Insights Daily Current Affairs, 08 November 2017

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Insights Daily Current Affairs, 08 November 2017


 

Paper 1:

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

 

Kambala

 

The Supreme Court has refused to pass an interim stay on the Ordinance allowing kambala, the traditional buffalo slush track race. However, the apex court has agreed to examine the Constitutional validity of the Ordinance.

 

kambala

 

Background:

The People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), a non-governmental organisation, had challenged the Ordinance.

 

About Kambala:

What is it?

Kambla in its traditional form is non-competitive with buffalo pairs made to race one after another in paddy fields, which is considered a thanksgiving to the Gods for protecting the animals from diseases.

Why it has become controversial?

Over the years, it has however become an organised sport with animal rights activists claiming that the buffaloes run in the race due to fear of being beaten, which the organizers dismiss, saying no violence is involved and that several modifications had been made to ensure that it is an animal friendly event.

 

Sources: the hindu.

 


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

 

SHe-Box Online Complaint Management System

 

To ensure the effective implementation of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (the SH Act), 2013, the government has launched a comprehensive SHe-Box.

 

she_box complaint box

 

About SHe- Box:

What is it?

It is an online complaint Management System for women working in both public and private organizations to lodge complaints of sexual harassment at workplace.

How it operates?

Once a complaint is submitted to the portal, it will be directly sent to the ICC/LCC of the concerned employer. Through this portal, the Ministry of Women and Child Welfare as well as complainant can monitor the progress of inquiry conducted by the ICC/LCC.

 

Key features:

  • The new SHe-Box portal offers the facility of making online complaints of sexual harassment at workplace to all women employees in the country including government and private employees.
  • Those who have already filed a written complaint with the concerned Internal Complaint Committee (ICC) or Local Complaint Committee (LCC) constituted under the SH Act are also eligible to file their complaint through this portal.
  • SHe-Box will also provide a platform to various empanelled institutes/organisations to share their capacity building activities with the Ministry which in turn will be able to monitor the activities of these institutes/organizations so empanelled from across the country.

 

Sources: pib.

 


 

Paper 2:

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

 

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)

 

insolvency & bankruptcy code

 

Context:

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has amended its Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process Regulations to ensure that as part of due diligence, prior to approval of a Resolution Plan, the antecedents, credit worthiness and credibility of a Resolution Applicant, including promoters, are taken into account by the Committee of Creditors.

This move is aimed at ensuring that the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process results in a credible and viable Resolution Plan.

 

About IBBI:

What is it?

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India was set up on 1st October 2016 under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (Code). It is a unique regulator: regulates a profession as well as transactions.

 

Functions:

  • It has regulatory oversight over the Insolvency Professionals, Insolvency Professional Agencies and Information Utilities.
  • It writes and enforces rules for transactions, namely, corporate insolvency resolution, corporate liquidation, individual insolvency resolution and individual bankruptcy under the Code.
  • It is a key pillar of the ecosystem responsible for implementation of the Code that consolidates and amends the laws relating to reorganization and insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals.
  • This is done in a time bound manner for maximization of the value of assets of such persons, to promote entrepreneurship, availability of credit and balance the interests of all the stakeholders.

 

Organizational structure of IBBI:

The IBBI has a ten-member board including a Chairman. Following is the structure of the IBBI:

  • One Chairperson.
  • Three members from Central Government officers not below the rank of Joint Secretary or equivalent.
  • One nominated member from the RBI.
  • Five members nominated by the Central Government; of these, three shall be whole-time members.

 

Sources: pib.

 


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 

Controversial Rajasthan bill sent to Assembly select committee

 

rajasthan criminal law amendment bill

 

Facing flak from various quarters, the Rajasthan government has referred a controversial bill that seeks to protect public servants and judges from prosecution without its prior sanction to a select committee of the Assembly.

  • The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill was recently tabled in the Assembly to replace an ordinance promulgated on September 7.

 

Highlights of the Bill:

  • The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Ordinance, 2017, seeks to protect serving and former judges, magistrates and public servants in the State from being investigated for on-duty action, without government sanction.
  • It also bars the media from reporting on such accusations till the sanction to proceed with the probe is given by the government.

 

Sources: the hindu.

 


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 

Grahak Sadak Koyla Vitaran App

 

The government has launched ‘Grahak Sadak Koyla Vitaran App’ benefitting customers of Coal India Limited (CIL) lifting coal through road mode.

 

coal india ltd

 

About the App:

What is it?

The app is for the benefit of customers lifting coal through road mode. It is a step towards transparency in the system of loading programme and despatch.

