[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 NOVEMBER 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 NOVEMBER 2018

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.


General Studies – 1


Topic– Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

1) Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay’s works point to different facets of her interest in the people of Asia and Africa. Discuss. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay and her works  and bring out her role in presenting and depicting the Asian and African problems of the time.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay. E.g Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay has long been recognised in India as the person chiefly responsible, after Independence, for the revival of the country’s variegated crafts traditions and for drawing critical attention to ‘tribal art’.

Body-

Discuss in detail about her works and their relation to Asia and Africa. E.g She is generally viewed as an authority on Indian handicrafts, but Chattopadhyay played no less a role in nurturing craftspersons and shaping the cultural institutions that in independent India would be charged with promoting dance, drama, theatre crafts, music, puppetry, pottery and textiles; At the International Session of the League against Imperialism in Frankfurt, she found a platform to discuss the common problems of subjugated people; it was her abiding interest in creating solidarity among the colonised people which makes her an especially inspirational figure; Chattopadhyay’s writings on Asia, Africa and the Global South in the 1940s point to different facets of her interest in the people of Asia and Africa and their histories. ‘The Struggle of Vietnam against French Imperialism’ (1947, Modern Review) shows her grasp over the history of colonialism in Vietnam. Chattopadhyay was never seduced by the idea that the European Left stood for progressive policies with respect to the question of empire, and her piece is clear in its critique of the failure of the Left in France to ally itself with Vietnamese nationalists agitating for independence. But she was equally unsparing towards the Japanese. ‘The Awakening of Asia’ (1947, At the Crossroads) warns against Japan’s attempts to position itself as the vanguard of pan-Asianism etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

2) The decision to introduce a legislative amendment to force content owners to share live sports signals deemed to be of “National QImportance” with the public broadcaster, Prasar Bharati is akin to market intervention in licensee era. Critically examine.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The article focuses on the decision of the government to make it mandatory for content owners to share it with Prasar Bharti in the name of public interest and the impact that it would have. Such a move would have wider ramifications and the article discusses these. The question would help you to prepare this issue in detail.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the proposed decision by I&B ministry and examine the pros and cons of the decision to understand its impact and relevance. Post examining the pros and cons, need is to come it with a fair and balanced conclusion and way forward.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the issue which is under discussion here.

Body

  • Discuss the legislative framework which would allow the government to undertake such a step – Sports Broadcasting Signals Act, 2007 (“the Act”) which the MIB wishes to amend, was promulgated to make sports-broadcasts of “national importance” available to low-income homes. Simultaneously, all distributors are mandated to carry Doordarshan channels by an older law governing private networks
  • Discuss the SC decision which clarified the obligation of content owners as being limited to sharing of sports signals for re-transmission only over Prasar Bharati’s networks and the fact that MIB wishes to bypass this judicial interpretation, in order “to ensure access to the largest number of viewers”
  • Discuss the pros and cons of such a move taking cues from the points mentioned in the article and your wide reading. Here highlight the economic impact it would have on broadcasters and examine whether actually public interest would be served.

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced conclusion and discuss the way forward.


Topic-  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3) India has a central role in the Washington’s “Indo-Pacific” policy. Do you agree. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The article provides critical and  valuable insights into India’s position and role as envisaged by the Indo-pacific policy of the US.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the Indo-Pacific policy of the US and thereupon form an opinion as to whether India has a central role in it or not. We have to back up our opinion with proper and valid arguments and facts.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  Indo-Pacific policy of the US.

Body-

Discuss the role India is envisaged to play in the policy. E.g The NSS 2017 views the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and APEC as “centerpieces of the Indo-Pacific’s regional architecture”; The Indo-Pacific, as described in the NSS, represents the most populous and economically dynamic part of the world and “stretches from the west coast of India to the western shores of the United States”; That strategic vision does not cater to India’s interests. The NSS 2017 has omitted some of India’s most vital interests, including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. Also left out is the Strait of Malacca, which links the Indian and Pacific Oceans and is India’s gateway to trade with Southeast Asia, Japan and South Korea; China is the main security threat to U.S. primacy in Asia. It also has a long-standing border dispute with India. That gives India and the U.S. a shared interest in countering China’s growing military power and territorial revisionist tendencies etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic -Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

4) It has been argued that Inactivated Polio Vaccine needs to be compulsorily introduced in India. Examine.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

There have been several cases of vaccine derived polio cases across the world, including India. It is therefore vital to understand the importance of introducing IPV to prevent such cases and at the same time fight the disease from wild strains.

Directive word

Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out as to why there is an urgent need for India to switch to IPV from the OPV regime, currently in use today.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  IPV and OPV. Briefly mention the difference between the two.

