLEASE POST THAT DAILY,.. PLEASE…
    we dont need new initiatives… please sir… there is something called
    respect.. and you gain it NOT BY THE NUMBER OF THINGS YOU DO BUT BY THE WAY IN
    WHICH YOU DO EACH THING.. sorry sir, but am saying this bcoz OF my utter
    desperation AND helplessness .. i am one of the sincere followers of this
    site.. and am sorry to say you that u are not doing any good for true students
    who are actually (truly following ) depending on your site… IT IS A SHAME
    THAT U ARE STARTING NEW INITIATIVES WHEN YOU HAVE NO TIME TO CONTINUE THE
    PRESENT WONDERFUL INITIATIVES… imagine a student who has been
    viewing ur videos on a daily basis for the past 3 months.. it becomes a part of
    our study plan.. and suddenly one day it stops… and then after 1 week
    suddenly 5 videos appear… and on some day these videos will stop for ever and
    you will start another2-3 initiatives… with what faith we should follow ur
    site?… it would be better than those 100 new initiatives , if you continue
    one single initiative a whole year.. there is no need to mess things up like
    this.. earlier there was optional subject questions daily… one day it
    stopped.. then started current affairs… it stopped… then after some months
    it restarted.. then there is this lok sabha rajya sabha and all india raDio
    news analysis.. sometimes it stops..
    then starts… then it starts again and again it stops.. it is of no benefit .. first i used to follow your rajya sabha initiative.. then it stopped.. ok
    lok sabha started.. then now it has become a mix… one day suddenly it
    comes… i am sure that those who follow a daily timetable finds it difficult
    when suddenly 1 weeks articles are posted together.. i am wondering why you didnt stop secure 2015
    saying that you dont have time.. and you could have started another 3 or 4
    initiatives also which you could have stopped after 2 months.. thank you for
    showing consistency in atleast that initiative, which iam sure is the one and
    only one initiative which is benefiting true students who are actually
    preparing and will eventuAlly succed.. the one feature in that initiative is
    its consistency and continuity.. but am sure you will start something outwordly
    soon and will stop “secure” initiative also… also mentionable is
    the present current affairs initiative(which is version 2 lol) which you are
    atleast posting on the next day… someone who studies sincerely will never
    find time to follow all your initiatives.. if you have real mind to help please
    show stability and consistency in atleast 4 or 5 initiatives and that would be
    truly wonderful.. each day morning we
    read that day’s news paper and then we cannot open your site and read last
    day’s current affairs.. also we cannot see last week’s hindu news analysis
    which you would have posted 1 week later… atleast by god’s grace you are
    posting secure questions based on the same day’s newspaper.. thank god..
    otherwise that also would have been a waste.. imagine if we get the following things on the same day.. secure questons+ that
    day’s current affairs + that day’s news analysis video … how great it would
    have been.. and how useful it would have been.. o.k… I agree that you do not
    have time to post all these on the same day… “BUT THEN THE SAME PERSON WHO DO
    NOT HAVE TIME TO UPDATE HIS PRESENT INITIATIVES ON A DAILY BASIS COMES UP WITH A NEW INITIATIATIVE EACH WEEK…
    YOU THINK THAT YOU ARE HELPING US… BUT YOU ARE WRONG..”.. am sure that these
    days you would be planning for atleast
    10 new initiatives to begin soon…. but please.. please do something that will
    actually help real candidates… that is
    choosing initiatives which you can actually update daily and sustain for
    atleast one year.. new prelims quiz is
    amazing… but i do not follow that because am tired of your initiatves.. you
    will most probably stop it next month.. you would be thinking that u have done
    a great help by posting the compiled secure qstn and answers of last one year
    together last week… i Am sure that 100% of your followers would have been thrilled.. but
    am sure less than 5% would benefit from what you have done.. we would have
    benefitted if you posted those question and answers on that same day instead of
    wasting time on 100 other initiatives which you were never going to deliver in
    time.. i have lost hope.. but iam still following “secure” initiative
    hoping that you will spare atleast that initiative .. also, please don’t judge
    the success of your initiatives by the number of comments you get.. those who
    are really following it will never find time to post comments…if you daily
    follow secure initiative you will notice that a single user do not post answers
    consistently for more than 3-4 days. There are some who manage to sustain for 1
    week or upto 1 month… but nobody stays there more than that time.. and then
    suddenly one day they reappear… they are seasonal birds.. they will be happy
    with your new initiatives because they would not have followed ur ongoing
    initiaves on a daily basis which is suffering due to the new ones… they migrate
    from your 1 initiative to another never realising their foolishness in
    following this site… sir.. let me ask you one thing.. are you currently covering
    lok sabha or rajya sabha(I mean “big picture” or ”insight”) ? Am asking this
    because of my desparation and sense of being fooled… if you do not have time to
    post lok sabha insight program on a daily basis… please don’t post it.. cover
    atleast big picture programme.. but do that daily for atleast 1 year.. so that
    we have clarity in what u are giving us.. so that we can prepare lok sabha
    insight programme on our own.. and with that we will be able to follow both
    programmes daily and will not miss that any day.. DEAR SIR, IAM REITERATING THAT CONTINUITY,
    STABILITY, CLARITY AND PUNCTUALITY MATTERS MORE THAN ANYTHING… tell us
    clearly in the beginning of the year what you can give us on a daily basis…
    and show us that u can actually give us that on time… then if u want you may
    add 1 or 2 initiatives if u are that desperate to help us… i beg dont stop
    those old initiaves… and if possible dont start anything new.. secure 2015, current
    affairs(same day) ,news analysis video(same day), rajya sabha or loksabha(at
    least one,but daily) and then the new daily prelims quiz… please…. please maintain
    these initiatives…. please sir… please.. please… am sorry but i said all
    these due to my desperation and helplessness… please sir… please….
    please… CONTINUITY, SUSTAINABILITY, CLARITY AND PUNCTUALITY… HELP US IN AN
    EFFECTIVE MANNER SIR IF YOU REALLY WANT TO HELP… ATLEAST POST THE ONGOING
    YEAR’S SECURE ANSWERS ON THAT SAME DAY … SIR , I REITERATE THAT IT IS A SHAME
    THAT U ARE STARTING NEW INITIATIVES WHEN YOU HAVE NO TIME TO CONTINUE THE
    PRESENT INITIATIVES… AM NO ONE TO SAY THIS.. AM ONLY A STUDENT…
    AND LITERALLY I AM BEGGING… PLZZZZ SIR… PLEASE…. DON’T MESS THINGS… AND PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE MAINTAIN “PUNCTUALITY” FOR GOD’S SAKE..…

