[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 OCTOBER 2018

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 OCTOBER 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic – Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) Migrant workers in India play a vital role in the economy of the host state and yet, they have to face a lot of hardships. Comment. (250 words)

epw

Why this question

The recent violence in Gujarat remind us once again to the precarious state of life of a migrant labourer in India. In this context it is essential to examine the role of migrant workers and the problems they face.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our opinion as to whether migrant workers play a vital role in the economy of the host state and what are the problems they face, if any.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– present some statistics highlighting the volume and pattern of migration of labour in India.

Body-

  1. Discuss the role played by migrant workers in the economy of the host state. E.g they provide cheap labour for construction and development works; increase consumption of the host economy etc.
  2. Discuss the hardships and deprivations they face. E.g face backlash for taking jobs and putting stress on public infrastructure, involvement in petty crimes etc; inability to claim government support and benefits from various subsidies etc; problems of residence- slums; problems of supporting family etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) While ‘Right to Education’ vastly expanded enrolment of children, not enough attention was paid to other important aspects, determining outcomes of education. Analyze.(250 words)

Indian express

Reference

Why this question

RTE is an important social legislation aimed at ending one of the worst deprivations in the life of a person-education. The article highlights the shortcomings of the RTE act and is therefore essential from UPSC exams point of view.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the RTE act and analyze its shortcomings in terms of aspects neglected by it but having profound impact on the outcomes.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the  RTE act- date of commencement, objectives etc. e.g The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21a of the Indian Constitution.

Body-

Discuss the achievements of RTE  in terms of increased enrollment of children and then highlight the shortcomings of the act in terms of not paying enough attention to other important factors. E.g briefly discuss the role of

  • Teacher quality
  • Infrastructure
  • Medium, method and content of instruction etc.

Also highlight other socio-economic challenges related to education- poverty and undernutrition; One out of seven children in India is undernourished; two out of five are stunted (low height-for-age); and one out of five is wasted (low weight-for-height). Discuss its effects on learning outcomes etc.

Conclusion– sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment; Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

3) The Agriculture Census 2015–16 establishes that structural constraints continue to exacerbate the agrarian crisis. Examine.(250 words)

Epw

Why this question

India depends on its agriculture for it still employs about 48% of the population. Therefore any poverty reduction initiative will not succeed unless India accounts for the poor state of its farmers. In this context it is important to examine the Agriculture Census 2015–16 and its key findings.

Directive word

Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to examine into the details of agriculture census and its salient findings which highlight that structural constraints continue to exacerbate the agrarian crisis.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  agriculture in India- employment, contribution to GDP etc.

Body-

Discuss the key findings of the census and form your points in light of the key demand of the question. E.g According to the Agriculture Census 2015–16, the total area under farming in India declined from 159.59 million hectares in 2010–11 to 157.14 million hectares in 2015–16. At the same time, the number of operational holdings increased by 5.33%, from 138 million in 2010–11 to 146 million in 2015–16. Thus, the average size of operational holdings in India declined from 1.15 hectares to 1.08 hectares, reflecting the pressure of the increasing farming population on agricultural land, which is a critical factor of production that is also limited in supply; t shows that there has been a proliferation of small and marginal landholdings since the last agriculture census in 2011; The census also reveals that Scheduled Caste (SC) groups operated only about 9% of the total available area and that the average size of their holdings was 0.78 hectares. Also, about 92% of holdings operated by SC groups comprised small and marginal holdings. These figures disclose the extent of deprivation as a social group with respect to the operation of landholdings. This also establishes that structural constraints related to differences in the operational holding size across caste groups had been overlooked by most states and had not witnessed any major transformation so far etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4) Analyze the controversy regarding use of Glyphosate as herbicide, and also discuss how India has reacted to the issue.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question

India has recently taken some steps to check use of glyphosate, a herbicide, incriminated in causing development defects and a rare form of cancer.  In this context it is essential to analyze the reasons behind the controversy and also steps taken by India in this regard.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out the reasons behind the use of Glyphosate herbicide and discuss steps taken by the Indian government in this regard.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  glyphosate- its use and mention the recent controversy regarding Monsanto and Glyphosate.

Body-

  1. Discuss the use of Monsanto and mention Glyphosate resistant crops. E.g Farmers quickly adopted glyphosate for agricultural weed control, especially after Monsanto introduced glyphosate-resistant Roundup Ready crops, enabling farmers to kill weeds without killing their crops. From the late 1970s to 2016, there was a 100-fold increase in the frequency and volume of application of glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) worldwide, with further increases expected in the future, partly in response to the global emergence and spread of glyphosate-resistant weeds etc.
  2. Discuss the adverse effects of use of Glyphosate. E.g In March 2015, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer classified glyphosate as “probably carcinogenic in humans”- non-Hodgkin lymphoma in humans; developmental defects in babies etc.

 

  1. Discuss the recent testing requirements announced by the government and mention Maximum Residual Limits prescribed thereunder.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Linkages between development and spread of extremism; Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

5) What are the tactics and objectives of terrorism? Has terrorism increased in the past few decades? Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning of terrorism and its objectives. We also have to discuss whether terrorism has decreased in recent years.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a simple yet comprehensive definition of the term, terrorism.

Body-

  1. Discuss the objectives of terrorism. E.g Terrorism is a tactic – a strategy used to achieve a specific end. This strategy is often used in asymmetric power struggles when a weaker person, or group, is fighting against a powerful nation-state. The violence is aimed at creating fear in the targeted population and often provokes prompt and violent response from the state; Many forms of terrorism were inspired by warfare between races, struggles between the rich and poor or battles between political outcasts and elites.Some are ethnically based separatist movements; Many terrorist groups are inspired by a specific interpretation of religious or prophetic scriptures; Terrorists often justify their bloody acts on the basis of perceived social, economic and political unfairness. Or they take inspiration from religious beliefs or spiritual principles etc
  2. Discuss whether terrorism has decreased in the past few decades. E.g yes. Because – Despite the intensity of media coverage and public perception, terrorism is actually not more frequent today than a few decades ago. For instance, terrorist attacks were far more common during the Cold War period than during the post-9/11 era. Some experts believe terrorism peaked during the 1970s; Worldwide, terrorism is highly concentrated in a handful of countries etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) Untimely snowfall due to climate change not only affects agriculture but also affects the socio-economy of a place. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Climate change has conspicuously started to affect our environment and untimely snowfall is one such fallout of climate change. India has several states running through Himalayas and it is therefore essential to discuss how it impacts local agriculture and the socio-economy.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the untoward effects of untimely snowfall on agriculture and how it affects the socio-economy of a place.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  recent untimely snowfall in H.P and other himalayan states.

Body

  1. Discuss the adverse effects of untimely snowfall on agriculture. E.g Snowfall provides a lot of moisture. Unlike rainfall, snow allows root development. Even when the top of the crop lies dormant, if the roots are well developed, the crop receives more nutrition. Furthermore, snow prevents the soil from being washed away with heavy rainfall and it has an insulating temperature as it takes longer for moist soil to get cold than dry soil; untimely snowfall leads to loss of fruits, flowers, buds and grains; late snowfall decreases moisture content in the soil and is hence unfavourable for agriculture etc.
  2. Discuss how it impacts the socio-economy of a place. E.g Under such adverse conditions the farmers are pushed towards other occupations e.g tourism industry- in himalayan areas etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.