Insights Daily Current Affairs, 05 May 2017

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Insights Daily Current Affairs, 05 May 2017


 

Paper 2 Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 

eVIN Project of Health Ministry becomes global best practise in immunisation

 

India’s electronic vaccine intelligence network project also known as eVIN project has got the attention of five countries. Philippines, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Nepal and Thailand are mulling to replicate India’s immunisation project.

evin

About the eVIN project:

eVIN is an indigenously developed technology system in India that digitizes vaccine stocks and monitors the temperature of the cold chain through a smartphone application. The eVIN is presently being implemented across twelve states in India.

eVIN aims to support India’s ‘Universal Immunisation Programme’ by providing real-time information on vaccine stocks and flows, and storage temperatures across all cold chain points in states. The project is being implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

 

eVIN project focus on three things – technology, governance and human resources:

  • Under this project, technology enable an evidence-based decision-making by making available online real-time information on vaccine stocks and storage temperature through the eVIN application software and temperature loggers.
  • To ensure efficient vaccine logistics management by systemising record keeping through standardising stock and distribution registers; identifying gaps and improving clarity on vaccine cold chain network; drawing attention to infrastructure upgrades; developing standard operating procedures; and encouraging good practices.
  • To empower the state cold chain network by building the capacities of government cold chain handlers; and deploying vaccine and cold chain managers in every district for constant support to estimate vaccine requirements, supervise cold chain handlers and coordinate with cold chain technicians across the district.

 

Sources: pib.


 

Paper 1 Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

 

Swachh Survekshan-2017

 

Swachh Survekshan rankings for the year 2017 have been released.

survey-swachh-bharat

What you need to know about Swachh Survekshan 2017?

Swachh Survekshan-2017 commissioned by the Ministry of Urban Development during January – February, 2017 aimed at capturing the improvement in sanitation scenario, primarily based on making cities and towns Open Defecation Free and improvement in processing of municipal solid waste. Accordingly, it is outcome oriented.

 

Criteria and weightages for different components of sanitation related aspects used for the Survey are:

  • Solid Waste Management including Door-to-Door collection, Processing and Disposal, ODF status etc: 45% of total 2,000 marks i.e 900 marks.
  • Citizen feedback: 30% i.e 600 of total marks.
  • Independent observation: 25% i.e 500 marks.

 

Performance of cities:

  • Top 10 clean cities of India in 2017 are: Indore -1, Bhopa-2, Visakhapatnam-3, Surat-4, Mysuru-5, Tiruchirapally-6, New Delhi Municipal Council-7, Navi Mumbai-8, Tirupati-9 and Vadodara-10.
  • Bottom 10 clean cities/towns of India in 2017 are: Gonda (UP)-434, Bhusawal (Maharashtra)-433, Bagaha (Bihar)-432, Hardoi (Uttarakhand)-431, Katihar (Bihar)-430, Bahraich (UP)-429, Muktsar (Punjab)-428, Abohar (Punjab)-427, Shahjahanpur (UP)- 426 and Khurja (UP)-425.
  • Four of the bottom 10 clean cities are from UP, two each from Bihar and Punjab and one each from Uttarakhand and Maharashtra.
  • Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh account for 31 of the top 50 clean cities with 12 in Gujarat, 11 in MP and 8 in AP. Telangana and Tamil Nadu account for 4 cities each in top 50, followed by Maharashtra with 3.
  • Chandigarh, Chattisgarh, Delhi, HP, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Sikkim and UP account for one city each in top 50 clean cities of the country.
  • Rajasthan and Punjab have 5 towns each in the bottom 50, followed by Maharashtra-2 and one each from Haryana, Karnataka and Lakshadweep.
  • Faridabad in Haryana has emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover Big City’. At the national level, Tirupati was ranked the ‘Cleanest Medium City’ while Ambikapur, Chattisgarh bagged this honour in Small Cities category.
  • Rewa, Madhya Pradesh emerged as the ‘Faster Mover’ in medium cities category, Khargone, Madhya Pradesh moved the fastest by significantly improving it’s rank this year over that of 2014 Survey in small cities category.

 

Sources: pib.