  • Bellicose Mind

    ANY ONE PUNJABI?????????????????????????????

  • Rajan

    i need geology as a optinal pleaz provide

  • Ramesh rocks

    Sir plz start answer writing challenge for Kannada Literature. Please sir…

  • Riya Sinha

    Please start writing challenges for zoology also….

    • dexter morgan

      agree.

  • swaroop

    Hi.. can you pls add / update the Answer writing challenge for Commerce Optional as well.

    • missionias

      hey, which books are u referring for comm and accounts. I have only stuff from rankers. Is there any other source u r aware of?

      • swaroop

        I am thinking of IPCC books for Paper 1. how is rankers notes? pls share your email id so that we can connect separately.

        • missionias

          ias2015mission@gmail.com…rankers is good, but m more worried about paper 2. its very difficult to memorize all theories. When is ur attempt?

          • Adithi s

            Hello, I too am taking commerce as optionals. Are rankers notes enough? Or are you also following standard books too in addition to rankers?

            • Adithi s

              I have done Bcom hons. and I’m hoping that with that background it will be a bit easier.

              • GoodReads

                What extra material, apart form rankers you guys are referring ?

  • Sajith Ms

    Vinay Sir… please.. we beg you dont stop HINDU NEWS ANALYSIS VIDEO initiatve… we dont need new initiatives… please sir… there is something called respect.. and you gain it NOT BY THE NUMBER OF THINGS YOU DO BUT BY THE WAY IN WHICH YOU DO EACH THING.. sorry sir, but am saying this bcoz OF my utter desperation AND helplessness .. i am one of the sincere followers of this site.. and am sorry to say you that u are not doing any good for true students who are actually (truly following ) depending on your site… IT IS A SHAME THAT U ARE STARTING NEW INITIATIVES WHEN YOU HAVE NO TIME TO CONTINUE THE PRESENT WONDERFUL INITIATIVES… imagine a student who has been viewing ur videos on a daily basis for the past 3 months.. it becomes a part of our study plan.. and suddenly one day it stops… and then after 1 week suddenly 5 videos appear… and on some day these videos will stop for ever and you will start another2-3 initiatives… with what faith we should follow ur site?… it would be better than those 100 new initiatives , if you continue one single initiative a whole year.. there is no need to mess things up like this.. earlier there was optional subject questions daily… one day it stopped.. then started current affairs… it stopped… then after some months it restarted.. then there is this lok sabha rajya sabha and all india raDio news analysis.. sometimes it stops.. then starts… then it starts again and again it stops.. it is of no benefit .. first i used to follow your rajya sabha initiative.. then it stopped.. ok lok sabha started.. then now it has become a mix… one day suddenly it comes… i am sure that those who follow a daily timetable finds it difficult when suddenly 1 weeks articles are posted together.. i am wondering why you didnt stop secure 2015 saying that you dont have time.. and you could have started another 3 or 4 initiatives also which you could have stopped after 2 months.. thank you for showing consistency in atleast that initiative, which iam sure is the one and only one initiative which is benefiting true students who are actually preparing and will eventuAlly succed.. the one feature in that initiative is its consistency and continuity.. but am sure you will start something outwordly soon and will stop “secure” initiative also… also mentionable is the present current affairs initiative(which is version 2 lol) which you are atleast posting on the next day… someone who studies sincerely will never find time to follow all your initiatives.. if you have real mind to help please show stability and consistency in atleast 4 or 5 initiatives and that would be truly wonderful.. each day morning we read that day’s news paper and then we cannot open your site and read last day’s current affairs.. also we cannot see last week’s hindu news analysis which you would have posted 1 week later… atleast by god’s grace you are posting secure questions based on the same day’s newspaper.. thank god.. otherwise that also would have been a waste.. imagine if we get the following things on the same day.. secure questons+ that day’s current affairs + that day’s news analysis video … how great it would have been.. and how useful it would have been.. o.k I agree that you do not have time to post all these on the same day BUT THEN THE SAME PERSON WHO DO NOT HAVE TIME TO UPDATE HIS PRESENT INITIATIVES ON A DAILY BASIS COMES UP WITH A NEW INITIATIATIVE EACH WEEK YOU THINK THAT YOU ARE HELPING US BUT YOU ARE WRONG…. am sure that these days you would be planning for atleast 10 new initiatives to begin soon…. but please.. please do something that will actually help real candidates… that is choosing initiatives which you can actually update daily and sustain for atleast one year.. new prelims quiz is amazing… but i do not follow that because am tired of your initiatves.. you will most probably stop it next month.. you would be thinking that u have done a great help by posting the compiled secure qstn and answers of last one year together last week… i Am sure that 100% of your followers would have been thrilled.. but am sure less than 5% would benefit from what you have done.. we would have benefitted if you posted those question and answers on that same day instead of wasting time on 100 other initiatives which you were never going to deliver in time.. i have lost hope.. but iam still following “secure” initiative hoping that you will spare atleast that initiative .. also, please don’t judge the success of your initiatives by the number of comments you get.. those who are really following it will never find time to post comments…if you daily follow secure initiative you will notice that a single user do not post answers consistently for more than 3-4 days. There are some who manage to sustain for 1 week or upto 1 month… but nobody stays there more than that time.. and then suddenly one day they reappear… they are seasonal birds.. they will be happy with your new initiatives because they would not have followed ur ongoing initiaves on a daily basis which is suffering due to the new ones… they migrate from your 1 initiative to another never realising their foolishness in following this site… sir.. let me ask you one thing.. are you currently covering lok sabha or rajya sabha(I mean big picture or insight) ? Am asking this because of my desparation and sense of being fooled… if you do not have time to post lok sabha insight program on a daily basis… please dont post it.. cover atleast big picture programme.. but do that daily for atleast 1 year.. so that we have clarity in what u are giving us.. so that we can prepare lok sabha insight programme on our own.. and with that we will be able to follow both programmes daily and will not miss that any day.. DEAR SIR, IAM REITERATING THAT CONTINUITY, STABILITY, CLARITY AND PUNCTUALITY MATTERS MORE THAN ANYTHING… tell us clearly in the beginning of the year what you can give us on a daily basis… and show us that u can actually give us that on time… then if u want you may add 1 or 2 initiatives if u are that desperate to help us… i beg dont stop those old initiaves… and if possible dont start anything new.. secure 2015, current affairs(same day),news analysis video(same day), rajya sabha or loksabha(at least one,but daily) and then the new daily prelims quiz… please…. please maintain these initiatives…. please sir… please.. please… am sorry but i said all these due to my desperation and helplessness… please sir… please…. please… CONTINUITY, SUSTAINABILITY, CLARITY AND PUNCTUALITY… HELP US IN AN EFFECTIVE MANNER SIR IF YOU REALLY WANT TO HELP… ATLEAST POST THE ONGOING YEAR’S SECURE ANSWERS ON THAT SAME DAY SIR , I REITERATE THAT IT IS A SHAME THAT U ARE STARTING NEW INITIATIVES WHEN YOU HAVE NO TIME TO CONTINUE THE PRESENT INITIATIVES… AM NO ONE TO SAY THIS.. AM ONLY A STUDENT… AND LITERALLY I AM BEGGING… PLZZZ SIR PLEASE. DONT MESS THINGS AND PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE MAINTAIN PUNCTUALITY

