SOLUTIONS – INSIGHTS REVISION TEST for Preliminary Exam 2018: Test – 30 (Ancient History and The National Movement)

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SOLUTIONS

INSIGHTS REVISION TEST for Preliminary Exam 2018: Test – 30 (Ancient History and The National Movement)


 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Ilbert Bill?
    1. It was introduced under William Bentick.
    2. By it Indian judges could try European Subjects.
    3. A defendant in all cases would have the right to claim trial by a jury of which atleast half the members must be European.

Select the correct answer using the codes below

a) Only 3

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 2

d) 1,2 and 3

Solution: (c)

Justification:

Lord Ripon (hence statement 1 is incorrect) wanted to remove two kinds of law that had been prevalent in India. According to the system of law, a European could be tried only by a European Judge or a European Magistrate. The disqualification was unjust and it was sought to cast a needless discredit and dishonor upon the Indian-born members of the judiciary. C.P. Ilbert, Law Member, introduced a bill in 1883 to abolish this discrimination in judiciary. But Europeans opposed this Bill strongly. They even raised a fund of one lakh fifty thousand rupees and established an organization called the Defence Association. They also suggested that it was better to end the English rule in India than to allow the English to be subjected to the Indian Judges and Magistrates. The press in England joined the issue. Hence, Ripon amended the bill to satisfy the English in India and England. So it was withdrawn but was reintroduced and enacted in 1884 in a severely compromised state.

 

The amended bill had the provisions that the Europeans would be conferred on European and Indian District Magistrates and Sessions Judges alike. However, a defendant would in all cases have the right to claim trial by a jury of which at least half the members must be European. (Hence, statement 3 is incorrect. As it was the amended bill and not the original bill which provided for the provision). Thus, this enactment held that Europeans criminals would be heard only by the Indian Judges “helped by the European Judges”. 

 

The Ilbert Bill controversy helped the cause of Indian nationalism. The Ilbert Bill Controversy is a high watermark in the history of Indian National Movement. Ripon was totally disillusioned and heartbroken and he tendered his resignation and left for England. The immediate result of this awakening of India was the birth of the Indian National Congress in 1885, the very next year of Ripon’s departure.

 

Hence, Option c is correct

 

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 text book


  1. Arrange the following events in the ascending order of their occurrence.
    1. Ilbert Bill Agitation
    2. Formation of East India Association
    3. Passage of vernacular Press Act
    4. Passage of Lex Loci Act

Select the correct answer using the codes below

a) 4-3-2-1

b) 4-2-3-1

c) 2-4-3-1

d) 2-4-1-3

Solution (b)

Justification:

Ilbert Bill Agitation- 1884

Formation of East India Association-1866

Passage of Vernacular Press Act-1878

Passage of Lex Loci Act-1850

Hence, Option b is correct.

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 text book.

 


  1. Which of the following was NOT part of Ripon’s Resolution on Local Self-government 1882?

a) In rural areas District Boards and local Boards were established

b) The members of the boards were to be elected by the rent payers

c) All the members in the Municipalities in towns were to be elected

d) The chairman of the Municipality was to be a non-official member

 

Solution: (c)

 

Justification:

Lord Ripon is still remembered by the Indians for his attempts to establish local self-government. Lord Ripon believed that the aim of Local Self Government was to train the Indians to manage their own affairs themselves.

Lord Ripon wrote, “What I want is a gradual training of the best, most intelligent and influential men in the community, to take an interest and active part in the management of their local affairs.” Ripon made it clear that he was advocating for the decentralization of administration not with a view of improving administration but as an instrument of political and popular education.

The idea of local self-government was not a new one. Municipalities had already existed in big towns but the Government nominated the municipal commissioner. In rural areas there were committees to, manage local affairs such as sanitation, the repair and construction of roads, maintenance of ferries, education etc.

However the local committees were all under official control. Moreover the area served by their committees was too large. So that their members were not sufficiently acquitted with the needs of the people of different localities. Lord Ripon sought to remove these obstacles in the sphere of Local Self-government by his resolution of 1882.

Accordingly, in rural areas District Boards and Local Boards known as “tahsil or “taluk boards were established. The members were to be elected by rent-payers rather than nominated by the Government. In towns the powers and responsibilities of the Municipalities were enlarged. The members were to be partly elected and partly nominated.

