6) The competency and performance of HAL has been questioned in the ongoing Rafale controversy. Critically examine HAL’s performance in boosting defence production in the country?(250 words)

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Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

6) The competency and performance of HAL has been questioned in the ongoing Rafale controversy. Critically examine HAL’s performance in boosting defence production in the country?(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The article examines the claim that HAL’s performance and technical competency to undertake defence production is sub-standard. It also makes a counter claim that there is nothing wrong in the competence or ability of HAL, it is the government’s intervention in HAL which affects it’s performance. Since HAL is one of the key defence manufacturing agencies of government and has been in the news, albeit for wrong reasons, this question becomes important.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to describe the role that HAL plays in defence manufacturing, explain the recent controversy related to HAL. Next, we need to highlight both aspects of HAL’s performance and discuss the way forward.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad o

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the recent Rafale controversy and the fact that HAL was hauled for its poor performance.

Body – Here, first we have to explain the role of HAL. Thereafter, we need to discuss the issues with previous projects of HAL such as long delays, cost overruns etc. We also need to discuss why berating HAL for its performance might not be correct because of reasons such as diversion of HAL’s resources etc for extraneous purposes such as for events like Aero India etc, HAL has demonstrated its technical competence by manufacturing Sukhoi M 30 from scratch from raw material, hence its competence can not be challenges , as a recently listed company it has made several gains etc.

Conclusion – discuss the importance of shoring up India’s research and manufacturing capability when it comes to defence production and the huge role that HAL has to play in that.