  • Pushplata Bhardwaj

    please also start answer writing challenge for Botany optional

    • Achinaidu Konathala

      hello me too botany !!

      • Nitin Peter

        EVOLUTION IAS CLASSES ARE GOOD. NO NEED TO JOIN CLASSES. MATERIALS ARE AVAILABLE IN DELHI. NOT MORE THAN 1000 I GUESS.

        • Achinaidu Konathala

          okay .. sorry for delay in reply!! lets start preparation together 🙂

          aspirants send me message on :

          https://www.facebook.com/achinaiduk

          will form a group and share material discuss and crack.

          • Surendra Singh

            guys..who have selected botany as a optional, plz share your mail IDs or Mob no. whatever you think better..

        • raghu

          can u give me mail id bro

          • raghu

            @nitin peter

        • Surendra Singh

          but evolution botany material is not so good,notes are not systematic and printed at all and in live classes they stressed more on writing
          than explanation ..i am neither satisfied with notes nor classes ..

          • Goku123

            Evolution is just name they are not teaching anymore just fooling people in the name of optional preparation.

      • nivedita

        hello can we all come together and form a group for discussion and problem solving which matters the most, more than material availability??

        • Nishana

          Me too botany optional. ..evolution notes are really good and I am following the same…I am ready for group discussion. ..

          • Achinaidu Konathala

            okay .. sorry for delay in reply!! lets start preparation together 🙂
            aspirants send me message on :

            https://www.facebook.com/achinaiduk

            will form a group and share material discuss and crack mains 🙂

          • raghu

            bro share if u have notes i have taken botany as optional at rjupsc2016@gmail.com

        • Achinaidu Konathala

          okay .. sorry for delay in reply!! lets start preparation together 🙂

          aspirants send me message on :

          https://www.facebook.com/achin

          will form a group and share material discuss and crack mains 🙂

          • nivedita

            not on facebook :/

            • Achinaidu Konathala

              lets discuss here itself 🙂

        • Achinaidu Konathala

          how far is your optional preparation ?

          • nivedita

            good, not on war footing bcs i fear prelims…but still managed a lot…

          • nivedita

            i have a doubt , have u read drought mechanism of plants, though not mentioned clearly in the syllabus, there was a question on it, by drought mechanism i mean biotic/abiotic stress mechanism, plants deal with

            • nivedita

              thats wht i understood
              2014 paper 2: mechanism of drought resistance?

            • Achinaidu Konathala
              • nivedita

                hey thankz.plant breeding by b.d singh says it all… just wanted to know iam thinking the right way…i asked drought mechanism is not mentioned in the syllabus..still question came that so uncertain of upsc 🙁

    • Aspira

      Hi I have also opted for Botany, are you going for any classes???..

