Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 34: ‘Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development’

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Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 34

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21 August  2016

Write an essay on the following topic in not more than 1000-1200 words:

 

“Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development” 

  • Kiran Kranthi

    I’m sitting in this café in Silicon Valley, watching conversations flowing between Macs, tablets, mobile devices, and their owners. I’m imagining the volume of information that is being streamed back and forth just from this one, small public space. That thought blows my mind.

    Never have we had greater access to knowledge than we do right now—limitless information just a few clicks away, the line between man and machine increasingly blurred. But what are we sacrificing when we tether our brains to our mobile devices, relying on them to tell us when we’re hungry, where we should go for cocktails, what driving route we should take, and what we should buy our significant others for their birthdays? Is all of this connectivity helping us to evolve into a more intelligent species, as some futurists speculate, or is this actually hurting us?

    An even bigger question: As we surrender our cognitive independence to our devices in an effort to make our lives easier, what is happening to our humanity? Is it a tradeoff between greater intelligence and loss of humanity?

    We have this amazing and wondrous thing called a brain, and yet as we make increasingly greater strides in technological innovation, we are tempted to use this masterful tool less and less. If you use technology at every opportunity as a replacement for critical thinking or problem solving, in time, those skills will begin to lose their edge.

    Your brain is like a muscle. If you stop using your cognitive skills and instead rely on technology to do all of your thinking for you, in time, those skills will start to atrophy. Use GPS to direct you everywhere you go? Your spatial skills will gradually start to worsen. Rely on autocorrect and spell-check for every bit of typed communication? Your spelling skills will start to suffer. A New York Times article explains that with the invention of cell phones and computer technology, the ability of young Japanese to read and write kanji has seen a drastic decline; technology provides the characters for you, so there is no need to learn how to draw them by hand.

    The worsening of our basic cognitive abilities is bad enough, but I see an even more problematic issue associated with the increasing use of technology, and this has to do with the idea of augmenting intelligence. Ray Kurzweil, a prominent futurist, believes that the key to advancing human intelligence is the “singularity,” or the merging of man and machine. He thinks that by combining the computational abilities of a computer with the average man, a race of super-intelligent humans will emerge. However, I think he’s wrong about this. Intelligence is not equal to computational power or processing speed.

    The fact is, there’s a reason why computers haven’t yet reached human level intelligence, and it has nothing to do with how fast they can compute, or how much power we can load them with. It’s because humans have something that computers don’t, something that’s a pretty significant component of intelligence that many people are all too quick to disregard. This critical element? Creativity.

    When we over-rely on technology to do our thinking for us, not only are our cognitive skills losing their edge, but our creativity can suffer as well. Why do we care about creativity? For one thing, creativity is at the root of our ability to problem-solve novel situations. Creativity is what we use when we’re presented with a new problem and need to figure out the best course of action. When we let our devices make all of these decisions for us, we stop utilizing those problem-solving skills.

    What happens if your device breaks, or makes an error? If you don’t keep those skills sharp, what makes you think you’ll be able to make a quick and accurate decision when faced with a new dilemma?

    Computers have been trained to paint pictures and compose music, but they have not yet mastered creative cognition—thinking divergently, going back and forth between conventional and unconventional thinking, making errors, and deciding on the best, most useful response, given a particular situation. On this level, creativity can be seen as intelligence that is emergent from serendipitous error. But this isn’t how we program computers—we want them to be error-free.

    However, error makes us human. And error is essential for creativity. To eliminate the possibility of human error by allowing technology to make decisions for us, our ability to think creatively will suffer. If mindless acceptance of data provided to us by our devices in the absence of critical thinking or creative problem solving becomes the norm, we are edging away from humanity and closer to becoming robots. Is this really what we aspire to do? As a robopsychologist, I aim for the opposite; I strive to develop AI that thinks more like humans, capitalizing on serendipity and error, in order to learn more effectively.

    I’m not saying technology is all bad, just that it can be used for evil if we aren’t conscious about how and when we use it. What’s more important—to be able to perform faster computations, or come up with a creative solution to a problem? I feel that today, creativity is a more critical skill.

    But then again, everything is a tradeoff.

    There are ways to make technology work to your intellectual advantage. On the one hand, using autocorrect while you’re writing may hurt your long-term spelling skills, but it allows you to communicate faster in the short term—maybe even better—if you don’t have to spend all your cognitive capital thinking about how to spell words and focus instead on narrative. It might even enhance creativity in this case.

    Consider as well the calculator that won’t give you the correct answer until you make an educated guess about what the right answer is. It allows you to benefit from the speed and accuracy of technology, but forces you to remember how and why you are doing those calculations in the first place. In other words, it prevents you from getting too cognitively lazy and it teaches you math, not just calculations.

    Do I see the rise of technology as the Intellectual Apocalypse? Not necessarily. The best way to make technology work for you instead of against you is to be smart about it—utilize it in order to allow you the time and mental energy to engage in higher-level cognitive activities, not as a crutch because you don’t feel like activating your neurons. If you are creative about how you channel and process the limitless supply of information out there—remaining conscious about how, why, and when you use it—I believe technology can actually increase your intelligence. But don’t ask your device how to make that happen—figure that one out for yourself. Your brain will thank you.

    • AT

      very well written

      • Kiran Kranthi

        thank you bro

    • heq000576

      some point of time during the course of writing you have to focus on development of general ability instead of focusing on specific one.

    • heq000576

      some point of time during the course of writing you have to focus on development of general ability instead of focusing on specific one.

      • Kiran Kranthi

        thank you will try to incorporate ur suggestions

    • Dext

      “As a robopsychologist, I aim for the opposite; I strive to develop AI that thinks more like humans, capitalizing on serendipity and error, in order to learn more effectively.” Is the reference to self necessary and justified in essay?

      • Kiran Kranthi

        then wat is the need of humans . and more over it a society of poor , middle class and rich where it should benefit all the people and classes

        • Dext

          You got me wrong. I am talking about the reference to self…where you talk “As a robopsychologist, I aim for the opposite; I strive to develop..”. I am talking about the use of I .

    • Abhijeet B

      Overall good attempt..but imo somewhere it missed the actual topics…i think 55/125

    • Abyss

      you started real nicely. but somewhere down the line i lost interest as you kept criticising technology and comparing it with the potential of human brain.
      see its written very well so dont think i am being critical but i would still point out that you should atleast talk of some technological aids that have improved the lifestyle of people. there are so many aspects that you can talk of here. that may actually balance your essay a bit more and make it holistic. its right now a crtical examination of technology.
      it touches a lot of philosophy and some sociology yet no other aspects like finance, international cooperation or fights on tech. economic benefits and drawbacks.
      please take the comment constructively. i am also a newbee here with essay writing.

    • naren

      why do you copy most matter from the google ? You can write it on your own.

    • 75/250…. Sorry to say buddy…it started nicely but then it seemed to me totally one dimensional and IT based. As essay should be for common reader presented in such way that is intelligible to everyone and in most friendly language rather than verbose, poetic and flowery… You missed more important topics to be focused on like social, economic, environmental impacts of over use of technology…have to balance the positive and negative effects of technology but it was from the onset inclined towards its negative effects…

      • warrior_pandit

        Hariom kindly review mine. Thanks! 🙂

    • warrior_pandit

      Very well written! Kindly review mine! 🙂

    • I do not think this style suits here.

      Will work for a blog !

      Best of luck !

      See mine if time permits.

    • Sharief

      You mostly emphasised on contemporary effects of technology. You could have also put some views on effect of technology on health sector.
      I felt essay was monotonous, without exploring wider dimensions of essay topic..
      keep writing, you will improve 🙂

      • Prerna saxena

        plz review mine @disqus_7huxqqlhKx:disqus

    • Prerna saxena

      well written an refrain using first person ,better if write like third person.. plz review mine..

    • Robinhood

      Please dont feel offended but your essay is an example of overdependence on technology……:P

  • Manikandan

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    • abhinav raj

      Sir, please review mine. I have tried to improve myself a you have told me.

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  • abhinav raj

    “Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development”
    Technology is the application of latest scientific knowledge for the betterment and service of mankind; it has not just made our life easy but also has added a new speed to our life style. The pillars for the development of hefty goals of an individual, a community, a nation or whole of world cannot be imagined by marginalizing the technology. There was a time when wealth was the parameter of a person‘s prosperity but in this modern world one who has the most number of latest technologies will rule the world.
    Our hunger for the use of latest gadgets is just a case in point that we and technology are like hands in glove and there is nothing wrong in using it but the only caution to be kept in mind about its use is to use it for some benevolence activity and not for any kind of malafide work.
    Here in this world where there has been turmoil in every sphere of life because of positive and negative aspect of technology, Singapore, Japan, US, Russia are those economies which are using the positive aspect of it and making theirs citizen life easy, on the other side of coin are those nations who are severely broken down by ISIS and terrorism and paying through nose the cost of technology.
    Technology can be a good slave but the worst master, bombing on Hiroshima, Nagasaki, blasts in nuclear reactors at Chernobyl are those spots in our history book which we are never going to forget but it would be fine to say that this was because of technology but there has been an anger and irresponsibility behind these accidents.
    Improved communication system, easy access to information via internet, improved lifestyle and nursing, Social networking, convenience in education, convenience in travelling and GPS satellites, Change in health care and surgery pattern, Efficiency of crop growing using HYV seeds, Encouraged innovations and creativity are some of the positives of this technology but there is a dark side of this technology too , Social networking has connected us from our far flung relatives but this has also made our life isolated from the real world, people are now unskilled in social interactions, It has given us with a lot of physical fitness machines but a large population has suffered from obesity, Depressions, poor sleeping habits, addiction to mobiles and internet.
    Technology has given us a virtual challenge in between the developed nations and developing nations, Developed nations are exploring it more and more to retain their dominance and on the other hand developing nations are exploring it to be in the level playing ground of the developed nations by getting rid of the hangover of inferiority complexes.
    But, here it’s a talk of more and more exploitation of resources in order to make of life easier and climbing up to new heights. We have done a lot and there is more to be done. The major challenges before us is to fight with pollution, global warming, depletion of ozone layer, melting of glaciers, rising sea level, poverty, terrorism, proper supply of drinking water to everyone on this planet, checking desertification and if we have to be over dependent on technology for meeting these goals there is nothing wrong about it. These changes will make us advance development in humans.

    • neha kabra

      nicely written but proper format still require like technology effect on society economy people. you mentioned most of the points but maintain sequence

      • abhinav raj

        Thnx neha…..
        please give me some more value points which can be added to this.

    • karthik n

      Points are great abhinav. You seem to touch every aspect. But I feel a bit of moderation is required. There is a tacit way of conveying even the most unfortunate things. If u can inculcate that, it would be more perfect. Please don’t get me wrong.

      • abhinav raj

        yes sir,
        thanx and i am fully satisfied with what you told me.

    • Chandan Sharma

      Digital literacy and good governance should be add in there perspective areas…I’m right or not…mention me plz.thanks

      • abhinav raj

        yes sir,
        u r absltly ri8
        i will amend in my essays nxt time

      • abhinav raj

        I think digital india, smart cities etc of modiji could be added

    • Abhijeet B

      In first 20 odd lines you had focussed mostly in historical part.Yes it is required but 10 lines can suffice other 10 lines can cover other part that you have missed like governance,inclusion,etc. also I think words are very less.Increase words. but overall good attempt .55/125

      • Hi, can you please review my essay? thanks

        • Abhijeet B

          ofcourse..wait for sometime

          • mission 2016

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      • Eswar Sai

        Hi abhijeet can you review mine with marks, thanks in advance.

        • Abhijeet B

          sure..wait

      • warrior_pandit

        Abhijeet, kindly review mine. Thanks! 🙂

        • Abhijeet B

          Reviewed.check my comment

      • Mystique Rose

        hello abhijit,

        i would like to have your review on my essay. it will help me a lot
        i could not find yours here. did you wrote?

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi essay is good but i think flow was missed. Also human development aspect was little focussed. Not focussed on overdependence bro. Overall nice but can be enhanced further more. Hope you take mine as positive criticism. Review mine bro ATB.

      • abhinav raj

        thanx bro
        your cmmnts will help me…
        i will read urs
        give me some time plz

    • Hello Abhinav 🙂
      -Your essay ha good substance and variety
      -Proper structuring is required
      -Write more. It is not even 600 words I guess.
      -Conclusion needs work.

      Please review mine too.

      • abhinav raj

        okay i will
        u have ri8ly remarked me
        i will read urs..
        pls give me some time

    • warrior_pandit

      very nicely written! good differentiation between meaning of tech btw dev and dev’ing nations! Kindly review mine! 🙂

      • abhinav raj

        thnx bro
        okay i will read urs
        give me sometime plz

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey i found the essay too much in the crtical and negative side.

      Instead of focusing on the true use and effects , th betterment done by technology you have cobered the consequences more.
      The essay is seeking to establish a fact that over dependence and development may be coherent provided they are balanced.

      Moreover i always Read in topper’s blogs that essays and our attitude must be positive even for the worst case scenarios.

      And increase the word limits also.

      You have really appreciable extent of topic and flow
      M going to copy that

      Pls review mine,
      Keep enjoying the joy of writing:)

      • abhinav raj

        yes, I will improve
        i will try to flow in the stream of positivism

        • Tanu Singhal

          *positivity.
          And optimism

      • abhinav raj

        i will be glad if u can take smthng frm my essay
        thanx

    • Eco-friendly

      Hello….
      After reading I can say you have many points and can elaborate further. But one main thing is missing- “Overdependence”

      Please try to write full essay. All the best.
      Please find time to review mine

      • abhinav raj

        ya
        i will try using the key word nest time
        thnx for ur review

      • abhinav raj

        pls give me time……..i will read urs in the evening

    • Mystique Rose

      hey

      worst master line was very good.
      it is a short essay, i dont know what to comment.
      could have included many dimensions
      conclusion can be improved

      pls review mine bro, it will help
      thank you

      • abhinav raj

        thnx G.
        yes, i will improve those sections
        pls give me some time to read urs

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  • Abyss

    As a famous saying goes- “The great growling engine of change is Technology”, it definitely has proved to be no less than magic in most streams esp towards human development. It’s a soaring exercise of human imagination and is being re-invented with each passing day.

    As the economist Malthus said, there will not be enough food ot sustain the population of the world at the going rate of population growth, the hypothesis has been proven wrong with the genesis of high yielding variety seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, mechanization and now GM technology. There is enough to feed the present population as well as a surplus to export for many nations.

    There have been phenomenal strides made in medical technology and is still developing like gene editing tools (CAS9 recently) that have potential to cure the incurable genetic disorders and even cancer in future. There are researches in organ transplants and success shows that many lives can be saved in future.

    Financial inclusion is another field that’s making progress more so with the advent of mobile technology that a country like India can boast >80% mobile phone penetration. JAM trinity is based on a technological platform that aims to foster financial inclusion as well as reduce the burden of corruption and subsidies. Hence technology is definitely beneficial for the exchequer of the country and the tax payer.

    Technology is omnipresent today. There is talk of “internet of things” now. Satellite communication has made the world reach ones fingertips. Its not just about technology but also how its fostering international relations through space research, South Asia satellite by India for better cooperation and disaster management, IRNSS and GAGAN to cover not just Indian territory but neighbours as well for geo positioning, better traffic management, navigation and more. Technology has provided a new forum for augmenting international collaboration and has wide potential for discovery through more joint efforts like International space station, wave detection that can unravel hidden mysteries of the universe.

    But then comes the question of- Is technology always benevolent? Its called a useful servant but a dangerous master. It’s unemotional yet driven by emotions of the developer.

    Taking cues from the innovations stated above, we have reach sufficiency in food but is it sustainable? There are rising cases of soil degradation, nutrition deterioration from the diet and above all the wide disparity between the producing nations and consuming nations. Has technology actually made us better off or has it given a better format for trading where the rich poor chasm widens?

    The biggest capital expenditure for countries todays is not infrastructure but defence! Indian spends roughly 2lakh crore to maintain its territorial security. With the advent of nuclear weapons, bombing of Hiroshima, Nagasaki, the race has become even more aggressive. Terrorism and extremism is only adding to the voes of countries with more methods of warfare like cyber warfare, lone wolf attacks using technology to mobilize people.

    Some sections say that the next war will be fought in space. So a stream that looked completely harmless and of significant international cooperation may become a thorn soon to irk the countries into another battle. Similar is the fear with medical sciences. The new inventions can really benefit thousands but will there be clones in the future instead of normal humans? Is the apprehension behind Human Genome project 2 only for the sceptics?

    Coming to our normal daily lives, the common saying is we are living in a generation of smart phones with non-smart humans. A child today finds play tools in ipads, mobile phones, computer games instead of going out and playing, exploring through own experiences. A country like India shows the highest rate of type 2 diabetes. It’s a lifestyle disease since technology has made life over- convenient for people. There are successes of communicable disease control like polio, chicken pox through concerted medical attention yet there has risen a bigger menace of non- communicable diseases which is a direct product of over-use of technology.

    As the age of mobile app is growing with facebook, watsapp there is a stark reduction in human interface and interaction. Humans today are over connected to each other while living in isolation all through. There is a change in the fabric of earlier social structures that earlier used to be the support structures in a society are mere bondages now for most. Have we actually developed with technology?

    The biggest threat to human survival is climate change. Is it a natural process or the gift of technology to the ever increasing greed of mankind? There is a lot of activity today to combat climate change through Kyoto protocol, Paris summit, Agenda 21 but isn’t the industrial revolution and the world after that responsible for it where millions suffer today and the change is irreversible in the near future.

    Technology has no face nor does it have any emotions. It carries the face of the user who uses it as a tool. When deployed without hatred it’s a blessing but with it, it’s a disaster. It may not be prudent to say that technology is evil. It actually has the potential to change the present course of unsustainable development. There are clear positives like shift to solar and other renewable sources of energy to reduce dependence of oil and coal. Technological advances like usage of graphene in solar panels can make it work even during rains. Similar innovations can substantially reduce the carbon footprint of humans and can help save the ever depleting bio-diversity as well. technology has made a huge contribution in the field of education. India also has launched its Edusat satellite and there is movement towards technology aided teaching through open online courses under MOOC, teacher training tools and more for better learning outcomes. These developments show that technology is capable of revolution if used in the right direction.

    Technology can be a boon in the right hands and an anathema in the wrong ones. its humanity that eventually has to choose the set of hands they trust to further human development.

    • Furiouskranti

      Very well written , but you are making mistake in the use of its : It’s is short for it is or it has.
      Its is the possessive form of it ( like his or her ) .

      • Abyss

        thats a rare observation… thanks for pointing it out. i shall definitely take of it next time. KWAR! 🙂

    • Ash

      Hey Abyss! 🙂
      I see commonalities between write ups — the tool thing! 🙂
      A lot of GS content! 🙂

      Technology can be a boon in the right hands and an anathema in the wrong ones. its humanity that eventually has to choose the set of hands they trust to further human development. —

      I get this .. but I dont get your stand on – OVERDEPENDENCE and DEVELOPMENT!

      You have talked of overdep but the link between dev and overdep is not established well! 🙂

      See there’s a difference in growth in output no and development .. a nation can oly b cald developed when people are… food grains is fine.. until it reached ppl and they use it effectively there is no point!!

      I dont like seeing too many examples on similar lines which almost every1 duz here.. which is baseless.. my suggestion try putting in more arguments!

      KWAR ‘GIRL’! 😛 🙂

      • Abyss

        hey Ash… thanks for a detailed review. i got your point and shall definitely try and work on it coming sunday! KWAR!

    • Haider is back

      Awesome piece of writing ! WOW ! Really good understanding and writing skills !! Hmmm m…. So somebody really interesting behind the keypad
      ….would definitely like to know !! Who is there !?
      A pic on your discus profile would be wonderful !!
      Keep writing and reviewing !! I am definitely looking forward to you!

      • Abyss

        thank you for the comments and the review 🙂
        my name is isha. as for the display pic, i prefer anonymity while writing hence i havent put one up.
        KWAR!

      • Abyss

        thank you for the comments and the review 🙂
        my name is isha. as for the display pic, i prefer anonymity while writing hence i havent put one up.
        KWAR!

  • kahkashan anjum

    anyone here with commerce and accountancy optional subject?

