Insights Daily Current Affairs, 22 June 2017

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Insights Daily Current Affairs, 22 June 2017


 

Paper 2 Topic: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

 

Second edition of Slum Daud

 

The second edition of the Slum Daud was recently inaugurated.

 

adopt a slum

What is Slum Daud?

The Slum Yuva Daud is part of the Adopt Slum Campaign initiated by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports and Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan. The Slum Yuva Daud & Adopt Slum campaigns aim at highlighting the government’s pro-people schemes among masses.

Participation: the campaign will involve groups like NSS, public schools, RWAs, NGOs, rotary clubs etc.

 

NYKS:

Nehru Yuva Kendras were established in the year 1972 with the objective of providing rural youth avenues to take part in the process of nation building as well providing opportunities for the development of their personality and skills.

In the year 1987-88, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan(NYKS) was set up as an autonomous organization under the Government of India, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, to oversee working of these Kendras.

  • NYKS is the largest grassroots level youth organization; one of its kind in the world. It channelizes the power of youth on the principles of voluntarism, self-help and community participation.
  • The basic objective for creation of youth clubs is to render community support through developmental initiatives involving activities with particular focus on youth empowerment.

 

Sources: pib.


 

Paper 3 Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

 

First train that runs on virtual tracks

 

China has unveiled the world’s first train that runs on virtual tracks. The new train is part of China’s attempts to develop “intelligent rail express system”.

 

virtual track

Key facts:

  • Instead of railway tracks, the train runs on rubber tyres. The train can move at a maximum speed of 70 km/hour.
  • The Autonomous Rail Transit (ART) system is fitted with sensors that detect the dimensions of the road. This enables the vehicle to follow routes without the need for metal rails.
  • The 30-metre train has three carriages as of now and can carry 300 passengers. More carriages can be added – taking the total capacity up to 500 passengers.
  • The new train is equipped with sensors that allow it to “read the dimensions of roads” and plan its own route.
  • The train is powered by electricity as well, making it environment-friendly. On a full charge, the train can travel for distances up to 40 km.

 

Sources: et.


 

Paper 3 Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 

NASA Tests Flexible Roll-Out Solar Array on Space Station

 

NASA’s new compact high-power solar array-the Roll Out Solar Array (ROSA)– has made its debut on the International Space Station, allowing astronauts to test the technology’s durability for deep-space missions.

 

solar array

What you need to know about ROSA?

The Roll Out Solar Array (ROSA) is one of the options eyed by NASA that could power an advanced solar electric propulsion spacecraft that makes possible such endeavors as the agency’s Asteroid Redirect Mission—plucking a multi-ton boulder from an asteroid’s surface, and then maneuvering that object into a stable orbit around the moon for human inspection and sampling.

 

Significance of ROSA:

  • The Roll-Out Solar Array (ROSA) is a new type of solar panel that rolls open in space like a party favor and is more compact than current rigid panel designs.
  • Tapping into ROSA technology allows the conversion of sunlight into electrical power that drives the ion thrusters of a solar electric propulsion spacecraft.
  • ROSA is expected to enable a number of space initiatives and is a cost-saving plus to transport cargo over long distances beyond the Earth.
  • ROSA has the potential to replace solar arrays on future satellites, making them more compact and lighter weight. Satellite radio and television, weather forecasting, GPS and other services used on Earth would all benefit from high-performance solar arrays.

 

Sources: toi.


 

Paper 3 Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

SEBI eases norms to buy stressed assets

 

As part of the larger attempts of the government to resolve the massive bad debt issue, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has relaxed norms for investors acquiring assets in companies with stressed assets and facing bankruptcy proceedings.

 

The new norms are as follows:

  • The acquirers are exempted from making open offers after buying stakes from lenders. Checks such as a three-year lock-in for new investors have been included.
  • A similar exemption has also been provided for acquisitions post the resolution plans approved by National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016.
  • A ‘Regulatory Fee’ of $1,000 will also be levied on each subscriber of offshore derivative instrument (ODI), which will have to be collected by the registered foreign portfolio investor (FPI) that issues the ODIs.

 

What are stressed assets?

Non-performing assets, restructured loans and written-off assets — are collectively called ‘stressed assets’. They have become a major challenge to the country’s banking system.

