PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Greater flamingo and United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC)

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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018

Greater flamingo and United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC)


Greater flamingo


  1. Least concerned — IUCN
  2. CMS Appendix II
  3. CITES Appendix II

 

  1. Habitat

The species inhabits shallow eutrophic waterbodies  such as saline lagoons, saltpans and large saline or alkaline lakes

 

  1. Range

this species is regularly seen from West Africa eastward throughout the Mediterranean to South West and South Asia, and throughout sub-Saharan Africa

 

  1. Threats
  • suffers from low reproductive success if exposed to disturbance at breeding colonies and especially all-terrain vehicles or if water-levels surrounding nest-sites lower (resulting in increased access to and therefore predation from ground predators such as foxes and feral dogs)
  • The lowering of water levels in lakes can also lead to hyper-salinity which may affect food resources
  • effluents from soda-ash mining
  • pollution from sewage and heavy metal effluents from industries
  • lead poisoning
  • collisions with fences and powerlines
  • diseases such as tuberculosis, septicemia and avian botulism

United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC)


  1. Hosted by UNDP since 1974
  2. Established by the UN General Assembly
  3. Mandate– promote, coordinate and support South-South and triangular cooperation globally and within the United Nations system.
  4. receives policy directives and guidance from the General Assembly and through its subsidiary body, the High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation.
  5. UNOSSC submits its strategic planning frameworks to the UNDP, UNFPA and UNOPS Executive Board for approval and funding

 

  1. objectives
  • mainstreams South-South cooperation across the UN system and throughout the international development community
  • engages a wide range of partners to provide the most efficient, effective and comprehensive support for South-South cooperation
  • innovates by continually seeking, showcasing and transferring forward-thinking Southern development solutions to development partners to meet the critical development challenges of today
  • enables countries of the South – emerging, middle income and least developed – to work together to use their wealth of resources, tangible and intangible, in support of national, regional and global development efforts

 

  1. It is secretariat to the High-level Committee (HLC) on South-South Cooperation, a subsidiary body of the General Assembly, which provides policy directives and guidance and reviews worldwide progress in South-South cooperation

 

  1. Manages the following funds
  • United Nations Fund for South-South Cooperation
  • Pérez-Guerrero Trust Fund for South-South Cooperation
  • India, Brazil and South Africa Facility for Poverty and Hunger Alleviation
  • India-UN Development Partnership Fund