[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 AUGUST 2018

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 AUGUST 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)

 


General Studies – 2


Topic–  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

1) A lot needs to be done to make Ayushman Bharat scheme a success story. Comment. (250 words)

The hindu

Economictimes

Why this question

Ayushman Bharat is one of the most important healthcare schemes, recently envisaged by the GoI. Given the rising healthcare costs along with a large out-of-pocket expenditure incurred by the vast majority of the poor it is imperative to discuss as to what should be done in order to make Ayushman Bharat scheme a success story.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to  dig deep into the newly envisaged Ayushman Bharat scheme and express our opinion as to what needs to be done and what steps should be taken in order to make it a success story.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the nature of the Ayushman Bharat scheme. E.g it is a comprehensive health-insurance scheme targeted at poor, deprived rural families and identified occupational category of urban workers’ families. AB-NHPS will have a defined benefit cover of Rs 5 lakh per family (on a family floater basis) per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalisation. It will offer a benefit cover of Rs 5 lakh per family per year. It will subsume the existing Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY).

Body-

Discuss what needs to be done in order to make it a success.

E.g State governments, which will administer it through their own agency, will have to purchase care from a variety of players, including in the private sector, at predetermined rates. Reaching a consensus on treatment costs through a transparent consultative process is vital for a smooth and steady rollout. A large-scale Information Technology network for cashless treatment should be set up and validated; State governments need to  upgrade the health administrative systems;the NHPM has a problem with the distribution of hospitals, the capacity of human resources, and the finances available for cost-sharing. Addressing these through the planned increase in public health spending to touch 2.5% of GDP, and 8% of State budgets, is the immediate challenge etc.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic-Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

2) While the idea of a Theatre Command may seemingly have some operational advantage, the permanency of dividing our own territory into Operational Theatres as a defence measure may be counterproductive. Comment.(250 words) 

Indian express

Why this question

There have been calls for a unified theatre command on lines of NATO and others. But the idea has its own pitfalls which need to be discussed upon.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to deliberate upon the idea of a theatre command and bring out as to whether dividing our country into operational theatres will be counter productive or not. We have to form the opinion based on a proper discussion in which arguments for or against the statement need to be presented.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the Theatre Command concept- the idea of forming three integrated military Theatre Commands, covering the Northern, Eastern and Southern territory, that would subsume all operational functions of the existing 19 predominantly single-service commands in their respective geographical areas.

Body-

  • Discuss the benefits of such a command. E.g better coordination; quicker maneuverability; quicker response in case of a war etc.
  • Discuss the cons of a theatre command concept. E.g technology now offers stand-off means and special weapons that reduce the need for direct confrontation. The days of large manoeuvering armies are over, especially in a nuclear-threat scenario; the current responsibilities of the 19 commands towards administering, training, equipping and supporting the forces under their charge would in no way diminish if such Theatre Commands are formed- creating more top-heavy organization, which is not required; IAF assets, including special weapons, are limited in number and are distributed across the country, which require base-installation support. It is not possible to triplicate or quadruplicate them to every Theatre Command. Same is the case with skilled personnel and EW (electronic warfare) and C4ISR (command, control, computers, communications, intelligence and reconnaissance) equipment etc.

Conclusion–  sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


General Studies – 3


TopicAchievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

3) India’s human spaceflight programme (HSP), the Gaganyaan, is still a long way away, despite advancements in some critical technologies in the past decade. Analyze. (250 words)

The hindu

Timesofindia

Wikipedia

Why this question

The PM of India recently announced India’s intentions to send a Human spaceflight by 2022. This would be a remarkable achievement for India given that only three other countries have successfully launched such a program. It is therefore essential to know the preparedness and challenges involved in the programme.

Directive word

Analyze- Analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue and identify and discuss about all the related and important aspects and correlate them to satisfy the key demand of the question.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into India’s HSP and identify the critical technologies required for the mission and bring out the level of preparedness of launching a successful Gaganyaan Mission.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Write a few lines about the spaceflight and its history. E.g Human spaceflight is a space travel with a crew or passengers aboard the spacecraft. Spacecraft carrying people may be operated directly, by human crew, or it may be either remotely operated from ground stations on Earth or be autonomous, able to carry out a specific mission with no human involvement. The first human spaceflight was launched by the Soviet Union on 12 April 1961. Mention India’s Gaganyaan Mission.

