SOLUTIONS – INSIGHTS REVISION TEST for Preliminary Exam 2018: Test – 28 (Ancient History and The National Movement)

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SOLUTIONS 

INSIGHTS REVISION TEST for Preliminary Exam 2018: Test – 28 (Ancient History and The National Movement)


 

 

  1. Consider the following statements.
    1. Abul Hasan al Hujwiri wrote a book in Arabic called Kashful-Mahjub.
    2. The book explains the meaning of Tasawwuf which forms the basis of Sufism.
    3. He is reveredly called Data Ganj Baksh.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) Only 1 and 3

b) Only 2 and 3

c) 1,2 and 3

d) Only 3

Solution: b

Justification:

In 1039 Abu’l Hasan al Hujwiri, a native of Hujwir near Ghazni in Afghanistan, was forced to cross the Indus as a captive of the invading Turkish army. He settled in Lahore and wrote a book in Persian called the Kashful- Mahjub (Unveiling of the Veiled) to explain the meaning of tasawwuf, and those who practised it, that is, the sufi.

(Hence statement 1 is incorrect and 2 is correct.)

Hujwiri died in 1073 and was buried in Lahore. The grandson of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni constructed a tomb over his grave, and this tomb-shrine became a site of pilgrimage for his devotees, especially on his death anniversary. Even today Hujwiri is revered as Data Ganj Bakhsh or “Giver who bestows treasures” and his mausoleum is called Data Darbar or “Court of the Giver”.

(Hence statement 3 is correct.)

Source: Themes part II


  1. Which of the following statements is/are NOT correct?
    1. Shankaradeva encouraged the establishment of Satra for transmission of spiritual knowledge.
    2. He is credited with devising Borgeet, Sattriya and Brajavali.
    3. He started the religious movement called Ekasarana Dharma.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) None of them

c) Only 2

d) Only 2 and 3

Solution: b

Justification:

In the late fifteenth century, Shankaradeva emerged as one of the leading proponents of Vaishnavism in Assam. His teachings, often known as the Bhagavati dharma because they were based on the Bhagavad Gita and the Bhagavata Purana, focused on absolute surrender to the supreme deity, in this case Vishnu. He emphasised the need for naam kirtan, recitation of the names of the lord in sat sanga or congregations of pious devotees. He also encouraged the establishment of satra (Hence statement 1 is correct.) or monasteries for the transmission of spiritual knowledge, and naam ghar or prayer halls. Many of these institutions and practices continue to flourish in the region. His major compositions include the Kirtana-ghosha.

He is widely credited with building on past cultural relics and devising new forms of music (Borgeet), theatrical performance (Ankia Naat, Bhaona), dance (Sattriya), literary language (Brajavali). (Hence statement 2 is correct.)  

Besides, he has left an extensive literary oeuvre of trans-created scriptures (Bhagavat of Sankardev), poetry and theological works written in Sanskrit, Assamese and Brajavali. The Bhagavatic religious movement he started, Ekasarana Dharma and also called Neo-Vaishnavite. (Hence statement 3 is correct.)  

Movement influenced two medieval kingdoms—Koch and the Ahom kingdoms—and the assembly of devotees he initiated evolved into Sattras over time, which continue to be important socio-religious institutions in Assam and to a lesser extend inNorth Bengal. Sankardev inspired the Bhakti movement in Assam just as Guru Nanak,Ramananda, Kabir, Basava and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu inspired it elsewhere in the Indian subcontinent. His influence spread even to some kingdoms as the Matak Kingdom founded by Bharat Singha, and consolidated by Sarbanda Singha in the latter 18th century endorsed his teachings.

(None of the statements is incorrect. Hence option b is correct)

Source: Themes part II


  1. What does “Asiatic mode of production” according to Karl Marx refer to?
    1. The state of production in Asian Countries before the onset of colonialism.
    2. In such a state, society was composed of a large number of internally egalitarian village communities.
    3. Imperial court would appropriate surplus from these communities through a middle class.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

a) Only 1

b) Only 2 and 3

c) 1, 2 and 3

d) Only 1 and 2

Solution: d

Justification:

Bernier described Indian society as consisting of undifferentiated masses of impoverished people, subjugated by a small minority of a very rich and powerful ruling class. Between the poorest of the poor and the richest of the rich, there was no social group or class worth the name. Bernier confidently asserted: “There is no middle state in India.” This idea was further developed as the concept of the Asiatic mode of production by Karl Marx in the nineteenth century. He argued that in India (and other Asian countries), before colonialism, surplus was appropriated by the state. This led to the emergence of a society that was composed of a large number of autonomous and (internally) egalitarian village communities. The imperial court presided over these village communities, respecting their autonomy as long as the flow of surplus was unimpeded. This was regarded as a stagnant system.

