[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 MAY 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 MAY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


TOPIC:  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors
/contributions from different parts of the country.


1) Though repressed with force by the British the Royal Indian Navy mutiny deserves its special place in Indian freedom struggle due to multiple reasons. Trace those reasons.(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question is fairly explicit in the sense that it requires us to bring out the reasons why RIN revolt was significant for the Indian freedom struggle. Other aspects that are to brought out are details of the RIN revolt, how force was used to control it and whether it was truly significant.

Directive word

Trace those reasons – The reasons for the significance of RIN revolt for the Indian freedom struggle is to be brought out. Thereafter our own view on the significance of the RIN revolt is solicited.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Briefly mention about the RIN revolt and was it was suppressed. Mention that for many scholars it was a turning point for the British decision to leave India.

Body – Bring out the reasons why RIN revolt was significant for the Indian freedom struggle.

Conclusion – After bringing out the reasons , mention your own view on how significant the RIN revolt was deciding the course of our freedom struggle.


 

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society

2) Discuss the impact of globalisation on Indian tribal communities.(250 words) 

Analytical Study of the Impact of Globalization on Tribal
Communities in India with Reference To Economic Justice, All
Inclusive Growth and Social Transformation

 

Why this question

Globalization has had an important bearing on humanity cutting across all communities and social classes. The question is related to GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-

Effects of globalization on Indian society

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss the effects of globalisation on Indian tribals- how their social, economic and political have been impacted.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention the population of tribals in India and diverse socio-cultural settings in which they live.

Body– Discuss in points how globalization has affected them.

e.g the eroding resource base and socio-cultural heritage of tribal population through a combination of development interventions, commercial interest, and lack of effective legal protection; disruption of life and environment of tribal population owing to unimaginative, insensitive package of relief (Planning Commission, 1990), change in clothing and eating habits etc.

Conclusion- bring out a fair, balanced and concise opinion on the effect of globalisation on Indian tribals.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3) Bommai case is one of the most quoted verdicts in the country’s political history. Discuss its verdict and its implications.(250 words)

The hindu

Wikipedia

Why this question

President’s rule has been often applied in India , sometimes to fill the vacuum by a due constitutional process and  sometimes unduly. Bommai case is one the historic cases in Indian history. The question is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to simply discuss the verdict of Bommai case and what impact it had on Indian Polity.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the salient provisions of the judgement delivered in Bommai case, and then discuss the implications of Bommai judgement for Indian polity.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– give a brief context of the Bommai case. e.g article 356, Sarkaria Commission, frequent dismissals of state governments for political gains.

Body-

  1. Discuss in points about the principles laid down by the court before  President’s rule can be invoked in any state on grounds of article 356. e.g majority to be tested on the floor,  power of court to question the material behind satisfaction of the president, no dissolution till Parliamentary approval etc.
  2. Discuss in points the implications of the judgement. e.g laying of principles, reinstatement of governments suspended under article 356, power of judicial review over the matter etc.

Conclusion– Present a fair, balanced and concise opinion on the Bommai case and mention how it strengthened the federal structure and put a check on arbitrary dismissals.

 


General Studies – 3


TOPIC: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.;Inclusive growth.

  4) Discuss the steps taken by the government for improving the ease of doing business in India and what more needs to be done.(250 words)

Livemint

Reference

Why this question

Ease of doing business is an important parameter to gauge the openness of an economy and prospects of a business. India has significantly improved its ease of doing business rankings but there is still lot more to do. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Key demand of the question

the question simply wants us to discuss various initiatives taken by the government to improve the ease of doing business in India and what more could be done for the same.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the given issue- what steps have already been taken, and what more needs to be done.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the present ranking of India in ease of doing business and mention the improvement.

Body

  1. discuss in points what has already been done by the government. e.g SWIFT initiative, GST, Insolvency and Bankruptcy code, National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) with the aim to attract investments from both domestic and international sources for infrastructure development in commercially viable projects, Foreign Investment Promotion Board etc.
  2. Discuss what more should be done by the government. e.g simplifying FDI policy and merger and acquisition policy, clearing the concept of control and economic ownership etc.

Conclusion- mention the importance of ease of doing business for entrepreneurs, businesses and development.

 


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc, Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial

5) The current policy of integrating existing coastal SEZs into the overarching plan of coastal development under ‘Sagarmala’ can lead to a turnaround for SEZs. Analyze.(250 words)

Financial express

 

Why this question

SEZs are a crucial step for boosting exports, which has not succeeded in India to the extent it has in other countries like China. Through sagarmala the government has been trying to boost coastal infrastructure which can be taken advantage of by SEZs. Hence this question

Key demand of the question

Following points need to be brought out in this question

  • The current state of SEZs in India.
  • The reasons behind their under performance
  • Comparison with the SEZs of other countries to see where we are going wrong
  • How sagarmala initiative can boost performance
  • Other overarching changes required

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When you are asked to analyze, you have to examine each part of the problem. It is a broader term than ‘Examine’.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain SEZs , their purpose and design in brief, also mention about how the government is trying to boost coastal infrastructure through SEZs and the opportunities it provides for SEZs

Body

  • Briefly mention about the status quo of SEZs, how they are performing, also compare their performance with Chinese SEZs as the contrasts in their performance provides an opportunity to improve our SEZs
  • Analyze the reasons behind their under performance under heads like policy issues, infra issues, etc. Analyze why SEZs in out neighbourhood are doing so well, whereas we aren’t
  • Analyze how sagarmala initiative will help in addressing the shortcomings faced by SEZs in India

Conclusion – mention the importance of SEZs for Indian economy and how we should focus on reaping the benefits of sagarmala to improve SEZs

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

6) Morality is simply the attitude we adopt towards people, we hate personally. Comment.(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question

The question is related to GS 4 syllabus under the following heading-

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Key demand of the question

the question wants us to bring out a relationship between morality and attitude and discuss the worthiness of the given quotation.

Directive word

Comment- we have to brainstorm on the above issue and form our opinion on the above quotation. We have to justify our opinion with proper and valid arguments, facts, examples.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– give a brief definition of morality and attitude.

Body- Discuss how morality and attitude are related. Also discuss how morality can be changed by change in attitude. Give examples wherever necessary and take
help of the attached article to frame your answer.

Conclusion– bring out a fair, balanced and concise conclusion based on the above discussion.

 

 


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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