[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 JUNE 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) Ancient Indian temple architecture evolved over the centuries from simple rock-cut cave shrines to massive and ornate temples. Discuss.(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question

The question is related to GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-

salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the origin and evolution of Indian temple architecture. We have to discuss how the  ancient temple architecture was shaped around India and how it evolved over the time.

Directive word

Discuss-  This is an all-encompassing directive which means that we have to write in detail about the origin of temple architecture in India, how they evolved over time different temple styles in India, their main features etc.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the reasons for building the early temples and mention the bhakti movement which laid down the model temple architecture for the coming millenia.

Body

  • Discuss the main parts of the temple and how further parts were added to the parent structure.
  • Discuss the Buddhist influence, contribution of further dynasties like the Guptas etc.
  • Bring out the important differences and common points between two main temple architecture styles in India ( Dravidian vs Nagara style).
  • Mention the materials used and how they changed over time. Mention a few important  temples of India with marvellous architecture.

Conclusion- Mention the regional variations which produced exquisite samples of beauty but more or less the temple architecture in India followed a similar plan and evolution.

 


Topic: Redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization.

2) What were the main aims of the foreign policy of the United States? What was the reason for the military intervention of the United States in Vietnam? What were its consequences?(250 words) 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the principle objective of the foreign policy of USA which has guided it’s world view. Thereafter, the reasons why US intervened in Vietnam and the impact of it.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that the events in the question happened during cold war and it was a period when two superpowers were playing the game of one-upmanship.

Body – discuss the key contents of the foreign policy of USA in 20th century and post 2nd world war which guided it’s outlook – can look at Woodrow wilson’s 14 point agenda. Thereafter, mention the reason that led to USA’s involvement in Vietnam – Domino theory. Finally, discuss the impact that Vietnam war had on USA and the world.

Conclusion – Mention that USA believed that it had to play the role of global policeman which is being challenged with the emergence of multiple superpowers today.

 

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

3) Lateral entry in government at Joint Secretary level comes not a day too soon. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Financial express

Indian express

Why this question

Lateral entry in government service is an idea often discussed and has finally been implemented. Analyzing this decision is important for mains.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the pros and cons of the move and express our opinion on whether lateral entry is much needed at present.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the advertisement by GoI regarding lateral entry.

Body – Discuss the pros and cons of the move. In pros section analyze the recommendations of the various committees which have analyzed this question, our past experiences, requirement in modern economy where state has taken the key seat, in depth knowledge of subjects for policy making etc. Discuss the cons such as lack of on ground experience, little idea about the administrative leviathan etc. Present your view on whether the move is a right one considering the time we live in.

Conclusion – Mention the way forward.

 


Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures

4) Analyze the feasibility of holding simultaneous election in India in the near future? (250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

The question of feasibility of simultaneous elections is a hotly analyzed topic currently and important for Mains.

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to discuss in detail the feasibility of holding simultaneous elections from various perspectives – constitutional, functional etc. We also need to provide a way forward.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that the question  of simultaneous elections is a hotly discussed topic in indian polity. Explain what do you mean by it.

Body – Discuss the feasibility of holding simultaneous elections from various perspectives – constitutional, functional etc. Mention the problems that might arise as a result of holding simultaneous elections. Examine how can we solve those issues.

Conclusion – Present a fair and balanced view and the way forward


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal
associations and their role in the Polity.

5) Discuss the reasons behind high prevalence of child labour in India. Also, discuss the legal mechanism in place to address the issue.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

12 june is celebrated as the World Day Against Child Labour. In India, Child labour is highly prevalent and a common sight across the country. There are legal mechanisms in place to address the issue. Although there are various issues associated with child labor, the question wants us to describe the reasons behind child labor and  legal mechanisms in place only.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the reasons behind high prevalence of child labour in India and it wants us to simply describe the legal mechanism in place to address the issue.

Directive word

Discuss- We have ro write at length about both the parts of the question- reasons behind as well as legal mechanisms in place.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention some statistics about prevalence of child labor in India. E.g International Labour Organization’s World Report on Child Labour etc.

Body

  • Discuss in points the reasons behind high prevalence of child labour in India.

E.g poverty, family tradition, social and economic backwardness, social and economic backwardness, cheap labor, poor compliance with the  law etc.

B, discuss the legal mechanisms in place to address the issue.

E.g Fundamental rights under article 21-A, 24; right to education, Mines Act, The Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act etc.

Conclusion- Mention the need to curb the problem of child labor in India and also suggest a few points as to what should be done in this matter.

 

 


General Studies – 3


Topic – Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

6) Indian agriculture has entered the era of permanent surpluses, which is further worsening the condition of the farmers. Critically Comment.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

Although Indian agriculture suffers from several perennial problems, permanent surpluses have only been a recent phenomena. Instead of ameliorating the condition of the farmers, the phenomena has further hurt the farmers. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge/ understanding of the issue and present our opinion. We have to explain how Indian agriculture has entered the permanent surplus era, what impact it has on farmers and what should be done in this regard.

Directive word

Critically Comment- We have to express our personal opinion and understanding of the issue backed by adequate and proper/valid justification.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the meaning of the term permanent surplus  in agriculture.

Body-

  • Discuss some statistics related to agricultural production and mention examples of places where farmers faced the problems of surplus production coupled with lower prices.
  • Discuss how India has reached trade surplus- technology, infrastructure, diffusion and adoption rate of technology/ innovation etc.
  • Discuss the good and bad of permanent/ near-permanent surplus in agricultural production.

Conclusion– Express your opinion in the form of what should be done in this matter- e.g providing proper knowledge inputs to farmers etc.

 

 


General Studies – 4


TOPICEthics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions

7) Discuss the  ethical frameworks through which the act of suicide could be debated.(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question

The question is related to GS 4 syllabus under the following heading-

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to mention and describe different ethical frameworks ,which debate the ethical aspects of the act of suicide. We have to discuss the individual frameworks and their main philosophy/ questions/ pursuits etc.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which means that we have to write in detail about the key demand of the question.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Give a simple ( preferably legal) definition of the act of suicide.

Body

Discuss in points, different ethical frameworks through which the issue of the act of suicide can be debated.

Mention and discuss the theologian, libertarian, consequentialist, Kantian frameworks and what are their key philosophies. What question they ask and what answers they seek.

Conclusion– Form a fair and balanced  personal opinion the overall issue of suicide, based on your understanding, convictions and more importantly the above-held discussion.



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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