The chairman was to be a non-official member. The nominated members should not be more than one third of the total strength. The management of health, education, roads and communications were to remain under the control of the local boards. The local bodies were given certain financial powers but the Government retained the powers of inspection.

The local bodies were kept free from government control. But if the Boards were not discharging their duties properly, then the Government had the right to dissolve them. But usually, the government did not interfere in the affairs of the local bodies. The Local Self Government Acts were passed in different provinces during 1883-85. The work of lighting, cleaning of streets, sanitation, education, water supply, medical aid etc. was assigned to the local bodies of Madras, Punjab and Bengal.

 

Hence, Option c is correct.

 

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 text book.


  1. Which of the following is/are correct about Francis Buchanan?
    1. He organized a zoo that later became Calcutta Alipore Zoo.
    2. He headed the institution Promoting the Natural History of India.

Select the correct answer using the codes below

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: (c)        

Justification:

 

Francis Buchanan was a physician who came to India and served in the Bengal Medical

Service (from 1794 to 1815). For a few years he was surgeon to the Governor-General of

India, Lord Wellesley. During his stay in Calcutta (present-day Kolkata), he organised a zoo that became the Calcutta Alipore Zoo; he was also in charge of the Botanical Gardens for a short period. On the request of the Government of Bengal, he undertook detailed surveys of the areas under the jurisdiction of the British East India Company. In 1815 he fell ill and returned to England. Upon his mother’s death, he inherited her property and assumed her family name Hamilton. So he is often called Buchanan-Hamilton.

 

In 1804, he was in charge of the Institution for Promoting the Natural History of India founded by Wellesley at Barrackpore.

 

Hence, Option c is correct

 

Source: NCERT Themes Part III

 


  1. Consider the following statements.
    1. Neo Gothic style was characterized by lofty pillars
    2. The most spectacular example of Neo-Gothic style in India is the Victoria Terminus
    3. Victoria Terminus is a world Heritage site.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?

a) Only 2 and 3

b) Only 2

c) Only 1 and 3

d) 1,2 and 3

 

Solution: (a)

 

Justification:

 

The neo-Gothic, characterized by high-pitched roofs, pointed arches and detailed decoration and there is no usage of pillars. (Hence statement 1 is incorrect)

 

The Gothic style had its roots in buildings, especially churches, built in northern Europe during the medieval period.

 

The neo-Gothic or new Gothic style was revived in the mid-nineteenth century in England. This was the time when the government in Bombay was building its infrastructure and this style was adapted for Bombay. An impressive group of buildings facing the seafront including the Secretariat, University of Bombay and High Court were all built in this style. Indians gave money for some of these buildings. The University Hall was made with money donated by Sir Cowasjee Jehangir Ready money, a rich Parsi merchant. The University Library clock tower was similarly funded by the banker Premchand Roychand and was named after his mother as Rajabai Tower. Indian merchants were happy to adopt the neo-Gothic style since they believed that building styles, like many ideas brought in by the English, were progressive and would help make Bombay into a modern city.

 

 However, the most spectacular example of the neo-Gothic style is the Victoria Terminus, the station and headquarters of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway Company. Victoria Terminus is a World Heritage Site under UNESCO. (Victoria Terminus is now renamed as Chatrapathi Shivaji Terminus)

 

(Hence statements 2 and 3 are correct)

 

Source: NCERT Themes part III.

 


  1. Which of the following is/are correct about Indo-Sarcenic architecture?
    1. It was a hybrid architectural style.
    2. Medieval buildings in India with their domes and Chhatris inspired it.
    3. The Gateway of India was built in this style.

 

Select the correct answer using the codes below

a) Only 1 and 3

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 1

d) 1,2 and 3

Solution: (d)

Justification:

 

Towards the beginning of the twentieth century a new hybrid architectural style developed which combined the Indian with the European. (Hence statement 1 is correct). By integrating Indian and European styles in public architecture the British wanted to prove that they were legitimate rulers of India

 

This was called Indo-Saracenic. “Indo” was shorthand for Hindu and “Saracen” was a term Europeans used to designate Muslim.

