[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 JUNE 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


 

Topic – Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1) The British exploitation f India can be divided into three main stages. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The British conquest of India was gradual and in stages. Similarly The exploitation of Indian resources  was also done in stages. It is an important question as far as mains exam is concerned. The issue is related to GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Key demand of the question.

The question simply wants us to write in detail about the British exploitation f India and describe the three main stages in which it can be divided.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which wants us to write exhaustively about the three main stages of British conquest of India.

We have to write in detail about the nature of those three stage.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– briefly discuss the start of British colonialism in India and mention the battle of Plassey.

Body– Discuss the three stages of British exploitation of India.

  1. The period of ‘merchant capital’ dating from 1757 to 1813.
  2. The period of ‘industrial capital’ dating from 1813 to 1858.
  3. The period of ‘finance capital’ starting from last decades of 19th century and continuing till independence.

Describe the salient characteristics and nature of the three stages in detail while restricting yourself to the word limit.

Conclusion– form a fair and a balanced conclusion based on the above discussion.

 


Topic– Salient features of world’s physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resources across the world.

2)Discuss how geology of an area determines its biodiversity. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Geology has a prime bearing on the biodiversity of an area. The question is related to GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-

Salient features of world’s physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resources across the world.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the relationship between the geological features of an area and the biodiversity of life it possesses.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the link between geology and biodiversity of an area. We have to describe in detail about how the two are related.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention that geology of an area and its biodiversity are closely related and geology has an important bearing on the evolution as well as survival of all the life forms associated with it.

Body-

Mention that geological influences the biodiversity can be split into two basic areas:

  1. the direct influence of rock type( its physical characteristics like degree and direction of slope, topography etc.) and
  2. the indirect role that it plays in soil formation (chemical composition, rate and extent of weathering, erosion) and the development of structures that influence the distribution of plants and animals.

Take the help of the article attached to the question and also go through other relevant material to frame your answer.

Conclusion- mention that besides geology, climatic conditions and history, and human activities also have a bearing on biodiversity of an area.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Indian Constitution – significant provisions and basic structure.

3) Explain the different generations of fundamental rights and examine the role that supreme court has played in expanding the scope of fundamental rights?(250 words) 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the broadened nature of fundamental rights courtesy supreme court’s liberal interpretation of our fundamental rights. We need to explain the three generation of rights that we have come to enjoy and how SC, through its progressive judgements, helped expand the scope of fundamental rights.

Directive word

Explain – explain the meaning of the three generation of rights and what we enjoy as part of our fundamental rights.

Examine – Here we need to delve deeper into the role that supreme court played in expanding the nature of fundamental rights and the impact it has had on the scope of fundamental rights.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the history and nature of evolution of fundamental rights in India.

Body

  • Explain what do we mean by first, second and third generation rights. Also highlight some first, second and third generation of fundamental rights that we enjoy
  • Examine the role played by judiciary in expanding the scope of fundamental rights. Highlight that the main reason has been that indian judiciary has not been passive and often takes the course of judicial activism. Highlight the judgement in some important cases like Olga Tellis v. Bombay Municipal Corporation (1985), MC Mehta, Subash Kumar v. State of Bihar etc through which second and third generation rights came to be enjoyed as fundamental rights.

Conclusion – Highlight the impact that SC’s judgement had on expanding the nature and scope of Fundamental rights in India.


 

Topic – Indian Constitution

4) Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any, that have led to current crisis between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The recent political crisis in Delhi brings the focus back on 69th constitutional amendment, the causes of conflict between LG’s office, bureaucracy and the elected representatives. It also raises questions over the impact such a tussle would have on practice of federalism in India. The question has already been asked in UPSC mains and is important for this year too.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the reasons behind the tussle happening between the LG’s office, bureaucracy and the elected representatives and whether it is related to any anomalies in 69th constitutional amendment. In the second part of the question we have to examine the challenges that the present standoff in Delhi portends for the practice of federalism in India.

Directive word

Discuss – Highlight whether there are any anomalies in 69th constitutional amendment act, and the reasons behind the present crisis in Delhi. Explore the linkage between the current reasons for the crisis and 69th CAA.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the current event that has led to this question.