 

Paper 2 Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 

World Press Freedom Index 2017

 

World Press Freedom Index for the year 2017 has been released.

world press

What you need to know about the index?

World Press Freedom Index is published annually by Reporters Without Borders (RSF) since 2002. It measures the level of freedom available to journalists in 180 countries using the following criteria – pluralism, media independence, media environment and self-censorship, legislative environment, transparency, infrastructure, and abuses.

 

 

Performance of various countries:

  • India is ranked 136, three points down from last year. India’s previous rank was 133. The report blames the rise of Hindu nationalism for the drop in ranking.  
  • Norway is at the apex and North Korea at the bottom of the 180-strong list of nations.
  • After six years at the top, Finland has surrendered its No. 1 position due to political pressure and conflicts of interests.
  • Sweden has risen six places to take 2nd position.
  • The Index’s bottom five also include Turkmenistan (178th), one of the world’s most repressive and self-isolated dictatorships, which keeps increasing its persecution of journalists, and Syria (177th), riven by a never-ending war and still the deadliest country for journalists, who are targeted by both its ruthless dictator and Jihadi rebels.  

 

Important observations made by the report:

  • RSF’s latest World Press Freedom Index highlights the danger of a tipping point in the state of media freedom, especially in leading democratic countries.
  • The obsession with surveillance and violations of the right to the confidentiality of sources have contributed to the continuing decline of many countries previously regarded as virtuous.
  • Media freedom has never been so threatened and RSF’s “global indicator” has never been so high (3872). This measure of the overall level of media freedom constraints and violations worldwide has risen 14% in the span of five years.
  • The Middle East and North Africa region, which has ongoing wars in Yemen (down 4 at 166th) as well as Syria, continues to be the world’s most difficult and dangerous region for journalists.
  • Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the second worst region, does not lag far behind. Nearly two third of its countries are ranked below or around the 150th mark in the Index.
  • The Asia-Pacific region is the third worst violator overall but holds many of the worst kinds of records. Two of its countries, China (176th) and Vietnam (175th), are the world’s biggest prisons for journalists and bloggers.
  • It has some of the most dangerous countries for journalists: Pakistan (139th), Philippines (127th) and Bangladesh (146th).

 

Sources: the hindu.


 

Paper 3 Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

 

Banganapalle mango gets GI tag

 

The succulent Banganapalle mango has received a Geographical Indication (GI) tag, making Andhra Pradesh the proprietor of the variety known for its sweetness.

 

 

mangoes

What you need to know about these mangoes?

  • Banganapalle mangoes have been grown for over 100 years in Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is also known as Beneshan, Baneshan, Benishan, Chappatai and Safeda. Besides, they are also called Banaganapalli, Banginapalli, Banaganapalle.
  • The fruits can retain their quality under cold storage even up to three months.
  • The prominent characteristic of Banganapalle mangoes is that their skin has very light spots, stone is oblong in shape and has very thin seed with sparse and soft fibre all over.
  • The primary centre of origin of the fruit is Kurnool district comprising Banaganapalle, Paanyam and Nandyal mandals.

 

About GI tag:

A GI tag indicates that the product comes from a specific region.

  • GI is covered under the Intellectual Property Rights and the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.
  • A GI tag certifies the origin of a product or produce from a particular region as the quality or other features of the product is attributable only to the place of its origin.
  • The tag helps farmers or manufacturers, as the case may be, to get a better price in the market.

 

Sources: the hindu.


 

Paper 2 Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

 

Haryana House passes motion for separate HC

 

Haryana Assembly has unanimously passed a resolution, urging the Parliament to effect an appropriate amendment in the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 to provide for the creation of a separate High Court for the State in Chandigarh.

 

Need for a separate HC:

  • While Haryana has completed 50 years of its existence as a separate state, a separate HC has still not been provided for the state. This has led to delays in the disposal of cases due to heavy workload in the common HC.
  • Also, there are only 18 judges from Haryana against a total sanctioned strength of 85. There are 13 Judges from Haryana under direct quota drawn from advocates of the HC, against a sanctioned strength of 23, leading to under-representation of the advocates from Haryana.

 

Sources: the hindu.