6) Indian agriculture has entered the era of permanent surpluses, which is further worsening the condition of the farmers. Critically Comment.(250 words)

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Topic – Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

6) Indian agriculture has entered the era of permanent surpluses, which is further worsening the condition of the farmers. Critically Comment.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

Although Indian agriculture suffers from several perennial problems, permanent surpluses have only been a recent phenomena. Instead of ameliorating the condition of the farmers, the phenomena has further hurt the farmers. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge/ understanding of the issue and present our opinion. We have to explain how Indian agriculture has entered the permanent surplus era, what impact it has on farmers and what should be done in this regard.

Directive word

Critically Comment- We have to express our personal opinion and understanding of the issue backed by adequate and proper/valid justification.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the meaning of the term permanent surplus  in agriculture.

Body-

  • Discuss some statistics related to agricultural production and mention examples of places where farmers faced the problems of surplus production coupled with lower prices.
  • Discuss how India has reached trade surplus- technology, infrastructure, diffusion and adoption rate of technology/ innovation etc.
  • Discuss the good and bad of permanent/ near-permanent surplus in agricultural production.

Conclusion– Express your opinion in the form of what should be done in this matter- e.g providing proper knowledge inputs to farmers etc.