(Hence option d is correct.)  

Source: Themes part II

 


  1. Which of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?

Traveller                                                   Place

a) Seydi Ali Reis                                       Turkey

b) Peter Mundy                                        England

c) Afanasi Nikitin                                      Russia

d) Francois Bernier                                   Spain

Solution: d

Justification:     

Tenth-eleventh centuries

973-1048: Muhammad ibn Ahmad Abu Raihan al-Biruni (from Uzbekistan)

 

Thirteenth century

1254-1323: Marco Polo (from Italy)

 

Fourteenth century

1304-77: Ibn Battuta (from Morocco)

 

Fifteenth century

1413-82: Abd al-Razzaq Kamal al-Din ibn Ishaq al-Samarqandi (from Samarqand)

1466-72: Afanasii Nikitich Nikitin (years spent in India) (fifteenth century, from Russia)

 

Sixteenth century

1518: Duarte Barbosa, d.1521 (from Portugal) (visit to India)

1562: Seydi Ali Reis (from Turkey) (year of death)

1536-1600: Antonio Monserrate (from Spain)

 

Seventeenth century

1626-31: Mahmud Wali Balkhi (from Balkh) (years spent in India)

1600-67: Peter Mundy (from England)

1605-89: Jean-Baptiste Tavernier (from France)

1620-88: François Bernier (from France)

(Hence option d is correct.)  

Source: Themes part II


  1. Consider the following statements
    1. Al-Biruni disapproved the notion of pollution in Caste system of India as contrary to laws of nature
    2. Francois Bernier’s view of Mughal India was prejudiced by notion of European superiority

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?

  • Only 1
  • Only 2
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Justification:

Al-Biruni tried to explain the caste system by looking for parallels in other societies. He noted that in ancient Persia, four social categories were recognised: those of knights and princes; monks, fire-priests and lawyers; physicians, astronomers and other scientists; and finally, peasants and artisans. In other words, he attempted to suggest that social divisions were not unique to India. At the same time he pointed out that within Islam all men were considered equal, differing only in their observance of piety. In spite of his acceptance of the Brahmanical

description of the caste system, Al-Biruni disapproved of the notion of pollution. He remarked that everything which falls into a state of impurity strives and succeeds in regaining its original condition of purity. The sun cleanses the air, and the salt in the sea prevents the water from becoming polluted. If it were not so, insisted Al-Biruni, life on earth would have been impossible. The conception of social pollution, intrinsic to the caste system, was according to him, contrary to the laws of nature.

(Hence statement 1 is correct.)  

Bernier’s Travels in the Mughal Empire is marked by detailed observations, critical insights and reflection. His account contains discussions trying to place the history of the Mughals within some sort of a universal framework. He constantly compared Mughal India with contemporary Europe, generally emphasising the superiority of the latter. His representation of India works on the model of binary opposition, where India is presented as the inverse of Europe. He also ordered the perceived differences hierarchically, so that India appeared to be inferior to the Western world. Bernier’s conclusion that there is no middle state in India is a product of such model of binary opposition.

(Hence statement 2 is correct.)

Source: NCERT OUR PASTS-II


  1. Which of the following is NOT correct about Indian Councils Act 1892?

a) It introduced an element of election for the first time.

b) The budget could not be voted upon.

c) Supplementaries could not be asked.

d) It brought about the non-official majority

Solution: d

Justification:

  • Number of additional members in Imperial Legislative Councils and the Provincial Legislative Councils was raised. In Imperial Legislative Council, now the governor-general could have ten to sixteen nonofficials (instead of six to ten previously).
  • Some of these additional members could be indirectly elected Thus an element of election was introduced for the first time.
  • Budget could be discussed.
  • Questions could be asked. But there were certain limitations of these reforrns.
  • The officials retained their majority in the council, thus leaving ineffective the non-official voice. (Hence option d is correct.)
  • The ‘reformed’ Imperial Legislative Council met, during its tenure till 1909, on an average for only thirteen days in a year, and the number of unofficial Indian members present was only five out of twentyfour.
  • The budget could not be voted upon, nor could any amendments be made to it.
  • Supplementaries could not be asked, nor could answers be discussed

Source: Spectrum


  1. What was the primary reason for the formation of United Indian Patriotic Association?

a) To develop sense of patriotism among the Indians

b) To counter INC propaganda

c) To provide a platform for the meet of princely rulers

d) To demand constitutional reforms from the British.

