7) Object of the law should be maximum happiness of maximum number. Comment in the context of India.(250 words)

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Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions

7) Object of the law should be maximum happiness of maximum number. Comment in the context of India.(250 words)

Why this question

The World Happiness Report (WHR) 2018, which ranked 156 countries, placed India at the 133rd place on the index of global happiness. While India’s performance on this can be attributed to several factors, there’s no denying the fact that there is an intrinsic relationship between law and people’s happiness. The article has explored this interrelationship between law and people’s happiness which is important in India’s context.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first bring out the meaning of the statement mentioned which is that the objective of law should be maximum happiness for maximum number. We have to bring out what is the linkage between law and happiness of maximum number. Next, we have to bring out that relationship in the context of India.

Directive word

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Initially we have to mention that the statement mentioned is a part of utilitarian philosophy.

Body

  • Explain what is meant by maximum happiness of maximum number and how law can bring about happiness.
  • Analyse the pros and cons of the statement and give your view on whether that is indeed the object of law, or is it something else. Debate over the ‘object of law” and give your interpretation
  • Discuss in the context of India whether laws are designed to ensure maximum happiness of ten greatest number.

Conclusion – Give your view on the statement asked.