7)There is an urgent need to evolve a multi-pronged strategy to make agriculture viable, profitable and sustainable. Comment.(250 words)

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Topic – Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers etc….

7)There is an urgent need to evolve a multi-pronged strategy to make agriculture viable, profitable and sustainable. Comment.(250 words)

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Why this question

Agriculture is the main occupation of almost half of the Indian population and the sector is today at crossroads facing various challenges. Although it is a general question, it will help you in framing answers for other questions and also for your essay. The issue is related to GS- 3 syllabus under the following heading –

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers etc….

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our understanding and knowledge of the issue. We have to bring out the problems of Indian agriculture in relation to viability, profitability and sustainability and how they could be solved.

Directive word

Comment- We have to present our knowledge and understanding of the issue and present our opinion on the causes of these problems and how they should be handled.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that agriculture contributes just about 16% to India’s GDP but employs about half of its population etc.

Body

  • Discuss in detail the problems of viability and profitability  in agriculture, and also the issue of sustainability. Discuss these problems vis a vis their underlying factors e.g shrinking land-holdings and farm sizes, increasing competition internationally, high prices of inputs, entry of multinational corporations, climate change, land degradation, problem of plenty followed by period of scarcity etc.
  • Discuss what should be done in this regard- e.g Irrigation, Infrastructure, Investment and Insurance sectors – need to be strengthened for an integrated development of farm sector, training of latest know-how and trained in the do-how in order to improve farm productivity;  diversification of crops, efficient distribution of food grains, better weather information and advisory services etc.

Conclusion– based on your above discussion, form a fair, balanced and a concise opinion on the given issue.