Significance of the app:

It helps achieve transparency in despatch operations, as a tool to monitor, whether the despatches are made on the fair principle of ‘First in First Out’ and keeps track of all the activities from issuance of Sale Order to physical delivery of coal by road.

Benefits:

The main benefits of the App for the customers, against the Sale Orders issued, include easy accessibility of the information at the click of the button, apart from transparency in the system of loading programme and despatch. The app also helps in logistics planning for lifting of coal in tune with the loading programmes. It further helps in improved planning of procurement, production and stock management by the customers.

 

Key features of the app:

  • It provides date-wise, truck-wise quantity of coal delivered against the Sale Orders and information related to Scheme-wise, Colliery-wise, Grade-wise, customer-wise details of Sale Orders issued during a period.
  • In terms of loading it provides allotment verses lifting status in details from different sources truck by truck and summary of the despatch.

 

Sources: pib.

 


 

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

 

Odisha Higher Education Programme for Excellence and Equity (OHEPEE) Project

 

A Financing Agreement for IBRD loan of US$ 119 million (equivalent) for the “Odisha Higher Education Programme for Excellence & Equity (OHEPEE) Project” was recently signed between India and the World Bank.

 

orissa

 

About OHEPEE project:

The Objective of the project is to improve the quality of ‘students’ equitable access to selected institutions and enhance governance of the higher education system in Odisha.

Project Component: Result Areas are (I) Improved quality of and students’ equitable access to selected institutions of higher education: Institutional Development Plan (IDP) Grants (performance –based Financing (II) Enhanced governance of the higher education system: (i)Improvement of governance in colleges (ii)Improvement of financial and procurement management and accounting in all government and government-aided colleges.

 

About IBRD:

What is it?

The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) is an international financial institution that offers loans to middle-income developing countries. The IBRD is the first of five member institutions that compose the World Bank Group. It was established in 1944 with the mission of financing the reconstruction of European nations devastated by World War II.

What it does?

The IBRD provides commercial-grade or concessional financing to sovereign states to fund projects that seek to improve transportation and infrastructure, education, domestic policy, environmental consciousness, energy investments, healthcare, access to food and potable water, and access to improved sanitation.

 

Sources: pib.

 


 

Paper 3:

Topic: indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

 

‘NIRBHAY’ Sub-Sonic Cruise Missile

 

The successful test flight of ‘NIRBHAY’ missile was recently conducted by the DRDO. It was successfully test fired from the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur, Odisha.

 

nirbhay

 

About NIRBHAY missile:

What is it? It is India’s first indigenously designed and developed Long Range Sub-Sonic Cruise Missile which can be deployed from multiple platforms.

 

Key features:

  • Nirbhay is an all-weather low-cost long-range cruise missile with stealth and high accuracy. The missile has a range of more than 1000 km.
  • The missile has the capability to loiter and cruise at 0.7 Mach, at altitudes as low as 100 m.
  • Its relatively slow flight speed allows it to navigate its way precisely to the target.
  • The Nirbhay cruise missile is an Indian version of the American Tomahawk.
  • The missile is capable of being launched from multiple platforms on land, sea and air.

 

Sources: pib.

 


 

Facts for Prelims:

 

  • New ant species discovered in the Western Ghats:

Researchers have discovered a new species of ant in the Western Ghats, recognised as one of the world’s ‘hottest hotspots’ of biological diversity.

 

Key facts:

  1. The new species is named Tyrannomyrmex alii (or T. alii). The ant is named after eminent myrmecologist Musthak Ali, who is regarded as the country’s ‘ant man’.
  2. The new species was found in the Periyar Tiger Reserve. It belongs to Tyrannomyrmex, a rare tropical genus of ants.
  3. Tyrannomyrmex is a rare myrmicine (subfamily of ants) ant genus that is distributed in the Indomalayan bio-region that extends from southern India and Sri Lanka to southeast Asia.
  4. alli is the fourth species of the rare genus and the second one from India.

 

  • Musa paramjitiana:

What is it?

It is a species of wild banana discovered recently in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

 

Key facts:

  • The plant grows to a height of nine metres and bears an edible, sweet-and-sour tasting fruit that is boat-shaped and has numerous bulb-shaped seeds.
  • Its conservation status has been declared as ‘Critically Endangered’ as it has so far been spotted in only two locations on the islands, each with 6 to 18 plants in a clump.
  • The fruits and seeds have ethno-medicinal importance. Pseudo-stem and leaves of these species are also used during religious and cultural ceremonies.