Solution: b

Justification:

The United Patriotic Association was a political organisation founded in 1888 by the founder of the Aligarh Muslim University and Raja Shiv Prasad Singh of Benaras. Opposed to the Indian National Congress, the group aimed to develop close ties between theMuslim community and the British Raj.

(Hence option b is correct.)

Source: Spectrum


  1. Which of the following was/were the international influence/s on the rise of militant nationalism in India?
    1. Boer Wars
    2. Japan’s victory over Russian.
    3. Nationalist movements in Ireland and Russia.
    4. Nationalist movements in Egypt and Turkey.

 

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

a) Only 2 and 3

b) Only 1, 2 and 3

c) Only 2, 3 and 4

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Soultion: d

Justification:

International Influences: Remarkable progress made by Japan after 1868 and its emergence as an industrial power opened the eyes of Indians to the fact that economic progress was possible even by an Asian country without any external help. The defeat of the Italian army by Ethiopians (1896), the Boer wars (1899-1902) where the British faced reverses and Japan’s victory over Russia (1905) demolished myths of European invincibility. Also, the nationalists were inspired by the nationalist movements worldwide—in Ireland, Russia, Egypt, Turkey, Persia and China. The Indians realised that a united people willing to make sacrifices could take on the mightiest of empires.

(Hence option d is correct.)

Source: Spectrum


  1. Which of the following factors was/were defect/s of extremist movement of Indian National Movement ?
    1. Lack of consistency in its ideology .
    2. Revivalist and obscurantist undertones attached to their idea.

 

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Justification:

The Extremist ideology and its functioning also lacked consistency. Its advocates ranged from open members and secret sympathisers to those opposed to any kind of political violence. . (Hence statement 1 is correct.)

Its leaders—Aurobindo, Tilak, B.C. Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai—had different perceptions of their goal. For Tilak, swaraj meant some sort of self-government, while for Aurobindo, it meant complete independence from foreign rule. But at the politico-ideological level, their emphasis on mass participation and on the need to broaden the social base of the movement was a progressive improvement upon the Moderate politics. They raised patriotism from a level of ‘academic pastime’ to one of ‘service and sacrifice for the country’. (Hence statement 2 is correct.)

Tilak’s opposition to the Age of Consent Bill (which would have raised the marriageable age for girls from 10 years to 12 years, though his objection was mainly that such reforms must come from people governing themselves and not under an alien rule), his organizing of Ganapati and Shivaji festivals as national festivals, his support to anti-cow killing campaigns., etc. portrayed him as a Hindu nationalist. Similarly B.C. Pal and Aurobindo spoke of a Hindu nation and Hindu interests

Though the seemingly revivalist and obscurantist tactics of the Extremists were directed against the foreign rulers, they had the effect of promoting a very unhealthy relationship between politics and religion, the bitter harvests of which the Indians had to reap in later years.

(Hence option c is correct.)

 

Source: Spectrum

 


  1. What was the motto of the newspaper Punjabee started by Lala Lajapat Rai?

a) Self-help at any cost

b) Self-rule for India

c) Self-reliance for dignity of India

d) None of the above

Solution: a

Justification:

The Punjab extremism was fuelled by issues such as frequent famines coupled with rise in land revenue and irrigation tax, practice of ‘begar’ by zamindars and by the events in Bengal. Among those active here were Lala Lajpat Rai who brought out Punjabee (with its motto of self-help at any cost) and Ajit Singh (Bhagat Singh’s uncle) who organized the extremist Anjurnan-i-Mohisban-i-Watan in Lahore with its journal, Bharat Mata. Before Ajit Singh’s group turned to extremism, it was active in urging non-payment of revenue and water rates among Chenab colonists and Bari Doab peasants. Other leaders included Aga Haidar, Syed Haider Raza, Bhai Parmanand and the radical Urdu poet, Lalchand Falak’.

(Hence option a is correct.)

 

Source: Spectrum


  1. Which of the following is NOT correct with respect to Morley-Minto reforms 1909?

a) Legislatures now got power to vote separate items in the budget.

b) Provincial Councils now had an elected majority

c) Provincial Councils now had a non-official majority

d) Separate electorate for the Muslims was introduced.