Body-

Discuss in points/ paragraphs as to why India should introduce IPV in its anti polio drive. E.g With wild polio virus strains reduced by 99.9% since 1988, the world is inching towards eradicating polio. But unfortunately, more children today are affected by the live, weakened virus contained in the oral polio vaccine (OPV) that is meant to protect them. The weakened virus in the vaccine can circulate in the environment, occasionally turn neurovirulent and cause vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) in unprotected children; While circulating VDPV strains are tracked, and outbreaks and cases are recorded and shared, little is known about vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) cases, particularly in India. VAPP occurs when the virus turns virulent within the body of a recently vaccinated child and causes polio. The frequency of VAPP cases varies across countries. With high-income countries switching to the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) that uses dead virus to immunise children, the VAPP burden is concentrated in low-income countries which continue to use the OPV; The IPV is essential for post wild-type poliovirus eradication, to get rid of VDPV and VAPP. The globally synchronised switch from trivalent to bivalent OPV in mid-2016 was accompanied by administering a single dose of the IPV prior to administering the OPV. “A single dose of the IPV given before the OPV prevents VAPP cases etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Issue related to development of social sector services including health.

5) Discuss the challenges that lie ahead for India as it embarks on a mission to end TB by 2025?(250 words)

Livemint

Financial express

Why this question

The article discusses the two major health reforms that India has embarked upon and the challenges that lie ahead for India as it tried to eradicate TB. TB is a significant health burden for India and an attempt to eradicate it needs to be understood in detail and the challenges therein examined.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the strategy that the government intends to follow to eradicate TB. Post that, we need to highlight the challenges that are likely to emerge and how we are planning to tackle them. Finally, we need to provide a forward looking view discussing the possibility of eradication of TB.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the huge burden of TB that India faces and that eradicating TB would enable India to enhance its image and influencing power in global health diplomacy networks.

Body

  • Give details in brief about TB such as it is airborne etc
  • Give a brief introduction to the TB control programme – RNTCP
  • Discuss the challenges in successful completion of the programme – financial constraints, lack of health infra etc
  • Discuss the ways in which these challenges can be overcome

Conclusion – highlight that the road ahead for India in eradicating TB would be tough but we can take cues from our success in tackling polio and eliminate TB as well.


General Studies – 3


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment”

6) Why do economies strive for fiscal consolidation and examine whether fiscal exapnsion during slowdown is advantageous?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the advantages of fiscal consolidation. Thereafter, we need to discuss the debate between fiscal consolidation and expansion and examine which of the two during a phase of slowdown would be more advantageous.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what do you understand by fiscal consolidation and expansion.

Body – Discuss the advantages that are accrued as a result of fiscal consolidation such as peps up market sentiment, helps keep inflation in check etc. Discuss that keeping in view these advantages FRBM act was brought it. Thereafter, move to the next part of the question and examine the phases such as post 2008 crisis and currently when expansion has taken place and the impact of such fiscal expansion.

Conclusion – Give your view on the usage of fiscal expansion as a tool during recession and comment on the recent breaches of FRBM Act.

 


Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment”

7) A strict inflation targetting regime without any concern for growth is not the right approach for holistic development management. Critically analyze.(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss the positive as well as negative aspects of inflation targeting and how it affects development of the country. Based on our discussion we have to form a substantive conclusion on the issue. This is to be done in the context of a strict Inflation targeting approach of the RBI, which has been criticized for various reasons with restricting development opportunities being the most important of them

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – write a few lines about the mandate of RBI to restrict inflation to 4 +/- 2%. Also mention RBI’s recent monetary policy changes like hike in repo and reverse repo rates.

Body

  • Discuss the positive aspects of such a targeting approach on development.  E.g fosters stable macroeconomic conditions; stable inflation rates and expectations- linked to such domestic and business decisions; generates high investment confidence etc.

  • DIscuss the negative aspects. E.g restricts development opportunities, inadequate allocation of public funds for social sectors; propagates social inequality; is insufficient as a measure because of strong association of inflation in India with the supply side etc.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion form a conclusion as to what should be done in this regard. Your opinion should be supported by further arguments in case needed.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery

8) “Citizens’ Charters” initiative is a response to the quest for solving the problems which a citizen encounters, day in and day out, while dealing with the organisations providing public services. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning, objectives and the elements of the citizen’s charter.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  Citizen’s Charter. E.g The concept of Citizens’ Charter enshrines the trust between the service provider and its users.  The concept was first articulated and implemented in the United Kingdom by the Conservative Government of John Major in 1991 as a national programme with a simple aim: to continuously improve the quality of public services for the people of the country so that these services respond to the needs and wishes of the users.

Body-

  1. Discuss the objectives of a citizen’s charter. E.g The basic objective of the Citizens’ Charter is to empower the citizen in relation to public service delivery. The principles of the Citizens’ Charter movement are : (i) Quality : Improving the quality of services; (ii) Choice : Wherever possible; (iii) Standards :Specify what to expect and how to act if standards are not met; (iv) Value: For the taxpayers’ money;    (v) Accountability : Individuals and Organisations; and  (vi) Transparency : Rules/ Procedures/ Schemes/Grievances etc.
  2. Discuss the elements of a citizen’s charter. E.g The Charters are expected to incorporate the following elements :-(i)  Vision and Mission Statement; (ii)  Details of business transacted by the organisation; (iii) Details of clients; (iv) Details of services provided to each client group; (v)  Details of grievance redress mechanism and how to access it; and (vi)  Expectations from the clients.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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