6)India’s health care system closely resembles the national health service of UK but only in intent and not in implementation. Critically Analyze.(250 words)

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Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

6)India’s health care system closely resembles the national health service of UK but only in intent and not in implementation. Critically Analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

With several crucial health reforms on the anvil, benchmarking against global best practice in healthcare can only give is better ideas to make our reforms more effective.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to analyze how the indian design of healthcare system is closely related to the national health service of UK, the shortcomings in our implementation which have obstructed us from achieving the same result as NHS in UK and lessons we can learn from the same. We also need to bring out the other viewpoint that comparing the results of the two would be as different as comparing apples and oranges.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what NHS is and the principles on which indian healthcare system was designed.

Body – Bring out the point of similarities in vision of NHS and Indian healthcare system. Highlight the reality of both these systems in present times. Explain that NHS has made healthcare affordable, universal etc which we have failed to do. Examine the reasons why – multiplicity of regulatory agencies, poor spending on healthcare, rise of private players etc. Also discuss the alternate viewpoint that challenges of UK and India differ significantly in terms of resources available, complexity in terms of burden of diseases, economic strata of patients, paucity of infrastructure etc and hence like to like comparison can not be done.

Conclusion – present a fair and balanced view, discuss the lessons learnt and way forward.