      • Pushplata Bhardwaj

        not yet dear

      • Surendra Singh

        Hi I have also opted for Botany, let we make a group for better study..and update
        @ surendrasingh.585@gmail.com

    • Achinaidu Konathala

      okay .. sorry for delay in reply!! lets start preparation together 🙂

      aspirants send me message on :

      https://www.facebook.com/achinaiduk

      will form a group and share material discuss and crack mains 🙂

      • nishana samad

        Ok Achin…I am ready to crack mains together ☺?…

  • dexter morgan

    there is no agriculture or zoology ??? please add them too if possible .

  • Inba Boxer

    Please provide tamil literature also sir please

  • DK

    Thank you for the tremendous venture here. Respect !
    Also , it is known to us all that most of the subjects in optional here , are the choice of majority.
    I only request you , that if possible , please start Botany optional . So far I cant find anyone to form a group , brainstorm and brush up skills. I still lag behind A LOT in this optional. To catch up , a couple of immersed heads are need of the moment.
    If you do this , I would be immensely grateful , immensely.
    Thank You .

  • Sahil Kamboj

    plz reply..
    how u all guys write an answer here?.means does you u first write it to word then paste it here or does put your thoughts directly here?

    and if u write it on PC/laptop then how u analyse/manage your writing practice on sheet/notebook for real examination?

  • ahana

    sir.. please please please start answer writing challenge for zoology optional

  • Nidhi

    Hey, i am a working professional and planning to write CSE 2016.But i am very much confused in choosing optionals between Pub Admin and Sociology.Which one is easy to understand and will take less time in preparation.Please help.

  • pankaj upadhyay

    Sir, I am Pankaj Kumar Upadhyay.I have been preparing upsc for four years.I have given fourth attempts but not qualified prelims .please suggest me,what should i do?

  • Shivam

    Is it possible for you to include Mechanical Engineering under your program?

  • Achinaidu Konathala

    please also start answer writing challenge for Botany optional

  • jay shah

    Sir, please start answer writing challenge for chemistry
    optional

  • Gummadi

    why there r no questions on geography optional since sep 30th.

  • cookie

    Please continue mathematics optional writing challange. I can send topic wise previous year questions for certain topics if required.

  • NRN

    Sir, please resume asking sociology questions

  • deepti

    sir please start answer writing challenge for Agriculture optional

  • Srinath

    Electrical engg optional ?

    • Soumya

      Hi! I have taken up electrical engineering optional

  • vidya shri

    Sir…. please start answer writing challenge for ZOOLOGY optional as well….

  • Anand Varun

    zoology anybody…?

    • Nitin Peter

      ya

    • Abhishek Verma

      Yes

  • Sonu Meghwal

    Botany…??

  • Inba Boxer

    Sir plz add tamil literature optional

    • Selvamani Ramalingam

      HI Inba , Are you going to take mains in tamil??

      • Inba Boxer

        Yes sir..

        • Selvamani Ramalingam

          Thanks for reply. Hey this is selva. i m also preparing in Tamil If u r interested , u can mail me @ tamilselvaias@gmail.com

  • dexter morgan

    please add agriculture and zoology please.

    • Nitin Peter

      preparing for ifos……….

      • dexter morgan

        yes.

        • Nitin Peter

          me too……..

          • Preeti Malik

            guidance for zoology optional please

            • ashish

              Me too with Zoology optional..

    • Mr.King

      Hello! Is zoology a good and scoring optional? I am looking forward for zoology for ifos 2016 .need guidance regarding this .

      • sumit

        I am also Preparing with Zoology Optional .Could you share your strategy for Zoology optional Preparation..?

        • fresher

          can u pleaseguide me how to start zoology (optional) preparation for upsc. It will be of great help. Thank you

    • ahana chaturvedi

      Hey let’s make a group for zoology optional , if ders a group existing , do let me knw , if not v cn make a new one .. V can add all zoo. Agri n botany students ,, pls do rply

      • Cheeku

        we can have channel for zoology optional in disqus .. what say?

        • Ashish Dahiya

          watsapp group bna lo yr zoology k liye..

      • Stark Of WinterFell

        there is 2 groups agri and zoology on telegram. sorry for being late to reply.

        • neravatla karunya kumar

          Bro I need ur whatsapp number?im preparing for agriculture as optional.pls do reply me

          • Atinderpal Singh

            hi its atinder !
            m also opting agr. as optional
            need some help
            do rply

            • neravatla karunya kumar

              Bro it’s better we should take suggestion from an old student

              • Atinderpal Singh

                do u hav any material of agriculture

              • Atinderpal Singh

                i hav some book list only
                1. Plant breeding by BD singh
                2. Genetics by BD Singh
                3. Principles of agronomy TY Reddy and GK Reddy
                4. Soil fertility and nutrient mamnagement by SS singh
                5. Introduction to horticulture by N kumar
                6. Weed management principles and practices by op gupta
                7. Agricultural economics by S Subhareddyetc
                8. Modern techniques of raising field cropsbyChiddhasingh
                9. Introductory social science by dilipkumar das
                10. Extension communication and management by GL ray
                11. Plant physiology by SNpandey

          • Atinderpal Singh

            i bought agriculture notes ,,,
            neravatla kumar tell me if u need just 6000 buks

      • Indrani Sumra

        Hi me too preparing zoology optional ….need guidance can u plzz help.

      • Wišhe§

        I m looking forward a botany group….

  • Geetha

    Hi.. can you pls add / update the Answer writing challenge for kannada literature Optional as well.

  • vipin y. y.

    hiiii…can u upload a weekly plan for optional question

  • dreamz unlimited

    sir,please post mains question paper for geography optional also

  • Ratnesh Ranjan

    Hi..could you plz add answer writing challenge for electrical engineering? That would be of immense help. Thank u…

  • vinay pandey

    I m confused of choosing optional bw hindi and geography.i m from hindi medium and ihave done B.sc.

