Insights Daily Current Affairs, 18 October 2017

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Insights Daily Current Affairs, 18 October 2017


 

Paper 1:

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

 

Campaign on ‘women for women’: #IamThatWoman

 

In an attempt to end Gender bias in women against women, the Ministry of Women and Child Development is undertaking an online campaign #IamThatWoman.

women campaign

Key facts:

  • Through the campaign, the Ministry seeks to highlight the various aspects of women standing ‘by’ and ‘for’ women.
  • Ministry of WCD has urged people to shun stereotypes associated with women harming other women.
  • Twitter and Facebook users have been encouraged to tag and share stories of women helping women with a photograph and post online with the hashtag #IamThatWoman.

 

Significance of this campaign:

When a woman has the support of her womanhood, she can be unstoppable. Through this campaign, the government aims to shed light on the enormous contributions made by women for women.

 

Sources: pib.

 


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

 

Call Swachh Bharat toilets ‘Izzat Ghar’: Centre to states

 

Every toilet constructed across the country under the Swachh Bharat Mission could now be called ‘Izzat Ghar’, or something equivalent in a local language that means house of dignity, following a directive from the Centre to the states.

  • The Centre has written to all states in this regard, advising Hindi-speaking states to call a toilet an ‘Izzat Ghar’ while urging other states to come up with other terms in the regional languages with the same meaning.
  • This move aims to instils a sense of dignity and pride in the entire family for their toilet, and will also have a positive impact on usage.

swach_bharat

About SBM:

Swachh Bharat Mission was officially launched on 2 October 2014 and is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive. It aims to eliminate open defecation by 2019. The goal also includes the elimination of open defecation, conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradicating of manual scavenging and Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM).

 

The components of the programme are:

  • Construction of individual sanitary latrines for households below the poverty line with subsidy (80%) where demand exists.
  • Conversion of dry latrines into low-cost sanitary latrines.
  • Construction of exclusive village sanitary complexes for women providing facilities for hand pumping, bathing, sanitation and washing on a selective basis where there is not adequate land or space within houses and where village panchayats are willing to maintain the facilities.
  • Setting up of sanitary marts.
  • Total sanitation of villages through the construction of drains, soakage pits, solid and liquid waste disposal.
  • Intensive campaign for awareness generation and health education to create a felt need for personal, household and environmental sanitation facilities.

 

Sources: the hindu.

 


 

Paper 2:

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

IISc & IIT Bombay among world’s top 200 for engineering

 

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore and IIT Bombay are among the world’s top 200 institutions for engineering and computer science, the Times Higher Education subject-wise rankings have found.

IISc-Bangalore

Background:

TIMES rankings scored 500 institutions worldwide, as opposed to 100 last year, on performance parameters such as industry income, international outlook, teaching and research. It highlights the educational institutions that are leading in electrical, mechanical, civil, chemical and general engineering courses.

 

Performance of various institutions:

  • While IISc occupied the 89th spot, IIT Bombay was pegged in the 126- 150 category, globally.
  • IITs in Delhi, Kanpur and Kharagpur were placed in the 201-250 band, in that order, and IIT Madras and IIT Roorkee in the 251 – 300 category.
  • IIT Guwahati was among institutes in the 301 – 400 ranks and Jadavpur University, NIT Rourkela and Tezpur University were pegged in the 401 to 500 band.
  • Overall, Stanford University is number one, followed by California institute of Technology, Oxford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Cambridge University.
  • While India has a total of eleven institutions in the rankings, China has 35 institutions, which is more than any other country in Asia. China’s Peking University and National University of Singapore are among the top ten and top performers from Asia.

 

Sources: the hindu.

 


 

Paper 3:

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

Against job reservation in private sector, says Niti VC

 

Joining the debate on job reservations, Niti Aayog vice chairman Rajiv Kumar has said he is against extending the policy to the private sector, while admitting that more efforts are needed to generate more employment.

niti - vc

Background:

60 lakh young people join the labour force every year. Many of them do not find any job.  Many people used to find some kinds of jobs in informal sector but that has reached a point of saturation. However, the government is able to provide employment to 10 -12 lakh youths. Therefore, several political leaders are advocating job reservation for SC/ST in private sector.

However, several industry associations have maintained over the years that introducing reservations could create hurdles in growth due to dearth in skilled labour and hurt chances of attracting investments in the state.

 

Why reservation in private sector is not a good move?

  • Impacts innovation and performance: The private sector is known for its innovation and performance and bringing the quota system in this sector would impede upon the progress of nation which is reliant on this sector for generation of new ideas and building a competitive advantage.
  • In conflict with international standards: Reservation of such kind will create a workforce incapable of meeting international standards resulting in loss in competitiveness of industries and promotion inclusion at the cost of growth.
  • Existing gaps: While there is reservation in government jobs, employment by government has fallen from 18.2 million in 2006 to 17.6 million in 2012. In contrast, private sector jobs have increased more than a third, from 8.77 million to 11.9 million over the period. While there has been 27% reservation for OBCs in government jobs since 1992, only around 12% got jobs. Hence, it is first necessary to fill this gap.

 

Way ahead:

Quotas are no silver bullet that deliver social justice. The only way to ensure that is to level the playing field, through better education and training, and a constant vigil that would ensure action against those who undermine the equality for all promised by the Constitution.

 

Sources: et.

 


 

Topic: conservation.

 

Sawfish more threatened than tigers, say scientists

 

World Sawfish day was observed on October 17th. The sawfish have been sighted off the Indian coast less than 10 times in over a decade and they appear to be more threatened than tigers and elephants, as per the scientists.

  • The sawfish today may be the most endangered fish species in India. Anecdotal evidence suggested they were once common along the Indian coast.

saw fish

Key facts:

  • The sawfish has been included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 enacted to save them from exploitation.
  • There are only five species of the sawfish ever identified — dwarf sawfish, knifetooth sawfish, smalltooth sawfish, largetooth sawfish and green sawfish.
  • Sawfish are elasmobranchs, meaning their skeleton is made of cartilage. They are closely related to sharks and have shark-shaped bodies and, hence, are also called flat sharks.
  • The sawfish family has been assessed either ‘Endangered’ or ‘Critically Endangered’ in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Global Red List, considering their threatened status, high extinction risk and observed population decline.

 

Sources: the hindu.