1)Congress despite its early hesitation, played a crucial role in shaping the labour movements of the country. Critically analyze.(250 words)

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TOPIC:  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors
/contributions from different parts of the country.


1)Congress despite its early hesitation, played a crucial role in shaping the labour movements of the country. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Bipan Chandra – India’s struggle for independence Pg 196

 

Key demand of the question

Following points are to be outlined in the question

  • What is the meaning of initial hesitation of Congress
  • How Congress helped in forward movement of the labour movement
  • The role that other political outfits played in labour movements in pre freedom era
  • Your view on the assertion made in the question backed with sound arguments

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduce – Briefly outline the labour movements in india – the beginning of it, the modus operandi, their relationship with national struggle and the overall outcome

Body

  • Highlight the initial hesitation of INC – not get associated with any divisive issue of economic nature
  • Highlight the later role that Congress played – AITUC, CSP, view of Nehru and his efforts to bring this perspective in mainstream etc
  • Highlight the role that left and other political outfits played and the lack of support from Congress ( took action against strikes when in power in provinces)
  • Based on the arguments made come to the conclusion – should be on the lines of that labour movement in India despite the favourable conditions could never really grow. Whatever it grew, Congress had a role to play in the ideological development of the movement. Implementation of ideology done mostly by local leaders.

Conclusion – Mention the overall achievement of the labour movement during national movement and how it carried the freedom struggle forward.