  • sankar

    PLZ RVW FRNDS

    One of the greatest examples of mutual relationship is of human and technology. Both of have mutually benefitted from this ambient relationship. In this relationship, where human is considered to be forefather for the invention of various technologies, the technology has given immense opportunity to human being to ease and facilitate their ways of living by using different technology in their day to day problems. In reality, the labour and efforts of human being in the invention of different technologies are greatly rewarded with more fruitful opportunities in every walk life encompassing every field of human development viz social, political, economic, socio-cultural and spiritual etc. In other words, technology has broadened human mind and enhanced creativity, accessibility and opportunity in this world.
    One can see sprout of technology among the primitive society in the ancient time. But perhaps the most perceptible work of technology has been taken place during the Industrial Revolution in which the lives of millions of people underwent a drastic change. The invention of technology has revolutionized the living standard of human being. Here are some technological achievements during this period which have transformed the lives of people. the so-called almost standstill or immobile life get a new fillip by the invention of STEAM ENGINE by facility accessibility to various natural resources, mobility of people, transportation of goods and services etc. Now, the earlier inhabitable and inaccessible area got resided by people, trade with farthest took place and exchange of cultural and spiritual message got exchanged.
    The most outstanding change by the invention of technology is in the form of elimination of large scale poverty which has been the greater carrier of most of human sufferings. With technology, the revolutionary growth in agriculture has significantly emancipated the menace of hunger, mal-nutrition, starvation, beggars and other social evils in most part of the world. Along with providing food security to the humanity, agriculture has been the largest source of job security to millions of people by using different technological tool in its operation. After agricultural, Industry is another most reliable livelihood provider to millions of people which is also an example of different use of technology advancement.
    Apart from economic well-being, technology has also largely supported in preserving social and cultural ethos of diverse socialistic and culturalistic society of India. In this field, the invention of radio, tv, mobile and laptops has raised cultural ethos and reverence and sincerity towards different cultural by disseminating various cultural practices of different parts of country and of the entire world at one platform. While radio has been reputed with the only means of communication which engulfed the entire world by availing its audio service to entire humanity, the TVs are providing audio as well as video message of various events happening across the country and the world.
    In this field, the use of social media like facebook, whatsapp etc have further accelerated the exchange of various incidents from across the world and pro-active steps by the authority to deal with situation or repudiation and denigration by people for negligence in dealing with any incident. It was the role of media which has highlighted the inhumane condition of refugee crisis of middle-east by showing a baby lying dead on the beach near Italian coast. The recent incident of bombing in Syria in which a child barely escaped from bombing sites showed another potential of using technology in highlighting condition of human being from one part of the world to another part.
    The other benefits of technology to human development are spiritual development of humanity by providing audio, video and written contents of various spiritual and religious sects. Technology has also provided benefit to weaker section of people like minority, Dalits, woment etc. through use of technology, we have successfully predicted well in advance the natural events like cyclone, tsunami, rainfall, hailstorm, landslide etc. technology has immensely been helpful in preserving floral and faunal biodiversity of the world.
    However, despite the innumerable benefits which technology have provide throughout human history, the technology has not facilitated itself various achievements to humanity, rather it is the human mind and intention which worked behind the use of technology in order to avail various opportunities and benefits to humanity. In other world, technology is inert and it is human mind and intention which have been applied to use technology for either advancement of humanity or creating panic to humanity. It is this dual use of technology which has created some troubles to humanity by using the same technology with ill-intention. For instance, the use of nuclear substance is considered to be one of the best eco-friendly and sustainable source of energy. But the atom bombs made of same substances panicked Japan in 1946. There has been growing concern over the same substance is used autocrat ruler of NORTH KOREA and fear of using the same by the terrorist groups. The use of aeroplane has eroded the fear of living distance place by facilitating fast mode of travelling service. On the other same technology has been used by terrorist groups to destroy the WORLD TRADE CENTRE (2001). In case social media, while people are actively highlighting pitiable condition of people in different parts of world through social media, the terrorist groups, militants and separatists has been using this platform for radicalization, spreading their unsocial message, practice and doctrine to derail peace and prosperity of a region.
    Thus way forward is to give greater possible freedom for the greater advancement and benefits to the humanity and at the same, there must be a very robust mechanism to check any misuse of such technology. People must be educated to the right use of technology. the participation of people should be ensured by involving every stakeholders like parents, religious and spiritual teachers, politician, government authority , ngo ans various civil society.
    On the whole, technology has benefitted humanity by providing accessibility in various fields of human development like education, skilled and training to various section of human viz women, minority, dalits etc. Technology has eased the way of living of people by

    • KAJALPREET

      V nice answer,, u hv touched many areas,, but u also hv given sm negatives of technological advancement like bombing, i think ques only demanded the advancement of human means positive things??
      Correct me if i wrong,,

      • hey kajal please review mine too

        • KAJALPREET

          Ok g,,,, whtsup pe send kr diya kro dear

      • sankar

        hi danish…. thank you for rvw……bro i am not certain about negative view whether we should write it or not

  • Kirobo

    Deepening on technology can be witnessed in daily activities like an incomplete day without a smartphone , greeting wishes virtually through global connection so called internet , this list not ends here as it will go like conversation between kirobo(robo) and space scientist in International space station to make human stress free . Yes , this is true now the globe spinning on Forth industrial revolution which is also called digital revolution , where Internet of things ( IOT ) , emotionally intelligent robots are on rise . So , the question arises whether this sphere of revolution and over dependence on technology advances human development ? What is human development ?

    As far as Mahabub -ul-huq and amartya sen are concerned , human development is a wider term which includes principles/traits like Freedom , Opportunities and Well being . Development is the growth of mental consciousness not only in one direction but in multi direction spirit in knowledge , creativity , health , education and uses it for productive use of nation / society .

    When it comes to freedom , individuals speech and expression which was integral of fundamental rights will get boost up , as it supports global connectivity platform to raise his/her voice and mass awareness . Even technology deepening go hand in hand with accountability and transparent governance which are integral part of functioning of public governance system , Ex : RTI , Computerised performance audit systems . Freedom not only ends here it automatically entails the opportunity of individual . So , how opportunities get boosted by technological dependence ?

    Initial step as it will boost opportunity to think , opportunity to know , opportunity to fight and opportunity to involve , so called “Inclusiveness” . Opportunities like public employment on long term will get boost up , women empowerment reinforced through enhanced security , opportunities to fight against environmental degradation & pollution through research in renewable field , deal with Global warming , its not only opportunity to fight against environmental haphazards but also with terrorism which indirectly boost up life expectancy and human development on a whole .
    Similarly well being of human is sine qua non as far as dependence on technology is concerned in the fields of Health , security , disaster management , agriculture, financial & banking services .

    In the field of Health sector , research on vaccines ex : on ebola , AIDS , zika & rebooting pharma world , technology acts as a helping hand to disabled with the help of robotic hands , legs and other organs which make them equal to normal being in this competitive world . Use of nanotechnology in drug delivery services & nano medicine diagnostic technological services , 3D printed bio medical materials / organs , printing skin , embryonic stem cells through digital screening technologies were useful in the field of health which reinforces dependence of tech on health .

    Its not only ends here , but also helpful in security issues from terrorism , cyber terror , use of robo’s in terror wars , use of robotic drones to fight against extremist elements and helps in disaster management too with modernised GPS system , communication satellites , internet connection to every corner of country facilitates connectivity even in gruesome situations , project loon helps in this direction .

    However , financial and banking sector will get modernised and indirectly helps in financial inclusion through using mobile banking services , smart phone technology and beneficiary will be targeted and indirectly corruption menace will be removed . Not only inclusion in financial background but also in agri sector as it will reduce farmer suicides by implementing HYV varieties , monsoon prediction by satellite services , R&D in agro industry boosts productivity and development of farmers well being .

    Though the dependence on technology advances development of human , but few challenges like reduction in cognitive skills by over relying on technology , issues concerning ethicality and morality , lack of inter relationships in virtual world , effecting public employment in short term , lack of education and digital literacy in least developing and developing countries were matter of concern and should be dealt carefully by concerned national governments on prioritised manner .

    Its not only one way that dependence on technology will boosts human development , it has two way scenario that dependence on human development will also boosts technological advancement by recreation , enhancing research field , qualitative education and reducing brain drain .Over dependence on technology will advance human development until and unless creativity , control , compassion is in the hands of HUMANS and only humans .

    • Abhijeet B

      Very good attempt @Kirobo ..Initialization & conclusion are strong point of your essay….”Over dependence on technology will advance human development until and
      unless creativity , control , compassion is in the hands of HUMANS and
      only humans”-This sentence will make checker to think that its solely from ur wisdom & mind you had written .Overall very good
      Only one suggestion: I think you had written only one para on disadvantages of over-dependence of technology..you may add some more points there which will help to give sharp tone to ur writing.i think 60/125 for sure.

      • Kirobo

        Ya i too felt that abhijeet , need to put more emphasis on negatives too , but as mentioned in essay ” will ” advance human development , so more concentrated on that sentence 🙂 ..thanx for your review friend

      • Akhil

        Abhijit bro please review my essay as well.

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi nice attempt Intro was good . 2nd para was too nice and quite apt. But i think more negatives can be added. Overall nice essay. Review mine. ATB

      • Kirobo

        ya friend need to add more negatives .keep reviewing .
        a small request , will u please upload your papers in order

        • Eswar Sai

          Sorry kirobo i tried much on this and nearly waste 1 hour on arranging and copying but unable to add properly. I finished essay around 10 45 but uploaded on around 11 45. Don’t know how to upload again properly. Help me if you know.

        • Eswar Sai

          Kirobo now you can review mine i typed the same.

    • ThirdEye

      Good intro. later it was like listing points with too many examples. At the end it is back on track again. I feel some where coherence was missing in the middle. Just a suggestion again, acc to me, whenever we read any paragraph randomly in the middle of an essay, somewhere it needs to connect to the question back. dont take it in negative way, just my opinion again, neither I am good at it, will help going further i believe. Please review mine if possible. and keep writing 🙂

      • Kirobo

        True friend , i think this was one of my mistake even i made it in last year essay paper too , ended me in 70 marks 🙁 … keep reviewing

        • ThirdEye

          No problem dude. Can you review mine if possible 🙂

    • Hello Kirobo 😉
      Start was really good.

      What Human Development actually means is pretty good. 🙂
      But after that, you went in some other direction.
      While writing essays that too of 1200 marks we need to stick to the theme of the essay.
      Overdependence portion is very small.
      Conclusion needs improvement too.

      Hope you wont take this review in negative sense friend. 🙂

      • Kirobo

        Thnx yaar .. will try to improve that .. basically apt examples were taken , but they ride me into wrong direction i guess .. ya sure i will improve mine by next essay on insights mains test series 2016 ..: )

    • Mystique Rose

      hey kirobo

      i think overdependence was the main theme of the essay, you should construct your essay such that indirectly of directly they are connected to overdependence
      conclusion could have been much better
      writing was smooth

      pls review mine friend
      thank you

  • Avlokita Ashok

    with renaissance in the west in 14th century , there was enlightenment among the masses. They started questioning the nature around them including the church. Empirical observation , reason and humanism has given birth to scientific revolution which has changed the way the human race was thinking. It has changed the entire face of the west and the world as well. Technology has entered in every phase of human life , from morning until we sleep it has made our lives easy , simpler and more rational.It has made the world to shrink and it is connected to the whole outer world.But over dependence has created a whole lot of problems , for instance climate change , lifestyle diseases , evolution of super bugs , nuclear weapons . As the list of innovations is unending so does of its negative consequences. It can well be said that ‘ Technology makes a good servant but a bad master.
    Over dependence on technology has several economic , political , social and cultural problems. There has been a global trend that technology is replacing humans as machines are taking place of humans at workplace be it an artificially intelligent robot or machines replacing the labourr in factories. It disturbs social harmony and creates social unrest . There would be an increase in number of crimes , violence among the unemployed people. ” Empty mind is devil’s workshop ” is very apt here. There would be a greater need of law and order in such a scenario.
    Loss of livelihood leads to loss of purchasing power of the masses thereby hurting the overall economy. Also government would be compelled to provide necessity to these people as there has been a loss of social security to them. It would also result in an increase in unorganized labour market.The inequality would increase manifold as everybody cannot own means of production.Fiscal burden over the government would increase thereby making the whole economy imbalanced.
    Culturally there would be a loss as people while working together would have sharing of culture , values . There would be a loss to common shared culture.There has been a survey according to which people who are more involved in technology has been violent . For instance video games has increased level of violence among our children. People involved in social media are devoid of real human relations existing outside their virtual world.”
    It has been the case that technology has been a bad man but as with everything else ” Everything excess is bad “. It has made our lives and civilization what they are today. Rationality , humanism , liberty are some of the defining features of this technological world but so as climate change . There need to be caution that technology to be used in favour of human to advance the civilization and to make it more humane.As Albert Einstein has cautioned that ” I fear the day when technology overlaps with our humanity.The world will have only a generation of idiots”.

    • Your approach is best suited for GS paper.

      Essay mein you need to write more.
      Keep writing.

      See mine !

  • kamlaksh jha

    PLEASE REVIEW

    Over Dependence on Technology will advance Human development

    “WORLD NEEDS ONE-DAY A WEEK TECHNOLOGY STRIKE” – Limit-LESS to LIMITED Technology use. Humans are Emotional not Robot.

    Technology is the only source of Human Development as with the help of various innovation world is Developing day by day. As India is concerned India’s Start up initiative and Skill Development is directly related with technological factor which results in prosperity of the Nation. Technology is the collective bunch of skill, methods, techniques and process used in the method of production of Goods and Services. Technology helps to increase production with ease.

    Ancient Period:
    Earth is as old a 4.6 Billion years and life on earth exist as old as 3.8 Billion years. Human evolved from apes and with the help of technological factor it developed from primates to sapiens i.e what we called modern man. Human learned to light fire, weapons, Agricultural Techniques, Clothes. Wheel etc. These innovation’s source is Technology or these innovation is technology that they use.

    Modern Period:
    Now Human Technology reached to the phase where Human innovated Space Craft ,reached moon-mars etc. With the technology they are Studying History and predict future too.

    Right now Human beings are indulging too much in technology that they are ignoring the nature. As Every coin has two side So Technology is taking you to moon but again it’s also taking you far from your loving ones.

    21st Century: The Century of Innovation, Technology reached to the hand of almost one in every 3 person in the world. (Yes: Mobile Phone) and via Mobile phone Internet now people are connecting with world and the other side they are getting away from their family too.
    Earlier before the Internet Technology reached People were more emotionally attached with each other now with the one click touch connectivity they are started taking people granted and detaching themselves with present World and Connecting one with Digital World. Hence the ultimate outcome is “Depression”, “Obesity” etc etc.

    The above results are over-dependence on Technology which brings depression and bad-heath. Over-dependence also makes one feel insecure as we saw the worst impact of Technology innovation is Nuclear Attack in Japan.

    Now it is very important to detach oneself from over use of technology as people are getting so much attached to internet that they turned into bad health or frustrated if their Internet service provider signal fell down for more than 2 hours.

    Technology cannot reach its saturation until Human use it to its limit. It’s the time to Change the Habit of using whatsapp and Facebook to wish your relative in any festival and Birthday and Go and Visit to their place.

    Overuse of Technology or Over-dependence of Technology destroy Emotional that is the one difference between Human and Robot.

    • Mystique Rose

      hello jha ji

      your main focus looks like in dividing technology in different periods, which i think was not what essay asks.
      investing in that you used many words leaving less for other things
      anyway your essay was short
      dimensional diversity was lacking bro

      keep writing and please look at my essay and point the mistakes
      thank you

      • kamlaksh jha

        Thanks for your kind review.. This was my first Essay will try to get it on point from next onward..

  • Eswar Sai

    Good Morning friends
    The present 21st century can be termed as the CENTURY OF TECHNOLOGY. Right from a simple home maker to complex ISRO space mechanism everyone and everything is connected to technology either directly or indirectly. One cannot imagine a single day functioning without technology. Thus technology has penetrated into each and every walk of human life.

    Human Development can be seen as the advancement of human in their life in various aspects like social, economic, political, cultural to name a few. Human Development is required to reach newer heights in life and to achieve success in present day world.

    Now, the question that will be in our minds is How Technology and Human Developments are linked? If they are linked, then how are they linked? Whether positively or negatively?

    Let us channelise our discussion to find out the answers for the above. Technology has shown its footprints in various aspects of human development like:

    The social backwardness of the people like believing untouchability, practising the same, non – empowerment of women etc are on the decline trend in the present days because technologies like print media, social media, electricity reach etc made them aware of the world and bringing a step forward towards the world without these. Thus technology promoted the SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN.

    As we discussed above, technology not only developed socially but also made people to achieve economic, political advancement too.

    In previous centuries most people are confined to their caste occupations like pottery, carpentary, weaving etc without having diversified livelihood. But with the advancement of technology their production rate increased and allowed them to even shop their products through e-commerce applications. Thus contributed for the ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN.

    Along with the above, technology also helped in raising the political awareness of the leaders, masses and made political class to remember their responsibilities and made people to know their rights. Press often called as “Fourth Estate” contributed for the same Press is nothing but the by product of technology. Thus technology contributed to the advancement of Political aspect/awareness of human.

    Inter alia, technology made India to shine as a bright spot in the world of Space Technology, because of ISRO’s highly successful record.Recently ISRO’s launch of 20 satellites in a single launch, developing Reusable Launch vehicle etc., are testimony for the same.ISRO’s missions like GAGAN,IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System) shows how technology can be best utilized for the advancement of human.

    But the point to be noted here is It is the dependence of technology but not the Overdependence that contributed for the human development.

    Over dependence on technology will advance Human development for sure, but in the path of Negative development.

    Let us further discuss what is this negative development and its impacts?

    Today, the entire world is threatened by the evil Global Warming. Now, the question here is who made this evil? The obvious answer for the above is the over dependence of the technology.

    Right from the period of Industrialization in 17th century to the present 21st century, it is over dependence on technology that made the life of human miserable. Technological developments like the huge increase in the number of industries, factories etc lead to environmental damage releasing Green house gases like No2, SO2, CO etc thus contributing for the global warming. This over dependence also harmed the health and well being of the people in the long run.

    What is the greatest/biggest threat beacuse of Over dependence?

    The answer for the above may be different for different people. But the voiced answer is “Artificial Intelligence (AI)”

    Technology is a useful servant but a bad master:

    The above statement exactly fits in the case of AI. Because AI is in simple words, giving thinking, reacting to external surroundings capacity to the machines like Robots. Once if Intelligence is extensively injected artificially into the machines, they might even threaten the survival of human. It is said that the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of human race.

    Apart from the above, the negative marks of over dependence on technology is also affecting the social life of the people. People often used to engage not by physical means but through technological means like Social media(Whatsapp, Facebook, Twitter etc)thus effecting the normal relations.

    The technological advancement have security concerns even at the National level too. According to Kaspersky lab report, India is on the top 5 list of countries with high risk of Cyber threat. Recently it is believed that Chinese hackers tried to hack the higher officials information. Hence India initiated Cyber Agency at the national level. This can be a pro-active step to prevent further future attacks through technological advancement and to deal with the same.

    So, to conclude we can say the balance between the dependence and over dependence on technology shall be well maintained because we cannot go back to era without technology, as dependence has many positives.

    Over dependence on technology will advance Human Development in a negative direction but dependence can ensure the same in a positive direction. Therefore dependence should be the way forward for the overall human development, hence the society, hence the Nation.

    • Eswar Sai

      Sorry for the improper order

      • Abhijeet B

        sorry @eswar_sai:disqus…I’m not able to see any of ur pages clearly ..better you must type here itself..waiting

        • Eswar Sai

          Thanks for waiting bro, will type

        • Eswar Sai

          Hi bro can review now.Thanks

      • Aastha Sharma

        hey u can edit the image before uploading…just brighten it a bit and add some contrast..it will be easy for readers to go through.. writing little big can also be an option 🙂

        • Eswar Sai

          Thanks aastha Sharma, will try next time, yes i have short writing, I will write try writing big. Thanks for the help.

    • Abhijeet B

      Very good attempt bro……Introduction is sweet & simple…..You covered most aspects….One suggestion-If you can add Economy & governance pt of view then it will definitely fetch good marks to you…i think 60/125…you can go upto 75/125 if practiced & improved

      • Eswar Sai

        Thanks abhijeet for the positive effort by you. Thanks for the suggestion bro. Will try on that.

    • Kirobo

      nice one friend .. u mentioned political, social, economic, etc that’s good.
      but from first para to second para use some connectors friend
      in negatives only u had pointed on environment , u can include depression and stress related problems, obesity , unemployment ( especially for handloom sector, etc )brain drain , un ethical issues , cyber terrorism , women suicides due to photo morphings etc and some unique points will awe the evaluator.
      over all good one 2.8/5

      • Eswar Sai

        Thanks for the review, i think in negatives in wrote about cyber security too. Thanks for the value addition and rating friend.

        • Kirobo

          sorry yaar i missed . nice one

    • Shefali

      Every aspect of technology was touched a bit. Clear sentences. I felt that human development aspect was a little overshadowed. Overall i liked reading it. 🙂

      • Eswar Sai

        Thank you just tried to balance both. Thanks

    • Eco-friendly

      Bro u have good points and dimensions but presentation needs improvement. Like u have asked many questions in between which is not apt for essay. It is like u r telling a story. All the best.

      • Eswar Sai

        Thanks eco-friendly will improve.

    • Ankit

      great essay eswar….covered various aspects try to inlcude more recent schemes in ur answer ….ur score 65/125 according to me…pl review mine too:)

    • Ankit

      great essay eswar….covered various aspects try to inlcude more recent schemes in ur answer ….ur score 65/125 according to me…pl review mine too:)

      • Eswar Sai

        Thanks ankit will review after 9 pm definitely now preparing optional KWAR.

    • Akash

      Overall a good essay. Just add some more points like bio tech to make it holistic. Little work on flow is required. First you wrote about Geenhouse gases, then the biggest danger of AI then social behavior and then again cyber security. AI and Cyber security if they could come together would be good.

      • Eswar Sai

        Actually i wanted to write both AI and Cyber security as great threats, but while writing on paper missed the point of cyber security, hence again wrote the same, thanks for pointing and review akash.

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hi.. fee points

      1. Don’t keep the intro so simple. Be more direct over the issue rather than definitions … It seemed like we used to have a starting point while debating.
      2. Maintain a good chronology, you have undoubtedly covered many spheres but you went back and forth which gives an image of indecisiveness.
      3. Abrupt conclusion
      4. In an essay we are actually already analysing things so you don’t need to mention , that let’s discuss it- gave it an editorial sort of shape. Don’t add Paparazzi but add intellect.
      5. Work on conclusion, it need to be impactful as marks are given only just after reading conclusion 😛

      Very well done over all..
      Word limit was good.

      Sorry for being harsh.
      But only that helps us in improvements.
      Keep up the good work 🙂

    • TDP abhimani

      bro gud essay……..nenu ee essay lo chala points miss chesanu bro……but u covered it…..really good one………but conclusion can be improved…….nenu kuda eroju essay lo conclusion sarigga ivvaledu……..review mine if possible……..anyways

      • TDP abhimani

        65/125

        • Eswar Sai

          Thanks anna will review.

    • ESWAR

      Sai. Very good essay. You have included many features. Analysis on over dependence part is partly done . Work on sentence formation. I have written essay and post it by afternoon please review.

  • Shefali

    Sakshi belongs to a village in UP. Her father is a small farmer. Her monther helps her father in the field. Sakshi has a yonger brother. Sakshi is a bright student and recently finished her graduation from a university. She started working in a company nearby her home. Also her brother wanted to pursue engineering. But due to paucity of financial means he is unable to go to the town and seek coaching for entrance test. Sakshi buys him a smartphone so that he can study without going out of the village.