 

The inspiration for this style was medieval buildings in India with their domes, chhatris, jalis, arches. (Hence statement 2 is correct).

 

The Gateway of India, built in the traditional Gujarati style to welcome King George V and Queen Mary to India in 1911, is the most famous example of this style. The industrialist Jamsetji Tata built the Taj Mahal Hotel in a similar style. (Hence statement 3 is correct).

 

Hence option d is correct

 

Source: NCERT Themes part III.

 


  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
    1. Individual Satyagraha was launched as a response to the disappointment with August offer.
    2. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first to offer Satyagraha.

 

Select the correct answer using the codes below

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution:  (a)

Justification:

 

During the course of the Second World War in order to secure the cooperation of the Indians, the British Government made an announcement on 8 August 1940, which came to be known as the ‘August Offer’. The August Offer envisaged that after the War a representative body of Indians would be set up to frame the new Constitution. Gandhi was not satisfied with is offer and decided to launch Individual Satyagraha. (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

Individual Satyagraha was limited, symbolic and non-violent in nature and it was left to Mahatma Gandhi to choose the Satyagrahis. Acharya Vinoba Bhave was the first to offer Satyagraha and he was sentenced to three months imprisonment. Jawaharlal Nehru was the second Satyagrahi and imprisoned for four months. (Hence statement 2 is incorrect).

 

 The individual Satyagraha continued for nearly 15 months.

 

Hence, Option a is correct.

 

Source: Tamil Nadu Class 12 History


  1. Which of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?

Gandhian Idea                                            Source of Inspiration

a) Non-Violence                                         Jainism

b) Stateless Society                                    Tolstoy

c) Civil Disobedience                                  D.Thoreau

d) Trusteeship Theory                                John Ruskin

 

Solution: (d)

 

Justification:

Trusteeship theory is a novel idea of Ghandhiji. The ideas of non-attachment to property find diverse inspirations in Jainism, Anarchism etc but the solution of Trusteeship is his novel idea.

 

Hence Option d is correct.


  1. Which of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?

 

Social Reformer                                                   Name of the association

a) Jyotirao Phule                                                     Satya Shodak Samaj

b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar                              Indian Reforms Association

c) Raja Ram  Mohan Roy                                       Atmiya Sabha

d) Dr Atmaram Pandurang                                    Prarthana Samaj

 

Solution: (b)

 

Justification:

 

In the meantime, a new social consciousness also dawned among the Indians. Abolition of’ untouchability became a major issue of the 19th century social and religious reform movements in the country. Mahatma Gandhi made the removal of untouchability a partof his constructive programme. He brought out a paper, The Harijan, and also organised the Harijan Sevak Sangh.Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar dedicated his entire life for the welfare of the downtrodden. In Bombay, he formed a Bahiskrit Hitkarini Sabha in July 1924 for this purpose. Later, he also organized the Akhil Bharatiya Dalit Varg Sabha to fight against caste oppression. Jyotirao Phule in Western India and Shri Narayana Guru in Kerala respectively established the Satya Sadhak Samaj and the Shri Narayana Dharma Partipalana Yogam to include self-esteem among the downtrodden.

 

 

The Prarthana Samaj was founded in 1867 in Bombay by Dr. Atmaram Pandurang. It was an off-shoot of Brahmo Samaj. It was a reform movement within Hinduism and concentrated on social reforms like inter-dining, inter-marriage, widow remarriage and uplift of women and depressed classes. Justice M.G. Ranade and R.G. Bhandarkar joined it in 1870 and infused new strength to it. Justice Ranade promoted the Deccan Education Society. In 1815, Raja Ram Mohan Roy established the Atmiya Sabha. Later, it was developed into the Brahmo Sabha in August 1828. Through this organisation, he preached that there is only one God. He combined the teachings of the Upanishads, the Bible and the Koran in developing unity among the people of different religions. The work of the Atmiya Sabha was carried on by Maharishi Debendranath Tagore (father of Rabindranath Tagore), who renamed it as Brahmo Samaj. He turned the Brahmo Samaj into a leading social organization of India.

 

Indian Reforms association was founded by K.C.Sen.