 

Sources: the hindu.


 

Paper 2 Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

 

India’s population to surpass that of China’s around 2024: UN

 

The World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision, published by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, was recently released. The 2017 Revision of World Population Prospects is the 25th round of official UN population estimates and projections.

 

population

Highlights of the report:

  • According to the UN forecast, India’s population could surpass that of China’s around 2024, two years later than previously estimated, and is projected to touch 1.5 billion in 2030. Currently China with 1.41 billion inhabitants and India with 1.34 billion remain the two most populous countries, comprising 19 and 18% of the total global population.
  • The population of China is projected to remain stable until the 2030s, after which it may begin a slow decline. India s population may eventually see a decline in the half century after 2050 to 1.51 billion by 2100 but it will still be the most populous country in the world.
  • In India, life expectancy at birth will be 71 years in 2025-2030, growing to 74.2 years in 2045-2050. The under-five mortality rate will decline from 32.3 deaths under age five per 1,000 live births in 2025-2030 to 18.6 in 2045-2050.

 

Global scenario:

  • The current world population of 7.6 billion is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100.
  • With roughly 83 million people being added to the world’s population every year, the upward trend in population size is expected to continue, even assuming that fertility levels will continue to decline.
  • Ten countries are expected to account collectively for more than half of the world’s projected population increase over the period 2017-2050: India, Nigeria, Congo, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Tanzania, the United States, Uganda, Indonesia and Egypt.
  • Among the ten largest countries worldwide, Nigeria is growing the most rapidly. Consequently, the population of Nigeria, currently the world’s 7th largest, is projected to surpass that of the US and become the third largest country in the world shortly before 2050.
  • The report said that in 2010-2015, around 46% of the world’s population lived in intermediate-fertility countries, where women have on average between 2.1 and 5 births over a lifetime. Intermediate-fertility countries are found in many regions, with the largest being India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Mexico and the Philippines.

 

Impact of growing population:

Large and persistent economic and demographic asymmetries between countries are likely to remain key drivers of international migration for the foreseeable future. Between 2015 and 2050, the top net receivers of international migrants (more than 100,000 annually) are projected to be the US, Germany, Canada, UK, Australia and Russia. The countries projected to be net senders of more than 100,000 migrants annually include India, Bangladesh, China, Pakistan and Indonesia.

  • Population ageing is projected to have a profound effect on societies, underscoring the fiscal and political pressures that the health care, old-age pension and social protection systems of many countries are likely to face in the coming decades.

 

Sources: et.


 

Paper 3 Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 

NASA, Italian Space Agency to probe cosmic X-ray mysteries

 

NASA has signed an agreement with Italian Space Agency for the launch of the Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE) mission that will provide important clues about the origins of cosmic X-rays, their interactions with matter and gravity as they travel through space.

 

cosmic rays

What you need to know about IXPE mission?

Slated to launch in 2020, the Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE) mission will help explore some of the most turbulent and extreme environments in our universe — from the hottest, messiest star factories to violent jets screaming away from monster black holes.

  • The IXPE mission will fly three telescope systems capable of measuring the polarisation of X-rays emitted by cosmic sources.

 

Technical and science objectives include:

  • Improving polarization sensitivity by two orders of magnitude over the X-ray polarimeter.
  • Providing simultaneous spectral, spatial, and temporal measurements.
  • Determining the geometry and the emission mechanism of Active Galactic Nuclei and microquasars.
  • Finding the magnetic field configuration in magnetars and determining the magnitude of the field.
  • Finding the mechanism for X ray production in pulsars (both isolated and accreting) and the geometry.
  • Determining how particles are accelerated in Pulsar Wind Nebulae.

 

Sources: et.


 

Facts for Prelims:

 

Operation Swarn:

The Railway Ministry is to launch “Operation Swarn” to improve services in Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains. The cleanliness and quality of food suffered a lot, which is one of the main reasons that the Indian Railway authority has taken the decision to give the premium trains in India a new look. Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express are one of the train services in India, which was started for the people who can afford more money to luxurious travel.

  • Under the project, the Indian Railways will focus attention on 10 key areas — punctuality, cleanliness, linen, coach interiors, toilets, catering, staff behaviour, security, entertainment, housekeeping and regular feedback.