    Technology is a revolutionary means to develop our country. Had there been no technology, sakshi’s brother would have given up on this career choice. Human development is possible because technology is providing the means to develop.

    Ancient India was oblivious to the term ‘technology’. Mobile phones, laptops, super computers and a number of mechanical tools were not discovered at that time. But still ancient India was no less in architecture, art, building. The only tool they had was brain. Though humankind progressed at a very rapid pace.

    Today we can’t imagine our lives without machinery. Even a tiny needle serves a purpose. If you start counting the number of times you used a technology in a day, you are sure get baffled by the amount of technology we are surrounded with. There is no denying that human development is all because of this technology. Humans landed on moon all because of technology. Satellites have united different parts of the world. If we want an answer, we just google it. A little smart phone in your hand can do a number of things which our human mind cannot perform in a click. Connectivity has increased manifold. No one can deny the importance of technology for human development.

    The only thing that lags behind when we overuse technology is our individual and intellectual approach to a problem. Whenever a problem surfaces we start thinking of whom to ask. We lose our thinking capacity. Soon we become reluctant to change this habit of ours. We start considering whatever has been served to us through technology as the ultimate truth.

    There was a brain behind all this technology. Somebody’s intellect is behind every technology. S. Ramanujan, the man who rarely used a calculator derived the ultimate formula in the field of mathematics which is now being used to study black hole.

    In reality, technology has made our tasks more complex. Overuse of it has cripped our minds. With every technology there comes a social cost which we have to bear. Harmful radiations from telecommunication towers, satellites have a very dangerous effect on human health. Notorious gases get trapped in atmosphere thus killing birds and suffocating humans. Rising cancer cases are a result of harmful radiations. Overuse of technology is harmaful to human development both ways.

    Humans must unleash the power of their brains. Technology has the power to develop humans but it can also make them their slaves. It’s upon us we want to be the masters or not.

    • Ankit

      Ancient India was oblivious to technology?

      With the government pushing the agenda that ancient India had superior technologies you should refrain from using such lines. You never know what ideology the evaluator follows.

      • warrior_pandit

        Ankit, please review mine as well! I will review yours! Thanks 🙂

        • Please review mine too 😛

          • KAJALPREET

            Review mine plz

      • Shefali

        Right. I chose wrong words. Thank you for reviewing.

    • Hello Shefali 🙂
      Start with a story is always good 🙂
      Short sentences, easy reading. 🙂 good job
      Bring in more variety and dimensions, how technology has impacted human life in a negative way?
      Overdependence part is not sufficient.
      Concluding lines are good.
      Write more, your essay is too short.
      Please review mine too.

      • Shefali

        Valuable reply. I will work on it

      • KAJALPREET

        Review mine plz

    • Eswar Sai

      Nice essay with good intro. Ramanujan example adds value but you can justify more. Less focus on negatives and i think words are also less which can be enhanced. Review mine ATB.

      • Shefali

        Yes eswar sai, you are right. i will improve it.

    • warrior_pandit

      Hi! your introduction was really good. You conveyed the importance of technology in our day to day life well. But, why limit definition of tech. to smart phones and laptops? It includes so many things….Wheel, fire, iron, they are also technological advancements. KWAR! Kindly review mine thnks! 🙂

      • Shefali

        Hey initially i thought of adding all this, but then deleted thinking its too broad and i can go against the main theme. Thanks for review

    • Ankit

      it’s time to review my essay Shefali ji:)

    • Mystique Rose

      hi shefali,

      i dont know what you were thinking when you said ancient indians were oblivious, may be you wanted to say something else, i cannot say. but use terminology very carefully, it can deduct marks in an instant.

      it is a short essay. u must write different dimensions to fetch more marks.
      conclusion could hve been much better.
      good start through a story.

      thank you and please review mine.
      cheers !

    • awaneesh

      good essay.review mine

  • KINDLY REVIEW! 🙂

    ROUGH DRAFT
    Introduction – Relation between Humans and technology.

    How technology has benefitted Humans?

    *Medicine and health care

    *Education

    *Communication

    *Agriculture

    *Economy

    Dependence on Technology will advance HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

    What exactly is Human Development?

    Overdependence will NOT advance Human Development

    Impacts of Over dependence

    conclusion.

    FAIR WORK

    Human beings have been blessed with the ability to think, use their mind for a reason. And with their skills and abilities, they have successfully managed to convert the “gifts of nature” as “resources”. Resources that can benefit living beings, that can create a better world. These resources enabled humans to strive to invent and through this ability, humans have developed society and made technological inventions.

    And since then, technology has been present in every possible sphere. The way we think, the way we live, the way we communicate, the way we travel, the way we learn, every possible thing has been changed due to technological advancements. It has simplified the way we do things.

    Due to technological advancements health care facilities have improved and doctors have been successful in saving innocent lives. Now, most challenging diseases can be cured with the development of new drugs and health care facilities. Technology has prolonged the human life span.

    Technology has entered the education sector as well. Now students get a friendly environment to learn, the reach of teachers to their students have simplified. Learning through smart classes have made long lectures interesting and fun filled. Use of internet for distant learning, use of smart whiteboards for visual illustrations have all been possible due to technological advancements.

    Communication technology has changed over the years and has only become better. It has made communication easier, smoother and faster. From fixed landlines to cordless phones to smart phones, communication has come a long way. Now we can even see the people we are talking with, on our phones. Thanks to science and technology.

    Technological advancements in agriculture have been of great importance in developing world. Automated water sprinklers, genetically produced plants, agricultural machinery have benefited the world in feeding the population.

    Technology has been of great importance in the economic development of a nation. Effective and efficient utilization of natural resources, increase in the speed of production, better quality of products, better efficiency of labour, has all been due to technological advancements in.

    Science and technology finds its place in almost every possible sector and this has facilitated the economic growth of a nation. Technological inventions and advancements have made human life easier and simpler. It has brought the world closer with the expansion of internet. Technology has made humans to do what once looked impossible. The development of self driving cars is one example.

    Dependence on technology has made humans more knowledgeable and hence more wiser. People are now leading a more informed life. With better quality education, fast communication, smooth transportation, technology has advanced human development.

    But it is to be realised that Human development is not just technological advancements. It is much more than just that. Technology is just a small part which facilities human development. Human development is about socio-economic equality, a society where haves and have nots stand on the same platform. Where people get equal opportunities and everybody is fair and just with one another. when people do not have to compromise on ethical standards, this is the real Human Development.

    As cleared earlier, human development can be facilitated to a great extent by technology. But “overdependence” over anything , be it on technology shows its negative influence.

    Dependence on technology on one hand has made our work faster and simpler. On the other it has made us impatient. We want quick downloads of our files, we want people to immediately receive our calls. On one hand technology has contracted the world and on other has left us with no time to spend with our loved ones.

    As stated earlier, that humans are the only ones who are blessed with brains to think and invent. These inventions have also led to competition between countries for weapon engineering. Countries compete for the development of new warfare and spend huge money on developing weapons rather than improving the quality of life of their own people. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki clearly show the disastrous effects, that technology can have on humanity.

    Technology has made people lethargic, their dependence over phones, internet have added mental stress, obesity, depression in their accounts. And not just that, though technological innovations are touching sky, but their impacts can be seen clearly in the degradation of nature. Global warming, climate change, melting of glaciers, increased sea level, ozone depletion have been mainly due to overdependence on technology.

    Thus in order to create a balance between technology and human development, humans need to become careful and wise. They need to understand that technology can be a good slave but a bad master. When technology put in for best use, it further lays foundation for more innovations and betterment of mankind and when used negatively it can create havoc in the humanity.

    • White Walker

      Nice Attempt. Various dimensions have been covered. Please keep writing.

    • Ankit

      Satisfies the requirement of the topic 🙂

      BU this is where it ends NT!

      it’s too simple and plain. You need to find something to make it more appealing rather than a plain read. If you want to touch 140 then there has to be something extraordinary about your essay. Quotes, examples something that strikes the reader.

      I hope this helps you 🙂

      • Hi Ankit,
        200% correct
        I’m going to by heart a few quotes in this week so that the next sunday, I can incorporate them
        I wrote this one mainly because I have not written a single essay for the last 3 months. I wanted to get back on track.
        I agree with you and NT will bounce back. 😛 😛

        • Ankit

          Don’t need to mug them by heart. When you see the topic search for relevant quotes and use them. Hume kaunsa kal exam dena hai jo aj ratta mare 😛 till the time of exam you’ll have some relevant quotes according to the topic. Before the exam u can rattofy a few general quotes.

          • Akhil

            Hey ankit bhai please review mine. I’ll review urs

            • Ankit

              I’ll review yours in the evening if u don’t mind. Have to care for the optional as well 😛

          • saba

            Review mine also plz

      • the green bird

        Hi!
        Can you review mine as well?

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi nice essay proper pros and cons with a balanced approach and nice conclusion too. Review mine too. ATB

      • saba

        Plz review mine also

      • saba

        Plz review mine also

      • saba

        Plz review mine also

      • Ankit

        please review mine eswar…your comments help me improve…please provide marks too…reviewing ur..:)

    • Kirobo

      -> We created “ them” now they are creating us .. this message was reached perfectly in initial para’s
      -> No comments on dimension’s , as u covered widely , expected some current examples HYV , Farmer suicides , 3D printing , Nano tech .
      -> “ Overdependence “ over anything is harmful , you used this in right time , very good .
      stress , obesity , depression , sleep disorders were crucial and nicely pointed out here , where i missed 🙁
      overall simple and sweet .. keep writing , expecting review frm your side ; )

      • Hey Kirobo, thanks. 🙂
        I’m on my way to review 🙂

    • Abhijeet B

      @night_thinker:disqus Satisfies what topic demands but some suggestions from my sides
      1. Too many paragraphs of 2-3 lines.It throws bad impression.Reduce them or club them together
      2.To fetch more than 60+ marks out of 125, you have to put some relevant examples in support of your claims at probably each & every paragraph.Some quotes are always welcome(but remember it should be relevant ,unnecessary & irrelevant quotes cuts ur marks)
      3.Somewhere bring logical flow to your overall essay.You may ask how?-Just read your essay 3-4 times w/o knowing that it had been written by you.You automatically found your disconnections.etc.
      I think present writing-50/125..but with incorporation of above suggestions you can reach to 65-70/125 for sure.

      • Hey thanks for the review 🙂
        1. I dont agree on this. Long paragraphs are boring and difficult to read. 🙂
        2. Agreed
        3. I’ll do that and then only will be able to say. 🙂
        Thank you

        • Tyrant

          Long paragraphs are indeed boring.But we should remember that we are writing an essay paper and not a GS answer.In my opinion one or at max two will do fine.

        • abhinav

          hi Night Thinker!
          nice essay! really enjoy when i read…..some more points add…like “WOMEN EMPOWERMENT,CHILD SEX RATIO,IRRIGATION,OIL&GAS SECTOR,SAIL GAS……&PLZ ADD SOME QUOTES!!
          THANK YOU!

      • I am the best

        Pls review mine.

      • Prerna saxena

        plz review mine..

      • Buddha

        please review mine as well sir 🙂

      • Buddha

        please review mine as well sir 🙂

        • Abhijeet B

          Reviewed..check my comment

      • Distinction

        Bro ,your review looks meticulous.Please do the honour of reviewing mine.Will be of great help.Will try to improve.
        Thnkx in advance
        Awaiting.
        Regards.

        • Abhijeet B

          Done.Check comment

          • Distinction

            Got it.Thankx a heap.Will try to incorporate those points.

            Regrads.

        • Abhijeet B

          Done.See comment

    • mission 2016

      EXAMPLES WITH EACH DEVELOPMENT TO MAKE IT EASY TO UNDERSTAND.. HOW MANY WORDS .. U COULD HAVE TOUCHE BIODIVERSITY THREAD DUE TO OVER DEPENDENCE..

      • about 800 words. thank you

        • mission 2016

          have a look on mine

          • Have saved the pages, I’ll review tomorrow with a fresh mind. 🙂

    • KAJALPREET

      Very well written simran,,,, many areas with good examples,,,, overdependence implication is awsm,,,,
      M little diverted in my ques,, put emphasis on over dependence,,, as not think abt u,,,

    • chuk

      Good essay.But you could have covered more dimensions. As somebody mentioned earlier about the hyv, 3D printing etc you could have added these points.More over you could discuss about how technology evolved and how it advanced human life..like wheel..later chariots..now cars..this is just an example..there are many areas in which you discuss wrt HD index..how technology helps you to improve the parameters of Human development..and the topic is on a positive note. So you should focus more on how it helps in advancing HD. Still you could certainly discuss its negative impacts but that should occupy only a small proportion. However,a very good essay.Keep writing.

    • warrior_pandit

      Hi! Your essay fulfils the requirement of the topic. Try clubbing the points together. Eg: If u r talking about economy then try add other dimensions as well. This will provide continuity to your essay! 🙂

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey improve on following.
      1. Bigger and better concised paragraph, too much detailing has been carried out wrt use of technology in ever field
      2. Nicely covered the development part but be more technci and direct over it.
      3. Conclusion coukd have been better and more positive, going by the title we mist end on a positive and decisive note.
      4.you tried to take every possible technology-driven sphere into account, whole here, the techno-human interaction and its effects on human behavior was more reqd. I guess.

      After reading yours i realised i somewhere commietted the same mistake.
      Do review mine. 🙂

      Keep up the good work girl :).👍

      • Invictus

        please take out sm tym n review my essay too.
        its my first so a lot of criticism expected. thank you.

        Technology as is clearly witnessed through years has never failed to astonish human mind and therefore there is always a scope of more and more research and upgradation in every field.The invention of fire and wheel in prehistoric era was probably the very first instance of significant technological development.Since then men have always tried to use technology in every spheres of life.
        Application of technology has no bound over the areas it can cover.The work which seemed an uphill task 50 years ago is now quite accessible easily.Thanks to technology I guess! With due time it has greatly advocated the brilliance of human mind in numerous ways ,one of the most prime invention being that of an aeroplane by Wright brothers,which further made it possible for human beings to even go in space or the invention of electricity which was a major turnaround for human life .
        Considering the present day advantages of technology ,the list could be unending,but a few prominent spheres can be summarized in areas of agriculture,healthcare,infrastructure,communication,defence etc.
        In the field of agriculture,the introduction of new irrigation and water harvesting techniques which would enable justiciable use of water for farmland.Modern agricultural machineries which can do better ploughing in lesser time, thus giving option to the farmers to quickly produce more and more crops.The latest usage of technology came in form of GM and hybrid seeds,which are highly productive at the same time resistant to various ill effects(like drought ,chemicals etc.)
        Healthcare facilities have increased multifold in recent years.Effective use of specified drugs have increased the average human life.Fatal diseases which seemed incurable in past and lead to epidemics are now been eradicated with a doze of proper drugs.Also techniques like replacing a defected body organ with a healthy one has saved millions of life.
        Another important aspect is in the field of infrastructure.Living in a civilized and modern scenario it is profound to have a proper infrastructure for smooth flow of work.This also creates employment and help to raise people’s income.
        Communication,is probably one of the best result of modern technological advancement.Invention of telephone by Bell in 19th century turned out to be revolutionary for humans.Interaction with people took various leaps and turns and now we live in an era of information technology and internet where not only one can talk to people across the globe but can also see them in their cellphones or such devices.Not only this but also astronauts from far away distances from earth can send their messages to people on earth.It has turned communication in this huge world,easily accessible .People are getting more aware of their surroundings and their right to react to any unjustice done anywhere in the world .This brings people from different origins much close.Farmers and laborers have now more access to government schemes and beneficiary funds.
        Talking of Space,one must not forget the words of Niel Armstrong,”One small step,one giant leap for mankind” ,which has now moved on to probes being sent to farthest of planets and galaxies and also manned mission being planned to send to other planets in search of life or its traces.
        Education which is the mother of all inventions is itself being advanced by use of technology.Days are long gone when people had to mug up books to grasp even the slightest things.Today there is a very wide option of books and resources available for every single topic at just a click .With the advent of internet and use of smart classes students all over the world can share their ideas more adequately and also get proper reviews of their own work.
        In the modern day race of becoming the superpower in the world there is always a risk of war and attacks.Thus the use of suitable defence mechanism is as important as the development of the country as a whole.Technological advancement has provided us with both ‘spear and shield’ in our hands and it is upto us on how do we use it.
        Talking about few of the negative aspect of over-utilization of technology-
        In the field of healthcare, sex-determination of the unborn child which leads to infanticide in few of the developing countries, Illegal experimentation on animals and humans too secretly in few countries ,adulteration of drugs leads to more damage to health.
        Manufacturing sector has seen a upsurge of use of robots and modern technology to a large extent which on one hand has led to better n quick production but also on the other hand has resulted in cutting of manual jobs thus,increasing unemployment in this sector.
        For getting better result farmers use more and more of modern machinery and scientifically grown seeds which Is seen by some as an interference with nature.Use of excess fertilizers and insecticides results in degradation of soil and also water bodies.
        Internet,though is extremely useful but sometimes it leads to leakage of private information of any individual or an organization which can further hamper its condition.Also false remarks and statement by few people may result in violence and agitations just by sending a message on any web portal.
        People have started spending so much time on internet or on their cellphones that they are virually cutoff from the social world. Lack of physical work and sitting continuously staring at laptops and mobile screens has resulted in various health issues.
        With the use of technology in modern warfare,it takes very little time and just a push of button to strike any place and kill hundreds of people,which is being effectively used by terrorist groups.
        Thus ,we can conclude that no doubt,technology has improved our life in every aspect of life and it is quite impossible to imagine a life without these advances . but at the same time one must bear in mind the negative aspects of the overuse and overdependency on technology on our daily life and also the society as a whole which certainly will not advance human for better.As stated by novelist C.P.Snow. ““Technology is a queer thing. It brings you gifts with one hand, and stabs you in the back with the other.”
        Justified use of this modern instrument will lead to a more developed and prosperous world and excess use might lead to far more worst consequences.

        • Tanu Singhal

          Hey.
          Few points
          1 no use of I ever. You don’t have give personalised opinikn but analysis and proper arguments.
          2.the flow is not right.. you have arranged things in a haphazzard manned.. and have give. Too much importance on technology and importance..
          Eg. Agriculture has been mentioned time and again..
          3. Too much focus on importance of technology.. bring the human interaction more closer.. and focus more on chronology.
          4. Conclusion is really nice.. try to elaborate it a bit.

          Good going for first timer.
          Do review mine as well. 🙂

          Happy writing. !

          • Invictus

            Thank you..dat I thing wil ignore next time
            Urs is nice..keep it up

            • Tanu Singhal

              I agree the ink pen , spoiled things a bit , today..
              Will choose better pen next time

              And thanks.

      • Invictus

        please take out sm tym n review my essay too.
        its my first so a lot of criticism expected. thank you.

        Technology as is clearly witnessed through years has never failed to astonish human mind and therefore there is always a scope of more and more research and upgradation in every field.The invention of fire and wheel in prehistoric era was probably the very first instance of significant technological development.Since then men have always tried to use technology in every spheres of life.
        Application of technology has no bound over the areas it can cover.The work which seemed an uphill task 50 years ago is now quite accessible easily.Thanks to technology I guess! With due time it has greatly advocated the brilliance of human mind in numerous ways ,one of the most prime invention being that of an aeroplane by Wright brothers,which further made it possible for human beings to even go in space or the invention of electricity which was a major turnaround for human life .
        Considering the present day advantages of technology ,the list could be unending,but a few prominent spheres can be summarized in areas of agriculture,healthcare,infrastructure,communication,defence etc.
        In the field of agriculture,the introduction of new irrigation and water harvesting techniques which would enable justiciable use of water for farmland.Modern agricultural machineries which can do better ploughing in lesser time, thus giving option to the farmers to quickly produce more and more crops.The latest usage of technology came in form of GM and hybrid seeds,which are highly productive at the same time resistant to various ill effects(like drought ,chemicals etc.)
        Healthcare facilities have increased multifold in recent years.Effective use of specified drugs have increased the average human life.Fatal diseases which seemed incurable in past and lead to epidemics are now been eradicated with a doze of proper drugs.Also techniques like replacing a defected body organ with a healthy one has saved millions of life.
        Another important aspect is in the field of infrastructure.Living in a civilized and modern scenario it is profound to have a proper infrastructure for smooth flow of work.This also creates employment and help to raise people’s income.
        Communication,is probably one of the best result of modern technological advancement.Invention of telephone by Bell in 19th century turned out to be revolutionary for humans.Interaction with people took various leaps and turns and now we live in an era of information technology and internet where not only one can talk to people across the globe but can also see them in their cellphones or such devices.Not only this but also astronauts from far away distances from earth can send their messages to people on earth.It has turned communication in this huge world,easily accessible .People are getting more aware of their surroundings and their right to react to any unjustice done anywhere in the world .This brings people from different origins much close.Farmers and laborers have now more access to government schemes and beneficiary funds.
        Talking of Space,one must not forget the words of Niel Armstrong,”One small step,one giant leap for mankind” ,which has now moved on to probes being sent to farthest of planets and galaxies and also manned mission being planned to send to other planets in search of life or its traces.
        Education which is the mother of all inventions is itself being advanced by use of technology.Days are long gone when people had to mug up books to grasp even the slightest things.Today there is a very wide option of books and resources available for every single topic at just a click .With the advent of internet and use of smart classes students all over the world can share their ideas more adequately and also get proper reviews of their own work.
        In the modern day race of becoming the superpower in the world there is always a risk of war and attacks.Thus the use of suitable defence mechanism is as important as the development of the country as a whole.Technological advancement has provided us with both ‘spear and shield’ in our hands and it is upto us on how do we use it.
        Talking about few of the negative aspect of over-utilization of technology-
        In the field of healthcare, sex-determination of the unborn child which leads to infanticide in few of the developing countries, Illegal experimentation on animals and humans too secretly in few countries ,adulteration of drugs leads to more damage to health.
        Manufacturing sector has seen a upsurge of use of robots and modern technology to a large extent which on one hand has led to better n quick production but also on the other hand has resulted in cutting of manual jobs thus,increasing unemployment in this sector.
        For getting better result farmers use more and more of modern machinery and scientifically grown seeds which Is seen by some as an interference with nature.Use of excess fertilizers and insecticides results in degradation of soil and also water bodies.
        Internet,though is extremely useful but sometimes it leads to leakage of private information of any individual or an organization which can further hamper its condition.Also false remarks and statement by few people may result in violence and agitations just by sending a message on any web portal.
        People have started spending so much time on internet or on their cellphones that they are virually cutoff from the social world. Lack of physical work and sitting continuously staring at laptops and mobile screens has resulted in various health issues.
        With the use of technology in modern warfare,it takes very little time and just a push of button to strike any place and kill hundreds of people,which is being effectively used by terrorist groups.
        Thus ,we can conclude that no doubt,technology has improved our life in every aspect of life and it is quite impossible to imagine a life without these advances . but at the same time one must bear in mind the negative aspects of the overuse and overdependency on technology on our daily life and also the society as a whole which certainly will not advance human for better.As stated by novelist C.P.Snow. ““Technology is a queer thing. It brings you gifts with one hand, and stabs you in the back with the other.”
        Justified use of this modern instrument will lead to a more developed and prosperous world and excess use might lead to far more worst consequences.

