[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 JULY 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 JULY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

1)Evaluate the role of UNHRC as the conscience keeper in matters relating to human rights. India has come under UNHRC’s scanner for alleged rights violations on a few occasions in the past. Discuss how should India handle such adverse reports? (250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

Last year at UNHRC review India had to answer several tough questions relating to India’s performance in protecting human rights. Moreover, human rights is often criticized as a political tool in realpolitik. In this context, the decision of USA to quit UNHRC makes the body important from mains point of view. Understanding it’s role and the impact it has on India is the focus here.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain the ways in which UNHRC goes about its task as the apex body that works towards ensuring that rights violation don’t take place. In the next part of your answer, the discussion should revolve around whether India should respond to UNHRC’s observation with a pinch of salt, or go the US way.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the role that UNHRC is expected to play and plays.

Body

  • Discuss the details of the ways in which UNHRC fulfills it’s mandate as discussed in the article.
  • Highlight some of the adverse reports of UNHRC which singles out India for rights violation
  • Examine what should be made of such reports. Whether the reports indicate problems with India’s record in protecting human rights, or reflect the lack of reforms in UNHRC.
  • Discuss how India’s response to such reports should be.

Conclusion – Mention that as one of the largest democracies with constitutional protection rights granted to individual, India should be at the forefront of bringing in reforms in UNHRC


Topic-Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities
of various Constitutional Bodies.

2) Simultaneous elections is the top electoral reform on the government’s agenda. Examine why and the potential pitfalls in this idea. Suggest a holistic framework of electoral reforms which would address the current challenges in Indian elections?(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

When it comes to electoral reforms, simultaneous elections is the top priority for the government. The article, however, points out that there are other reforms which should be focussed on as well. Moreover, there are several challenges in ensuring that the idea of simultaneous elections turn into reality. The question focuses on these aspects.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first discuss the idea of Simultaneous elections, the reasons why it is finding so much favour and the challenges expected in implementation of the idea. Thereafter, we need to discuss the electoral reforms required, in your opinion, to address the problems being faced in the electoral process of India.

Directive word

Examine – We have to discuss the reasons why simultaneous elections is top priority and the potential challenges that might crop up if implemented.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the idea of simultaneous elections.

Body

  • Discuss why simultaneous election is the focus of the government – reduction in cost, eliminating the cycle of constant elections etc
  • Discuss the potential challenges in conceiving a structure for implementation and thereafter. The challenges are discussed in great detail in the NITI Ayog report by Bibek Debroy.
  • When asked for your suggestions, you have the option to incorporate your viewpoints. However such viewpoints should be based on reports of committees, views of eminent scholars, views of ECI, 2nd ARC, Dinesh Goswami Committee, Indrajit Gupta Committee etc

Conclusion – Discuss the feasibility of simultaneous elections and what kind of electoral reforms should be carried out.

 


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Powers and position of Speaker”

3) What are the tools at Speaker’s disposal to discipline the house? Comment on whether the role of speaker needs to be reimagined to ensure more productive Lok Sabha sessions?(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to detail out the ways one high speaker maintaining disciplinary control on the proceedings of the house. Thereafter, our view is elicited on whether, in light of recent controversies surrounding the office of speaker, his role needs to be reimagined and reformed.

Directive word

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the role that the speaker is expected to play as the head of the representative body.

Body

  • Mention that one of the role of the speaker is to perform disciplinary function to ensure smooth conduct of business in Lok Sabha
  • Discuss the tools at the speakers disposal – name a member for suspension, no member can speak without permission of the speaker, power to expunge unparliamentary language from proceedings of the house, power under Anti Defection Law etc
  • Express your opinion on whether the role of speaker needs reimagination. 2nd Arc suggests framing a code of ethics. Others include making it compulsory for speakers to resign from the membership to their party to ensure neutrality etc.

Conclusion – Highlight the importance of speaker and the reforms required, if any.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic– Disaster and disaster management.

4) Discuss the role Big Data can play in disaster management. (250 words)

Reference

Reference

Reference

Why this question

India and S.Korea recently signed agreements covering a broad range of areas, including cooperation in development of big data technologies for their diverse applications, like in disaster management. Big data can play a significant role in enhancing our capabilities to manage disasters.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write at length about the role big data technologies can play in disaster management. What are the areas of application and hurdles if any involved.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which directs us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We have to write in detail about all the key aspects of the question so as to bring out a complete picture.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the increased incidences of disasters, their relevance for all the nations etc. Also mention that technologies like Big data, AI etc can play a huge role in helping us manage the disasters in a better way.

Body-

  • Define disaster management- e.g Disaster management is a systematic process with primary aim to reduce the negative consequences and effect of disasters, hence safeguarding people and social infrastructure.
  • Discuss in points, how big data can play a role in disaster management. E.g Big data generated from geo-informatics and remote sensing platforms can contribute to early warning systems for disasters. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and environmental monitoring sensors with cloud services have a potential to predict disasters; Geoinformatics information along with transportation network data can benefit to understand human mobility patterns during disasters; social data sets; financial data sets etc.
  • Discuss the challenges involved in the process. E.g   understanding how to link different datasets with different kinds of disasters; early phase of research and application of big data; protection of personal privacy and information etc.

Conclusion– based on the above discussion, form a fair and a balanced opinion on the above issue.


 

Topic – Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5) It is imperative to ease the regulatory burden on IoT in order to realize its full potential. Comment in the light of M2M communication guidelines of the department of telecommunications.(250 words)

Livemint

Reference

Why this question

IoT is the future of how humans will interact with and manage their physical environment. It offers huge scope for development and revolutionizing the the performance of various sectors, businesses and services, by providing automation and intelligence to the end devices, in a way that was never imagined before. It is pertinent to look at the regulatory aspect of IoT so as to bring the necessary changes in the way of realizing its maximum potential.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge about IoT and the present regulatory framework in India and how it stifles the realization of full potential of IoT in India.

Directive word

Comment- the question wants us to express our opinion on the issue. However, our opinion has to be framed on the basis of a discussion which supports our answer.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – write a few lines about the meaning and relevance of IoT.

Body-

Discuss the role of M2M communication in IoT.

  1. Discuss the present regulatory framework dealing with IoT and M2M in India. E.g National Telecom M2M Roadmap and further developments; mandatory for M2M service providers to maintain a log of all customers who own devices in which these M2M SIMs have been installed—including details of their names and addresses; a limit of nine M2M SIMs per person; to verify each customer before issuing them a SIM etc.

Conclusion– Mention the nascent stage of M2M and IoT industry in India and present your opinion, based on your above discussion. Also suggest a way forward on how should India proceed to deal with M2M communications and IoT.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic :Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6) The broad objective of liberal education is the development of the common and distinctively human capacities to be exercised in all aspects of life, in contrast to technical training for some specific task. Critically Comment. (250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

Education plays an important role in inculcating human values. There is also a difference between technical education and liberal education, which manifests itself in our understanding and practice of ethics.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge understanding of the issue. We have to form a personal opinion on the issue after looking into all the relevant aspects of the question,

Directive word

Critically Comment- The directive wants us to express our opinion on the issue based on our knowledge and understanding of all the key and relevant aspects of the question.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – write a few lines about the role of education in inculcating values.

Body-

  • Discuss the objectives and methods of liberal education and compare them with technical education. Discuss the lack of guidance values in technical education vis a vis liberal education.
  • Discuss the limitation of liberal education in inculcating desirable values to the desired extent. Take the help of the article attached to the question along with other relevant material to frame your answer.

Conclusion- Form a fair and a balanced opinion on the issue, based on your discussion.

 


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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