Solution: b

Justification:

  • The number of elected members in the Imperial Legislative Council and the Provincial Legislative Councils was increased. In the Provincial Councils, non-official majority was introduced, but since some of these non-officials were nominated and not elected, the overall non-elected majority remained.

 

  • In the Imperial Legislative Council, of the total 68 members, 36 were to be the officials and of the 32 non-officials, 5 were to be nominated. Of the 27 elected non-officials, 8 seats were reserved for the Muslims under separate electorates (only Muslims could vote here for the Muslim candidates), while 6 seats were, reserved for the British capitalists, 2 for the landlords and 13 seats came under general electorate. The elected members were to be indirectly elected. The local bodies were to elect an electoral college, which in turn would elect members of provincial legislatures, who in turn would elect members of the central legislature.

 

Besides separate electorates for the Muslims, representation in excess of the strength of their population was accorded to the Muslims. Also, the income qualification for Muslim voters was kept lower than that for Hindus. Powers of legislatures both at the centre and in provinces were enlarged and the legislatures could now pass resolutions (which may not be accepted), ask questions and supplementaries, vote separate items in the budget but the budget as a whole could not be voted upon.

 

  • One Indian was to be appointed to the viceroy’s executive council (Satyendra Sinha was the first to be appointed in 1909).

(Hence option b is correct.)

 

Source: Spectrum


 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to Zimmerman Plan?
    1. German Empire initiated the plan.
    2. It was a plan to support rebellions specifically in India.

 

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: a

Justification:

Arthur Zimmermann  was State Secretary for Foreign Affairs of the German Empire from 22 November 1916 until his resignation on 6 August 1917. His name is associated with the Zimmermann Telegram during World War I. However, he was closely involved in plans to support rebellions in Ireland and in India, and to assist the Bolsheviks to undermine Tsarist Russia.

(Hence option a is correct.)

 

Source: Spectrum

 


  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
    1. Lucknow session of 1916 brought together the Congress and the Muslim League.
    2. It accepted the separate electorate provision of Muslim League
    3. It was presided by Annie Besant.

 

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 1 and 3

c) All of them

d) Only 1

Solution: a

Justification:

It was presided by Ambika Majumdar (Hence statement 3 is incorrect.)

(Hence option a  is correct.)

Source: NCERT OUR PASTS-II

 


  1. Which of the following is NOT correctly matched.

Category of land under Cholas                                              Person/group it was gifted to

a) Vellanvagai                                                                             Non-Brahman peasants

b) Tirunamattukkani                                                                    Temples

c) Pallichhandam                                                                        Brahmin institutions

d) Shalabhoga                                                                            Schools

Solution:  c

Justification:

Chola inscriptions mention several categories of land.

Vellanvagai – Land of non-Brahmana peasant proprietors.

Brahmadeya – Land gifted to Brahmanas.

Shalabhoga – Land for the maintenance of a school.

Devadana tirunamattukkani – Land gifted to temples.

Pallichchhandam – Land donated to Jaina institutions.

(Hence option c is correct.)

Source: NCERT OUR PASTS-II


  1. Consider the following statements.
    1. Dinpanah was the capital city built by Muhammad Bin Tuglaq
    2. Quwwat al-Islam built under the Delhi Sultans was a congregational mosque

Which of the above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: b

Justification:

Dinpanah was built by Sher Shahsuri, Muhammad Tuglaq built Jahapanaha(Hence statement 1 is incorrect.)

Quwwat al-Islam mosque and minaret built during the last decade of the twelfth century. This was the congregational mosque of the first city built by the Delhi Sultans, described in the chronicles as Dehli-I kuhna (the old city). The mosque was enlarged by Iltutmish and Alauddin Khalji. The minar was built by three Sultans– Qutbuddin Aybak, Iltutmish and Firuz Shah Tughluq.

(Hence statement 2 is correct.)

Source: NCERT OUR PASTS-II


  1. “Kharaj” the term used in Medieval India refers to?

a) Tax on Cultivation

b) Tax on cattle

c) Tax on houses

d) Tax on Land

Solution: a

Justification:

As the Delhi Sultans brought the hinterland of the cities under their control, they forced the landed chieftains — the samanta aristocrats — and rich landlords to accept their authority. Under Alauddin Khalji the state brought the assessment and collection of land revenue under its own control. The rights of the local chieftains to levy taxes were cancelled and they were also forced to pay taxes. The Sultan’s administrators measured the land and kept careful accounts. Some of the old chieftains and landlords served the Sultanate as revenue collectors and assessors. There were three types of taxes – (1) on cultivation called kharaj and amounting to about 50 per cent of the peasant’s produce, (2) on cattle and (3) on houses.