      • saba

        Kindly review mine also asnits my first essay

        • Tanu Singhal

          Will definitely do

          Pls review mine in the mean time

      • Hi Tanu 🙂
        Thanks for the review and I’ll surely work upon your suggestions.
        I have saved your essay, and the first thing I’ll be doing tomorrow, will be to read your essay.
        I’m sure, it will be amazing! 🙂

        • Tanu Singhal

          I hope so

          After reading essays today, I have become better at criticising :D, and m surely going to inculcate soo much next week.

    • Sharief

      nice essay, covered most of the details related to the topic…
      few more dimensions –
      -Effects of tech on sex determination, lowering sex ratio + increased radiation around us due to revolution in telecom sector, disappearance of sparrows around us – is an indicator
      -Tech on women safety – ex: HIMMAT app
      -Tech on simplifying medical equipments, making it more affordable, ex – getting x-ray tests, MRI etc has become very easy. But too much of tests has negative effects on health in long term
      -Today’s Hindu paper has one article, wherein a mobile app costing few hundred euros can be used to detect eye diseases and health of optic nerves. This can replace the heavy medical devices and be helpful to provide treatment to far away tribals in poor african countries
      -Example of Robotics in medical healthcare – to provide target specific cure in cancer etc

      You could also mention few hot topics like Internet-of-Things, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data etc in the essay…

      🙂

      • saba

        Plz review mine

      • I am the best

        I really liked your last point about IOT and AI shows presence of mind. Pls review my essay too.

      • the green bird

        Would you please review mine?

        • Sharief

          sorry out of time…

      • Sumit

        nice addition of technology applications in real life !

      • Hello friend 🙂
        Excellent review and excellent points. 🙂

      • Distinction

        Please review.new to essays.

        • Sharief

          sorry out of time 🙁

    • bakir malik

      Points are very good but the tone i think is missing. it flows like an answer and should be like an essay. I think intro needs to be more refined as it does not indicate the thesis clearly which you state. you support development and not over-dependence.intro talks about development not negating over-dependence.
      But it is good and tone will come with more writing.

      • saba

        Plz review mine also as it’s my first essay if u get tym

    • Aisa lag raha jaise point wise tumne likha hai.
      Sudden jumps ! See if i am right.

      Content is there. Good.

    • Shefali

      Nicely written. Not so heavy on mind. easy to read and grasp the main point. Well mentioned importance of technology. 🙂

    • Harsh (Learning Unlimited!!!)

      Well written Night thinker …..

      2nd half & conclusion is much better…

      • Ankit

        I need a review please 🙂

        • Ash

          Ankit would you please review mine! 🙂

          • Ankit

            I will definitely. But i need time. Have to review the optional.

    • Eco-friendly

      Hii Simran
      You have written a good essay but somewhere i am not satisfied (because i am expecting better)-
      1) You have emphasized more on benefits of technology but here keyword is overdependence- It would be better if you club those paras and write them in short.
      2) In second part you have given some good examples (impatient, nuclear bomb, environment)
      3) Conclusion pe thoda jaldi aa gye….you can add some more before concluding. BTW conclusion is nice.

      Please find time to review.

      • Ankit

        Eco ji please review mine if u get time.

    • Mystique Rose

      hello simran,

      – i could not find fault with your content, whatever you wrote is correct.
      – but i dont know, according to what i thought in my essay, there is more to given in essay than just black and white.
      – you consumed many paragraphs just to highlight benefits of technology. and then paras on negatives of technology.
      – they are correct per se, but essay needs much more than that, a little more depth may be.

      please review mine, may be i am wrong in interpreting correctly. your review will help me
      thank you for your suggestion on scanner thing, it is great.
      KWAR

      • Ash

        Hey G with a full stop! 🙂

        would you plz find time and review mine! 🙂

      • Hi G. (got to know your name is Karan 🙂 🙂
        Thanks for the review 🙂
        I couldn’t get black white thing properly 🙁
        I hope when I read your essay, my doubt will get cleared.
        I’ll review yours tomorrow.
        Pakka.

        • X.

          sure !!

    • Ankit

      Review mine now 😀

    • backbencher

      @night thinker
      I feel essay had demanded “over dependence ” which is not adressed in the essay .
      Pls correct me if wrong

    • Abyss

      i am sorry for the comment here but either we think alike or the topic is too predictable? not just the structure but the sequencing of your paragraphs echoes mine. its quite amazing to realize the topic can bring out identical essays!
      needless to say since it echoes mine so i wont have more comments to review but quite astonished for sure!
      keep writing, its a good piece!

      • Ash

        Hey Abyss! 🙂
        Cud u plz review mine! 🙂

      • saba

        Review mine also if tym permit becoz its my first essay

        • Abyss

          il definitely try but since i work so mught be a stretched target for me…

    • Ash

      Hey Night Thinker! 🙂

      I remember promising you a review before Prelims but faltered so was waiting for your essay last time to deliver on my commitment… but you didnt write I guess…
      Anyways to the review ..

      1. No Wow elements as such.. Pardon me on this one.. I really look for those.. all this is quite conventional and anyone would write .., try taking stands! 🙂
      2. Your essay looks more on Technology and less on dependence with growth… towards the end you’ve done that … and you’ve done that well …

      Basically you’ve gone like tech – what does it do for nation , health , communication.. it is like one argument and to substantiate 5 examples and usually it shud b like one argument, to substantiate 2 exs and the talent of the writer lies in beautifully countering the argument! 🙂

      3. When technology put in for best use, it further lays foundation for more innovations and betterment of mankind and when used negatively it can create havoc in the humanity. —- add something to it… it is not looking like a good conclusion! 🙂

      I review critically so plz bear with me! 🙂

      If you find time plz review mine.,. I have a lil different stand! KWAR Girlie ! 🙂

      • the green bird

        Hi Ash!
        Can you please review mine as well?
        TIA 🙂

        • Ash

          Plz gimme some time.. I have a lot of requests!

          • the green bird

            Sure 🙂

      • Ankit

        hi ash, u give quite good analysis on essay topics…only critical analysis can help one to improve…please take some time as well to review my essay…thanks a ton in advance…(please give me marks after reviewing) 🙂

      • Rimi cse

        Very good…..when u will appear for upsc….?

        • Nitish

          Mera nme Nitish h aur m v upsc ki preparation kr rha hu but mujhe kuch smjh m ni arha h kyoki mera medium Hindi h aur sbhi chiz English m hi shi lg rhi h mujhko.aati to h English but utni achi ni h smjh jata hu but write ni kr pata hu ache se.aur jo dusri problem h ki m kaun sa note kia kru answer jo aap log discuss m krte h.to plz req h ki mujhe v guide kre plz

          • Ant-Man

            Bhai pehli baat to Hindi me bhi agar karna hai to bhi theek hai lekin mere kuch apne vichar hain
            english aap seekh jayenge agar news paper padhe sath me dictionary rakhe
            seedhe seedhe likhna nahi hoga thoda samaya de, doosro ko dekhe phir likhen

            English me sari cheeje ati sulabh hain aur agar ias/ifs/ips ban bhi gaye phir bhi angreji to aani hi chahiye

            mere hisab se angreji me hi tyari suru karen

            dhanyawad

            • Nitish

              Bhut bhut dhnywad plz aap mujhe Tim time se guide kia kijiye

              • Ant-Man

                For sure

          • NANDINI R

            hi NItish. tum jis madhyam me sahaj ho usi me taiyari karo. phle dusre uttar dekho sikho kaise likhna hai kya likhna hai phir likhna suru karo. nirdeshan ke lie online kafi sari samagri uplabdha hai. koi or swal ho to mail kar sakte ho 2048pooja@gmail.com. 🙂

            • Nitish

              Bhut bhut dhnywad aap plz aise hi Tim Tim p thoda guide kia kijiye plz

        • Ash

          I wrote the Prelims … lets c when do they call me! 🙂

      • Ant-Man

        Please review mine as well, I have written a little short, excuse me for that, future essays will be full length TA

        • Ash

          Plz gimme some time.. I have a lot of requests!

          • Ant-Man

            sure

      • Hey Ash!
        Yours was an excellent review and an excellent essay! 🙂 🙂
        Do review my essay next Sunday also, I hope I’ll write a better one. 🙂 🙂

      • Hi @disqus_ofdByS24qy:disqus, Kindly review my essay too, critically! 😀

      • Hi @disqus_ofdByS24qy:disqus, Kindly review my essay too, critically! 😀

      • Distinction

        Please review.My first attempt.
        Regards

    • I am the best

      Very well covered all points. But then the essay points are easy to guess and will overlap in most candidates case. Pls review mine.

    • CSE2017 aspirant (ABG)

      good essay , but same as what others said – lacking some good, out of box points

      • I am the best

        hey Abhijeet pls review mine… thanks!!!

      • saba

        Plz review mine also if u get tym

      • Mrinal Mukherjee

        Arey Kohli Bhai! Yeh kon aa gaya :p

        Ekbar idhar bhi dekh lena samay mile toh 🙂

      • Mrinal Mukherjee

        Arey Kohli Bhai! Yeh kon aa gaya :p

        Ekbar idhar bhi dekh lena samay mile toh 🙂

      • Distinction

        Pleas review bro.

    • gomuki

      Too my knowledge question not asked about technology and human development but over dependence on technology and human development
      1) how we store all information on system not remembering anything
      2) how it creates laziness
      3) how it replaces man power in employment
      4) how people use technology for small things not meeting even if living in side by side rooms
      5) using skype instead of physical meetings
      6) over use means over use of electricity and e-waste and missing human emotions and human values….which may create social disharmony…which is more dangerous than lack of technology
      7) over spending time in social media and how ISIS uses this technology to spread virus
      For me you seems to have concentrated more on technology rather overuse of technology and in the solution part we can say in future also we cant escape this sweet spoiler in such context human values inculcating value the school level are very important as tomorrows scientists are todays and children

      the reason for this problem is people treat science as an end but as a means to solve the human problems and diseases as gandhiji says science with out humanity is a big sin ……..when every scientist and people have that in mind we can easily discriminate when to draw a line between use and overuse of technology and in that process one must understand misuse of technology cant be solved by not using technology but better and inclusive innovations for eg if some body created virus we cant say we will not use system but we need to invent anti virus

      if you thing irrelevant please ignore

      • Alf

        please review mine.

      • Sumit

        correctly said, above suggested points could be well-integerated with the benifis of technology in various sphers, I guess, to make the essay more broad based.

      • Hi Gomuki 🙂
        Thank you for the review. 🙂
        Without telling the importance of technology and it’s benefits one cannot deal with how humans have become over dependent on technology . 🙂

        Rest of it, the points mentioned by you are excellent 🙂
        Few of these I have included in my essay, many I have not.
        So I’ll note them down 🙂
        Keep reviewing.

        • gomuki

          Yes I agree but my point is we can mention where over dependence of technology can help human development instead of jotting down all uses of technology …for eg: DBT system where govt tries to reduce human intervention (Pahal) which increases the exchequer so that govt uses money in social sector……… Smart kitchen concept instead of chef……… some places repeated work is there where man feels mental torture …in that case it helps to improve efficiency…….. what i am trying to say instead of quoting general usages of technology in agriculture and communications……if you could quote particular cases where over dependence it makes people understand you understand the context of essay exactly………

          • Distinction

            Please review brother.

      • strength is life

        exactly you analyzed well,

      • Distinction

        Please review mine.I am a begginer.Will act as an encouragement.
        Thnx in advance

    • Invictus

      @night_thinker:disqus good content.keep it up.
      please take out sm tym n review my essay too.
      its my first so a lot of criticism expected. thank you.

      Technology as is clearly witnessed through years has never failed to astonish human mind and therefore there is always a scope of more and more research and upgradation in every field.The invention of fire and wheel in prehistoric era was probably the very first instance of significant technological development.Since then men have always tried to use technology in every spheres of life.
      Application of technology has no bound over the areas it can cover.The work which seemed an uphill task 50 years ago is now quite accessible easily.Thanks to technology I guess! With due time it has greatly advocated the brilliance of human mind in numerous ways ,one of the most prime invention being that of an aeroplane by Wright brothers,which further made it possible for human beings to even go in space or the invention of electricity which was a major turnaround for human life .
      Considering the present day advantages of technology ,the list could be unending,but a few prominent spheres can be summarized in areas of agriculture,healthcare,infrastructure,communication,defence etc.
      In the field of agriculture,the introduction of new irrigation and water harvesting techniques which would enable justiciable use of water for farmland.Modern agricultural machineries which can do better ploughing in lesser time, thus giving option to the farmers to quickly produce more and more crops.The latest usage of technology came in form of GM and hybrid seeds,which are highly productive at the same time resistant to various ill effects(like drought ,chemicals etc.)
      Healthcare facilities have increased multifold in recent years.Effective use of specified drugs have increased the average human life.Fatal diseases which seemed incurable in past and lead to epidemics are now been eradicated with a doze of proper drugs.Also techniques like replacing a defected body organ with a healthy one has saved millions of life.
      Another important aspect is in the field of infrastructure.Living in a civilized and modern scenario it is profound to have a proper infrastructure for smooth flow of work.This also creates employment and help to raise people’s income.
      Communication,is probably one of the best result of modern technological advancement.Invention of telephone by Bell in 19th century turned out to be revolutionary for humans.Interaction with people took various leaps and turns and now we live in an era of information technology and internet where not only one can talk to people across the globe but can also see them in their cellphones or such devices.Not only this but also astronauts from far away distances from earth can send their messages to people on earth.It has turned communication in this huge world,easily accessible .People are getting more aware of their surroundings and their right to react to any unjustice done anywhere in the world .This brings people from different origins much close.Farmers and laborers have now more access to government schemes and beneficiary funds.
      Talking of Space,one must not forget the words of Niel Armstrong,”One small step,one giant leap for mankind” ,which has now moved on to probes being sent to farthest of planets and galaxies and also manned mission being planned to send to other planets in search of life or its traces.
      Education which is the mother of all inventions is itself being advanced by use of technology.Days are long gone when people had to mug up books to grasp even the slightest things.Today there is a very wide option of books and resources available for every single topic at just a click .With the advent of internet and use of smart classes students all over the world can share their ideas more adequately and also get proper reviews of their own work.
      In the modern day race of becoming the superpower in the world there is always a risk of war and attacks.Thus the use of suitable defence mechanism is as important as the development of the country as a whole.Technological advancement has provided us with both ‘spear and shield’ in our hands and it is upto us on how do we use it.
      Talking about few of the negative aspect of over-utilization of technology-
      In the field of healthcare, sex-determination of the unborn child which leads to infanticide in few of the developing countries, Illegal experimentation on animals and humans too secretly in few countries ,adulteration of drugs leads to more damage to health.
      Manufacturing sector has seen a upsurge of use of robots and modern technology to a large extent which on one hand has led to better n quick production but also on the other hand has resulted in cutting of manual jobs thus,increasing unemployment in this sector.
      For getting better result farmers use more and more of modern machinery and scientifically grown seeds which Is seen by some as an interference with nature.Use of excess fertilizers and insecticides results in degradation of soil and also water bodies.
      Internet,though is extremely useful but sometimes it leads to leakage of private information of any individual or an organization which can further hamper its condition.Also false remarks and statement by few people may result in violence and agitations just by sending a message on any web portal.
      People have started spending so much time on internet or on their cellphones that they are virually cutoff from the social world. Lack of physical work and sitting continuously staring at laptops and mobile screens has resulted in various health issues.
      With the use of technology in modern warfare,it takes very little time and just a push of button to strike any place and kill hundreds of people,which is being effectively used by terrorist groups.
      Thus ,we can conclude that no doubt,technology has improved our life in every aspect of life and it is quite impossible to imagine a life without these advances . but at the same time one must bear in mind the negative aspects of the overuse and overdependency on technology on our daily life and also the society as a whole which certainly will not advance human for better.As stated by novelist C.P.Snow. ““Technology is a queer thing. It brings you gifts with one hand, and stabs you in the back with the other.”
      Justified use of this modern instrument will lead to a more developed and prosperous world and excess use might lead to far more worst consequences.

    • FIRST AND FINAL

      HISTORICAL ASPECT CAN ALSO BE ADDED LIKE TECH DEV IN COUNTIRES IN PAST HAS LED TO IMPROVED HUMAN DEVELOPEMENT TODAY. FOR EX–NORWAY,USA ETC

    • Ankit

      Hi simran/night thinker…first of all very good essay..covering various aspects in small, easy to read paragraph.
      Suggestions:
      1. Include more recent schemes in every field u have mentioned above.
      2. Try to include subheading also…it creates a good impact..(many topper say)
      3. U have given less emphasis on cyber crime,,,misuse of mobile videos, mms of girls are disastrous effects of technology which can be included.

      Overall great..Your score 65/125..;)

      PS: I myself is writting essay for the first time…please please give me your valuable opinion and score on the same to help me improve…thanks a ton:)

      • Hi Ankit 🙂
        Thank you for the detailed review 🙂

        1. Yes, not including schemes and writing one big essay is nothing less than a crime 🙁
        2. Yaar twice I wrote essays with subheadings and I was criticized badly for it. 🙁 it breaks the suspense 🙁
        3. Nice idea! 🙂

        I’ll surely review yours, just give me some time. 🙂

    • SherniZaad

      Hey…when i was reading ur intro i was waiting for u to clarify ur stand abt what do u think of overdependence on technology which was missing. This way you will leave the examiner waiting. You need to tell him in the intro only what did u understand of the topic and have him a small picture in his mind abt how ur essay is gonna be in the body. Rest of it seems fine but there’s always a scope for improvement 🙂

      • Thank you Sherni ji 🙂
        I’ll surely incorporate your suggestions. 🙂

    • Alf

      very nice points Mam.please review mine also

    • Ant-Man

      Good one, please heed to SheriZaad’s advice else very informative, please review mine Thanks in advance 🙂

    • saba

      I read your essay before writing mine and I got enlightened. It helped me in making better attempt at structuring my first essay . Thanx for that. Very well written
      Plz review mine also if time permits 😃

      • Hi Maryam 🙂
        Thank you
        And sure I’ll review yours, just give me some time. 🙂

      • Distinction

        Please review mine too

    • Purna Chandra

      Hey Night Thinker!
      Your essay is countervailing and if you added some relevant quotes it will be more better.

    • Shankar Kinagi

      nice essay…
      u devoted more paras to explain what is TECHNOLOGY and its benefits….i feel like balanced approach is better with suitable examples….

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      Hello !

      Well , your essay was good but can be improved further.

      –Second paragraph first line , first sentence : And since then , technology has been … Try to include this in the first paragraph itself.Better Still , you can modify the last line of the first para as : ” …. humans have developed society and made technological inventions, thereby making technology omnipresent/ubiquitous.”This would deliver your ideas in fewer words.
      Starting the second para with ” The way we think” would be more engrosssing i feel.

      –You have talked about the role of technology in different sectors which definitly gives dimensions to your essay.Here , talking about govt. schemes that have used technology in delevering services would be an icing on the cake.I remember Ira Singhal saying in one of her videos that the examiner wants to see the govt’s schemes even if thats something very common.So say for education , there was recently a scheme called SWAYAM.For Agri , ISRO rolled out a hailstorm app called KISAN etc.

      –Para 7 last line : Better Efficiency of labor ? Has technology improved laborer’s efficiency or that process’s efficiency which was hitherto being done by the labor ?

      –There were instances were you have ended up in deviating from “Human Development” and talked about “Economic Developmennt” through the advent of technology.EG : 8 th para last line , you have taken the example of self DRIVEN cars ( And not Self Driving cars ).Now if you link the definition of Human Development (Your 10 th paragraph) with the example , i feel here HD has no role .Rather , this makes complete sense had it been “Economic Development ”

      Thankyou !

    • NB

      Good work althoug It is simple,easy and plain . You have covered the benifits of technology in different domains in generic manner, which is common sense for anyone.
      As my understanding goes essay talks about overdependance on technology and human development. So along with stating the contribution of technology u should also explain how it affect negativily also e.g
      1. In medical field because of ultrasound, CT scan,MRI,etc human life has been benefited at the same time misuse like selective sex determination, organ racketing etc. have also negativity affected.
      -Advent of wireless technology internet,facebook, whatsapp,Skype etc has erased the distance but has increased social isolation, has made to live in far world ignoring the present surrounding—- results in weak social fabric
      -highlights effect of excess use of pesticide,fertilizers and how new method of extracting water from deep well has resulted in soil infertility,drought,land degradation etc.
      —similarly I think emphasis should be on negative part of technology along with its appreciation
      —also add recent innovations and technological developments so that it appear more fresh informative. It will fetch u good marks

    • Kislaya Srivastava

      Hey night thinker did well…but try to write as u will in mains real time exam…else…all good…

    • Please Review, could not write one yesterday.