Hence, option b is correct

 

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 History


  1. Which of the following statements is NOT correct about the Pindaris?

a) The origin of Pindaris is not known

b) The first reference about them is during the Mughal invasion of Maharashtra

c) They were not paid for serving the army but allowed to plunder

d) Warren Hastings played a key role in suppressing them

 

Solution: (d)

Justification:

The origin of Pindaris is lost in obscurity. The first reference about them is during the Mughal invasion of Maharashtra. They did not belong to any particular caste or creed. They used to serve the army without any payment but instead were allowed to plunder. During the time of Baji Rao I, they were irregular horsemen attached to the Maratha army. It is worth mentioning here that they never helped the British. They were mostly active in the areas of Rajputana and the Central Provinces and subsisted on plunder. Their leaders belonged to both the Hindu as well as the Muslim communities. Chief amongst them were Wasil Muhammad, Chitu and Karim Khan. They had thousands of followers. Francis Rawdon Hastings and not Warren Hastings played a key role in there suppression.

Hence Option d is correct.

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 History


  1. Consider the following statements
    1. Job Charnock established Fort William at Calcutta
    2. Francis Day established the city of Calcutta.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: (a)

Justification:

 

In 1639, Francis Day established the city of Madras and constructed the Fort St. George.

(Hence statement 2 is incorrect).

 

On the west coast, the Company obtained Bombay onlease from their King, Charles II for a rent of 10 pounds per annum in 1668.

 

By the year 1690, Job Charnock, the agent of the East India Company purchased three villages namely, Sutanuti, Govindpur and Kalikatta, which, in course of time, grew into the city of Calcutta. It was fortified byJob Charnock, who named it Fort William after the English King,William III.  (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

The factories and trading centres which the English established all along the sea-coast of India were grouped under three presidencies namely Bombay, Madras and Calcutta.

 

Hence option a is correct.

 

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 History


  1. Which of the following states was not brought by Wellesley under Subsidiary rule?

a) Tanjore

b) Surat

c) Hyderabad

d) Punjab

 

Solution: (d)

 

Justification:

 

Hyderabad: Hyderabad was the first state which was brought under Wellesley’s Subsidiary System in 1798. The treaty concluded in 1798 was an ad hoc measure. It fixed the amount to be paid annually at Rs.24 lakhs for the subsidiary force. In accordance with the treaty, all the French troops in Hyderabad were disbanded and replaced by a subsidiary British force. A new treaty was concluded in 1800 by which the Nizam ceded large territories to the Company and this constitutes the famous Ceded Districts.

 

Wellesley assumed the administration of Tanjore, Surat and the Karnatak by concluding treaties with the respective rulers of these states. The Maratha state of Tanjore witnessed a succession dispute. In 1799, Wellesley concluded a treaty with Serfoji. In accordance with this treaty the British took over the administration of the state and allowed Serfoji to retain the title of Raja with a pension of 4 lakhs of rupees. The principality of Surat came under British protection as early as 1759. The Nawab of this historic city died in 1799 and his brother succeeded him. The change of succession provided Wellesley an opportunity to take over the administration of Surat. The Nawab was allowed to retain the title and given a pension of one lakh of rupees.

 

Punjab was annexed by Dalhousie by means of war.

 

Hence option d is correct.

 

Source: Tamilnadu Class XII History

 


  1. Which of the following acts was influenced by Utilitarian Philosophy of Bentham?

a) The charter act of 1813

b) The charter Act of 1833

c) Pitts India Act 1784

d) Indian Council Act 1861

Solution: (b)

Justification:

The Charter Act of 1833 was a significant constitutional instrument defining the scope and authority of the East India Company. The liberal and utilitarian philosophy of Bentham was made popular by the provisions of this Act. Following were the important provisions:

  • The English East India Company ceased to be a commercial agency in India. In other words, it would function hereafter as the political agent for the Crown.
  • The Governor-General of Fort William was hereafter called ‘the Governor- General of India’. Thus, Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India’.
  • A Law Member was appointed to the Governor-General’s Council. T. B. Macaulay was the first Law Member of the Governor-General-in-Council.
  • The Act categorically stated ‘that no native of India, nor any natural born subject of His Majesty, should be disabled from holding any place, office, or employment, by reason of his religion, place of birth, descent or colour”. It was this enactment which laid the foundation for the Indianisation of public services.
  • Law can brings reforms is a utilitarian idea. Hence a law member was appointed.