(Hence option a is correct.)

 

Source: NCERT OUR PASTS-II


  1. ‘Zat’ under the Mansabdari system of the Mughals determined which of the following for a Nawab?
    1. Rank
    2. Salary
    3. Military Responsibilities

Select the correct answer with the codes below

a) Only 1

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 2

d) Only 1 and 2

Solution: d

Justification:

The term mansabdar refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a position or rank. It was a grading system used by the Mughals to fix (1) rank, (2) salary and (3) military responsibilities. Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called zat. The higher the zat, the more prestigious was the noble’s position in court and the larger his salary.

 

(Hence option d is correct.)

Source: NCERT OUR PASTS-II


  1. Consider the following statements.
    1. Akbar Nama is a three-volume history written by Abdul Fazl.
    2. Second volume deals with Akbar’s ancestors
    3. Ain-i-Akbari, the first volume deals with Akbar’s administration

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct.

a) Only 1

b) Only 1 and 2

c) Only 1 and 3

d) All of them

Solution: a

Justification:

Akbar ordered one of his close friends and courtiers, Abul Fazl, to write a history of his reign. Abul Fazl wrote a three volume history of Akbar’s reign titled, Akbar Nama.

(Hence statement 1 is correct.)

The first volume dealt with Akbar’s ancestors and the second volume recorded the events of Akbar’s reign. (Hence statement 2 is incorrect.)

The third volume is the Ain-I Akbari. (Hence statement 3 is incorrect.)

It deals with Akbar’s administration, household, army, the revenues and geography of his empire. It also provides rich details about the traditions and culture of the people living in India. The most interesting aspect about the Ain-i Akbari is its rich statistical details about things as diverse as crops, yields, prices, wages and revenues

(Hence option a is incorrect.)

 

Source: Our pasts II


  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
    1. Tarak Nath Das an Indian student started a paper called Free Hindustan under the Ghadr Movement.
    2. Valentine Chirol called Aurobindo Gosh  ‘the Father of Indian Unrest.’

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: a

Justification:

Taraknath was an anti-British Bengali Indian revolutionary and internationalist scholar. He was a pioneering immigrant in the west coast of North America and discussed his plans with Tolstoy, while organising the Asian Indian immigrants in favour of the Indian independence movement. He was a professor of political science at Columbia University and a visiting faculty in several other universities.

With Panduranga Khankoje (B.G. Tilak’s emissary), Tarak founded the Indian Independence League. Adhar Laskar arrived from Calcutta with funds sent by Jatin Mukherjee (also known as Bagha Jatin), permitting Tarak to start his journal Free Hindustan in English, as well as its Gurumukhi edition, Swadesh Sevak (‘Servants of the Motherland’) by Guran Ditt Kumar who came from Calcutta on 31 October 1907. Free Hindustan has been claimed by Constance Brissenden as “the first South Asian publication in Canada, and one of the first in North America.”

(Hence statement 1 is correct.)

 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak joined congress in 1890. Valentine Chirol called him “Father of Indian Unrest”, who first of all demanded complete “Swarajya”. (Hence statement 2 is incorrect.)

 

(Hence option a is incorrect.)

 

Source: Bipan Chandra


  1. Consider the following statements.
    1. “Aranyer Adhkar” is a novel on Munda Rebellion.
    2. It is authored by Mahashweta Devi.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Justification:

Mahaswetah Devi was an Indian Bengali fiction writer and socio-political activist. Her notable literary works include Hajar Churashir Maa, Rudali, and Aranyer Adhikar. She focuses on Subaltern stories an incidents the novel Aranyer Adhikar focuses on fictionalized Munda Rebellion which forms part of subaltern history.

(Hence option c is correct.)