  • prajna

    Sir plz start for zoology as well

  • Sanjay

    Which books should i refare for geography optional ?

  • smita dwivedi

    plz add botany samples

    • Achinaidu Konathala

      lets start preparation together 🙂

      aspirants send me message on :

      https://www.facebook.com/achin

      will form a group and share material discuss and crack mains 🙂

    • raghu

      if have botany notes pls share at rjupsc@gmail.com

  • Manasa C Pradhan

    plz add mechanical engineering

  • ashok

    sir, i took Zoology as an optional in mains ..please guide us like any ohter optional subject

  • ashok

    sir, i took Zoology as an optional in mains ..please guide us like any other optional subject

  • manoj

    Am a Botany man…………Koi to Botany walo ki help kro…plz INSIGHT

  • SRUTHI PHILIP

    please add botany optional.

    • Rajeev

      Hi Shruti,
      I am preparing with Botany optional for IAS 2016, can u plz provide me some guidance on booklist & basic stuff?
      Thanks

  • sunil

    hello sir, i have completed my btech in electrical engineering, but not interested in electrical for mains subject. i want to opt geography subject. please suggest me which subject is better for scoring. i also join your online test series for prelims. i want your guidance. thank you.

  • dk

    sir plz add chemistry in optional subject. so my optional preparation is also going on. i am joining your test series. it is highly helpful for giving me a proper routine for my preparation.

  • sanjam

    anyone with veterinary sciences
    ???

    • Mr.King

      I am !
      Sanjam from Gadvasu?

      • sanjam

        o bhraa tu aa??

        • Vjdeep

          Yep! Shukar a koi apna bnda lbhya!

      • sanjam

        mai hi aa bai ..

  • Madhukar Kumar

    Please add Chemistry

  • Shweta

    plz add zoology!!!!!

    • Vjdeep

      Hello , Need help regarding zoology as optional..

  • meera

    @insight vinay sir…we havent get any questions on political scince answer writing challenge since november first week ..it would be better if your team help us in this matter..thank you

  • Mahantesh S P

    No public administration questions in this month…..please provide us optional questions……

    • archi

      hey…is ur optional pub ad?

      • Mahantesh S P

        yess….

  • deep06

    Any one wants agriculture note of evolution call 8130912921

  • RG

    Any group for Political science and IR? Please let me know

  • Shivam

    Is it possible to include mechanical as well?

  • chachaUPSCwale

    Hey I am planning to join Upendra coaching for sociology although I have studied myself whole syllabus once. should I join coaching or just keep revising just by joining any particular test series without doing coaching? please suggest. BTW I will give my first attempt in 2016.

  • anand varun

    zoology anybody…

  • Sunny Gupta

    plz add electrical engineer also

  • Vanathi Ravi

    please add botany.

  • Vanathi Ravi

    please add botany in the optional writing.im preparing for IFoS 2016.So it would be helpful for everyone who is opting for botany as their optional if added.

    • Rajeev

      Hi Vanathi,
      I am preparing for IAS with Botany optional, can you please guide me on books ?
      Thanks.

      • nivedita

        whatever books u read for graduation and masters..are enough…please revise by heart …

      • Achinaidu Konathala

        okay .. sorry for delay in reply!! lets start preparation together 🙂

        aspirants send me msg on

        https://www.facebook.com/achinaiduk

        will form a group and share material discuss and crack mains 🙂

      • raghu

        i have also optional botany pls add me to group

    • Achinaidu Konathala

      okay .. sorry for delay in reply!! lets start preparation together 🙂

      aspirants send me message on :

      https://www.facebook.com/achinaiduk

      will form a group and share material discuss and crack mains 🙂

    • raghu

      if u have botany notes pls share at rjupsc2016@gmail.com

  • SultaN

    sir plz provide for zoology also…

  • Atul Singh

    Please include Physics too!

  • Sateesh Kumar

    Can you please include Telugu literature

  • Shivangi Das

    Please add Zoology too, also I heard that UPSC might remove optional…..is that correct??

    • ahana chaturvedi

      Hey let’s make a zoology group for disscusion.. A wassap group or so where v can discuss n share our ans….plss do reply

      • Stark Of WinterFell

        there is a group on telegram. agri and zoology seperate.

  • Rajeev

    Hi,
    Can some one please guide me on botany optional….the book list & some basic guidance?

  • Rahul Sachan

    please keep posting in pub ad section..it will help .plz

  • Bhisham Vashistha

    anybody with physics optional?

    • Bihar k lalla

      yup 🙂

  • Shivangi Das

    Sir pls add Zoology too….Zoology students we need to form a facebook group to discuss our answers?? any link for any such active fb group or any forum??

  • Newgeneration

    Please add chemistry..

  • archana arya

    hey…anybody with pub ad optional..i need some guidance regarding answer writing practice…

    • Mahantesh S P

      start writing the answers by taking previous year question papers….read one topic n write answers for the questions asked from that topic….get them evaluated from experts….it helps a lot…good luck….all the best

      • archi

        the main problem is of evaluation…i don’t know anybody in my proximity who can evaluate ques. for me….

        • Mahantesh S P

          same problem here…..

          • archi

            can we help each other by evaluating answers ????

            • Mahantesh S P

              yeah…we can..but i am not much thorough with the subject….

              • archi

                its ok…we can start from the small we have…

                • Mahantesh S P

                  Fine..

      • archi

        and yeah…thanku so much for guidance…all the best to you too..

  • keyword

    insights please add engineering papers also

  • Ias Aspirant

    Sir, when will optional answer writing series start ?