      Overdependence on Tehnology will advance Human Development

      Human Development is a field that has come to light after advent of Human Development Index in 1990 by Prof Amartya Sen and Mahbub Al Haq. This differentiates the hitherto notion that with increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), quality of life of people improves, it establishes the concept of ‘development’, in which parameters like Health, Education and Income matters that simple arithmetic of GDP numbers.
      The 21st century has been hailed as an age of technology and it has surely affected our lives in more than one ways. We can find its relevance in various fields today, be it education, health, agriculture, space sciences, water purification, employment generation and what not.
      Technology has done wonders in improving human development through its impact on Health Sector. A number of advances medical treatments have been invented, which are capable of not only solving the diseases efficiently, but have also found solution to hitherto uncurable diseases. New, improved and effective medicines, with collaboration from foreign hospitals have helped along with an increase R&D covering different aspects of human health. The use of Nano-technology for targeted drug delivery is another aspect that has been hailed as a breakthrough in human health well being.
      With respect to Education sector, it has become possible that students in one corner can interact with other students across the globe and exchange ideas. This has given rise to more R&D in education sector and collaboration among students in various fields. New teaching methodologies deployed in schools enable students a more practical learning and take them out of rote learning of books improving social awareness too. With technology, Massive Open Online Courses have helped students who are unable to attend brick and mortar schools and colleges.
      Technology has also helped increase in skill development through education of workers and has generated more employment avenues. Start up companies getting more options and diverse field of work has generated employment opportunities, directly and indirectly. This has enabled people earn their bread and thereby contributing in human development.
      The use of technology in agriculture, space sciences and other areas have helped advancing human health in multiple ways. Be it drip irrigation, new fertilizers, communication satellites, internet connectivity, remote sensing, electronic voting machines or e-governance to name a few.
      However, the term overdependence marks a sign of caution with respect to technology. Like the maxim goes, Excess of anything is bad, holds true with respect of dependence and usage of technology too. It has been observed that with advance of technology and internet, internet and mobile addiction has increased drastically among the youth leading to poor health outcomes. The misuse of technology for making nuclear bombs deployed in Hiroshima, Nagasaki during World War II is well documented. Social Media has increased cases of self-reporting leading to increase in chaos among people, radicalization of youth through terrorist organizations is another impact that has been the outcome of unchecked social media. Technology also requires specialization and replaces workers in many cases thereby leading to unemployment which has the potential of increasing crime and suicides in society.
      Another aspect that needs to be kept in mind is that technology alone cannot advance human development on its own. With respect to case in India, where family values has been the bedrock of families, people to people contact, with elders imparting values and knowledge cannot be learnt through technology. At the same time, traditional learning and health therapies also needs to be respected and given due attention. Technology does what humans tells it to do and therefore it is imperative to give a sound ethical and moral teaching to children from their school so that they learn how to use the technology in a way that is benign and not malign.
      In India, in order to truly reap the benefits of demographic dividend, it is important to improve internet connectivity linking the Gram Panchayats and Urban Local Bodies. This will help Government further agenda of e-governance and impart service delivery in a more efficient manner to the rural poor and downtrodden. The use of technology for transferring subsidy directly to account of beneficiary has helped plugging leakages too.
      Emphasis also needs to be laid down to improving vernacular teaching at root level, along with improving female and adult education through schools and making them acquaint with technological usage. Missions like DISHA (Digital Saksharta Abhiyan) are expected to improve computer literacy and NOFN will improve access to internet connectivity to the hitherto uncovered areas.
      Technology, certainly has the potential to advance human development in every country and implementing it in India is certainly a way forward. However, it is important to first prepare the due infrastructure needed to effectively carry and make technology accessible to all. The importance of Technology in education and health cannot be overstated and any technological change should be welcomed. At the same time, it is important to make people understand to know that technology can be a good servant but a bad master. It thus becomes even more important to educate children not just through text books but through morals and values imparted through elders of the family and society.

      Thus, Technology can certainly advance human development, but over-dependence on technology, negating other aspects can do more harm than good and thus should be taken with a pinch of salt.

      • Ash

        Hey Atin! 🙂

        1. What is targeted drug delivery —- we know coz we study what if its some PhD in English guy checking .. dont introduce terms very complicated or the ones you are not explaining!
        2. Whatz with the structire of the essay…
        use shorter paras.. I dont feel like reading it only ,, no presentation ony! 😛 at least give 2 spaces before starting a new para!

        3. I feel I’m reading- an essay on – “techno and India” — a lot of digress!
        This is not the demand of the topic .. re-read and re-write!
        And this is not expected from you!
        I look up to your essays coz they inspire me! this one is like really not your style!

        KWAR! 🙂

        • Hello Ash,

          Thank you very much for a detailed review!!

          I agree with all three points mentioned by you.

          I will try to be more ‘on target’ next time!

          Thanks again, reviews do help! 🙂

    • Distinction

      Although it was my first attempt in essay,I felt good going through your lines.Will need some time going through others review,before I could review anyone’s.But a good piece of writing.
      Please review mine.
      Thanks in advance.
      KWAR

    • Garima

      How many words is it ?

      Review

      Defn of human development should come earlier that illustrations of tech. (In the introduction itself )

      2 paras after economy point are a repetition of earlier points.

      In human devm give illustrations like hdi happiness index etc.

      Negatives can include cyber crimes,recruitment by is is , crashing of govt websites ,

      Solution – ntro , natgrid , cyber space policy.

      Overall – include more current facts and current illustrations of tech in points – for agricultural – soil health card . Economy – digital ijdia , jam trinity etc.

      Sorry for being too critical .

    • Master Yodo

      Nice essay, covered a lot of topics
      you could have also included points like Bhutan’s Global Happiness Index, new SDG as positive things but you have overall included good points. Please review mine. Thank you.https://disqus.com/home/discussion/insights20/insights_weekly_essay_challenges_2016_week_34_overdependence_on_technology_will_advance_human_develo/#edit-2850937473

  • Tanu Singhal

    Pls review..

    I know it becomes a bit of painful to write and post and then actually review it that way.
    But m trying to work on speed and flow..
    So pls bear it with me. And kindly review.

    • abhinav raj

      well written
      and da best part of ur essay is
      arrengmnt of technolofy and gadgets in chronology

      • Tanu Singhal

        Thank you 🙂

    • Eswar Sai

      Good essay tanu singhal (may be future Ira singhal). Intro with a quote straight away hits the nail and you did it. But i found you writing with jel pen created problem with your alphabets and I faced difficulty to read a few. Use diabetes instead of sugar. Don’t strike off in essays, please take care here. Lifi and DNA points are very good. I found conclusion is more based on AI. Can edit that. Overall good essay. Review mine if you have time. ATB.

      • Tanu Singhal

        Not gel.. but it is an ink pen, I agree it got blurred.

        Thanks a lot for the review.
        Will work now on the conclusion. 🙂

        • Eswar Sai

          Review mine friend. Thanks

    • Eco-friendly

      Tanu u have written essay in favor of the quote. But actually u have to write it in balanced way. You have good points in favor but you forget to mention the overdependence part of it.

    • saba

      I had gone through your essay in the afternoon only and I find it very gud and nicely structured much better than mine and that was the reason behind y I asked u to review mine 😃
      I like introduction more than the conclusion . U have covered several aspects so basically it’s an essay with diverse coverage .
      Just one tip if u will use ball pen instead of ink pen I think it will do even better because sometimes too small letters mein agar ink overflow kerti hai toh messed up hojata hai 😃😃

    • Hello Tanu 🙂
      Here I come with my review. 🙂
      Your essay is good, whatever you wrote was absolutely fine. 🙂
      But what about the other side of he coin?
      You talked of dependence, but overdependence? is it good or bad?
      I guess every topic needs a holistic approach, it demands us to explore every possible dimension. It demands us to question the authenticity of the topic.
      Say for example, if we are asked to write a essay on HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY.
      We are expected to write in two stages.
      Yes, honesty is the best policy.
      No, honesty is not always the best policy.
      I hope you got my point. 🙂
      Also, mentioning latest technologies and government schemes and initiatives like Digital India, KISAN app would have added more value. 🙂

      Thank you!

      • Tanu Singhal

        Thanks

        Much awaited it was

        I totally agree, actually this is the fault i found, when we are typing we edit it immediately and are able to add any sort of point while writing what’s done is done.

        So here it was a major problem on my part that even though i planned on adding the points, schemes, negatives, but with flow of writing, i totally forgot my strategy.

        Now this essay is going to help me focus more on exact palnned flow and holistically coverng it and not getting emotional with the flow.

        • And it is much more difficult to write essay on papers.
          for that issue you can first devote your time say for example 20 minutes to prepare a rough draft of what you want in your write up!
          The content, the dimensions etc, it does help me a lot. 🙂 see if that will work for you

          • Tanu Singhal

            Right..

            I actually should have jotted down the points with proper chronology.
            Thanks again 🙂

            Happy writing!:)

  • ThirdEye

    From tools used in Indus Valley civilization, Greek civilization used to modern day space based applications like Astrosat, Mars Missions etc Technology has played a major role in development of Human thinking and application for benefit of mankind. As an assistance to human endeavour, technology role in modern day cannot be underestimated and many daily applications from traffic control to garbage cleaning to usage of computers, the importance can be gauged. Over the years human development has become a priority for sustaining mankind when many problems both nature oriented and man made have posed threats to human survival, technology has come as a harbinger of common good along with some problems as well.
    What constitutes technology has over the years changed, with ever increasing scope of its definition. In general terms anything that will reduce the burden of man’s manual labour can be considered as technology. For example ancient humans used animals for commuting from one place to another which is tedious and time taking. Today the same being replaced by cars, aeroplanes, ships etc which have reduced the time for travel improving the comfort. Thus with benefits of saving time and energy the dependence on technology by humans has increased manifold and is still in progress.
    Human development on the other hand has multiple factors that will help in assessing it like quality of life, health improvement, improvement in thinking abilities, improvement in social harmony etc. Development in terms of cognitive and physical abilities of humans can be termed as human development. Various indices in modern day like World bank’s Human development index, Bhutan’s Gross Happiness Index etc have tried to explore various aspects of human development that can really bring advancement in human level of thinking and abilities.
    Can Technology dependence bring human advancement?
    An example where a wheel chair will move based on hand movement of a physically disabled person is one which clearly shows the way technology must be used. Technology acts as a crutch here. Another example of a car with gears where control of movement can be established using a clutch. Here technology acts as a clutch. Thus technology fixes most of the disabilities through it acting as a ‘Crutch or Clutch’ and can be termed as an advancement of humans and their abilities.
    Technology also has its limitations. The very technology which is being used to produce computers, software etc also produced cyber threats, security problems which have a catastrophic effect on humans. It is the very technology that produced nuclear bombs or missiles that made human endeavour regressive. Technology has led to easier way of clearing forests through mechanical tools posing threat of climate change which has a chain reaction to almost majority of modern day human problems like poverty, health, disasters like floods and droughts.
    Overdependence on Technology
    From sweeping roads to scanning space the usage of technology has penetrated almost to every nuke and corner. But over dependence on technology cannot solve modern day problems which are more to do with the humans who are masters of technology. Technology cannot become a frankenstein monster which may be responsible for extinction of their own masters. For example usage of Biotechnology has produced many ethical questions whether it will help solve food security or will result in unknown problems to future generations. Usage of robotics also has resulted in questions being raised on how its consequences will turn out to be.
    Here over dependence on technology may lead to new additional problems which are complex and immediate solutions may not be possible for them. Also for issues of climate change what is needed is behavioural change on part of the world and reduction in usage of coal, petroleum etc no matter how quickly technologies like solar equipment are produed and their impact in reducing the green house gases immediately is a question again.
    Technology has brought mankind from forests to civilized way of living by cautious usage based on need to eliminate the inabilities of humans in their endeavours for common good of mankind. But irrational, unnecessary usage or overdependence of technology for problems without analysing the causes and practical solutions like in case of climate change and human behavioural change may not produce desired results. In a way usage of technology or overdependence on it for each and every problems may result in negative consequences which does more harm than good. Technology must serve mankind and must be in their control who are its masters, overdependence and automation of technology where technology becomes the master may lead to destruction.

    • Kirobo

      Hey third eye i am following your answers from long time , you frame good structures , even essay was also on same direction . Presentation and language were excellent , but put more emphasis on content ( this was my opinion ) . No entra comments , go on buddy .
      I am sure evaluator will get impressed : )

      • ThirdEye

        Its been long I wrote an essay, trying to get the flow, and sure will improve, thank you for the review 🙂

    • Mystique Rose

      hello third eye,

      good to see old horses
      here first thing i noticed was clarity.
      language was pretty good
      content could have been improved
      like the questioning style, even i use that

      if time permits have a look at mine. your review will help
      thank you and keep writing

      • ThirdEye

        Thanks for review dude. good to hear old buddies. Sure, will do yours. 🙂

  • mayank

    insightians pls review it.

    • mayank

      i dont know why all the images rotated automatically

  • Kishna

    OVER DEPENDENCE ON TECHNOLOGY WILL ADVANCE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

    Human development means improvement in social, political and economic infrastructure leading to improvement in quality of life of a human being.
    Though human development is a phenomena which has been taking place throughout ages,but technological augmented human development has started after the first industrial revolution with the advent of steam engines. It has resulted in all round development of human,the production capacity increased many folds,unprecendented job creation and also has opened the door for future growth prospects. Later stages electronic and IT revolution also brought about a big change ,never being thought in the history of man kind. Invention of computers ,mobile phones,sophisticated gadgets were the product which has consistently advanced human and dragged us to the path of development.
    Recently,international community has planned for the Fourth phase of revolution, in which talks are going on about involvement of artificial intelligence into the picture. This fourth phase if achieved, will transform the developmental activities to a new level with overdependence on technology.
    Lets put a light on various sectors having the developmental prospects:

    1. In educational sector ,the advent of paper has reduced the dependence of perishables like wood and leafs, further inventions of computers has resulted in decreased dependence on papers. Pictographic learning is given preference and is more efficient in remembering things in short time span. Thus, the retaining capacity of human has increased many folds.

    2. Considering the official work culture also,overdependence on technological augmented management activities and working culture has transformed the output efficiency and economical benefits of the industry concerned.It has further resulted in industrial expansion and creation of jobs,thus brought about advanced human development.

    3. Transport sector is not untouched to this technological innovation. Gadgets invention and tech. addition has increased the efficiency of engines. The result is less fuel consumption and fast ,economical and ecofriendly travel. If this sector is further added by Internet of things, GPS connectivity and proper scientific regulations, the services can further be improved in more ecological and economic ways.

    4. Now, focussing on sector involving power production and consumption , replacement of traditional boilers are replaced by super heated boilers ,resulted in efficient production of power from the same steam. Installation of electrostatic chimneys have reduced the air pollution to a great extent. Nuclear technologies have became a hope for future energy fulfillment needs of country. Installation of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) have resulted in power loss to a great extent.Thus, the overdependence on technology has continued to advance human development.

    5. In communication sector also, invention of telephone has reduced the distance between places. Further innovation,with computer applications and social networking sites has further shrunk the world, and helped people from different corners ,to keep in touch with each other. International communication had benefited the quick response for natural calamities like flood and earthquake. Satellite images , has helped in early prediction of weather earthquake and thus,helped in reducing vulnerabilities to a great extent and brought about advancement in human capabilities.

    6. Administrative field has been one of the major beneficieries of technological advancements. It has helped administration becoming more transparent and accountable . Open Online platform has increased people to government interaction. This has ultimately resulted in quick response and better service delivery.

    7. Public activism has also increased with technological advancement. One of the recent phenomena was ARAB SPRING,which quickly spread in the arab world to uproot the authoritative regime. This has also benefited the working of government due to proactive grievance redressal improved regulations.

    Overall, with all the positive advancements and prospects, over dependence in tech. has led to some grey areas also. Technological advancement has led to decreased popularity of handicraft industries, machines are taking place of humans in industries, sitting all day round near computer has increased obesity disease, terrorist network has started operating and commanding from overseas.

    Though, there are negative aspect to over dependence in technology,but it has to be dealt upon with proper government intervention,self regulation and international community coordination so as to reap the desired benefit of technology for the inclusive development of humankind in a sustainable manner, thereby achieving the goals of SDGs(sustainable development goals) enshrined by United Nations.

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi krishna good essay , but don’t write essay in point format. Conclusion was not apt i think. Can write better conclusion. Review mine. ATB

      • Kishna

        Eswar bhaiya, i saw ur essay, i dont think i m the right person to judge ur essay(as of now) , ur perspectives are quite broad. Let me write 4-5 more essays,learn from peers and bring improvement within my writings, then i ll review yours 🙂

        • Eswar Sai

          It’s ok dont feel like that, start writing daily atleast one question. you will surely get an advantage for this. Good luck and All the Best krishna.

          • Kishna

            Hmmmm….sure ! Thnx 🙂

  • SKB

    Plz review ..thnks!!

  • Night Fury

    Please review.

    • CSE2017 aspirant (ABG)

      ohhhh – nice to see your essay after a lot of months 🙂

      • Night Fury

        hehe 😀
        review bhi kar dijiye sir 😛
        sorry order gadbad h to thodi problem hogi padhne me :/
        page numbers are mentioned

        • CSE2017 aspirant (ABG)

          I read your essay, maja aa gaya 🙂
          Learnt a lot from your essay
          Writing bhi bahut acchi hai gol matol – extra marks for this.

          Introduction – you rocked. Akodra village ( slow claps – Indian context and you just highlighted the change in scenario due to technology – PERFECT tha yaar )

          Then, Project alloy – merged reality – Take away point. 🙂

          You could have shortened some paras.
          Also second part was excellent – lifestyle diseases, break in relationship was beautifully displayed ( I am quite impressed with these points, Many innovative points – out of box ideas – very good )

          I am not that person who can review your answers, but I enjoyed reading your essay and it was very good acc to me.

          Keep writing 🙂

        • CSE2017 aspirant (ABG)

          Ye introduction ka idea kahan se aaya – kuch batayiye fury ji.

    • Mystique Rose

      hey fury,

      good essay,
      nice writing , extra marks for that
      emotional and human side was given to which i connected
      even i wrote that in my essay, which is lacking in almost all essays today here
      introduction was good.

      pls take time to review mine fury ji
      thank you

    • CSE2017 aspirant (ABG)

      But before celebrations begin for the Digital India initiative, it is important to remember why ICICI chose Akodara. Before the village got digital connectivity, it already had physical connectivity. Flipkart products come to Akodara on a highway that connects the village to all the urban centres around it. The village had a high literacy rate long before it got digital, and its habitat and livelihood opportunities predate the computers. In other words, a digital future is possible only if other socio-economic indicators are good and the basic needs of the village are already met. A digital future can only be built on top of a physical one. This means that all the old issues still need to be confronted first.

      (From Hindu)

      So, you could have written a point that technology can do wonders only before basic things like governance, literacy, awareness can be spread. Technology can build over these pre-requisites only. So, if you could have come back to akodara and written something over it like this in conclusion in not more than 2-3 lines justifying it was not over-dependence but planned utilisation of technology , I think it would have been a perfect ending.

      • Night Fury

        Introduction ka Idea Hindu se hi aaya.
        yes you re right. It can be concluded in this way, giving suggestions. very good point you mentioned
        thank you for your valuable inputs 🙂
        and yes your review is always helpful !!
        you too start writing essays..

        • CSE2017 aspirant (ABG)

          yes, very soon – I will be starting writing essays 🙂
          Mera review kar diya karna aap

          • Night Fury

            Deal 😀

  • kahkashan anjum

    please review my first essay on insight

    OVERDEPENDENCE ON TECHNOLOGY WILL ADVANCE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

    Technology is the use of techniques used with skills, knowledge and mthods used to achieve objects with better process and results, basically getting the maximum beneits with minimum efforts. Technology is very important in current scenario as most of the work is done today with the help of technology. Technology is used much in our life as we are now not only dependent on technology for our normal daily work but also overdependent on technology for our most of the work. it is a good sign as we can the perform the work easily, faster and with much accuracy in comparison to manually.
    Technology is very beneficial for us as it has helped us in various fields of life like medical, space, industries, tourism, weather forecasting, mineral exploration,missile technology, terrorism control mechanism, pollution measurement techniques and conservation of environment, telecommunication, connecting the world, findings in the outer space for well being of human and many more.
    Due to the use of technology particularly nano technology has brought the change in medical science. it is now possible to cure the people with severe disease with less pain and and effective result. Those disease which were incurable just before 10 to 20 years back like cancer is cured very much effectively now. Not only the treatment but prevention is also possible of many known and unknown diseases with he help of vaccine as is done in the case of polio vaccine whether oral or injected. Robotic technology has also played a vital role in this. With the help of nano camera infected area inside the body can be screened and can be cured with direct dose without affecting other parts of body. This targeted cure is much effective in comparison to old techniques and this is all because of use of technology human lives can be saved.
    Telecommunication is one of the best way to connect the world, bringing countries closer, connect people to people and shorten the distance. As the people come to know the other culture their values and life style the come to know that all the people in the world are equal only their needs are different due to topography of that place and environment. Once this feeling of equality is developed among the people, clashes will be minimized and peace and harmony will prevail in the world due to technology and will lead to human development.
    Various missions are sent to the other planets and outer space in search of better life, to know the root cause of origin of life on earth which is still a mistry for us. This can lead to the new horizon of life and human development can be speedier.
    Environment conservation is very burning issue today. Various convention are held protocols are signed to conserve the environment and make it livable for the people. Clean air to breathe, clean water to drink is the basic right of human being. y be done with the help oh technology as we can protect the air to be polluted and can use filters in chimneys and water treatment plant to treat the water and like ways to reduce the pollution with the help of technology. This initiative can reduce the diseases and adverse impact on the health of all living beings.
    Developed countries are using technologies in better way for their development whether for industrial development or human development. as a result developed countries are becoming more developed and the third world countries are lagging behind as technology scarce country. In developing countries more R&D is required to upgrade the existing technology as it is the benchmark now to measure any country developing or developed. as in the case of India government is focussing more on use of technology in governance and service providing as JAM, digital india, PRAGATI, online platforms for application like account opening and online visa application, licencing and many more.The more countries and people will use technology the more they will be developed. Thus we can say overdependence on technology will advance human development.