 

Source: Wiki

 


 

21) The union government has decided to set up the first ever National Rail and Transport University (NRTU) in Vadodara. Its purpose is

a) To create a resource pool of skilled manpower and leverage state-of-the-art technology to provide better safety, speed and service in Indian Railways

b) To support ‘Startup India’ and ‘Skill India’ by channeling technology and delivering knowhow

c) To set Indian Railways on the path of modernisation

d) All the above

 

Solution: d)

 

http://www.insightsonindia.com/2017/12/21/insights-daily-current-affairs-21-december-2017/

 

This university will set Indian Railways on the path of modernisation and help India become a global leader in transport sector by enhancing productivity and promoting ‘Make in India’. It will create a resource pool of skilled manpower and leverage state-of-the-art technology to provide better safety, speed and service in Indian Railways. It will support ‘Startup India’ and ‘Skill India’ by channeling technology and delivering knowhow, and foster entrepreneurship, generating large scale employment opportunities. This will lead to transformation of railway and transportation sector and enable faster movement of people and goods. Through global partnerships and accessing cutting edge technologies, India will emerge as a global centre of expertise.

 


22) Recently STRIVE Project was signed by the Government of India with the World Bank. The purpose of the project is to

a) Improve educational outcomes of SC/ST children

b) Improve educational outcome of girl children

c) Improve quality of vocational education and training

d) None of the above

 

Solution: c)

http://www.insightsonindia.com/2017/12/21/insights-daily-current-affairs-21-december-2017/

 

STRIVE is an outcome focused scheme marking shift in government’s implementation strategy in vocational education and training from inputs to results. STRIVE will focus to improve on the quality and the market relevance of vocational training provided in ITIs and strengthen the apprenticeship programme through industry-cluster approach.

 


23)  India was appointed as the Kimberley Process (KP) Vice Chair for 2018 & Chair for 2019 in the last plenary held in Dubai in November, 2016. Kimberley Process is

a) An international certification scheme that regulates trade in rough diamonds

b) An international association to recover lost diamonds that are of national significance

c) An international effort to regulate diamond prices

d) All the above

 

Solution: a)

 

http://www.insightsonindia.com/2017/12/21/insights-daily-current-affairs-21-december-2017/

 

 

The Kimberley Process is an international certification scheme that regulates trade in rough diamonds. It aims to prevent the flow of conflict diamonds, while helping to protect legitimate trade in rough diamonds. The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) outlines the rules that govern the trade in rough diamonds. The KPCS has developed a set of minimum requirements that each participant must meet. The KP is not, strictly speaking, an international organisation: it has no permanent offices or permanent staff. It relies on the contributions – under the principle of ‘burden-sharing’ – of participants, supported by industry and civil society observers. Neither can the KP be considered as an international agreement from a legal perspective, as it is implemented through the national legislations of its participants.

What are Conflict diamonds? “Conflict Diamonds” means rough diamonds used by rebel movements or their allies to finance conflict aimed at undermining legitimate governments.  It is also described in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions.


24) Recently a loan agreement has been signed for the project ‘Pare Hydroelectric Plant’ under Indo-German Bilateral Development Cooperation. Pare Hydroelectric plant is located in

a) Assam

b) Arunachal Pradesh

c) Sikkim

d) Uttarakhand

 

Solution: b)

 

http://www.insightsonindia.com/2017/12/21/insights-daily-current-affairs-21-december-2017/

 

The Pare Hydro Electric Project (2 x 55 MW) is planned as a run-of-the-river scheme on the Dikrong River in the Papumpare District of Arunachal Pradesh.

The broad objective of the project is generation of hydroelectric power for socio-economic development of the North Eastern Region.

The Dikrong is one of the major north bank tributaries of the river Brahmaputra, which originates from the lesser Himalayan ranges in Arunachal Pradesh.


25) With reference to the National Service Scheme (NSS), consider the following statements:

  1. It is a Centrally Sector Scheme
  2. Its primary objective of developing the personality and character of the student youth through voluntary community service
  3. It is being implemented in Senior Secondary Schools, Colleges and Universities

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 2 and 3 Only

b) 2 Only

c) 1 and 3 Only

d)1,2 and 3

Solution: d)

http://www.insightsonindia.com/2017/12/22/insights-daily-current-affairs-22-december-2017/

NSS is a Centrally Sector Scheme. The Scheme was launched in the year 1969 with the primary objective of developing the personality and character of the student youth through voluntary community service. The ideological orientation of the NSS is inspired by the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi. Very appropriately, the motto of NSS is “NOT ME, BUT YOU”.

Programme Structure:

NSS is being implemented in Senior Secondary Schools, Colleges and Universities. The design of the NSS envisages that each educational institution covered under the Scheme has at least one NSS unit comprising of normally 100 student volunteers, led by a teacher designated as Programme Officer (PO). Each NSS unit adopts a village or slum for taking up its activities.