 

Hence option b is correct

 

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 History

 


  1. Which of the following is/are correct about William Bentinck?
    1. He concluded the Treaty of Amritsar in1831 with Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
    2. He abolished the system of double batta in the military department
    3. He abolished sati and suppressed Thugs.

Select the correct answer using codes below.

a) Only 1 and 3

b) 1 , 2 and 3

c) Only 3

d) Only 2 and 3

Solution: (b)

Justification:

 

He reduced the salaries and allowances of all officers and additional staff were removed. In the military department, he abolished the system of double batta. (Hence statement 2 is correct). (Batta was an allowance to troops on active service.) By these financial reforms at the time of his departure, he left the treasury with a surplus of Rs.1.5millions.

 

The practice of sati, the age old custom of burning of widows alive on the funeral pyre of their husbands was prevalent in India from ancient times. This inhuman social custom was very common in northern India more particularly in Bengal. Bentinck was greatly distressed when he received a report of 800 cases of sati in a single year and that from Bengal. He determined to abolish this practice which he considered an offence against natural justice. Therefore, he became a crusader against it and promulgated his Regulation XVII on 4 December 1829 prohibiting the practice of sati. The most commendable measure which Bentinck undertook and which contributed to the material welfare of the people was the suppression of the ‘thugs’. They were hereditary robbers. (Hence statement 3 is correct).

William Bentinck, despite following the policy of nonintervention, compelled to annex the states like Mysore. He achieved friendship with Raja Ranjit Singh of Punjab and concluded the Treaty of Amritsar. (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

Hence option b is correct.

 

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 History


  1. Which of the following is/are the contribution of Dalhousie?
    1. Laying the foundation of Modern Postal System
    2. Establishment of Department of Public Instruction
    3. Creation of a separate Public Works Department
    4. Appointment of Hunter Education Commission

Select the correct answer using codes below.

a) Only 1 and 3

b) Only 1 , 3 and 4

c) Only 1, 2,3

d) 1,2,3 and 4

Solution: (c)

Justification:

The foundation of modern postal system was laid down by Lord Dalhousie. A new Post Office Act was passed in 1854. (Hence statement 1 is correct).Consequently, irrespective of the distance over which the letter was sent, a uniform rate of half an anna per post card was charged throughout India. Postage stamps were introduced for the first time.

Education

Dalhousie had also evinced in the development of education. The educational Despatch of Sir Charles Wood (1854) was considered the “Intellectual Charter of India”. It provided an outline for the comprehensive scheme of education at primary, secondary and collegiate levels. Dalhousie fully accepted the views of Charles Wood and took steps to carry out the new scheme. Departments of Public Instructions were organized. (Hence statement 2 is correct).The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were founded in 1857.

 

Public Works Department

Before the period of Dalhousie, the job of the Public Works Department was done by the Military Board. Dalhousie created a separate Public Works Department and allotted more funds for cutting canals and roads. (Hence statement 3 is correct).The Upper Ganges Canal was completed in 1854. Many bridges were constructed. By modernizing the Public Works Department he laid the foundations of the engineering service in India.

Hunter Education commission was appointed Ripon. (Hence statement 4 is incorrect).

 

Hence option c is correct

 

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 History

 


  1. Consider the following statements.
    1. Arms act 1878 was passed by Lord Lytton.
    2. It barred the Indians from keeping arms without appropriate license.
    3. The Europeans and Anglo Indians were exempted from it.

Which of the above statements is /are correct?

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 2

c) Only 1

d) 1,2,3

Solution: d

Justification:

In 1878, the Vernacular Press Act was passed. This Actempowered a Magistrate to secure an undertaking from the editor, publisher and printer of a vernacular newspaper that nothing would be published against the English Government. The equipment of the press could be seized if the offence was committed. This Act crushed the freedom of the Indian press. This created adverse public opinion against the British Government. In the same year, the Arms Act was passed. (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

This Act prevented the Indians to keep arms without appropriate license. Its violation would be a criminal offence. (Hence statement 2 is correct).

 

 The Europeans and the Anglo- Indians were exempted from the operation of these legislations. (Hence statement 3 is correct).

 

Hence option d is correct.

