[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 MAY 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 MAY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1)Discuss the reasons behind migration in women. Examine the issues faced by female migrants and ways to alleviate their concerns?(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

As the pace of urbanization in the country grows, migration will also increase and so will the associated problems. Understanding the causes of and impacts of migration from a gender perspective would enable us to understand the issues faced by female migrants much better.

Key demand of the question

Following issues are to be addressed in your answer

  • The status quo regarding female migration
  • The reasons behind female migration
  • The issues faced by the female migrants
  • How to address those issues

Directive word

Discuss – Here the causes are to be mentioned which lead to female migration

Examine – Here the issues faced by female migrants and the impact of such issues have to be examined in detail. In the latter part of the answer way forward is to be provided as well.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – introduce your answer by explaining that urbanization is leading to greater migration. Highlight findings of economic survey regarding migration and mention that gender perspective on the same is missing

Body

  • Discuss some statistics around teenage migration to show that it is increasing off late
  • Discuss the various reasons behind female migration – here the focus should be on explaining that unlike contrary expectations, marriage and personal reasons are not the only or the most predominant reason for migration
  • Examine the issues faced by women under various heads like economic, social justice etc.
  • Suggest measures to address shortcomings

Conclusion – highlight the need for improving participation of women in LFPR and thus the issues need to be resolved

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

2) Although civil services examination conducted by UPSC needs several reforms, including the  performance during the Foundation Course (FC) for service allocation is fraught with many dangers. Comment.(250 words) 

Indian express

 

Why this question

The idea of including performance of the candidate during Foundation course (FC) for allocation of service in civil services exam conducted by UPSC is not new. The government has shown its keenness to implement such arrangement. However, the civil services exam conducted by UPSC needs other reforms as well. And  this suggestion of including FC, has been criticized on various fronts. The issue is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Role of civil services in a democracy.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to express our opinion on -what are the reforms required in civil services exam and – what are the dangers/ pitfalls involved in including performance in FC in deciding service and cadre allocation.

Directive word

We have to brainstorm on the issue and based on the key demand of the question, frame our answer. We have to briefly discuss the areas where reform is required in civil services exam. Then we have to present our personal opinion on the issue of including FC performance.

Structure of the answer

Introduction–  Mention the change in socio-economy of India and emergence of new hopes, aspirations and expectations from civil services, which demand major reforms in civil services examination.

Body

  1. Discuss in points reforms required in civil services examination.

e.g restricting number of attempts, duration of exam is too long, problems in maintaining parity in case of optionals, changing governance paradigms, need for lateral entry etc.

  1. Discuss why the recent move to include performance in FC for the purpose of allocation of service and cadre is fraught with dangers.

e.g exam process will be further lengthened, high chances of bias and favouritism during FC, dilution of the basic purpose of FC- inculcation of officer like qualities etc.

Conclusion– Frame a fair, balanced and a concise opinion on the above issue and suggest a way forward.

 


 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Judiciary

3) Indian judicial system needs several reforms. Examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

There have been several reforms undertaken in recent years to improve polity, economy etc, however no reform has been forthcoming on the functioning of judiciary. There are several issues that are faced by the judiciary and underlining those issues and the reforms required to address issues in Judiciary and discussing them is the need of the hour.

Key demand of the question

Following aspects are to be highlighted in your answer

  • The issues faced by indian Judiciary which merits reform
  • The impact if status quo persisted in Judiciary
  • The reforms required
  • Way forward for implementing these reforms

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. The issues mentioned above are to be discussed.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight some of the controversies in current news which indicate that judicial reforms are necessary.

Body

  • Analyze the issues plaguing judicary. Here discuss issues ranging from pendency of cases to appointment of judges to transparency in judicial functioning to Judicial standards and accountability bill etc
  • Examine the impact that persistence of these issues have
  • Mention the reforms required to improve the functioning of judicary. Discuss reforms under various heads in the same way that you would describe the issues
  • Mention how can the reforms be implemented as in the way forward

Conclusion – Mention the need judicial reforms in a democracy for the smooth functioning of judiciary and how reforms should be implemented as soon as possible.


General Studies – 3


TOPIC: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development

4) The resolution of Bhushan Steel case,  should not deflect our attention from the  challenges still plaguing the bankruptcy resolution process. Analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

livelaw

Why this question

The recent takeover of majority stake in Bhushan steel by Tata steel has raised hopes from Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). Bhushan Steel was one among the 12 major accounts referred to the National Company Law Tribunal at the behest of the Reserve Bank of India last year to ease the burden of bad loans on banks. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to highlight the Bhushan Steel deal, and then identify and describe in detail about the challenges still faced by IBC.

Directive word

Analyse- we have to identify the key issues which are hampering the loan-resolution process under IBC. We have to write in detail about these issues and explain/ describe such issues individually.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the aim of IBC and also mention the Bhushan steel deal.

Body– Discuss in points, the problems/ issues still plaguing the loan resolution process under IBC.

e.g eligibility criteria, strict time limit for resolution process, not a stakeholder approach,  etc.

Conclusion- Bring Out a fair, balanced and concise conclusion on the above issue and suggest a way forward.

 


TopicScience and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5) Discuss the etiology, transmission, signs, treatment and control of Nipah virus disease. Also highlight the role of National Centre for Disease Control in controlling various diseases.(250 words)

Economic times

Reference

 

 

Why this question

Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. With over 70% mortality rate, the disease has taken many lives in Kerala recently. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write at length about the Nipah virus disease- its cause, transmission, clinical signs, treatment and control. It also wants us to highlight the role NCDC in controlling various disease- in terms of its functions.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the Nipah virus disease- cause, transmission, signs, treatment and control.

Highlight- we have to briefly mention the key functions of NCDC and how it works in controlling various diseases.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the cause of Nipah virus disease, its history along with first reporting in India and the recent epidemic in Kerala.

Body

  1. Discuss the transmission- how the infection passes from one individual / animal to another; Clinical signs and mortality rate, its treatment and how to control the epidemic- before and after outbreak.
  2. Discuss the role of NCDC in controlling various communicable diseases in the country- e.g to provide expertise to the States and Union Territories (UTs) on rapid health assessment and laboratory based diagnostic services, Surveillance of communicable diseases and outbreak investigation etc.

Conclusion– Mention the growing importance of zoonotic diseases in India and highlight the importance of a robust animal and human healthcare system to handle them.

 


General Studies – 4


TopicContributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6) Swami Vivekananda’s thoughts on ethics are essentially practical and based on normative ethics. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

The question is related to GS 4 syllabus under the following heading-

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to give an account of Swami Vivekananda’s thoughts on ethics and morality and then form an opinion on whether they were based on normative ethics and to what extent they were practical in nature.

Directive word

Comment- we have to form a personal opinion on the above issue and provide necessary justification in its support.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention about the early life and overall contribution of Swami Vivekananda.

Body– Discuss in points, about the teachings, thoughts, quotations, works done by Swami Vivekananda on ethics and morality. Take help of the article attached with this question to frame your answer. You can also take help of other related articles to add to your answer.

Conclusion– Form a balanced and fair opinion on the issue of normative ethics and Swami Vivekananda’s thoughts.

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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