    • kahkashan anjum

      please review and give your valuable comments

    • kahkashan anjum

      please review and give your valuable comments

    • kahkashan anjum

      please review and give your valuable comments

  • SM

    Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development
    Technology is so ubiquitous in our day to day life that humans have stopped realizing that how much dependent we are on technology. When one wakes up at morning he/she is served with breakfast in steel plates which is made out of iron ore by undergoing complex technological process. When we travel to office/school, we use metro/car/auto all of these are gifts of technology. If we just lock ourselves in a room and look around then we will find that we are surrounded by technology, from fans, switches, light, tv, fridges, even our building is a result of technological innovation over centuries. So we can say that humans are overdependent on technology.

    In the initial stages of human life, we made small advancements in technology for our survival like stone axe and other microlith weapons. Then we made technology advancement to make our life easier in the form of invention of wheel during Neolithic period, which is used even today. Later we made technological advancement to enlarge the economic pie by increasing the output of economic goods, eg- invention of steam engine, Richard Arkwright combined power, machinery, semi-skilled labour and the new raw material of cotton to create mass-produced yarn. So technology has made immense contribution for human development which is not limited to health or education, this could be better understood as follows.

    Technology has contributed immensely towards human health, which has increased life expectancy throughout the world in the last century. Telemedicine, which is the usage of IT and telecommunication for promotes clinical health care at a distance- helps in including the remote areas under the medical access cover, and also helps in emergency situations. Researchers have developed a new, non-invasive method that can kill cancer cells in two hours.

    Technology is helping us to take education to far flung areas where quality educators are not willing to settle. Tele-education can be defined as “education in which students receive instruction over the Internet, from a video, etc., instead of going to school. Also known as E-learning, it “comprises all forms of electronically supported learning and teaching.

    Technology’s effect on the economic sphere has been profound, it has helped us to produce on a mass scale. Which has reduced the overall cost of the product, thereby contributing to the wellbeing of the consumers? We couldn’t have enjoyed the fruits of globalization, if there were no mass transportation system like shipping- Ro Ro vessels, Panama vessels etc. Today we are talking about fouth Industrial revolution- The fourth industrial revolution is conceptualised as an upgrade on the third revolution — and is marked by a fusion of technologies straddling the physical, digital and biological worlds. This could boost production further and decrease the man power requirement.

    Knowing the fundamental question of the evolution of life has always intrigued scientists all over the world, technology today is allowing us to explore plants and sun to find answers to these questions. Juno spacecraft orbiting Jupiter, New horizon spacecraft which flew by Pluto, India’s first solar mission “Aditya” are some of the examples which were not possible without technology.

    The world today is under the threat of terrorism, to tackle this menace countries are using technology to strengthen there intelligence collection and analysis. British troops recently tested a Harry Potter-style “invisibility cloak”. This cloak allows them to hide from the enemy. This cloak attempts to replicate the special ability of cephalopods such as the octopus and squid to blend in with the environment to evade their predators.

    If we had gone by the standards of 19th century, then we would have found many wars taking places between various countries. But with the advent of nuclear, the deterrence to war has increased. Atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki led to the end of World War II. The nuclear stockpile with USSR and USA ensured that there won’t be any open war, even at the heights of tension between both the countries. So technology has also played an important in PEACE-Keeping.

    Today we have artificial intelligence to take care of our tasks, in places where there are dangers to human life eg- outer space, disaster management. New technological innovations like 2-D semi conducting material are being developed which will further increase the internet speed and will closely integrate the world. So technology has advanced human development, it has enhanced human life’s experience for the better. But we need to sound caution and analyze other side of the coin- has technological impact been always positive?

    The only reason why “Fat Man” and “Little Boy” could stop World War II was because Japan was having no such atomic bomb. Today nuclear provides us deterrence against war, but what if the nationalistic tensions overcome the fear of nuclear and decides to use it? So nuclear provides short term deterrence, but perpetual threat of existence of human civilization.

    Surveys has shown that countries like Korea and Japan which makes less use of technology in education has qualitative learning outcomes in comparison to countries like USA. Although the fourth industrial revolution will increase the overall goods production, but what about the people who will lose there job on account of these. As Gandhiji said, solution for fighting poverty is not mass production but production by the masses.

    So technology has helped in human advancement. But it is not a panacea to all our needs, it can best work as a facilitator. There is a thin difference between utilizing technology and being dependent on technology. Let’s just utilize it.

    • Abhijeet B

      Good attempt..simple & lucid language….highlighted words shows Human development indicators.Very good. One suggestions-Some more examples on disadvantages of overdependence on technology can be added & quotes are always welcome.i think 60/125.

      • KAJALPREET

        Plz review mine too

      • Ankit

        Can I get a review bro?

        • Abhijeet B

          yes bro..why not..wait

      • Ash

        Hey Abhijeet.. cud u plz find time and review mine? 🙂

      • awaneesh

        sir plz review my essay

    • warrior_pandit

      Nicely written! Kindly review mine. Thanks!! 🙂

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi Sonia nice essay just like your answers. Japan and Korea point is good. Gandhiji point is too good. Conclusion was apt. But i don’t know whether “Lets JUST utilise it” point is right or not. Instead can write lets use for our benefit etc. Overall nice essay. Review mine too ATB.

    • abhishek reddy

      i found most of your essay highlighting the advancement in technology and its positive effects on us but it dint answer the essay topic in the right manner! you dint talk about the overdependence on technology except in the intro para

    • mission 2016

      well written with highlights.. how overdependence due to misuse . lack of proper knowledge ,can be -ive fallout of technology. u can mention social(female feoticide) , economic(money transfers by hacking) ,antibiotic resistance.
      in conclusion u can mention how to properly use by adding , ethical dimension

      • mission 2016

        review mine also…plzzzzz

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey the example of cloak was very well pointed out
      The point of nuclear bombs could have been avoided, here it is sort of appreaciating its use, while in every case it is considered more of a negative episode.

      The start seemed really sceptical and skewed towards negativity.

      Conclusion is nice
      The example of education is very variable,with the levels of education development in very country , even every state, the extent of benefit of technology in man -to- man interface will vary.

      Eg india still has a long way to go and will have to rely on e-education due to lack of HR, WHILE developed nations are going back towards seeking personal mentors.

      Hence it will be better if we look the use of technology more either in a econmical and development level sense or towards broader perspective of its huge benefits.
      Indeed the repercussions are high and needs to curbed as you rightly pointed out.

      Now m feeling I lacked a hell lot of points in mine.
      Pls review mine, as well.
      Keep up the good work.

    • Harsh (Learning Unlimited!!!)

      hi sonia , well written …

      But write 2-3 paras on the negative side too like how over dependence will be bad , before going to the conclusion.

      • Ash

        Hey Harsh! Long time! 🙂
        How are you??

        Having asked that plz review my essay too 🙂

    • Ankit

      Well written. Could have highlighted the “overdependence” part a bit more.
      Please review mine.

    • Mystique Rose

      hi sonia,

      PROS
      good attempt,
      nice fluid language
      good structure
      many examples for both pros and cons
      good intro

      CONS
      lacked dimensions to the essay
      essay full of examples, need to explore other things as well
      essay is black and white thing, introduce some grey aspects as well
      lacked emphasis on overdependence
      ending could have better

      thank you and please review mine and help me improve as well

    • Eco-friendly

      hii Sonia

      I just loved your intro. U have really started of well. Your points in favor are really good. But u can add some more dimentions in against. Conclusion could be better.

      Please review mine

    • Ash

      Hey Sonia! 🙂

      I like the flow and also the content.. what I wud suggest is try doing justice to ‘overdependence’ part.. you’ve mentioned it towards the end! 🙂

      And yeah a few grammatical mistakes here and there.. just rectify cud be typos! 🙂

      And yeah! Please find time! 🙂

    • Dear Sonia 🙂
      A lovely read.
      How technology had enhanced human development, that part is addressed beautifully 🙂 🙂
      But not much justice has been done to over dependence part 🙁 🙁
      The theme of the essay basically wants us to explore that area.. 🙂
      Rest is all good. 🙂
      Please find some time for my essay too. Your feedback will help me write a better one next time. 🙂
      Thanks dear

    • Invictus

      brilliant content
      please take out sm tym n review my essay too.
      its my first so a lot of criticism expected. thank you.

      Technology as is clearly witnessed through years has never failed to astonish human mind and therefore there is always a scope of more and more research and upgradation in every field.The invention of fire and wheel in prehistoric era was probably the very first instance of significant technological development.Since then men have always tried to use technology in every spheres of life.
      Application of technology has no bound over the areas it can cover.The work which seemed an uphill task 50 years ago is now quite accessible easily.Thanks to technology I guess! With due time it has greatly advocated the brilliance of human mind in numerous ways ,one of the most prime invention being that of an aeroplane by Wright brothers,which further made it possible for human beings to even go in space or the invention of electricity which was a major turnaround for human life .
      Considering the present day advantages of technology ,the list could be unending,but a few prominent spheres can be summarized in areas of agriculture,healthcare,infrastructure,communication,defence etc.
      In the field of agriculture,the introduction of new irrigation and water harvesting techniques which would enable justiciable use of water for farmland.Modern agricultural machineries which can do better ploughing in lesser time, thus giving option to the farmers to quickly produce more and more crops.The latest usage of technology came in form of GM and hybrid seeds,which are highly productive at the same time resistant to various ill effects(like drought ,chemicals etc.)
      Healthcare facilities have increased multifold in recent years.Effective use of specified drugs have increased the average human life.Fatal diseases which seemed incurable in past and lead to epidemics are now been eradicated with a doze of proper drugs.Also techniques like replacing a defected body organ with a healthy one has saved millions of life.
      Another important aspect is in the field of infrastructure.Living in a civilized and modern scenario it is profound to have a proper infrastructure for smooth flow of work.This also creates employment and help to raise people’s income.
      Communication,is probably one of the best result of modern technological advancement.Invention of telephone by Bell in 19th century turned out to be revolutionary for humans.Interaction with people took various leaps and turns and now we live in an era of information technology and internet where not only one can talk to people across the globe but can also see them in their cellphones or such devices.Not only this but also astronauts from far away distances from earth can send their messages to people on earth.It has turned communication in this huge world,easily accessible .People are getting more aware of their surroundings and their right to react to any unjustice done anywhere in the world .This brings people from different origins much close.Farmers and laborers have now more access to government schemes and beneficiary funds.
      Talking of Space,one must not forget the words of Niel Armstrong,”One small step,one giant leap for mankind” ,which has now moved on to probes being sent to farthest of planets and galaxies and also manned mission being planned to send to other planets in search of life or its traces.
      Education which is the mother of all inventions is itself being advanced by use of technology.Days are long gone when people had to mug up books to grasp even the slightest things.Today there is a very wide option of books and resources available for every single topic at just a click .With the advent of internet and use of smart classes students all over the world can share their ideas more adequately and also get proper reviews of their own work.
      In the modern day race of becoming the superpower in the world there is always a risk of war and attacks.Thus the use of suitable defence mechanism is as important as the development of the country as a whole.Technological advancement has provided us with both ‘spear and shield’ in our hands and it is upto us on how do we use it.
      Talking about few of the negative aspect of over-utilization of technology-
      In the field of healthcare, sex-determination of the unborn child which leads to infanticide in few of the developing countries, Illegal experimentation on animals and humans too secretly in few countries ,adulteration of drugs leads to more damage to health.
      Manufacturing sector has seen a upsurge of use of robots and modern technology to a large extent which on one hand has led to better n quick production but also on the other hand has resulted in cutting of manual jobs thus,increasing unemployment in this sector.
      For getting better result farmers use more and more of modern machinery and scientifically grown seeds which Is seen by some as an interference with nature.Use of excess fertilizers and insecticides results in degradation of soil and also water bodies.
      Internet,though is extremely useful but sometimes it leads to leakage of private information of any individual or an organization which can further hamper its condition.Also false remarks and statement by few people may result in violence and agitations just by sending a message on any web portal.
      People have started spending so much time on internet or on their cellphones that they are virually cutoff from the social world. Lack of physical work and sitting continuously staring at laptops and mobile screens has resulted in various health issues.
      With the use of technology in modern warfare,it takes very little time and just a push of button to strike any place and kill hundreds of people,which is being effectively used by terrorist groups.
      Thus ,we can conclude that no doubt,technology has improved our life in every aspect of life and it is quite impossible to imagine a life without these advances . but at the same time one must bear in mind the negative aspects of the overuse and overdependency on technology on our daily life and also the society as a whole which certainly will not advance human for better.As stated by novelist C.P.Snow. ““Technology is a queer thing. It brings you gifts with one hand, and stabs you in the back with the other.”
      Justified use of this modern instrument will lead to a more developed and prosperous world and excess use might lead to far more worst consequences.

    • abhinav

      WELL ORGANISED!
      LOVELY essay!!
      somemore points disadvantages of overdependence on technology can b added.
      on the internal sequrity some points added……….ex=== CCTNS ISSUE

    • Anubhav Pandey

      Hey miss mehra……..how r u dear????
      Howzzz studies goin???

      I am not that good in essay but from what i knw….

      Ur start is fine but i thunk instead of kindda intro u have directly jumped into the main material…..

      The various paras on diff usea of tech is good…..

      I rhink the negativea should have been given a bjt more qorda instead of only in conclusion………

  • The advancement in Technology in the last few decades has completely changed the way we live our lives.It has affected our life like never before.Some of it has disrupted our thinking while some effects has been transformational.Though there can be debate on the extent of its utility but there can’t be any doubt that it has emerged as one of the most important tool to deal with many of the pressing needs of the society.It has ,time and again , helped in furthering human development through its own progress.Failure to tackle issues like high mortality rate,illiteracy,low per capita income etc has also bought it to limelight as it has shown potential to tackle them with ease and efficiency.

    The era before Industrial revolution was marred with High unemployment rate,low productivity,inefficiency but with coming up of modern tools and machineries we saw
    optimum utilization of Natural,Physical and Human resources.This led to the overall increase in per capita income and better standards of living.People no longer had to live on subsistence.It ensured that people had more to spend on healthcare which helped in bringing down mortality rate and increased life expectancy progressively.In this way we can see that application of technological tools had ripple effect on other aspects of human life and thereby contributes in overall human development.

    Now in the current time we see a continuation of above trend where a large number of countries are using the same tools for common prosperity.Not only that newer tools like Social media is also complementing already existing tools to ensure justice in all its form i.e Political,Economic,Social.

    Human development is also about the freedom to express and act.These technological tools has helped in political empowerment of people across the globe due to their democratising effect.A case in point is Egypt revolution where we saw the real power of such tool which helped in bringing down the tyrannical rule which in turn paved the way for meeting the developmental aspirations.

    These advancements shouldn’t just be seen as something that has happened organically.Their development is very much a reflection of the aspirations of society.Genetically modified crops emerged because there was seen a need to increase productivity and tackle the menace of food security.The science of meteorology developed as the need was seen to predict weather related events(like monsoon) for agricultural purposes.Medical sciences and tools(like IBM watson supercomputer) developed as their was shortage of medical personnel.Thus, we see that sometime technology also takes a cue from the ideas of Human development.

    In earlier times due to lack of technological knowhow many problematic areas which had the potential to affect human life was tackled based on intuitions and common sense.For example Forests areas were cleared without concern for biodiversity as their was absence of tools to conduct Environmental Impact assessment(EIA). Power plants were constructed on seismic areas.But with advancement in technology (Like GIS mapping) we see a more informed decision could be made for developmental policies.

    No longer students have to rely only on schools/universities/institutions to get the desired education and skills.Tools like Open course ware(OCW) has redefined the contours of learning. The restrictions of Physical infrastructure, quality education and affordability has been appropriately addressed.This in turn has led to overall human development and empowered them to go for achieving higher pursuiits of life.

    Furthermore, we are aware that for effective development their is need for formulating and implementing policies free from corruption and unethical practices.Herein ,in Indian context, Tools like Aadhar,online RTI,PRAGATI etc has helped in promoting ethical governance and has improved quality of service delivery by ensuring accountability and curbing corruption via digital media monitoring. This ensure utilization of public funds for the development of the poorest of the poor.

    Not only that development of marginalised classes like SCs/STs/Dalits are also getting challenged as such tools aren’t discriminatory.Disabled people have been greatly benefited with developments such as BRAILLE,Jaipur prosthetic legs etc.Thus, wee see that Technological development provides us with immense opportunity.

    But, on the other hand, many of the advancement also are likely to affect humanity in ways never imagined before.Proliferation of Nuclear weapons has kept everyone on their toes as there always exist a fear that it might go in wrong hand which could then have catastrophic effect for the rest of the world.Automation is likely to to cause loss of jobs(though still disputed).Too much of time spent online has started affecting our social relationships and has hindered growth of social traits like empathy , compassion which is crucial for our overall development.

    Thus, the need is to acknowledge that more dependence also means more vulnerability and frame policies/schemes and combine them with the best of Technologies, while at the same time keeping an oversight to ensure the welfare of people doesn’t get compromised. .

    • mission 2016

      NICE BUT ADD MORE NEGATIVE OUTCOMES OF OVER DEPENDENCE OR OVER USE ..LIKE ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE . BIODIVERSITY THREAT ,ETC.

    • warrior_pandit

      Had the topic been, “use of technology in everyday life”, it would have been a fantastic essay. But, it does not answer the topic completely. You write very well! ATB! Kindly review mine. Thanks! 🙂

    • Mystique Rose

      hey AK
      good essay, or rather a wholesome essay.
      employment loss was a good point, i though initially to include but forgot while writing.
      ending is good but you can conclude better

      thank you and review mine bro

    • Strategic Voice

      Hello AK, allow me to review your essay:

      1. About intro: average, let examiner know your stand on the issue in intro
      2. Body : much of your essay is about how technology helps advance human development, whcih is important but the critical dimension, that you have mentioned in secondd last para, need to be elaborated a bit more. the essay theme should be more critical (i think)
      the good part is you have mentioned many dimensions related to human develpment.
      para 8 brings out a good point that while techcnology is important, overreliance without enabling institutions and ethics, human welfare is not possible, and that technology is only one piece of puzzle. what you need to do is bring this aspect out more clearly through restructuring the para so that it is more visible to the rexaminer.
      3.very average conclusion, i think bring some specific points about the ‘how are you going to do this’ aspect .
      4. the flow of essay is maiantained well whcih is a plus point

      overall, an above average essay , with ample scope of improvement.

      please review mine if possible 🙂

      • Appreciate it !
        Agree with many of your observations.

        Will look into it.
        Reviewing yours!

  • warrior_pandit

    Overdependence on Technology will advance Human Development
    Imagine a class of Fifty students being taught with the help of a machine with no human element involved in the exercise. What do you think the end result would be? With no one to discipline them, this would lead to a group of howling students, defeating the whole purpose of imparting education with the help of technology. Similar would be the case of using automated traffic signals for smooth flow of the traffic. One need not have to run wild thoughts to imagine the condition of the traffic in absence of ill trained traffic police personals on the roads in case the system develops a snag.
    The above examples are the classic case of situations that may develop due to over dependence on technology for human development.
    This is not to say that the technology itself is bad or it should not be used at all. The history of human civilization is nothing but the history of its technological accomplishments. The chronological division of history into Stone Age, Chalcolithic Age and Iron Age etc., are the acknowledgement of the same.
    The use of technological breakthroughs has transformed the character of the human civilisation from that of a food gatherer to the food producer, from a wanderer to a settled social being. Technology, not only created the avenues for humans to discover the world they live in, but also assisted in introducing newer areas under the aegis of the civilisation. It cleared vegetation, improved agriculture, provided shelter and protection against the predators. Thus, providing the solid base for the human development as he now need not be worried about food, clothing, shelter and physical harm.
    Even today, technology has been at the forefront to advance human civilisation. It has been instrumental in propelling humans to find newer territories not only on Earth, but also in the space. The space programmes of various countries have been achieving breakthrough discoveries at a pace that is unknown in the history of the human civilisation.
    Technology today, is at the forefront to providing solutions to the day-to-day problems pertaining to the lives of the humans. Catering to their various needs ranging from well being to entertainment to transportation. Technological advancements made by man are at the central focus of various governmental initiatives to bring about socio-economical advancements in the lives of its citizens. The advent of Information and communication technology has led to the development of the concept of E-governance and M-governance, that seek to provide anytime and anyplace access to the government services, thus acting as a central element to the good governance initiatives of the governments all across the world.
    The use of technology for uplifting the poor out of poverty towards a sustained and dignified life has found its applications in education, health and distribution of food articles . All across the globe, the governments have been using technology to increase the efficiency of their initiatives like Bosa-Familia in Brazil and Public distribution system in India. Technology has also been instrumental in decreasing the vulnerability of the poor by making them part of the financial system of the country and providing avenues to them for instruments like insurance, loan dispersal , compensation and subsidies to assist them in their developmental initiatives.
    The use of technology in protection of human lives cannot be understated. The technological advancements have allowed us to decrease the use of human element in the hazardous situations like cleaning of septic tanks, deep mining activities, poisonous environments etc. It has also limited the use of humans in wars and conflicts and instead have been developing machines minus the human element. In disaster management too, technology has found its usage at all stages. While the satellites and supercomputers act as warning devices, the various robotic machines are used in rescue operations.
    In the field of healthcare, It is the advancements made in the field of technology only that has increased life expectancy among the humans by discovering newer vaccines and drugs. The advent of modern surgical practices have allowed us to lead an active and prolonged life. The recent advancements made in the field of stem cell research will allow the regeneration of newer tissues and organs and has the potential of eradication of various problems and mal practices associated with organ transplant.
    However, technology , with all its advantages should not be allowed to go out of hand. The over dependence on technology will benefit few men and not the mankind. It will lead to the development of those involved in the process of developing the technology while leading to a sense of lethargy and laziness in the rest. The result would be the development of a vast chunk of un-skilled masses whose only job would be to monitor machines while they perform all functions for us. It will lead to negation of attributes like enthusiasm and motivation and would case human spirit to become slaves of machines. Also, with human population fast increasing at a fast pace all across the world, over dependence on technology would create a situation of large scale unemployment which would be detrimental to the peace and stability of the society. One can well imagine the consequences of it by looking at Africa and middle east region of today.
    Technology, how so ever good, cannot be full proof and the consequences can be well understood in imagining the chaos it would create in case of its mal functioning, with the whole of humanity over-dependent on it. With no humans skilled enough to become good doctors, teachers and engineers, the same technology which led to the advancements of human civilisation may not find any application in the society and may also spell it’s contraction. Therefore, it is very essential to incorporate human element in all spheres whether related to development or implementation. Excess of anything is bad and the same goes for technology as well.

