[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 JUNE 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


 

Topic – Indian society – salient features

1) Dalit women in India face the double whammy of caste based and gender based violence. Critically analyze this statement and suggest measures to improve the status of Dalit women?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Incidents of caste and gender based violence are on the rise with several incidents coming into the limelight in recent months. In this regard, analyzing the status of Dalit women in India who have to bear the brunt of much discrimination becomes important.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to analyze the status of Dalit women in India, whether they are still bearing the brunt of both caste and gender based violence or whether their status has improved to a certain extent. We are also expected to suggest steps to improve their status.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the growing incidents of caste and gender based violence and the effort by coalition of Dalit women activists.

Body

  • Give arguments and illustrate with recent examples that highlight the plight of Dalit women in India suffering under both caste and gender based violence. Bring out the fact that despite many promises, their status has not seen substantive improvement. Highlight the forms of economic, social, physical, mental violence that they have to suffer from.
  • Give arguments showing that not all hope is lost. Bring out the aspects which have seen improvement in their status
  • Suggest steps that could led to their empowerment – you may divide your suggestions under various heads like social, economic etc

Conclusion – Provide a fair and balanced view based in arguments made above.

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

TopicIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

2) How far do you agree with the view that healthcare expenditure is a major cause of poverty in India? Critically examine the steps taken in recent years to reduce the burden of expenses related to healthcare?(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

The government has introduced several schemes and taken executive actions which would reduce Out of pocket expenditure on healthcare. One of the objectives is also to address poverty caused due to costly healthcare. Hence this question.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to examine the interrelationship between poverty and healthcare related costs. Thereafter it expects us to enlist the steps taken by the government and critical analysis of whether or not they would be helpful in addressing this issue.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the key steps taken by the government to reduce cost of healthcare and the overall objective.

Body – Bring out how high cost of healthcare is a major reason for poverty in India. Post that, discuss the steps taken by the government in recent times to address this issue – Ayushman Bharat, capping of stent prices, national health policy etc. Assess how far these measures would help in bringing down healthcare cost.

Conclusion – Summarize your view and discuss the importance of success of these steps.

 


Topic: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments,
significant provisions and basic structure.

3) Maneka Gandhi vs Union of India, 1980 case is a landmark case which helped in strengthening the fundamental rights we enjoy. Examime. (250 words)

Reference

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the shifts that took place in the fundamental rights jurisprudence post Maneka Gandhi case and the impact it had on the fundamental rights we enjoy.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Here we have to bring out the changes in jurisprudence as a result of the judgment in this case and the impact it had on the fundamental rights regime in our country.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief overview of the Maneka Gandhi case.

Body

  • Bring out the changes – seeing fundamental rights as an integrated whole, Emphasising the need to read Part III of the Constitution in a holistic manner, due process of law is enshrined in procedure established by law as far as article 21 is concerned.
  • Also examine how the stand of judiciary changed from Golak Nath case
  • Thereafter, bring out how the judent expanded the scope of fundamental rights in our country

Conclusion – mention the significance of the case.

 


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4) The UN SDG 2018 report calls for accelerated actions and a profound change that goes beyond business as usual. Analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The UN SDG form an important development agenda for all the countries of the world. Their progress is important as far as need for revision/ evaluation and UPSC exam is concerned. The issue is related to GS -2 syllabus under the following heading-

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Key demand of the question.

the question wants us to discuss the findings of the UN SDG report, 2018 and bring out the need therefrom, of accelerated action in order to successfully achieve all the SDGs by 2030.

Directive word

Analyze- we have to identify all the key aspects of the question- what are the findings of the report and why there is a need for accelerated actions and profound change that goes beyond business as usual. We have to discuss the issues individually while maintaining a coherence between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention that The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action ( in the form of 17 goals)  to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.

Body

  1. Discuss in points the findings of the  UN SDG report, 2018. E.g rise in hunger, rising water stress, environmental pollution, climate change and land-use associated land degradation, decreased child marriage incidence in India etc.
  2. Discuss the associated goals with the findings- e.g eliminating hunger and poverty, clean water and sanitation, responsible consumption and production, climate action etc.

Conclusion– mention the need for accelerated actions and closer cooperation between countries and stakeholders under the purview of goal 17 of SDG- partnership for goals.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

5) Critically examine whether India should sign the COMCASA agreement.(250 words)

The hindubusinessline

Reference

Why this question

The issue is related to GS – 2 syllabus under the following heading

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out and discuss the implications of signing the COMCASA and form a personal opinion on the issue.

Directive word’

Critically examine- We have to dig deep into the issue and bring out the causes/ implications of signing the agreement and then take an ultimate call on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Expand the abv COMCASA and describe the nature of the agreement briefly.

Body

  1. Discuss the need to sign the agreement with US. e.g getting access to obtain critical, secure and encrypted defence technologies for precision armament, air-to-air missiles, space systems and navigation systems that are critical components in platforms like fighter aircraft and unmanned aerial systems etc.
  2. Discuss the negative implications of signing the agreement. E.g loss of operational independence, fall in interoperability, need to upgrade whole weapon system suite/ machinery, estrangement with Russia etc.

Conclusion– based on the above discussion, form a fair, balanced and a concise opinion on the overall issue of signing COMCASA. If signed what precautions should be taken and what should be ensured etc.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic – Indian Agriculture

6) What is Zero Budget Natural Farming? Considering India’s food needs, examine the impact of its implementation at a national level?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

In the past two years, questions on agricultural techniques have been asked. This technique being used in Andhra Pradesh is significant because it is green, sustainable and can help improve agriculture in other parts of the country where the soil is ravaged by chemicals.

Key demand of the question

The question is quite straightforward in its demand. It expects us to explain what ZBNF is and how prudent would it be to implement this at a national level in light of the food security requirements of the country.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – highlight the achievements of Andhra Pradesh government in ZBNF and mention that the idea has potential.

Body – Explain ZBNF. Highlight how it has been implemented in Andhra Pradesh. Examine the potential of this technique if implemented on a nation wide scale, especially in light of productivity. Examine what lessons can be learnt from the Andhra Pradesh experiment.

Conclusion – Give your view on how important ZBNF can be for Indian agriculture.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) The ethics of the Vedic Hindus is primarily a god-oriented ethics while the  Upanishadic ethics is primarily intellectualistic.. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

The question is related to GS-4 syllabus under the following heading-

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Key demand of the question.

the question wants us to express our understanding of the vedic ethics and present our opinion on the given statement- whether the ethics of the Vedic Hindus are primarily a god-oriented ethics or not. Similarly we have to discuss the Upanishad ethics and their intellectual foundation.

Directive word

Comment -We have to express our knowledge and understanding on both the aspects of the question and give arguments in support of our stand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention that the beginning of Indian ethics can be traced to Vedas and introduce the concept of, rta which gave rise to the concept of karma and dharma .

Body

  1. Discuss  how the vedic ethics was primarily God oriented ethics.E.g explain the meaning of the karma and dharma, According to Vedic ethics, moral order or law is reflected in the right performance of sacrifices and so one who performs these sacrifices and the ceremonial duties laid down in the scriptures, would achieve the goal of eternal happiness in heaven.
  2. Discuss why the Upanishad ethics is primarily intellectualistic. E.g they propound that the Vedic sacrifices are totally irrelevant for the realization of moksa. And so man is constantly exhorted to seek his individual liberation and not worry about other social, moral obligation; etc.

Conclusion– form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue based on your discussion.

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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