[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 MAY 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 MAY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


TOPIC:  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors
/contributions from different parts of the country.


1)Examine the role that All India Trade Union Congress played in labour movements in the country?(250 words)

Bipan Chandra – India’s struggle for independence Pg 201

 

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to explain in depth the role AITUC played in furthering the labour movements in the country.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief into the history of AITUC

Body

  • Mention about the leadership, aims and objectives of AITUC
  • Mention how AITUC was instrumental in the labour movements taking place in the country . Bring out the impacts like supply of leadership, intellectual heft, organising protests etc
  • Mention where AITUC fell short in developing a sharp labour consciousness

Conclusion – Summarize the role that AITUC played in shaping the labour movements of the country.

 

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 2)Centre’s draft scheme to monitor Cauvery water sharing is insufficient to ensure equitable distribution of water. Examine while suggesting alternative paradigms for river water management.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

The submission of the draft scheme is another step in the never ending saga of inter state river water disputes and needs to be prepared.

Key demand of the question

Following points are required in the answer

  • The details of the scheme
  • The pros and cons of the draft scheme and the impact of creation of overseeing body
  • Alternatives to resolving this intractable dispute

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Centre’s draft scheme brought out recently is to be examined here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention in brief about the long history of the dispute and explain what prompted the centre to come out with this scheme

Body

  • Mention the details of the scheme, compare and contrast it with the tribunal’s recommendation
  • Highlight the pros and cons of the body in terms of its effectiveness and efficiency in monitoring the implementation of the award. Talk about the composition, mandate, decision making etc
  • Explore some alternatives like decentralization committee, community participation etc which would help resolve this dispute in a better manner (take ideas from the down to earth article)

Conclusion – Mention the need of urgently resolving this long pending issue and paint a picture of how this body can help in resolution of this long pending issue.


TopicRole of civil services in a democracy.

3)Critically analyse the reasons behind the rise in importance of All India Services vis a vis other Group A services.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

This question is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Role of civil services in a democracy.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to put forth the reasons behind rise in importance of AIS vis a vis other similar services. We have to probe deeper into the issue and present our personal opinion.

Directive word

Critically analyse- we have to identify the key reasons behind the above situation and ,discuss their worthiness and  present our personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention the reappearing of candidates from other services, for AIS.

Body-

  1. Discuss the reasons behind the trend. e.g hierarchy of civil services with respect to seniority and empanelment rules, more social recognition and public interaction in AIS etc.
  2. Discuss the veracity/ worthiness  and implications of the factors responsible for the rise in importance of All India Services vis a vis other Group A services. e.g veracity- it denotes concentration of power with respect to a common man, growing incomes, awareness and role of technology will dilute the significance of all the services and larger public demand will infuse more transparency and accountability in them etc.

Conclusion– form a fair, balanced and concise opinion on the above issue and suggest a way forward (e.g limiting attempt limits, facilitating lateral entries and movement etc

 


Topic – India and its bilateral relations

4) Improving India Nepal relations requires greater focus on implementation and less on optics. Analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The completion of PM Modi’s visit to Nepal provides an opportune time to discuss the significance of the visit and chalking out the way forward.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to focus on following points

  • Status quo of India Nepal relations
  • Why optics – religious diplomacy, talk of historical and religious brotherhood etc – will not go a long way in resolving the teething issues in India Nepal relations
  • How the focus should be on implementation of projects
  • Way forward

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When you are asked to analyze, you have to examine each part of the problem. It is a broader term than ‘Examine’.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention about our PM’s visit to Nepal and the important agreements signed

Body

  • Bring out the status quo in India Nepal relations with more emphasis on bringing out the issues that plague the relationship
  • Highlight why merely focussing on optics like historical linkage, religious similarity etc will hardly resolve the issues that affect our relationship
  • Highlight the pending projects in infrastructure, hydro projects etc which needs to be completed soon to ensure meaningful progress of the relationship
  • Highlight how China is waiting in the wings to fill in the gap that lackadaisical attitude on part of India can create

Conclusion – mention that Nepal is crucial for India’s foreign policy and mention what should be the way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


TOPIC: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.;Inclusive growth.

5)Examine the causes behind India’s decreased merchandised exports and depreciating currency. Also discuss various options available to India.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

India is presently grappling with a depreciating rupee and weakened merchandise exports. The issue is complicated by several other factors and there are a only a few and as usual controversial options available. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.;Inclusive growth.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to bring out the reasons behind depreciating Indian rupee and weakened merchandise exports and then discuss the options available to manage the present situation.

Directive word

Examine- we have to describe the causes/ reasons  behind the depreciating rupee and decreased merchandise exports.

Discuss- we have to mention various feasible and available options for India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Present some statistics about India’s recent rupee depreciation and decrease in value of merchandise exports, despite depreciating currency.

Body-

  1. discuss the reasons behind depreciating rupee. e.g rise in oil prices, capital outflows due to US policy etc.
  2. discuss the reasons behind decreased merchandise exports. e.g competition from apparel sector of Bangladesh, Vietnam; GST and delayed refunds etc.
  3. Discuss in points various options available to India. e.g hastening of GST refunds, diversifying energy basket, higher benchmark interest rates, counter exports from developed countries etc.

Conclusion- mention the most appropriate and effective option that should be deployed.

 


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6)Recently mooted Draft Forest Policy (DFP) will significantly undermine the provisions of Forest Policy, 1988 and hasten diversion of forest land for developmental projects. Analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

Recently mooted DFP of India has been severely criticized for its attempts to undermine the statutory powers of FP, 1988. This will have huge implications on the future of our forests. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss the   statutory provisions of DFP, and how the FP attempts to undermine the DFP provisions.

Directive word

Analyse- we have to identify the key aspects of the question-  provisions of DFP, their statutory nature and how they will be affected by FP.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Discuss the Forest (conservation) Act and its power to grant permissions .

Body

  1. Discuss the SC judgements which confer statutory backing to the DFP
  2. Discuss the provision of DFP which requires prior careful examination by specialists for the social and environmental costs and benefits associated with any diversion of forest land.
  3. Discuss the provision mandating total safeguard of Tropical rain / moist forests.

Conclusion- Mention the need to revise the DFP and involve all stakeholders in framing a scientifically backed, socio-economically sensitive,  and long term FP.


 

Topic – Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

7)Agriculture is being severely impacted by climate change and extreme weather events. Discuss ways of mitigating this challenge.(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

Agriculture is critical for the economy and food security but is coming under immense pressure on account of climate change. Understanding the pressure and suggesting adaptation and mitigation steps is important from mains perspective.

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to highlight the ways in which climate change impacts agriculture and what steps in terms of policy, scheme etc can be taken to mitigate the negative impacts.

Directive word

Discuss – Here the main impact of climate change on agriculture is to be brought out along with steps for addressing the situation.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – highlight the numerous instances of extreme weather events which have led to crop losses etc and how the frequency and severity of such events are increasing.

Body

  • Explain that climate change indeed impacts agriculture – highlight the view of experts and IPCC
  • Highlight the ways in which climate change is impacting agriculture
  • Discuss the various adaptation and mitigation steps we can take to ensure that the negative impacts can be allayed and we are better prepared of handling the adverse impacts

Conclusion – Mention the criticality of the issue and conclude with a way forward.

 


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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