    • Abhijeet B

      Good attempt…but lack of examples & TOO long paragraphs makes it dull somewhere in middle itself.Make paragraphs at specified intervals so that invigilator is keen on reading ur essay untill finish line.Also ur writing is more of an informative in nature.Essay does not check ur knowledge but ur thought process & organizing skills.So you have to focus on that part.But overall good with just 13 days after prelims..you can improve much better.i think 50-55/125.

      • warrior_pandit

        Thanks! really helpful! 🙂

    • Intro mein scope hai improvement ka.

      Use the keywords–>Technology and Human development.(Clarity ke saath)

      Overall, Nice !

      Negatives/disadvantages/cons –>Address them.

      Keep writing.

    • Shefali

      can be illustrated more and a well defined structure of whole essay was missing. But content is good 🙂

    • Ankit

      Well written buddy 🙂

      Could have added quotes and please leave a gap of 2 lines between paragraphs that makes it easy to read.

      Do review mine.

    • abhinav raj

      nyc essay
      and a flow was maintained
      with a great amalgamation of ancient world with present days
      but i think conclusion should have some positivity..
      #pls dont feel bad about my cmmnts,i an a beginner and don’t think myself fit to review yours

    • Mystique Rose

      warrior bhai,

      different start and end from a lot of other essays.
      reading your essay, i found some more to add in my essay.
      u added the importance of humans here, which was excellent, many havent done so.
      smooth essay, nice read

      expllore more dimensions, like what is development and elaborate on it and connect with humans today.

      pls review mine, and help me too
      thank you

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi Pandit good essay with nice intro. Septic tanks point is very good and much needed here. Conclusion was really nice. Overall nice essay. ATB. Review mine bro.

  • mission 2016

    PLZ PLZ PLZ REVIEW my ist ESSAY AFTER 8 YRS … FREE TO CRITICIZE WITH SUGGESTIONS, THANK U ,, PLZ SEE THE PAGE NUMBERS CAREFULLY

    • IAV

      waiting for the 8 years to be over!

      • mission 2016

        what

    • Abhijeet B

      My review:-
      Good Points:
      1.You covered Economics in pg-1, Social & Governance in pg-2,Health & also more pts in governance in pg-3. Very good .You covered most +ve points in these.(You can add tourism,village development,digital literacy,etc as well)
      2.-ve aspects such as terrorism & health side effects coverd.Good.
      3.Mostly you used simple language which makes it genuine one.

      Things to improve:
      1.I think alignment of ideas required more work to be done. Sometimes logical flow is also missing.
      2. You can also add international experiences as well.It will make ur writing more inclusive .
      3.You have answered in very short manner. approx.~700 words are not sufficient.You can add more ideas & can go upto 900+ words.
      4.Work on writing skills like page alignment & paragraph break ups.

      Overall with 1st attempt.Good try. You can improve a lot.I think for this 45/125 .

      • mission 2016

        thank u… points noted

      • mission 2016

        thank u… points noted

    • Hello Mns 🙂
      -Diverse essay, covering various areas.
      -Lucid, but flow needs to be improved.
      -Add latest technologies, latest govt. schemes
      -Don’t write HD, write a essay as if you are sitting in the exam hall.
      -Take pictures in sufficient light bro, please. 🙂

      Rest is good. 🙂

      • mission 2016

        THANK U.. MOHTARMA
        i m not able to get into a flow i n essay .. plz give me an example

  • Rahul

    “Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development”

    There is obsoletely no doubt about the important role that Technology has played in human development. It has almost transformed the way humans have lived lives throughout centuries. It has now almost touched all spheres of life. At the
    same time we observe certain deviations in human relationships due to overdependence on technology. I will discuss how the technology has influenced us whether in a positive way or in a negative way.

    In the pre-historic times the invention of wheel could be considered as the turning point in human development. This helped people to transport things with minimum effort. It also helped in migration of people from one place to other & interaction among
    different societies. Similarly the Harappa people developed their cities in well planned manner with proper drainage facility, they also took trade as an important means for development. Latter the Aryans used iron for clearing forest areas which helped them to generate food grains & settle at one place. Thus there is a continuous evolution of technology which has affected
    the human development through ages.

    In modern times also technology plays important role in Human development. One fundamental difference I have observed between the western societies & India is that the way they have used technology to transform themselves is marvelous. The
    Indian society rather prefer or emphasize more on basic principles such as honesty, integrity, hard work etc. But these values can not be enacted on such a massive level & cannot ensure the smooth functioning of society. Take an example – In the past six to seven decades governments have tries there best to deliver goods & services to poor people by way of channeling funds/goods through government officials/employees. However we have not been successful as this approach depends on the
    person who is delivering the services. This situation led the government to use various ways of delivering services by bypassing the intermediary man power & reaching directly to the poor by way of technology. The use of technology improves the transparency, efficiency & certainty in the system at the same time it reduces the leakage.

    One important dimension of todays lifestyle is the prevalent use of social media. This has helped people to connect to their friends, family & even globally. The social platforms have evolved into important platform for public opinion. People from various backgrounds express their views & opinion on various issues. The governments are increasingly using social media platforms to inform the public & to get feedback from them. The social media has certainly improved the people participation & there conscience as well. At the same time this has been used by terrorist organistions as breeding ground for recruitment & dissipation of extremist ideology. Similar there has been a continuous increase in cyber crimes. Also the excessive time spent by children & youth on social media is cause of concern, this can restrict the overall development of children. Thus while the use of social media has helped in human development, it also poses serious challenges for us.

    The technology has also created numerous suffering for human civilization. And we are at a stage when we need technology to counter the bad effects of technology. The pollution from factories, motor vehicles & households are causing global warming &
    various decease to humans. It is also cause of climate change. Not only humans but other lives on earth such as plants, animals etc. are suffering from pollution.

    The advancement of technology to develop weapons of mass destruction has become one of the astounding question on human survival & has put question mark on human intelligence. There is ever increasing threat of going these weapons into wrong hand & misuse of it. There are regimes which support terrorism as state policy & posses weapons of mass destruction. Thus it is high time to think & put pressure on all those countries who posses such weapons to destroy them. Various international mechanism have failed to maintain any consensus on this issue

    There is also ethical dimension to use of technology. We have hailed our scientist for developing medicines & methods by which people can be cured for most deadly diseases. The survival rate at birth has improved. We are able to prevent spread of decease such as swine flue, Ebola etc. in recent times. But whether it is acceptable to change the gene coding & produce defect less babies. This is a really a question which we need to ponder. There is certainly a limit to which humans should go, violating the basic principles of nature would cause disaster in society.

    If we notice the trend & past record of influence of technology on human development we observe that mostly a technological development corresponds to a negative effect also. Take examples of TV, motor vehicles, electricity etc. But this does not mean that we stop developing technologies. However we need to keep in mind the social impact, the ethical dimension & the environmental concern while developing a new technology for example – Organic farming. We should strive towards minimizing the negative effects of any new technology, mere economic interest will make our life more difficult then the better.

    With the above points one can conclude that we are at the stage of human development when our survival depend on intelligent use of technology. The illogical & unethical use of technology can become a potential cause of human disappearance from this planet.

    • Abhijeet B

      Very good attempt.Nice piece of reading.First 2-3 paras unnecessarily stresses importance of history.You can cut short that.Also give stress on topic like “Overdependence”….otherwise very simple & thoughful. I think 55/125

      • Rahul

        Thank you very much Abhijeet bhai for your review, agreed with your suggestion.

    • Ankit

      Bhai too less dimensions covered for an essay and too short. It appears more like a gs answer to me. You have to think more over the issue. Though whatever you wrote is really good and pleasing to read but you have to widen your view.

      • Rahul

        Thank you very much Ankit bhai. Abhi essay likhna start kiya hai recently, but what you say is correct, I need to put more dimensions into essay.

  • KAJALPREET

    Plz review frnds,,,,

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi Danish, meet intro with simple words. In 2nd para i think overdependence on ANYTHING is bad, you wrote something. It might mean technology is other than that something hence it is good. Overdependence doesn’t lead to inventions like wheel but the dependence. I think you are not comfortable with sentence framing and spellings. You have content but unable to express it on paper i guess. Please work on it, it is the most important thing for mains. Take criticism positively. Review mine if you find time. By the way good handwriting. Good luck friend.

      • KAJALPREET

        Thanks frnd for review,, yes,, as its my first essay effort,,, confusing also,,,, i wl work on it

    • Mystique Rose

      hey danish

      first of all ,writing is good
      a little bit confusing essay.
      content was good
      clarity however was lacking
      keep writing and you will improve

      pls take time to review mine.
      thank you

    • Dear Kajal 🙂
      Decent try. 🙂
      You wrote essay for the first time?
      Keep writing dear, eventually you will gain a grip over it. 🙂
      Use contemporary and latest technological inventions, write benefits and how they have spoilt humans.
      What more is human development? deal with that area too.

      Write essay every sunday youll improve. 🙂

  • Prerna saxena

    ” Mean of extremes of excess and deficient is virtuous conduct ” opined by Aristotle in his doctrine of “Golden Mean” seems to be perfect analogy for over dependence of technology and human development. Technology has always been provided solutions to human problems and ills.Its evolution comes hand in hand with human development.Technology surprised humanity through its various unprecedented innovations ,which comes as boon and sometimes with darker side of its innovations ,which comes as bane for humanity.

    Humanity since its origin was struggling with various factors and forces to survive and improve upon his well being.However human mind has helped him all through to adapt to the changing circumstances and challenges posed by life on him. But it was genesis of technology which provided him with one stop solution for all its problems and ills.It was first Industrial Revolution of 1784, which paved a different path for human development and unfurled new era in human life encompasses transformation of transportation and production industries . since then we have witnessed two more Industrial Revolution one after another and advanced human development .Humanity has navigate well through these revolutions and advanced human well being with greater opportunities.
    NAVIGATION THROUGH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONS(IR):
    1) INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION -1 : Build around steam engine,mechanical equipment production.
    2)INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION-2: Build around division of labour, electricity and mass production.
    3)INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION-3: Build around IT,Electronics, automated production.

    And we are on the brink of IR 4, which will alter the way we live, work ,relate to one another.Emerging technology like Artificial Intelligence, robotics,3D printing,nanotechnology,biotechnology and quantum computing will prove to be a breakthrough. Technology unraveled various means and ways for advancement in greater equality,freedom, and improved human well being. Technology and human development has become dependent on each other and guided by principle of “necessity is mother of all innovation”.

    Technology has usurped an era of transparency , equality , effectiveness,efficiency and freedom in various spheres of life. Ordering a cab, booking a flight, buying a product, making a payment, listening to music, watching a film, or playing a game—any of these can now be done remotely. Technology has make human dependent on it as solution to the problems , threats and wonders posed by nature on life.
    For instance when world was grappling food scarcity due to decline in agricultural production because factors like flood,drought climate change, primitive technologies etc..Introduction of Bt crops,HYV seeds proved as boon and increased the yield of food production.

    Similarly the issue of ‘global warming’ comes to the fore as a threat and global community was grappling with ideas ,how to deal with it? and again technological innovation is the only possible way seems to be the answer to rein in the threat posed by global warming.Sustainable development is the need of hour which can be achieved by leveraging various technological innovations without compromising much resources.

    However , like every coin has two sides, technology too have other side which need to be looked upon carefully .one should not overlooked by products coming to fore as a result of increasing human dependency on application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes .Over dependence on technology may turned out to be a bane in one or the other way.
    It may unleashed the forces and factors which may increase the inequalities ,particulalry in labor market as it has the potential to disrupt it by substitution of automation .
    For instance introduction of driver less car will render may jobless,similarly another instance is like in manufacturing industry. for example Foxconn a major manufacturer for devices of Apple,Samsung has reportedly sacked 60,000 workers in a factory and replaced them with robots.

    Not only this ,inexorable integration or over dependency on technology could diminish our quintessential human capacities such as compassion and cooperation. Similarly the innovations or revolutions occurring in Biotechnology and artificial intelligence, which are redefining what it means to be a human by pushing back the current thresholds of life span, health and capabilities,will compel us to redefine our moral and ethical boundaries. for example recently Britain has permitted research in GM embryos, which sets the debate on ethics of GM embryos.

    Hence we need to follow balanced approach towards human development and its dependence over technology. Neither technology nor the disruption that comes with it is an exogenous forces over which human have no control. Humanity is responsible for guiding its evolution and should remain. we should grasp the opportunity and power we have to shape the balance between technological advancement and human development .

    • Sharief

      nice essay, but there is more scope for improvement.
      Few observations:
      – introduction was too lengthy; u could reduce those initial paras to one by removing unneccessary info; also it was little difficult to understand the quotes
      – for intro, u could write what is technology, how tech has been changing in modern times
      – example of industrial rev was good, but i felt it is some what unrelated to the essay topic
      – there seems to be no clearcut division in the essay. My opinion would be, divide the essay into diff parts, like effect of tec on edu+health+governance+economy etc..
      – There are two key words in the given topic, “Technology”, “Human Development”. U focussed more on tech, and ignored diff aspects of human dev. U hav to balance b/w the two key words
      – check on grammatical errors, write in simple language
      – u have addressed philosophical part well, but let the essay not be completely philosophical. I suggest that there must be few practical examples also..
      – final suggestion that u may be well aware of :- first prepare a rough sketch of important topics + keywords related to essay topic + flow of the essay + brief intro + conclusion in a separate paper and then develop the essay around those topics mentioned in the rough sketch..

      these are just my opinion, u can ignore them if u have diff opinion 🙂

      • Prerna saxena

        thanks man for suggestions will work upon them…(y)

  • chuk
  • Dheeraj

    Good Essay Topic

  • Sepoy No 1446

    “Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development”

  • bakir malik

    In the name of technology we started the morning of this new era. It was not an abrupt process but a gradual change from wheel to modern Mercedes. In all these decades of change, there was a mix of technology and human manual labor to strike a balance for the advancement of humans. Never in the history do we come to see a point where humans abandoned their physical practices and completely rely on technology to drive the society and never will over-dependence give humans the benefit to advance in developments.

    Indeed humans have built their world on creativity. Creativity has been the backbone of advancement, of new ideas and thoughts , of desire to achieve new heights and provide new solutions, With over-dependence on technology , there will be considerable drain of this creativity, When everything will work on a simple push of a button , will humans have the desire to renew its mental ability and think outside the machine? The developments in past in almost every field have seen men wanting for natural surrounding to come with profound ideas, Indian scholars and artists strongly advocated for an environment for free flow of ideas.Scholars like Ranbindar nath Tagore chose shanti-niketan for a learning to bring forth the creativity of children.

    surrounding the sphere of creativity is the skills of humans. Skills are tools which humans develop with the course of time. looking back in the reality of human history , evidences can be collected which point to the fact that humans need to be free from any over-dependence to develop these skill sets. From times ,which doesn’t provide us with any written history to times of vedas and in times of modern technology, skills spring out from classic human experiments, Humans have the tendency to make mistakes and these provide learning experience. History is filled with inventions which came out due to the mishandled experiments, the leanings people collected from their mistakes and went to to build things beyond our imaginations. Technology which can help in making these learning effective its overdose will not allow any want for making mistakes and learning new things, and eventually leading to a standstill in human development.

    This perspective of of over-dependence is not just fitting for the past definition of humans development but the current meanings as well. In today’s world , human development is not just material growth of humans beings. IT the growth in their education , livings conditions income levels their levels of happiness,

    quite precisely, education in world today is a known as universal right of every human.Humans will not make any progress , will not reap the benefits of this fast moving world if they do not have the knowledge base. Inida is a classical example of educational importance. There is still vast majority of people in India both rural and urban which are not educated and do not reap the benefits of the fast growing country. To improve the coverage of education, technology can be used to spread education to the remotest places of the country. But only technology will improve and impart education is a fundamentally incorrect. Various studies show that one size fits for all has not improved the learning levels of these students. children have different ways and pathways of learning and need different approach to help them understand. using just the technology will be nothing more than the traditional one size fits for all approach . It will leave people literate but uneducated and degree holders but unproductive.

    This effect is not confined to the learning field but spreads to eh working area of humans as well. Technology lead to he mass production from factories , It provided choices to human consumption. This increased production lead to increased consumption and in-turn companies wanting for for labor. Employment level rose and so did the per capita income of households. Technology and its advantages were quite evident from the growth of western countries and some asian countries as well. But given the over-dependence which started building in these developed countries , People were often seen out of there jobs , with company owners wanting to maximize profits and cutting cots human labor was cut and machines were preferred. People went out of jobs , consumption levels went down and companies instead to earning more profits had to adjust for losses.Even the employees who were handlers of technology were seen to be out of job it they did not upgrade with the changing technology. So instead of bringing prosperity over-dependence brought chaos and confusion .

    With technology getting personalized , companies producing goods for individual use, the human behavior also changed. We see the change in behavior with the advent of telegraph and then telephone system. The mobility of people got limited and people started communicating over these new carriers of message. It raised the information exchange mechanism and people were more aware then the past. But with rise of gadget , smart phones social media the effects of over-dependence has come out . PEOPLE are restricted and confined to these gadgets , social and more importantly physical interaction has narrowed. This has given rise to extremely self-centered society,it has not only changed the mental behavior but given rise to lot of health issues , obesity, diabetes and other heath problems have sprung out of this over-dependence,.

    There are other scores of evidences which point out the the fact the over-dependence has not been in the favor of human development, not should we be cynical of the the technology as a whole. technology is a production of human creativity and imagination but it is not a replacement of human mind and efforts.

    • Hey Bakir, please review mine 🙂 I’ll review yours 😛

      • bakir malik

        Hey night long time huh, just got a hand on internet after 3 months. hope your pre was good. will review yours .

        • No it was not 😛
          I dont know if Ill get through 😛

    • Hello Bakir,
      Here I come with my review. 🙂
      -Intro is good.
      -Creativity part is really nice.
      -Mention of Rabindranath Tagore was great!
      -you have tried creating a good balance between dependence and over dependence!
      -Conclusion looks abrupt, need more appealing conclusion.
      -Use recent schemes that use technology and enhance human development.

      All the very best friend.

  • karthik n

    Technology is impacting our lives like never before. Humanity have been striving hard to modify and control our environment, surrounding and technology is a product of that. Humanity has been witness to rapid growth of technology right from Industrial revolution. Examples of technology can be anything from invention of wheel to the recent IT revolution.

    Technology has certainly played a role in the human development and humans are dependent on technology more often than not. It has enabled us to live our lives more comfortably and helped in increasing the standard of living of all the persons, even though in varying degrees. It has been impacting all the spheres of life like Agriculture, Health, Education, Transport, Energy generation, communications, and Service delivery and so on.

    Technology role in human development can be evaluated from two perspectives
    1. ‘An implement to address problems’ and
    2. In some cases access to technology can be a hindrance for all round human development.

    It can help us in connecting with even remotest parts of the country and the world and bring those people into the ‘main stream’ and bring visible changes in the lives of those people. Effective use of technology will help in achieving faster sustainable and more inclusive growth, financial inclusion, revolutionize education and health services. These initiatives will impact empowerment, human development and substantially increase the HDI and prosperity of any country in the world map.

    Technology can be a hindrance to inclusive growth, sustainable development and can increase disparity and marginalization if only some sections of the society have access to it. Solution to lack of access to technology at time is more improvements in technology or it can be called “more dependence on technology”. Government initiatives towards bridging this kind of “DIGITAL DIVIDE” are commendable and many more of this kind is needed. For example if education system with past and present emphasis on creating “calculators” and “reproducers” can be revolutionized using technology to create “creators” and “innovators”. These innovations have the potential to make the technology cheap and more ubiquitous. If cheap renewable alternatives to conventional energy are found it would do great good to humanity and save it from imminent threats.
    Why resource (natural and human) rich countries like Africa and India have so much poverty and are not yet developed? One of the important reasons is the lack of penetration of technology at the right time.

    But, at the same time technology is prone to be used for ‘unintended purposes’ and serious thought has to be given to such diversion and possible safeguards are to be taken. For example people in some quarters feel technology is a double edged sword, be it computers, hard ware to cut trees, or even knowledge of Principle of Fission and Fusion reaction. Problem arises when knowledge with ‘dual purpose’ is misused. Fission and Fusion reactions doesn’t have the cognizance that it has potential to destroy humanity itself, hypothetically if ‘it’ had the cognizance then it would allow itself only for electricity generation and such application. But, humans are blessed with these cognitive skills popularly called “HUMAN REASON” .Same applies to environmentally unsustainable technologies. They will be counterproductive and can even drag us back in terms of progress.