  • Raj

    Dear Insights Team,
    please help with Sociology Mains Strategy!
    The syllabus is quite vast and the sources unclear. Would really appreciate some help.

    Anybody else with their own experiences or ‘insights’, feel free to add something!

  • Manjunath Gv

    pls post kannada literature questions

  • Sohel

    Sir pls zoology optional..

  • RE-VIEWER

    Sir, plz create platform for marathi literature optional among all. Thank you

  • nivi

    Please sir provide guidelines for chemistry optional.

  • Purushottam Singh Rajput

    Sir plzplzz
    post question for ZOOLOGY optional also…

    • ahana chaturvedi

      Let’s make a group for zoology optional.. Coz now even in zoology upsc is linking it with contemporary issues.. We can discuss and evaluate each others ans , coz ders no site or blog were we can get zoology ans writing series n all.

  • fresher

    please add Zoology

  • sumit dhayal

    please try to add MECHANICAL ENGINEERING also

  • manish

    Please add electrical engineering also

    • pony

      from where r u preparing

      • manish

        From Gujarat.
        And you?

        • pony

          i m from chhattisgarh and r u referring question papers of ias electrical ?

          • pony

            can u tell me solution for ias mains 2014 paper 2 Q-2 (b)

          • manish

            Yes, but I RT now am more focusing on completing syllabus.

  • GJ

    I think its time to start 2016 optional preparation as mentioned earlier…

  • sandy

    start notes and seperate guidance for hindi literature asap..

  • pony

    I need help. is anybody is preparing with electrical engineering ?

  • Sunil s

    Anybody has agriculture optional please

  • Chandrashekhar

    Hi seniors at insights. Please let me know what is the best way to write answers for the daily GS questions – should i write it on my own or should I refer to the source article given at the links with the question?? Need your guidance. I could not make it to the 2015 interview even though I was quite confident about the answers I had written in the mains. Devastated…

  • ahana chaturvedi

    Guys let’s make a group for zoology n botany optional , wherein we can discuss imp topics, contemporary issues related indirectly or directly with zoology n botany n all. Pls reply

  • Nivedita Singh

    Sir… Please post the chemistry optional questions here….

  • c k pandey

    please add physics optional too

    • Ashish Sharma

      bro i am preparing for 2016 with physics optional who’s your experience with this year physics mains ,I found them very tough

      • c k pandey

        thanks for pointing that.
        i was unaware that previous paper has been uploaded on upsc website.
        me too find that papers pretty difficult. and that is why i need to join a group with physics optional paper.
        this would give us enough mind to tackle such questions.
        and what would happen if the questions would be of 2014 mains type?
        so we should take physics as optional an make a move.
        am I right?

        • Ashish Sharma

          i had notes of rishav gupta sir you can download them from forumias physics discussion platform.yes i am taking physics and currently preparing rigid body dyanmics

          • c k pandey

            what are your strategy for it.
            i write my notes after reading standard books and try to solve previous papers.
            will it work?
            how do you do it?
            how can we help each other for a good preparation.

      • VK

        Hi Guys,

        I am also looking to opt Physics for optionals. My target is 2017. Let discover the possibilities of group of physical optional holders.

  • Piyush Mirje

    why did you stop optionals???

  • Santosh Bankapur

    Is anybody.. sociology optional . so that we can discuss few topics.

  • Achinaidu Konathala

    please also start answer writing challenge for Botany optional…. please 🙂

  • Achinaidu Konathala

    thank u @pushplatabhardwaj:disqus for initiation.

    botany optional IAS aspirants we got a group on face book to share the ideas.
    please check in here, if you are interested. make the most out of it !!

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/1081339845250959/

  • Priyanka

    Have you stopped Anthropology Daily Answer Writing challenge? If so, is it possible for you to start it again? Can you please suggest any good online Test series for the same?
    Have you stopped Anthropology Daily Answer Writing challenge? If so, is it possible for you to start it again? Can you please suggest any good online Test series for the same?

  • Rahul

    What happen insight has stopped uploading optional subject questions

  • Manish Kumar

    can you plz add statistics??

  • SAIKAT

    Q. CRITICALLY ANALYZE THE MODELS OF INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM AS GIVEN BY MORTAN KAPLAN.

    Ans.
    The system approach seeks to analyze international politics as the system
    of interactions which are interdependent and inter- related like a
    biological system.This theory was developed with the rise of behavioral
    revolutions in all other branches of social science.

    The general concept of international system was developed by a number of
    thinkers like- Karl Deutsch,Aron and others.But Morlan Kaplan is
    considered most influential among them.

    Kaplan conceived of international system as an analytical entity for explaining the
    behavior of international actors.He presented a number of real and
    hypothetical models of global political organization.His six well-known
    models are:

    1.Balance of Power System.
    It is a popular model in which power relations among five or six major powers
    constitute a balance and there is no authoritative international order
    present within the system.In it each actor seeks to increase its
    capabilities through negotiations,not war.This system was present in
    Europe during 18th.or 19th.centuries.The operation of this system is
    based on certain rules like-
    a)each state to increase its power without war.
    b)the primary obligation of each national actor must be to itself,
    c)one should not eliminate other national actor,
    d)one national actor should not allow other members to follow supranational principle,
    e)the national actor should oppose any coalition,
    f.defeated actor should be permitted re-entry to the system.

    2.Loose Bi-polar Model.
    It comes into existence when two powerful nations are successful in
    organizing other nations into their two respective competitive
    blocks.However,in this system there exists neutral actors (like NAM
    Group during cold war ) and universal actors like the UN.

