[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 JUNE 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


Topic: World History

1) Discuss the aims of the establishment of the Arab League and assess its role in safeguarding the interests of the Arab nations.(250 words) 

 

Key demand of the question

The question focuses on the objectives of establishment of Arab League and the role they played in safeguarding and promoting the interests of Arab Nations.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what is Arab League, when was it formed etc

Body – Discuss the broad objectives of formation of Arab League such as strengthen ties between member states and safeguard their independence and sovereignty; and a general concern with the affairs and interests of the Arab countries.

Thereafter, analyze how Arab League has worked to safeguard and promote the interests of Arab nations such as it’s role in Israel Palestine conflict, Arab unity etc.

Discuss the impact that the working of the league has had on the polity, economy etc of Arab nations

Conclusion – Give an overview of the role of Arab League, how it can be better leveraged to deal with the issues in Gulf countries.

 


General Studies – 2


TopicConservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

2) Discuss the aims and strategy envisaged by Charlevoix Blueprint For Healthy Oceans, Seas And Resilient Coastal Communities.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

Oceans and seas, are facing many challenges- acidification, marine pollution, overexploitation of fish stock etc. In this direction, recently, G7 countries, agreed to the  Charlevoix Blueprint For Healthy Oceans, Seas And Resilient Coastal Communities. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

And also to the GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Key demand of the question.

The question simply wants us to mention and describe the aims/ commitments and also discuss how the blueprint wants to achieve those aims- what is the strategy envisaged.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question- aims and the strategy envisaged by the Charlevoix Blueprint For Healthy Oceans, Seas And Resilient Coastal Communities.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that recently G7 countries agreed to the Charlevoix Blueprint For Healthy Oceans, Seas And Resilient Coastal Communities.

Body-

  • Discuss in points the aims/ targets/ commitments of the Charlevoix Blueprint.
  • E.g pursuing global efforts towards a sustainable and climate-resilient future, in particular reducing emissions while stimulating innovation and economic growth, enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change while ensuring a just transition to the broad participation of women and girls, both at home and in our commitment to support developing countries.
  • Discuss the strategy envisaged by the Blueprint.

E.g Support better adaptation planning, emergency preparedness and recovery; Support innovative financing for coastal resilience; Increase the availability and sharing of science and data; Address IUU fishing and other drivers of overexploitation of fish stocks etc.

Conclusion – Form a fair, balanced and a concise opinion on the above issue and suggest a way forward- e.g need of all the developed and developing countries together to address the issue holistically.

 

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3) Discuss the importance of private sector participation in resource mobilization for India’s infrastructure needs. Also, discuss various measures undertaken by the government to attract private investment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

India has huge infrastructure needs. Approximately 200 billion rupees are required to be invested in infrastructure every year. However, raising investment is not an easy task and government has tried to rope in private investment for this purpose. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write at length about the key demand of the question- importance of private sector participation in resource mobilization for India’s infrastructure needs and measures undertaken by the government to attract private investment.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- mention the corpus of investment required and investment raised, vis a vi’s infrastructure needs of the country.

Body

  • Discuss why private sector participation is needed in resource mobilization for infrastructure needs. E.g government revenue is limited, private investment spurs growth and brings technology and innovation ( in ideal situation) etc.
  • Discuss the steps taken by the government to increase private sector participation in resource mobilization for the country’s infrastructure needs. E.g  BAMII, NIIF, Credit Enhancement Fund for raising bond ratings issued by infra companies, the New Credit Rating scale for infrastructure projects, InvITS, BOT etc.

Conclusion- Form a balanced and concise conclusion based on your discussion and suggest a way forward.


 

Topic – Indian Economy – Issues

4) Examine the various levels of shareholding under Companies Act. Analyze whether public listing of Air India will address its woes?(250 words)

Financial express

Reference

 

Why this question

Now that the idea of privatization of Air India has come a cropper, the focus has shifted to alternate solutions which will address the troubles plaguing the airlines. In this backdrop, the suggestion by NITI Ayog has to be analyzed in depth.

Key demand of the question

The question first focuses on the theory of various levels of shareholding such as 25%, 51% etc and the impact it has on shareholders rights. Thereafter, the suggestion that public listing of AI will address its issues needs to be analyzed in depth. The pros and cons of the move has to be brought out along with the way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When you are asked to analyze, you have to examine each part of the problem. It is a broader term than ‘Examine’.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that the recent attempt at privatization of AI saw no interested parties coming forward and thus, alternatives are being looked into.

Body – First bring out the various levels of shareholding under Companies Act and the impact it will have on shareholder’s rights.

Thereafter, explain the suggestion by NITI Ayog regarding public listing of AI. Highlight in brief the woes of AI that needs course correction. Analyze whether listing of AI which will grant autonomy to the board will help in improving the Balance Sheet of AI. Bring out the pros and cons

Conclusion – Present a fair and balanced view and the way forward.