Body –

  • Explain 69th CAA – The 69th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1991 provided special status for Delhi by incorporating article 239 AA and 239 AB by providing for legislative assembly and and Council of Ministers. It made the following changes
  • Highlight the controversy and the Delhi High courts judgment – The amendment does not provide Delhi with the recognition of a full fledged state. Some scholars have even called them as half States.
  • Examine the causes behind the current controversy
  • Analyze whether there would be any impact on federalism – you can provide your own view.

Conclusion – Mention that the constitution makers incorporated Federal provisions not only to facilitate the governance of  India but also to accommodate diversity. The governments ought to come together in the spirit of cooperative federalism and give priority to the  welfare of people and governance. 


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,

5) Deepening defence ties with Vietnam will give boost to the India’s Act East policy. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Recently US passed Countering Americas Adversaries through Sanctions Act ( CAATSA) which will complicate the defence ties between Vietnam and Russia. This gives India an important opportunity to further strengthen and deepen its defence cooperation with Vietnam. The issue is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

India and its neighborhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge  and understanding of the nature of defence ties between India and Vietnam and present our opinion on how the ties can be further deepened.

Directive word

Comment- we have to express our understanding of the issue and deliberate upon the key demand of the question.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Briefly discuss India’s Act east policy, its aim. Also mention that Vietnam can be an important partner in achieving those aims.

Body

  1. Discuss the scope of deepening defence ties with Vietnam under the present circumstances- US has passed the CAATSA which will dilute Vietnam’s engagement with Russia. Also discuss the tensions in the South China Sea and how that can be capitalised to strengthen defence cooperation between India and Vietnam.
  2. Discuss in points, in what ways the defence ties can be strengthened. E.g Brahmos missile transfer, cyber security cooperation, commonality in military platforms which have the potential to attain a high degree of interoperability, Akash missile etc.

Conclusion– mention the need for superior industrial partnership, development of indigenous technologies and co-production in order to realise the required level of cooperation.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic -Disaster and disaster management.

6) Storms are the new normal for India and provide several lessons for disaster preparedness. Examine(250 words)

Financial express

Reference

Financial express

 

Why this question

With the number of deaths due to sandstorms crossing 50, and northern India bearing the brunt of excessive sandstorms, environmentalists such as Sunita Narain have analyzed the nature of these storms and held that they are going to be a recurring feature. This makes it necessary for disaster management agencies to learn lessons and be better prepared for future.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain the reasons behind the spate of storms in India and explain why it may become a regular occurrence in India. Thereafter, highlight how it led to huge number of deaths and the lessons that ought to be learnt from a disaster management point of view. Highlight the changes required in our strategy to stay better prepared for any eventuality.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . In this question, examine the causes of the storm, impact on disaster management in terms of lesson learnt and changes required.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight why this topic is in news.

Body – Explain the reasons for storm both natural as well as anthropogenic factors. Examine whether it is indeed going to be a recurring feature in India’s climate. Thereafter discuss the impact of the storm on life and property in brief and emphasize on the lessons that ought to be learnt from this storm, just as we learnt lessons for dealing with heat waves. Finally, bring out the changes required in our disaster management strategy that would enable us to better deal with such sand storms in the future by mitigating loss of life and property.

Conclusion – Summarize the views expressed above and emphasize on the need for charting a strategy.

 


General Studies – 4


TopicPublic/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

7)Discuss in what ways can you motivate your subordinate public servants. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The question is related to GS 4 syllabus under the following heading-

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

Key demand of the question

The question simply wants us to delve into the issue of motivation, analyze the difference between public and private sector and write in detail about how public servants can be motivated  for higher performance.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to dig deep into the question and write in detail about the ways in which subordinate public servants can be motivated.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– briefly discuss the difference between private and public sector which demands a different approach of motivation. E.g paucity of resources, public criticism, more accountability to public in public service etc.

Body– Discuss in points about the two main sources ( internal and external) of motivation for public servants. Bring out the importance and role of the two sources. Also describe how internal sources of motivation can be triggered ( e.g placing confidence in subordinates and delegating enough powers, appreciating good work, higher engagement etc.). Similarly, discuss how external sources can be utilised ( e.g giving good APR in case of good performance). Also discuss that external sources are not significant in case of public service due to paucity of resources and ethical concerns.

Conclusion- Form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the issue based on the above discussion.

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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