    3.The Tight Bi-polar system.
    The loose ones easily transforms into tight ones where the two power-blocks
    would successfully absorb neutral agents and weaken international
    universal actor.

    4.The Universal System.
    In this,nations get organized in a federal system based upon principles of
    mutual non-aggression and universal rule of law.The universal actor here
    becomes powerful enough to ensure peace and maintaining balance.

    5.The Hierarchal System.
    Such model comes into existence when a single super-power can bring,either
    through war or treaty,all other nations under its control.Here the
    super-power turns into universal actor.It can be both directive(when one
    actor absorbs all through war) or non-directive(where power is
    distributed).

    6.The Unit Veto System.
    This system resembles ‘State of Nature’ described by Hobbes.Here each state is enemy
    of other because almost all the countries here possess nuclear
    weapon.It becomes stable when each state can resist and retaliate
    threats from every other side.

    However,the models of inter national system as propounded by Kaplan was subject to criticisms on the
    ground that they are not theories yet but a conceptual framework.Out of six conceptual models,as per Lieber first two are historical realities and the last four are hypothetical models.

    Secondly,The idea that end of bipolarity of international system would give way to
    either a universal order or a hierarchical system proved ineffective
    when after fall of Soviet Union the world quickly entered into a
    multi-polar world which is dissimilar to Kaplan”s any model.

    Thirdly,Kaplan”s theory of classifying international system is arbitrary because one can
    increase or decrease the numbers of such models.

    Lastly Keplan failed to analyze the world system which is dominated by a
    number of dominating factors like role of non- state actors like
    terrorism,effect of globalization,challenges posed by environmental
    degradation or poverty etc.In this sense future models like The Multi
    Block Model,National Fragmentation Model or Post Nuclear War Model etc
    provide much better picture of world system.

    Pl.review my answer.

    • SAIKAT

      VERY GOOD ANSWER INDEED.BUT WORD LIMIT MUST BE ADHERED TO.

  • SAIKAT

    Q. CRITICALLY ANALYZE THE PLURALIST VIEW OF STATE.

    Ans.-
    The Pluralist theory of the state is not a single doctrine regarding the
    origin or nature of state.It is a term applied to somewhat varying
    doctrines which are alike in their common opposition to the traditional
    theory of state sovereignty.However,Pluralist theory of state stems from
    the common belief that the state acts as an arbitrator or umpire within
    a democratic society where different contending parties form
    associations or groups to pursue their interests.As some groups within a
    society enjoys more power than others (like business groups) the
    normative perspective of Pluralist theory argues for maintaining a
    balance through power sharing arrangements among groups.

    The views of thinkers are at variance both in the way they attack the
    traditional theory of state sovereignty and the positions of each
    association within a Pluralist society.

    For example,Harold Joseph Laski attacked the very concept of legal sovereignty and advocated for the
    bargaining role role of associations within a competitive environment.

    Léon Duguit attacked the absolute concept of state sovereignty from juristic point of view.

    John Neville Figgis sought to provide autonomous right for Churches and communities.

    Baker was concerned more with economic and professional groups.

    F.W. Coker advocated for Pluralism of ideas within a Pluralistic state.

    Though the concept of pluralism was developed in the twentieth century in
    Western World,it had its origin much before.The Social Contract theory
    of Hobbes,Locke ans Rousseau which supports the idea that the state
    sovereignty was the result of voluntary contract between
    individuals,challenges the notion of monistic school of state.

    The idea of value of variety and freedom of self-expression of English
    political thinker J.S.Mill and idealistic doctrine of self-realization
    of T.H. Green carry the essential component of Pluralistic ideology.

    Pluralism,as a theory asserts that within a liberal democracy power is widely and
    evenly dispersed.The criticism of Pluralism developed by neo-pluralists
    attacked the very notion of this idea of traditional pluralism.

    Theorists such as Robert Dahl and C.Lindblom have come to accept that modern
    Industrial are both susceptible and prone to be influenced by the
    business and industrial lobby.The role of Govt. as a neutral umpire has
    also been questioned on the grounds of its dependence on Industries for
    providing capital and creating employment

    Lindblom argued that as major investor and largest employer,the business community is
    bound to exercise considerable sway over any Govt.

    Neo-pluralist also argue that the state and its apparatus like civil
    societies,Military etc.can and does forge their own interests.In this
    regard there is a need to develop a super association called civil
    Society to check these tendencies so as to counter balance the power
    structure within a Pluralist democratic state.
    Pl.review the answer.

    • SAIKAT

      Good answer.Word limit?

  • SAIKAT

    Q. INTERNATIONAL POLTICS,LIKE ALL POLITICS,IS A STUGGLE FOR POWER–COMMENT.

    Ans. “Power” remained the essential component of the analysis of political relations.International politics is no
    exception to that.Power-centrist analysis of international relation was started much earlier–during Peloponnese war among Greek city states.Greek philosopher Thucydides advocated the concept of “Realism”which provided powerful explanation for the state of war among nations.

    Realism is a concept supporting involvement of state in an activity which best serves its interest even at the cost of
    others.Proponents of Realism like Morgenthou rejected possibility of a world system or orders( like within of nations) and supported the fact that beyond national boundary of states,there exists a complete anarchy.Hence the ambition of every state is expanding its power.

    Thinkers like Machiavelli or Hobbes said that Realism has its root in the nature of human being.The absence of any sovereign authority in international world has resulted into an anarchic situation beyond boundary.The idea of some European thinkers like” expansion of state as biological entity” or “capturing other states using power” gave examples of influence of power-centrist analysis of international politics.

    But the notion of Realists faced criticism during inter-war period(1918-1938).The growth of idealist idea which advocated common interest of nations,use of Diplomacy to solve problems or existence of a world order challenged parochial explanation of international politics only in terms of power.

