[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 March 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 March 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

1) If democracy is supposed to deliver stability, progress, good governance, improved standards of living for all, then all these can be ticked in China’s one-party system. Is one party system better than traditional multi party democracies? Analyse. (250 Words)

Livemint

Why this question?

Recently Xi Jinping has praised China’s one-party system and it has given rise to debate on merits and demerits of such a system. This topic is related to GS-1 topic and is important as an Essay Topic. 

Key demand of the question:

You should analyse if one-party system such as China’s is better than democratic system like India and the US. Analyse both merits and demerits and conclude which one is better. 

Directive Word:

Analyse– Divide into parts and analyse their merits and demerits.   (don’t divide answer into Merits and Demerits. Better to divide as small categories (themes) and analyse merits and demerits within these themes. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, give context by mentioning current event (Xi statement) and take a stand (whether you love democracy more or one-party system)

In the body, in 4-5 different parts (Stability, Peace, Rights, Governance, Development etc), analyse merits and demerits of both systems (in point format)

In the conclusion, reiterate your stand and conclude by saying there is much to learn from China too (in case there is something to learn) for other democracies. Or end with some other thoughtful statement related to democracy or danger of China.

 

TopicIndian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2) What are the features of Indian contemporary painting? Why do you think India’s art industry has not flourished  as it has flourished in the West and China? Examine. (250 Words)

CCRT

HT

Why this question?

This is in our topic list. It’s important as it links two topics in GS-1: Art and culture topic and factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries (Considering art as indusrty)

Key demand of the question:

Two key demands: one features of contemporary painting(note that it’s only painting); second demand is reasons why art industry in India is weak. 

Directive Word:

Examine– Without making your own observations, just examine relevant facts and information, and present the same in answer as per its demand. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, write why modern Indian pantings, and also art despite their world-class features and appeal, have not flourished as billion dollar industry.

In the body there should be TWO mains parts: One for features(Form, Material, inspiration, influence etc), Second for reasons why India’s art industry is not advanced as it’s in the West and China(govt policy, cultural factors etc). Write all parts in point-format.

In the conclusion, write why art needs encouragement. 

Related question: Here


General Studies – 2


 

 

Topic: State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3) A recent study has found that the functioning of state legislatures is far from satisfactory. Examine why their proper functioning is crucial and the ways in which they can be strengthened. (250 Words)

PRS

The Wire

 

Why this question?

It’s in news. It’s in PRS. It’s an important issue which is neglected.  Important for Mains.  

Key demand of the question:

First examine why state assemblies are not functioning properly, and then examine measures needed to strengthen them. Give equal weightage to both parts.    

Directive Word:

Examine: Extract important points from given link and present them as per question’s demand.  

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write 2-3 lines about decreasing productivity in state legislatures and how it affects development in states. Link with a study/report that’s in news. 

In the body, divide answer into TWO mains parts: First part to examine why their functioning is crucial – both for themselves and India as a whole. Give examples. In the Second part, extracting points from PRS document, neatly categorise and present them concisely. The Wire link also has important points in this regard. 

In the conclusion, write about need for parliament to act as inspiration by functioning properly and how both together can strengthen India’s democracy. Or come up with your own insightful line. 

Tip Don’t elaborate all points. In case you know Ten key points, elaborate only 3-4 points and write rest of the points concisely(max one line). 

 

Topic: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. 

4) Is it time for India to review the  first-past-the post system (FPTP) and move towards proportional representation(PR) model? It is also said that the German model will be more suitable for India. Critically examine. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question?

After 2014 General Election this debate is going on and off. It’s important to know both concepts and their suitability to India. Important question for Mains GS-2 and Essay 

Key demand of the question:

In the first part you should examine if FPTP is more suitable for India compared to PR system. In the second part, examine features of German model and see if it suits to India. 

Directive Word:

Critically Examine: Present facts supporting merits and demerits of both the systems. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, write why India’s needs electoral reforms and also need to have a debate to eliminate injustices that exist due to present FPTP system.

In the body, There should be TWO main parts: One for examining if it’s time to move towards PR system. Here write merits and demerits of both and come to a conclusion. In the Second part, write about German model (the middle path). Write features and why it may be suitable for India. 

In the conclusion, write about the consequence of not reforming existing system ( we are moving towards virtually one party system). 

Related questions Here Here Here

Tip: In’t better not to mention any political party name or politicians’ name in your answer. 

 


General Studies – 3


 

 

Topic Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.. 

5) Why India’s banking sector is among the most vulnerable in G-20 economies today? Analyse. (250 Words)

Livemint

 

Why this question?

This issue is in news and will be in news. Important for Mains (there will be one question on Banking sector) 

Key demand of the question:

It’s a direct question – Analyse why India’s banking system is most vulnerable in G-20. Major focus should be on analysing problems in India’s banking system. Don’t compare with G-20 countries’ banking crisis. 

Directive Word:

Analyse: In different parts(categories), examine causes.  

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write about larger impact of banking sector on India’s economy and how it’s a crisis born out of certain policies.  

In the body, within 5-6 different categories, analyse reasons for the crisis (NA, CAR, Salaries of staff/managers, Incentives, Risk management, corruption etc)

In the conclusion, write about the need for structural reforms in banking sector. Link with Nirav Modi like current affair and give a warning message.

Tip: Don’t lose sight of current affairs while answering.  

Related Insights Current Affairs Here, Related question,Here,  Here,

 

 


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Ethics in private and public relationships

6) Your close friend is selected as an IAS officer. His family and friends are all elated. His father is in politics. His father is forcing your friend to marry a daughter of a richest politician in the state.  By making this alliance, his father believes that it would give him more political clout and status. Even the richest politicians is forcing your friend’s father in this regard, especially after the civil services exam result. However, your friend is not interested in this alliance. But he doesn’t have courage to admit this to his father. He is planning to marry a girl from a lower caste with whom he is in love. In case if his father comes to know about your friend’s affair, things would get worse for your friend. Your friend belongs to higher caste and there will be violent opposition to his choice of bride. While his father is having big plans, your friend is worried about his future.  He seeks your suggestions.

What suggestions you will give to your friend? Examine merits and demerits of all of your suggestions.

 

ETHICS CASE STUDY

Why this question?

Because incidents like this are common (soon after entering LBSNAA). 

Key demand of the question:

Give suggestions to your IAS friend keeping in mind interests of all stakeholders and ethical principles.  

Directive Word:

Examine You have to examine merits and demerits  i.e. good and bad consequences of your suggestions. Use imagination. 

Structure of Answer:

There should be general introduction before giving suggestions. In the intro, write about facts, ethical issues, values and all stakeholders  – in 4-5 lines. 

Then write a line like: 

In the light of above facts and issues, I would suggest my friend following options, whose merits and demerits is discussed therewith:

Write maximum Four suggestions, and within each suggestion, in small paragraphs examine merits and demerits. Remember all stakeholders and values that are going to be affected. 

The last suggestion should be the best one (one which he should ideally follow).

Then justify last option thoroughly and end your answer. 

 

Tip:  It’s ok to overshoot word limit in case studies. But make sure, you include maximum dimensions in your answer. 

 


 Other IMPORTANT issues that are NOT covered Today in Secure:

  1. Delhi Master Plan Issue
  2. Sri Lanka Communal Problem
  3. Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) India programme
  4. Neighbourhood First Policy
  5. Partition of India – Who’s Guilty?

NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

 Let us know in comments section what do you think about this new change in Secure. Thank you. 

 

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