[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 MAY 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 MAY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 


General Studies – 2


TOPIC: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments,
significant provisions and basic structure.

1)The post of the Governor, by constitutional design, acts as a check upon both federalism and popular democracy. Critically comment.(250 words) 

The hindu

Why this question

The post of the governor has been criticized on various fronts and there have been calls to abolish the office altogether.  In the evolving federal structure of India the abolishing of the office or maintaining status quo will have an important bearing on our polity. The question is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to dig deep into the constitutional status and logic behind the post of governor and; discuss how the office is affects the federalism and popular democracy in the country. We have to analyse both the positive and negative aspects of the office and form a personal opinion.

Directive word

Critically comment- We have to form a personal opinion on the issue after taking into account both the positive aspects/ need, as well as negative aspects of the office of governor. We have to discuss how the office shapes/ has shaped the federal structure and popular democracy in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention the articles of the constitution related to the office of governor and its powers.

Body

  1. Discuss the logic behind retaining the office by the constitution assembly and how the office has been misused for political gains and  how that affects the federal structure of India and its popular democracy.

          e.g discuss the discretionary power of governor which offers huge scope for blatant misuse, discuss the need for protecting national integrity and sovereignty

in a newly formed democratic republic etc

  1. Discuss the importance of the office in present times.

e.g during emergency, secessionist movements in various parts of the country etc.

Conclusion– Form a fair and balanced opinion on the need and desirability

of the office of the governor and suggest a way forward

 


 

Topic:  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business,
powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2)One year one election would be more appropriate for India rather than one nation one election. Examine.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

Elections in India signify the world’s largest democratic exercise  but on the other hand frequent elections across the country consume a significant amount of resources and divert much of the time of the political parties at the central level. The present PM has suggested many times, the idea of one nation one election. And recently Election Commission presented the idea of one year one election in place of one nation one election. The question is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to contrast the idea of “one nation one election” vs “one year one election”. We have to explain why the later is better suited for India in the present circumstances.

Directive word

Examine- We have to give explanation in support of  the given stand i.e one year one election is better. We have to support our answer with proper arguments/ facts etc.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention the EC’s idea of one year one election, and also mention the other option of one nation one election.

Body–  Discuss in points, why the EC’S idea is better.

e.g it will require fewer amendments to the constitution, it will respect the essence of the exercise of popular will, unlike one nation one election which prioritizes economic costs of elections over the exercise itself, it will avoid clubbing of national and state issues, it will not disturb federalism much, not much issues generated by emergencies like need to hold by-election etc.

Conclusion– Mention the importance of the exercise of the election, and the diverse structure and aspirations of India which necessitate respect for popular will and democracy.


Topic – Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive

3)The recent outcry over proposed changes in the civil services allocation procedure only goes on to show that the observation of 2nd ARC regarding civil servants, that they resist change as they are wedded to their privileges and prospects, is true. Critically examine(250 words)

Indian express


 

Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4)Anti Sterlite protests in Thoothukkudi is the signal of civil society’s anger against our policy apathy towards environmental issues. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

Civil society protests in India have had a history of agitation for environmental causes such as in the case of Chipko movement. The current protest is also indicative of the rising anger against increasing urban pollution, poor implementation of policies related to pollution control in factories etc. In this light analyzing this protest would give us an idea of how the environmental regulations in India work and whether they should be improved. Hence this question.

Key demand of the question

The question data that the civil society protests in TN are on account of the poor regulatory architecture


Topic – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

5) Examine whether WHO’s essential diagnostic list would help India in better rolling out of its free diagnostic services. Discuss how diagnostic services help improve primary healthcare?(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question

The release of the first ever WHO’s Essential diagnostic list (EDL) will enable India to incorporate the learnings in its own efforts at rolling out free diagnostic service. Understanding what diagnostic service is, how is it related to primary healthcare are all issues that need discussion

Key demand of the question

Following points are to be emphasized on in your answer

  • What is essential diagnostic service
  • Contents of WHO’s first ever EDL
  • What are the aims and objectives of India’s attempts at rolling out free diagnostic service
  • How will EDL help the country implement it
  • The impact that EDL will have on improving primary healthcare

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Discuss – Here the impact of improvement in diagnostic services on the delivery of primary health care is to be explained


General Studies – 3


 

TOPIC:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth,
development and employment.

6) India should seek to publish “green GDP” figures that take into account depreciation of natural capital stock due to economic exploitation and environmental degradation. Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Environment provides us with the necessities of life and basic material for development. In the pursuit of more development, most nations have ignored the economic aspects of the exploitation of environment. Green GDP aims to capture the true position of a country as it includes the condition of the natural resources of the country, which in fact affect the quantum as well as pace of development. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss in detail about the concept of Green GDP and how it will be a better indicator than simple GDP. We also have to see the other side of publishing the Green GDP and then form a personal opinion on the issue.

Directive word

Critically analyse- we have to dig into the details of the Green GDP concept and highlight its important aspects and advantages over simple GDP figures. We have to see if there are any cons/ issues/ obstacles involved in publishing Green GDP figures and thereafter form a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Briefly give a description of the concept of Green GDP.

Body-

  1. Discuss the need for prioritising Green GDP over GDP.
  1. Discuss the importance of natural capital and how its quality determines the development potential in the real sense and in the long run.
  2. Discuss the effects of loss of natural capital due to overexploitation of resources and disregard for the sustainability of the system.
  3. Discuss the culture of consumerism and materialism evoked by the GDP race and how it leads to unsustainable use of natural capital.

     

     2) Discuss the limitations/ obstacles involved in using green GDP.

  1. e.g difficulty in estimation of the value, lack of micro level data on capital formation and exploitation, pressure for improving GDP- internationally and domestically, lack of empirical studies on the value of natural capital etc.

Conclusion– Mention how the current GDP estimates include some of the natural capital exploited ( e.g minerals extracted; timber, fuelwood and non-timber forest products; natural growth of cultivated assets for some crops; and the output from dung manure etc. ) and mention how they underestimate the value and don’t include most of the services offered by natural capital. Also suggest a way-forward.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a tireless social reformer who revived interest in the ethical principles of the Vedanta school as a counterpoise to the Western assault on Indian culture. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

 

Why this question

The question is related to GS 4 syllabus under the following heading-

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss in detail about the achievements of the first modern man of India. It wants us to describe his work on Vedanta and how he aimed to develop it as a counterpoise to Western schools.

Directive word

Comment- we have to form a personal opinion on the issue. We have to provide necessary arguments/ facts/ examples in support of our opinion.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– give a brief introduction about Raja Ram Mohan Roy and his contribution towards the Indian society.

Body– Discuss the concept of neo-vedanta and how yoga emerged from it along with fruitful comparison vs Western philosophy. Mention his other works like the essay on Vedantasara, his book- a gift to monotheism, his beradar (brother)  groups, his another book- The Precepts of Jesus: The Guide to Peace and Happiness etc.

Conclusion– Form a fair and concise conclusion based on the above discussion.

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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