    Further Behavioral ideologists during Mid-twentieth century attacked Power-based analysis of
    international relation on the ground that it overlooked scientific- objective explanation of events.

    However,the growth of scientific and structural Realism and later Neo -Realism proved importance of power in international politics.Unlike that of earlier explanations which regarded power as the basic determining factor,these new ideas gave power due importance because of its practical implications.
    Presently ,a number of other factors play important role in defining and shaping policy of one state towards others.But the importance of power for self defense as well as for promoting economic and other interests,remained as important as before.

    PL.REVIEW THE ANSWER.

    • SAIKAT

      good answer.

  • VV

    Please initiate for Hindi literature also.

  • Upsc only@

    hi any one here psychology optional…………………please ping me ..

  • ruchi shree

    please add hindi literature.. it will be great help

  • Rishabh Dubey

    Hello, please add chemistry too and i need some model answers if you can provide. thanks

  • Rebel

    Hi Insights…
    When are you going to start Philosophy Answer Writing for CSE-2016 ?

  • Hello,
    Can any body suggest me…which one is better to prefer as Optional Subject: Public Administration vs Management..
    Also mention their respective scoring patterns….I am confused because I am good at Management subject while on the other hand I am also interested in the Public Administration Subject as it is more about India and its administration…Please help me to choose the right one…some suggestions…as I will appear for the Civil Services Examination next year….

  • Shivam Phogat

    Please add Physics optional.

  • ashutosh pandey

    Please add Hindi Literature optional

  • nisha tiwari

    I AM A FRESHER TO CIVIL SERVICES PREPARATION. PLEASE TELL ME HOW TO READ MY NEWS PAPER (TIMES OF INDIA) IN SHORTEST TIME AND WHAT ARE THE IMPORTANT NEWS WHICH I SHOULD GO THROUGH.

  • nisha tiwari

    I AM A FRESHER TO CIVIL SERVICES PREPARATION. PLEASE TELL ME HOW TO READ MY NEWS PAPER (TIMES OF INDIA) IN SHORTEST TIME AND WHAT ARE THE IMPORTANT NEWS WHICH I SHOULD GO THROUGH.

  • Badre Munir

    plz add civil engineering

  • Tyrant

    Anybody serious geography optional aspirant and wants to collaborate!

  • Preity

    Hi all, i am preparing for 2017 upsc exams. My query is that i am from mass ccommunication background, completed my 10+2 in commerce in 2005. I am confused which subject to take as an optional subject for mains as i don’t have any specialization in any of the subject listed above. Plz guide me.
    Thank you so much!

  • manisha sahay

    please add agriculture

  • Bhanu Prasad

    please add agriculture Sir ….We Need it Immensely

  • Aditya kumar

    sir, can you please add Physics optional.

    • VK

      Hi Aditya, I am also thinking to select Physics as optional subject.

  • We Stand for JUSTICE

    anyone opting for management optional??…can’t find anyone who does

    • VK

      Hi, I am looking to opt for Management . I had my B.Tech. in Information Technology.

      • We Stand for JUSTICE

        we can surely start a group…are u pursuing management??

        • VK

          No friend, I am not pursuing management.

  • Ahmad Frahim

    Pls add zoology

  • Ahmad Frahim

    Adddddddd zoooooooooologyyyy plz

  • Niku RF Amin

    Please add chemistry

  • Saravjot Singh

    punjabi literature

    • Saravjot Singh

      anyone pbi literature??

  • Komal

    anyone with geography optional ..?

  • Kishore Kumar

    if anyone in creating sociology wts app group?

  • Kishore Kumar

    frnds i have created a group for sociology if anyone is interested contact me on 7382579306

  • Adil Khan

    please add electrical engineering…we are struggling for a better forum..

  • Ramesh Patil

    Hello

    History is my optional subject for mains
    which books are use full for studay

  • NPK

    @INSIGHTS IAS Please post Optional Questions of Psychology as it seems since last year, it has been discontinued here. Please start it again so that people like me who live very far-off from Delhi can also prepare for this optional without the guidance of so-called famous and the one and only one teacher of Psycho (U know who I mean-Pathak Sir). Thanks in anticipation.

  • ajsingh

    any group for geography optional?

  • Deepak Prakash

    sir electrical engineering bhi add kar lo

  • Kannan Nair

    Sir anyone can suggest me to how to prepare for political science optional for 2017( timetable for optional ) ?

  • Biswadeep Das
  • Max

    Anyone going with PSIR?

  • Chetan

    Hi everyone…myself chetan from Bangalore..optional mechanical engineering…anyone else with the same optional?

  • Manpreet Kaur

    anybody with psychology optional?

  • shankgini

    please send the link for the zoo & botany optional on telegram.

  • Atinderpal Singh

    i hav agriculture notes , if anybody wants its just 6000 buks..

  • Saravjot Singh

    anyone preparing for punjabi literature??

  • Raj

    waiting for 2016 pub ad questions.

  • superbhai

    please add mechanical engineering also sir………..

  • Akhil Mahajan

    Is 2016 geography going to be started?

  • Bond

    Thank you insights..There is solid content here for Geo optional.
    With your grace i’m getting 116 in prelims, thanks again..:-)

  • Bond

    Please don’t delete this content. @Insights

  • ambidextar

    Link for Political Science is not working. Kindly look into this.

  • ammu

    anthropology optional anybody

  • Bal kumz

    Could someone advice me on pub ad test series at vajiram?

  • Sahitya Sarkar

    I will be very much obliged to Insights if science subjects like PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY be added.