Topic– Indian economy – issues

5) Discuss the key challenges to maintenance of fiscal discipline by the states. Examine the provisions of FRBM act that seeks to maintain fiscal discipline of the states. Also suggest alternatives to this end.(250 words) 

Financial express

Why this question

The maintenance of Fiscal discipline by the states is critical for stability of the economy. Economic survey last year had discussed this issue in depth. The tools at our disposal towards this end needs to be understood and analyzed.

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to first explain the key challenges which impact the ability of the state government to maintain their fiscal discipline. Next, we have to discuss in detail the provisions of the FRBM Act which tries to bring in fiscal discipline among the states and the effectiveness of those provisions. Finally, if any alternative is available which will help us achieve this end in a better way, is to be brought out.

Directive word

Discuss – The various issues faced by the states in maintaining fiscal discipline needs to be brought out.

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Briefly explain why maintaining fiscal discipline by the states is necessary.

Body -Bring out the position with respect to Fiscal Deficit of the various states and whether or not states are maintaining fiscal discipline.  Discuss the challenges in maintaining fiscal discipline by the states. The provisions of the FRBM Act such as checks on fiscal deficit of the states, their ability to borrow etc. Examine whether these provisions have worked. Finally, suggest some alternative – such as utilizing market forces to push states towards fiscal discipline by linking their ability to mobilize resources from the market by linking it to adherence to fiscal standards.

Conclusion – Present your view and the way forward.


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) There is a need for a multipronged approach to reduce and ultimately phase out the consumption of plastics. Critically comment, in the light of the failure of the Plastic Waste Management Rules, to address the issue.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

Plastics have become ubiquitous not only in their usage but unfortunately due to their indiscriminate usage, in the environment as well. They pose significant health and environmental problems which demands reduction in the usage and ultimately phasing out plastics. In case of India, although we have Plastic Waste Management Rules in place, the usage of plastic has not come down and their recycle and reuse has not increased upto the expected levels. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the need (and key principles governing such approach) to reduce and ultimately phase out the use of plastics in India. We also have to shed light on why the Plastic Waste Management Rules already in place have not been able to address the issue.

Directive word

Critically Comment- We have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and based upon our discussion we have to form a personal opinion on the overall issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that India generates an estimated 16 lakh tonnes of plastic waste annually. Also mention that this plastics poses several environmental and health concerns for all the living species on earth.

Body

  • Mention the key provisions of Plastic Waste Management Rules.
  • Discuss in points the key provisions of the Plastic Waste Management Rules. E.g only multilayered plastics (MLP) allowed ( which was however amended by the recent amendment to the rules and now the use is restricted to those plastics which have an alternate use and are energy recoverable); Burning of MLPs ( energy conversion or alternate use) even though scientific procedures is not advisable as it omits harmful toxins, that affects environment and public health;
  • Discuss in points why these rules have not been effective in achieving the desired goals. E.g lack of awareness, slack implementation, lack of support from civil society and people in general, lack of access to alternatives of plastic etc.
  • Discuss how the issue should be handled. E.g decrease use and then phase out, involve the people and the civil society in the awareness and behavioural change process, more research on the quantity of plastics produced in the country, their effects on environment, plant and animal life and on the environment, strict enforcement of the rules etc

Conclusion– form a fair, balanced and a concise opinion on the overall issue. Mention the ocean charter recently agreed to by G7 minus 2.

 

 


General Studies – 4


TOPIC: case studies

7) Dibyalok Kumar knew he was smart. His classmates always turned to him for help on assignments and he always knew the answers to the questions his teachers asked in class. Dibyalok just didn’t study for tests so his grades were often mediocre. He knew he could do better in school, it was just that school was so… well, boring.

School was coming to an end for the year and Dibyalok needed to get a good job this summer, after all this was the end of his junior year. He desperately wanted to work at the famous Research Institute. Dibyalok felt that if he got a job there as a summer intern, it would really boost his chances of getting admitted to the graduate engineering program of his choice. He knew the institute hired very few summer interns and generally these were students from private schools who had excellent academic records and high standardized test scores. So, Dibyalok decided to “tweak” his resume. He rounded his GPA up from 3.0 to a more respectable 3.5 and listed his SAT scores as 700 verbal and 820 math (in reality they were 600 verbal and 720 math). Dibyalok reasoned that these changes really didn’t matter because he would show them who he really was through the quality of the work he did for the Institute once he was hired…

 

Discuss the various ethical issues raised by the action of Manish.

(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question

The question is related to GS 4 syllabus ( case studies part).

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the various ethical issues involved in the above case study.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to be exhaustive in our approach and write in detail about various ethical issues involved in the above case study.

Structure of the answer ( Approach)

Refer to the article attached with the question in order to get an idea about the ethical questions raised under  the given situation. However, you should not restrict yourself to the issues raised in the article only. You should think harder and add a few more issues, in order to increase your analytical skills.

Frame your answer in points and discuss each issue separately.

Conclusion– You can add your viewpoint on what Dibyalok should do in this situation.

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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