Insights Daily Current Affairs, 23 September 2017

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Insights Daily Current Affairs, 23 September 2017


 

Paper 2:

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

SATH- Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital

SATH-Sustainable-Action-for-Transforming-Human-capital-Program-by-NITI-Aayog.png

SATH- Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital, a joint initiative of Government of Assam and NITI Aayog, has been launched.

Aim of the programme: The programme aims to provide structured support to Assam in identifying key health priorities and implement the solutions towards transforming the health and improving the well-being of people of Assam.

 

Background:

The SATH program embodies the philosophy of co-operative federalism. NITI Aayog selected the three states through a three stage challenge-process – expression of interest, presentations by the states and assessment of commitment to health sector reforms. Finally, three states: Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka were chosen based on objective assessment criteria affecting the potential for impact and likelihood of success. A consortium of reputed technical consultants are closely working with NITI Aayog and the states to conceptualize the initiatives and provide support in the implementation process.

 

About SATH programme:

Furthering the agenda for cooperative federalism, NITI Aayog has launched SATH, a program providing ‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ with the State Governments. The vision of the program is to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors. The program addresses the need expressed by many states for technical support from NITI.

  • SATH aims to identify and build three future ‘role model’ states for health systems.
  • NITI will work in close collaboration with their state machinery to design a robust roadmap of intervention, develop a program governance structure, set up monitoring and tracking mechanisms, hand-hold state institutions through the execution stage and provide support on a range of institutional measures to achieve the end objectives.
  • The program will be implemented by NITI along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium, who were selected through a competitive bidding process.

 

Sources: pib.


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

Deendayal Hastkala Sankul

Deendayal Hastkala Sankul

Deendayal Hastkala Sankul – a trade facilitation centre for handicrafts – was recently inaugurated at Varanasi.

 

About deendayal Hastkala Sankul:

The Sankul will facilitate the weavers/artisans/exporters in promotion of handlooms/handicrafts in both domestic and international markets. The Crafts Museum in the Sankul will preserve the traditional handloom/handicrafts products of Varanasi and showcase the handloom & handicraft products, which will be an inspiration for the new generation, scholars, designers and tourists.

 

Background:

The Finance Minister in the Budget 2014-15 had announced setting up of a Trade Facilitation Centre and a Crafts Museum to develop and promote handlooms, handicrafts and silk products of Varanasi and to provide necessary help to weavers, artisans and entrepreneurs of Varanasi in strengthening their marketing activities in domestic as well as international markets and in carrying forward the rich tradition of handlooms at Varanasi.

 

Benefits of this move:

  • Promotes rich traditional craft of ancient Varanasi.
  • Provides enabling platform and environment to showcase Indian handloom and handicrafts.
  • Provides supply chain linkages to domestic and foreign buyers.
  • Give thrust to domestic and international tourism.
  • Give boost to trade and economic development of Varanasi as well as eastern parts of the country.

 

Sources: pib.


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

 

Govt to strengthen ‘Korea Plus’ cell to strengthen FDI from S.Korea

 

The government is planning to facilitate greater investments from South Korea and would strengthen the ‘Korea Plus” cell in this regard.

 

About Korea Plus:

“Korea Plus” is a strategic initiative between the Governments of India and South Korea “to promote, facilitate and retain Korean investments in India.”

 

Details:

  • The mandate of Korea Plus covers the entire investment spectrum including supporting Korean enterprises entering the Indian market for the first time, looking into issues faced by Korean companies doing business in India and policy advocacy to the Indian government on their behalf.
  • Korea Plus will act as a mediator in arranging meetings, assisting in public relations and research, evaluation and provide information and counselling in regard to Korean companies’ investing in India.

 

Composition:

Korea Plus comprises of a representative each from the Korean ministry of industry, trade and energy, Korea Trade Investment and Promotion Agency as well as three representatives from Invest India — the national investment promotion and facilitation agency of India.

 

Sources: the hindu.


 

Paper 3:

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

 

Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhayay Vigyan Gram Sankul Pariyojana

 

The government has launched “Pt Deen Dayal Upadhayay Vigyan Gram Sankul Pariyojana” which will experiment and endeavour to formulate and implement appropriate S&T Interventions for Sustainable Development through cluster approach in Uttarakhand.

 

Key facts:

  • Under the scheme, the department of science and technology has conceived to adopt a few clusters of villages in Uttarakhand and transform them to become self-sustainable in a time bound manner through the tools of Science and Technology (S&T).
  • The key deliverable in this approach is to utilise local resources and locally available skill sets and convert them in a manner using science and technology, that substantial value addition takes place in their local produce and services which can sustain the rural population locally.
  • Further, the local communities are not compelled to migrate from their native places in search of jobs and livelihoods.
  • Areas of interventions in these selected clusters would be processing and value addition of milk, honey, mushroom, herbal tea, forest produce, horticulture and local crops, medicinal & aromatic plants and traditional craft and handloom of Uttarakhand.
  • Post-harvest processing of Kiwi, Strawberry, Cherry, Tulsi, Adrak, Badi Elaichi through solar drying technology, extraction of apricot oil using cold press technology.
  • Stringent product and process control interventions for energy and water conservation would also be ensured through this project.
  • Practice of agriculture, agro-based cottage industries and animal husbandry in an eco-friendly manner will be emphasized during the implementation of the project.

 

Benefits of the scheme:

  • About a lakh of people would benefit directly or indirectly through this project in four identified clusters of 60 villages in Uttarakhand.
  • The adopted strategy would help in creating models that are appropriate for different altitudes and could then be replicated in other hill states as well.
  • Sustainable employment and livelihood options within the clusters such as eco-tourism, naturopathy and yoga, are also planned to be promoted.

 

Way ahead:

Once this concept is validated in the few selected clusters, it can be replicated across large number of village clusters in the country.

 

Sources: pib.


 

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

 

Hasina floats five-point peace plan

Image result for Hasina floats five-point peace plan

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has floated a five-point proposal at the United Nations to find a permanent solution to the Rohingya crisis. She also called for immediate steps to end the ‘cleansing’ of the ethnic Rohingya minority.

 

Hasina’s five-point proposal says:

  • Myanmar must stop the violence and the practice of ethnic cleansing in the Rakhine State unconditionally, immediately and forever.
  • The UN Secretary General should immediately send a fact-finding mission to Myanmar.
  • All civilians, irrespective of religion and ethnicity, must be protected in Myanmar. For this, ‘safe zones’ could be created inside Myanmar under UN supervision.
  • Sustainable return of all forcibly displaced Rohingyas in Bangladesh to their homes in Myanmar must be ensured.
  • The recommendations of the Kofi Annan Commission Report must be implemented immediately, unconditionally and entirely.

 

What’s the issue?

Few years ago, religious and ethnic tensions between the Rohingya Muslims and the Rakhine Buddhists (who make up the majority of the population in Mayanmar) escalated into widespread, deadly rioting. Hundreds of thousands were forced to flee. Since then, ongoing violent attacks have forced even more people to leave their homes.

  • The Myanmar Government says that Rohingya people are not Burmese citizens – but the Rohingya have been living in Myanmar for generations. Today, they are a people with no home or citizenship.
  • Rohingya people are being widely abused and exploited. They are one of the most persecuted minorities in the world.
  • Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya from the Rakhine State are entering Bangladesh to flee violence. As estimated by IOM (International Organisation for Migration), in last three weeks, over 430,000 Rohingya entered Bangladesh. They are fleeing ‘ethnic cleansing’ in their own country where they have been living for centuries.

 

Sources: the hindu.