Body- Mention that the objective is to carry a crew of two to low Earth orbit (LEO) and return them safely for a water-landing at a predefined landing zone. The program is proposed to be implemented in defined phases. Currently, the activities are progressing with a focus on the development of critical technologies for subsystems

Discuss in points the critical technologies required for the mission and discuss their level of preparedness.

E.g Environment Control and Life Support Systems- meant to make the crew capsule liveable and the flight safe for the astronauts.  in development phase and work is going on in case of space suits etc.

The Crew Escape System- It is an emergency escape measure designed  to quickly pull the crew module along with the astronauts to a safe distance from the launch vehicle in the event of a launch abort. Mention experiment for emergency escape of astronauts called the Pad Abort Test which will be repeated at higher distances etc.

Crew Module- India has successfully launched a crew module with dummy payloads and  brought it back to the Arabian sea etc.

A new dedicated control centre for HSP would be set up at ISTRAC etc.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


Topic–  Indian Economy : Issues

4) Farm loan waivers have become a popular demand and a politically attractive option. Discuss in light of the recent decision of Karnataka state government to waive off farmers loans. (250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The issue of loan waivers, comes in news repeatedly because most of the state governments see it as a low hanging fruit. The overall impact of the loan waivers is not judged. The article discusses these issues and indicates why waiving off farmers loans may not be the best idea in helping them.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the pros and cons of loan waivers, examine the reasons why loan waivers are resorted to by state governments, and the impact that it has.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the instances in recent times where loan waivers have been given to farmers.

Body

  • Discuss the reasons behind loan waivers – political, agriculture in distress, environmental challenges for the farmers etc
  • Discuss the pros and cons of loan waivers. Examine the challenges that it causes for the banking sector. Mention the view of Swaminathan committee etc on loan waivers.
  • Discuss alternatives to loan waivers – more constructive solution to farmers distress.

Conclusion – Give your view on the penchant of state government to give loan waivers and discuss the way forward.


Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “volcanoes”

5) Discuss the influence of volcanism on the evolution of landscape? (250 words)

NCERT Class XI Physical Geography Ch 3

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the impact that volcanoes have on landscape.

Directive word

Discuss – the various land forms that are formed as a result of volcanoes are to be explained in your discussion

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what volcanism is.

Body – discuss the various landforms that are formed as a result of volcanoes such as batholith, laccolith, sills, dykes etc. Extra points can be earned by mentioning examples as well.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

6) Buddhism goes on to develop its own ethical virtue by observing the self-discipline of keeping certain moral precepts. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the moral/ethical precepts of Buddhism and discuss their meaning. We have to bring out how these self-disciplining moral precepts aim to create ethical virtues of Buddhism.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the Buddhist ethics e.g Buddhist values are rooted in the project of overcoming greed/attachment, hatred and delusion, which are seen as the roots of unwholesome actions and the key causes of suffering. The 5 moral precepts propagated by Buddhism aim to counter greed/ attachment, hatred and delusion.

Body-

Discuss the 5 lay moral precepts developed by Buddhism-

  • to abstain from onslaught on breathing beings-  to counter hatred.
  • to abstain from taking what is not given-  to counter greed.
  • to abstain from misconduct concerning sense-pleasures- to overcome attachment and delusion.
  • to abstain from false speech- to counter greed and hatred.
  • to abstain from alcoholic drink or drugs that are an opportunity for heedlessness- to counter delusion.

Mention that; Emphasis is sometimes laid on the need for a ‘middle way’ in keeping the precepts, avoiding the extremes of laxity and rigid adherence. Buddhism emphasizes a future-directed morality in which one always seeks to do better in the future, taking the precepts as ideals that one is seeking to live up to in an increasingly complete way. While each precept is expressed in negative wording, as an abstention, one who keeps them increasingly comes to express positive virtues as the roots of unwholesome action are weakened.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.