 

Source: Tamil Nadu class 12 History

 


  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to revenue collection as given in Ain-i-Akbari.
    1. Bhaoli system involves reaping and stocking of crops and divided by agreement in the presence of the parties.
    2. Khet-batai involves division of fields before they are sown.
    3. Lang-batai involves division after cutting the grain for profit.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 1 and 3

c) All of them

d) Only 1 and 2

Solution: (b)

Justification:

The Ain on land revenue collection: Let him (the amil-guzar) not make it a practice of taking only in cash but also in kind. The latter is effected in several ways. First, kankut: in the Hindi language kan signifies grain, and kut, estimates … If any doubts arise, the crops should be cut and estimated in three lots, the good, the middling, and the inferior, and the hesitation removed. Often, too, the land taken by appraisement, gives a sufficiently accurate return. Secondly, batai, also called bhaoli, the crops are reaped and stacked and divided by agreement in the presence of the parties. (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

 But in this case several intelligent inspectors are required; otherwise, the evil-minded and false are given to deception. Thirdly, khet-batai, when they divide the fields after they are sown. (Hence statement 2 is incorrect).

 

 Fourthly, lang batai , after cutting the grain, they form it in heaps and divide it among themselves, and each takes his share home and turns it to profit. (Hence statement 3 is correct).

 

Hence option b is correct

 

Source: NCERT themes Part II

 


  1. Kornish in medieval history refers to:

a) A title given to the courtier

b) A kind of salutation.

c) A kind of revenue system.

d) A kind of crop brought to India by the British.

Solution: (b)

Justification:

Kornish was a form of ceremonial salutation in which the courtier placed the palm of his right hand against his forehead and bent his head. It suggested that the subject placed his head – the seat of the senses and the mind – into the hand of humility, presenting it to the royal assembly

Hence option b is correct.

 

Source: NCERT themes Part II

 


  1. Which of the following statements is /are correct?
    1. Jajmani system existed during the time of Mughals.
    2. The term Jajmani system was in vogue in the 16th and 17th

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both of them

d) None of them

Solution: (a)

Justification:

 

Village artisans – potters, blacksmiths, carpenters, barbers, even goldsmiths – provided specialized services in return for which they were compensated by villagers by a variety of means. The most common way of doing so was by giving them a share of the harvest, or an allotment of land, perhaps cultivable wastes, which was likely to be decided by the panchayat. In Maharashtra such lands became the artisans’ miras or watan – their hereditary holding.

 

Another variant of this was a system where artisans and individual peasant households entered into a mutually negotiated system of remuneration, most of the time goods for services. For example eighteenth-century records tell us of zamindars in Bengal who remunerated blacksmiths, carpenters, even goldsmiths for their work by paying them “a small daily allowance and diet money”. This later came to be described as the jajmani system, though the term was not in vogue in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Such evidence is interesting because it indicates the intricate ways in which exchange networks operated at the micro-level of the village. Cash remuneration was not entirely unknown either.

 

Hence Option (a) is correct.

Source: NCERT Themes part II


  1. Match the following.

Leader                                                   Place of Swadeshi Movement

  1. Syed Haider Raza                         Madras.
  2. Chidambaram Pillai                       Punjab
  3. Ajit Singh                                    Poona
  4. Lokmanya Tilaq                           Rawalpindi.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

     1           2               3                  4

a) D          B               A                 C

b) D         A               B                 C

c) A         D               C                 B

d) B        C                D                A

Solution: (b)

Justification :

October 16, 1905, the day the partition formally came into force, was observed as a day of mourning throughout Bengal. People fasted, bathed in the Ganga and walked barefoot in processions singing Bande Mataram (which almost spontaneously became the theme song of the movement). People tied rakhis on each other’s hands as a symbol of unity of the two halves of Bengal. Later in the day, Surendranath Benerjea and Ananda Mohan Bose addressed huge gatherings (perhaps the largest till then under the nationalist banner). Within a few hours of the meeting, Rs 50,000 were raised for the movement.

Soon, the movement spread to other parts of the country—in Poona and Bombay under Tilak, in Punjab under Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh, in Delhi under Syed Haider Raza, and the Madras under Chidambaram Pillai.

Hence option (b) is correct

Source: Tamil Nadu History text book class 12