    Our dependence on technology will be directly proportional to the future innovative improvements; we have to be better equipped tomorrow than we were yesterday to have better control of our dynamic lives. Because if we are not able to tackle these challenges like Poverty, hunger, climate change etc there is jeopardy that we may be pushed into chaos. So, we cannot diminish the role of technology but ‘over dependence’ can be regulated as and when the need arises. There should be checks and balances for everything. Technology is no exception for this general rule

    • A decent attempt.

      Keep writing.

      See mine if time permits.

      • karthik n

        Your essay also had some good points.

  • Someone please teach me how to write Essays…:-(

    • warrior_pandit

      Bhai! ab natak mat kar… itna acha likha hai tumne! mera review karo! 😛

    • karthik n

      Hello.
      I can guess the reason behind this comment. The style of your writing is good. It would take hours if not days to prepare a complete essay covering every aspect and dimension asked. If your essay has all the basics then its fine. You can refine it 10 times today but still it will lack some thing if the aim is to find what is lacking in the essay.

      Thanks

    • Abhijeet B

      Bro..there is nothing called as perfection in essay writing.You write the arguments,examples,quotes,etc which I can’t write or others can’t write.Essay writing is more of wisdom ,thought process & organizing skills. Nobody can teach anybody how to write essay.Just few things like logical flow,simple & lucid language,relevant examples,quotes(if required) & good intro & conclusion,etc should be taken care of. (i’m also one of stupid aspirant so whatever i know i had put)

      • KAJALPREET

        Plz can u review mine,, its my first essay

        • Abhijeet B

          Ok..wait

        • Abhijeet B

          bro..I can’t see..where is ur essay?

          • KAJALPREET

            Check from my profile

  • Dipjyoti

    Please review…humble request..:)

    Over-dependence on Technology will advance Human Development

    Mr. Vishal is a high-flying chief executive of a company. He works 14-15 hours in a day. A major part of the day, he spends in video-conference with the project heads of his company branches situated in different countries. But he cannot stop worrying all the time. He is on medication for hypertension. His 15 year old son is also diagnosed with diabetes and needs constant care. He is worried as to who will look after his son, after him.

    Doctors say, lack of physical exercise and excessive dependence on gadgets are the cause of his as well as his son’s ailments. But then, hasn’t he bought all the gadgets only to make life comfortable? Whether, technology has aided in his advancement or brought him problems?

    Indeed, the broader question will be, WHETHER OVER-DEPENDENCE ON TECHNOLOGY ADVANCES HUMAN DEVELOPMENT OR PUSHES MAN BACKWARD? This is a very pertinent question facing humanity today. Let us delve into the issue.

    Now, what is human development? Human development can be referred as the extension of limits of human capabilities. And, technological advancements have played a very crucial role in this.

    Today, humans can travel thousands of miles in a matter of hours. Thanks to the telecommunication devices, one can be in constant touch with dear ones, sitting miles away. Motor vehicles have enhanced our speed of commutation. With the supercomputers, humans have enhanced their computing powers beyond imagination.

    Earlier manufacturing of textiles, engines etc. took days or even years. But now, humongous machines can produce those in a matter of hours. And our capabilities are being extended all the time due to technological advancements.

    Technology has also enabled exchange of knowledge between different parts of the world. Earlier civilisations like Greek civilisation, Indus valley civilisation, etc. developed in isolation from one another. But, technologies have eased academic exchanges.

    But does human development consists only in enhancement of our comfort level and in new inventions? Doesn’t our physical development matter as well?

    Today, people are increasing suffering from life-style diseases like diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases, etc. People in cities complain of excessive pollution levels. Stressful living has become synonymous with urban life.

    Excessive use of fossil fuels has led to the problem of global warming. With modern machines, human can clear forests in hours. This deforestation combined with global warming has hampered ecological stability. This hurts all living organisms and human beings themselves.

    And we have studied since our childhood that, man is a social animal. This social bonding is a kind of capital that enables communities to overcome obstacles together. But the onslaught of gadgets has today made humans individualistic. In cities, many people don’t know who their neighbour.

    This individualistic tendency brings problems like depression and has created social tensions. Values like helpfulness, neighbourliness, social bondings are on the retreat. Is this what is referred as human development?

    And it is agreed that technologies have enhanced the capabilities of the human mind. But, the manner we use those capabilities also matter.

    Today, humans have created weapons of mass destruction like atom bombs, hydrogen bombs, chemical weapons, etc. All these, by leveraging the powers of the human intellect. But, such deployment of technology hardly imply human development. Rather, these have the potential to annihilate human civilisation.

    Also, cyber crimes like phishing, identity theft etc. makes us very vulnerable today. Our entire life’s savings can be stolen by one in a matter of seconds. And cyber warfare is a reality today. Some hostile country thousands of miles away, can harm us.

    So, technological advancement is like a double-edged sword. If it is not conditioned by the right values and humane spirit, it can entail massive destruction rather than development.

    The above discourse thus points that indiscriminate use of technologies and excessive dependence on the same will not further human development. Rather, the emphasis has to be on its optimum use and well directed use. To ensure the same Government, media, civil society and each one of us have a role to play.

    Government has to REGULATE the uses of technology so as to prevent misuse. VALUE EDUCATION has to be promoted along with impartation of technical know-how, at each level of education. Also, Government has to create awareness about the ill-effects of excessive use technology, in terms of physical and psychological distress.

    CIVIL SOCIETY organisations have a role of ensuring people-to-people interactions which is diminishing in this era of individualism. Also civil society along with MEDIA has to partner the Government in creating awareness of optimum and well-directed use of technology.

    Now, coming back to Mr. Vishal, he has to realise that technology is not solely responsible for his advancement or his woes. He has advanced by dint of his hard work and his efforts. And his problems have arisen because of dependence of technology.

    Mr. Vishal will do better by `stop worrying and instead accompany his son in physical exercise and spend leisurely time with his son trying to impart him the human values of helpfulness, kindliness, etc. This way, he will ensure his child’s true advancement.

  • mayank

    pls review it

  • J@LS@

    “Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development”

    “Technology” this one term changed the whole world altogether to a greater extent. As the new developments in technology are evolving It is making humans more Smart, organized, United, responsible, effective and reactive.

    In a number of ways the dependence on technology will solve the problems faced by the humans and society. the Problems are of any kind such as social , economical and political the one step solution is Technology.

    The dependence on Technology will make advance in the field of economic, health, Education and Infrastructure. The technological revolutions of the 21st century are emerging from entirely new sectors, based on micro-processors, tele-communications, bio-technology and nano-technology. Products are transforming business practices across the economy, as well as the lives of all who have access to their effects. The most remarkable breakthroughs will come from the interaction of insights and applications arising when these technologies converge.

    The Overdependence of the Technology will effect different fields in the following manner.

    1.Administration: By successfully utilizing the technology in the administration will greatly reduce the corruption. As in the case of 2G scam, the licenses are granted with out following the procedure in transparent manner which resulted in the loss of 1.76 lakh crore rupees of public money. Similar in the coal scam. By overdependence on technology in administration of sanctioning licences, online payment of taxes will result in the transparent governance and remove Inspector Raj.This will reduce the sufferings from officials and help in the development of individual.

    2.Education: As the technology effected positively in the Education sector utmost.Any interested student now can acess the required information with less cost. The overdependence on technology offers knowledge sharing, discussion and development.Every one can now well aware of the needs of society and the students will address the needs.Ex.NPTEL course offered by all the IIT’s to Non IITian students in the Engineering field will clear so many doubts of students who are pursuing their studies in Rural colleges.

    3.Health: With advances in The Bio-Technology, nano Technology will solve the problems of Medical field. New equipments are invented for better treatment of diseases.With Tele-medicine access to Doctors has increased to a greater extent.

    4.Services:Over dependence of technology to deliver Govt services to the needy section of people will ensure better transparency. Like JAM PAHAL

    5.Agriculture and Food Processing: As the India is Agro based economy where more than half of the population of country depends on agriculture. The dependence on technology such as GM crops, Whether forecasting, soil health cards and the use of satellite data in case of crop failures.The food processing technology will provide opportunity to reduce the food wastage. With the E-mandis farmers can acess all the markets of India to sell his farm produce.

    6.Employment: These is one tricky field where the overdependence on technology may result in the loss of unemployment that to in some specific fields else overdependence on technology will provide opportunities.

    7.Economy: With the overdependence on technology will improve the GDP of a country as It will reduce the corruption and black money generation.Since In India the black money generated is of 40% of GDP.

    8.Biodiversity: the overdependence of technology in protecting and conserving the biodiversity will result in the sustainable development,since the loss of biodiversity will effect more the poorer and tribals.with the use of technology It is possible to take part in the development of those sections of society.

    9.Pollution: The development or overdependence on techlogy is the cause and also the solution of pollution.As the overdependence on technology will generate lot of e-waste which is mostly not possible to recycle.at the same time overdependence on technology to treat the e-waste.

    10.Energy: As the overdepence on clean energy which is the result of developments in technology has the ability to reduce the carbon emission which is the solution to reduce the global temperature.

    Successful countries have grown their ability to innovate and learn by doing, by investing public funding to help finance research and development in critical areas. Everyone is involved – big and small, public and private, rich and poor.

    The benefits that are certain to flow from technological revolution in an increasingly connected world and knowledge-intensive world will be seized by those countries and companies that are alive to the rapidly changing environment, and nimble enough to take advantage of the opportunities. Those that succeed will make substantial advances in reducing poverty and inequality.

  • Reetumani

    Technology can be define in various ways and one of it, is the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life , society and the environment , drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science. The old saying that “Necessity is the mother of the invention” leads the humankind to today’s over-dependence in technology.

    The use of rudimentary technology during the earliest period of human development from uses of stone for hunting and later on passes to development of agriculture paved the way for the settlement of mankind. And further the invention of iron, tin, etc; came the period where we Homo sapiens sapiens become more dependent on technology.

    It is the requirement of our survival in beginning that technology has been seen as development of weapon machinery. The numerous arsenals created from Romans to now superpower United States of America which has a say in every corner and issue of the world and sometimes it led to huge loss of human life and property. The modern warfare is about the unmanned remote control drones used in wars ranging from killing of Osama-Bin- laden to ongoing war in Syria. The satellites which is a used for benefits of human development such as mapping the areas and proper use of the land for agriculture could be made possible, precaution could be taken beforehand of natural calamities like earthquake, landslides,cyclone,tsunami,etc,.

    The invention of microscope, new technology for the development of medicine that would help to cure human beings changes the course of human span of life. Now people with healthy life can have more time to spend with their beloved ones and contribute more to society. The coming of research facilities where machines were put into use for inventing medicines and also provide employment to huge population that need subsistence more than ever.

    The artificial intelligence is the new talk of day to day life. The invention of robot which work as domesticated servant at home, unpaid labour in industries for manufacturing automobiles ,aviation industry and also collecting evidence from Mars. The HBO production House created a series known as” Person of Interest” where a genius Known as Harold Finch created a super computer which provides number of person who might be perpetrator or victim before the crime occurred, and with small team help the world to better place without or less criminal activity. Someday it may be possible. Speaking all these, myself using computer and typing words which is not possible a century before. We are surrounded by technology from building infrastructure to using internet for buying of goods and services.

    The mobile phones is one of technological advancement that made ours life very easy and i remember when Shashi Tarror in TED said” I was in Kerala, my home state, at the country farm of a friend, about 20 kilometres away from any place you’d consider urban. And it was a hot day and he said, “Hey, would you like some fresh coconut water?” And it’s the best thing and the most nutritious and refreshing thing you can drink on a hot day in the tropics, so I said sure. And he whipped out his cellphone, dialed the number, and a voice said, “I’m up here.” And right on top of the nearest coconut tree, with a hatchet in one hand and a cell phone in the other, was a local toddy tapper, who proceeded to bring down the coconuts for us to drink.”

    So, the technology obviously lead to dependent of our human species but the way we use it depend on our code of morality and reap the benefit of it for the betterment of the whole society and coming generation of mankind.

    kindly review.

  • Karthik C V

    As the evaluation of Human started, it started with technology,it may raise the question how? When man evolved to the present form he started using stones, did man used stones simply as they are available in his surroundings? No, he modified the stones according to his convenience. Man learned to lit up the fire by rubbing the same stone. How these things are possible due to the technology. The technology made the man to lead sedentary life from nomadic one.Today we are observing many aspects related to technological development which made our life easy and speed to update with world.
    The globalisation “The global villlage” which is Buzz word from last 25 years this global village today a reality due technological development even though a member of family is far away from his/her home they can mingle with each other thorugh media like Skype, what’s app and video conferencing. Once INDIA which was dependent on Westren developed nations today became self sufficient due high yield variety of seeds in Green revolution. Today many diseases like cholera, chickenpox dengue and malaria are becoming curable and also preventable due development and innovation in medical field.
    Today people are getting most of the services in time thorugh online where government services were costly due to corruption and middle man e-NAM the initiative taken by government to make “FEEDER OF THE NATION” to free from exploitation of middle man.
    The Prime Minister of INDIA urged the Police personal to become tech savvy who is very much attached to the comman citizen.
    Despite of the above advantages from the technology and its innovation technology is associated with many flaws. What are these flaws? What are the drawback of technology?overdependence on technology will make human to advance in his life?
    As the technology developed we experienced many drawbacks like e-revolution with e-waste, green revolution with increase in salination of soil in those regions where green revolution occurred. Genetic food with allergic reactions.
    Overdependence on technology causing to deterioration of thinking power in humans . Today we are finding children less in the play grounds more in front of computers holding smart phones in thier hands, where they interacting less in society mover with electronics.
    These technologies are affected by data theft and cyber crime.When people emotionally attached with technology they also vulnerable to these issues.
    From these aspects we came to know that dependence on technology is making our life easy but overdependence making us vulnerable. In the modren world it is the duty and responsibility of each person use technology carefully and meaningful way.

    • Bobo

      too short, some right ideas were in right place but looked more like an extended GS answer than an essay.

  • harsh

    “Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development”

  • niharika

    PLZ REVIEW

  • Abhijeet B

    Guys,I had honestly reviewed 5-6 essay here. I had also given suggestions to improve.Most people had good skills & they will surely benefit.But sometime I find aspirants don’t like the comments/review/suggestions which make them to improve on current positions & which does not suit their requirement .They find what they had written is best. So only one quote to add-“Ignorant or Unexamined life is not worth living”-Socrates.

  • Abhijeet B

    Guys,I had honestly reviewed 5-6 essay here. I had also given
    suggestions to improve.Most people had good skills & they will
    surely benefit.But sometime I find aspirants don’t like the
    comments/review/suggestions which make them to improve on current
    positions & which does not suit their requirement .They find what
    they had written is best. So only one quote to add-“Ignorant or
    Unexamined life is not worth living”-Socrates….

    • Nitesh

      Hello sir, can you please review mine? thanks.

      • Abhijeet B

        Surely wait

    • mission 2016

      review mine also plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz.. i like your suggestions in other essays

      • Abhijeet B

        sure bro..wait

    • Ankit

      Review mine when u find time.

      • Abhijeet B

        Reviwed Check my comment

    • saba

      plz keep reviewing mine as I have learnt lot from your suggestion not only at my essay but other people’s essays as well

      • Abhijeet B

        Surely…!!

    • Abyss

      saw you giving marks to essays… would definitely hope to know my score if time permits for you to do so.

    • Akhil

      Brother review my essay also if you have time. You review quite well. Suggestions, criticism all are welcome…
      Thank you

  • sonu tomar

    Please review – my first essay on insights
    (August 21, 2016) – Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development

    “Technology is a good servant but a bad master”
    Technology has helped in the advancement of human civilization as a support structure. But overdependence on technology will not advance human development but can make human beings the slave of the technology. As such overdependence on anything is always not recommended, as it paves the way to lethargy and reversal of development.

    Technology changed the life of humans from hunter and gatherers to modern men with all luxuries. Initially there was high birth rate and death rate, due to lack of medical technology. Now with advancement in medical technologies we have checked both for the benefits of human being. Disease like polio, chickenpox, plague are being checked. Advancement in genetic engineering has made artificial organs a reality in future.
    Advancement in technology in the field of transportation has shrinked the world limits. It has made possible cultural intermingling, trade advancement and economic growth. Advancement in field of space has enabled humans to see beyond the visual range and explore extra terrestrial phenomenons. Advancement of technology in machinaries, robotics and artificial intelligence enabled the human beings to produce goods and services at an unprecedented rate.

    Technology has helped in almost every field of human endevour. Be it the Health , industries, transportation etc as discussed above or in field of education, communication, social networking, human comfort etc and the list is unending. Use of technology in governance has reduced human discretion and helped in reduction in corruption. We can see dependence on technology in almost every walk of life and in many ways it has helped in advancement of human development.
    But now we see dependence is replaced by over dependence which is leading to degradation of human development.

    Overdependence in the field of knowledge, information and education on internet and computer technology is making humans more dumb than before. Digital amnesia due to overdependence on digital gadgets is eroding human memorizing capacity. For example most of the people do not remember 1% of the contacts saved in their mobile contact list. Use of GPS, maps has reduced humans capacity to remember directions, ways etc. If we ask today’s modern generation of any common knowledge questions they are just overly dependent on their gadgets and start finding the answers using google.

    Overdependence on transportation technology made people lethargic and now a lot of people are facing disease like obesity, diabetes heart stroke etc which were uncommon around a century back. Overdependence on climate control devices like airconditioners, coolers etc reduced humans ability of adaptation. Now a walk in sun make people susceptible to sunstroke etc.
    Also due to overuse of machines we see increase in technology derived unemployment which lead to poverty and reduced human development.

    Overuse and dependence of communication and social networking websites has decrease humans interections with reality and real peoples. It is leading to lack of emotions and we see more divorce, family quarrels , lack of empathy , which can be attributed to this.
    Overdependence of technology in government decision making and policy making is reducing human touch in the service delieveries. Decisions are based on rules and logic but are without compassion , empathy and emotions.

    With the increasing use of artificial intelligence, computers, robotics and genetic engineering , we are trying to make machines at per with human beings, but in pursual of this endevour we are seems to be ready to be dictated by these future machines. If this overdependence is not controlled than the advancement of human mind, values and humanity will be on cross roads. Therefore the focus of advancemet of human development should not be on over dependence on technology , but technology should be used as enabler and not to take place of human beings.

    • Bobo

      @sonu tomar:disqus
      pros- simple language, resemblance of a flow
      cons- lack of examples, words like pursual etc, one liner paragraphs.
      all in all greater deal of practice needed for enrichment.

      • sonu tomar

        Thanks Bobodoll… will try hard next time

  • Nitish Sharma

    Kindly review!

  • Eco-friendly

    Draft-

    1) Story

    2) Role of Technology

    3) Positive role in human development- in brief touched upon multiple areas.

    4) Negative role in human development- a) Social
    b) Creativity and cognitice skills
    c) Agriculture
    d) Economic
    e) Privacy
    f) Health
    5) Solution- Awareness and caution
    6) Conclusion

    Fair—

    Abhishek (20 yrs) who is son of an engineer Vivek sat down on the road and said- “Now I cannot move even an inch”. Abhishek and Vivek are visiting their village in Uttar Pradesh and on the way their car broke down. Their village is just 10km away but because of backwardness the area is not well connected with transport and now they have no other option but to walk on foot. After walking for 2 km Abhishek has given-up while his father even after attaining 45yrs age can walk another 8kms easily. It is simply his overdependence on means of transport which in turn is a gift of technology which makes him unprepared for this day.

    Indeed technology has led to advancement of human development through increase in capability, speed of doing work, efficiency and in overall well-being of humans but at the same time overdependence on technology has deprived us of our freedom, has decreased our human capability and in-tern makes ourself slave of technology.

    Since ancient times technology and its application has played an important role in the life of human beings. From Stone Age to the present information age technology has changed the living condition of humans, our way of interaction, communication has changed much. Through technology we have gained advancement in the field of medical sciences which has enhanced our life expectancy at birth, we have gained speed in communication and transport, human error in computation is the thing of past, through GPS and spatial technology we can never be lost, HYV seeds, fertilizers and advanced farm equipments has increased the production of grains and relieved farmer from much physical work, even the loss due to natural disaster has been kept low. It is true that the countries which are technologically advanced are much developed in terms of economic and social conditions. They even lie higher in the Human Development Index.

    But can it be said that advancement in technology is the sole criteria for enhancement of human development. Surely technology is tool which can further human development. But its overdependence has negative impact on human beings. Our social life has become more and more dependent on machines and devices we use, we tend to involve all the time on chatting and social networking sites while ignoring the physical presence of near and dear ones and hence loss of social bonds.

    Creativity is what makes us different from machines. Overdependence on technology has a negative effect on our creativity. It is because of lack of creativity that many laborers in 18th century (industrial revolution) felt alienated, loss of happiness and cases suicide increased. Overdependence on technology limits our problem solving skills and make us think the way that tool wants us to. Eg- a calculator though can enhance speed of calculation but it also make us dependable even for the small calculations. An autocorrect application can limit our spelling skills. All these things makes us lazy and dependable. Our cognitive abilities get worsen.

    We can say that technological advancement has increased our agricultural output but overdependence of chemical fertilizers and pesticide has made our land unfit for agriculture. These pesticides gets transferred into our food and their increased concentration due to bio-magnification causes new problems which is once again against the concept of human development.

    It was seen in many villages of U.P. that technology used to identify person for PDS grains do not recognize the thumb impression of villagers. Such overdependence on technology has led to deprivation of people from their legitimate right. Use of technology has made banking facility easier but at the same time hacking, phishing and fraud cases have also increased.
    Replacement of low skilled job with new technology has increased unemployment which not only affects economy of a daily wage laborer but also increases the economic inequality and hence do not advances human development.

    Privacy and freedom which are considered to be the basic right of every human being is breached. Recent example of Ashley Madison and WikiLeaks tells us that we cannot rely solely on technology for our privacy. The more we engage with electronic gadgets, more is the possibility that our privacy is breached. With the growth of apps on health, technology now dictates our fooding habits, with artificial intelligence our computer deduces what we want to see and filters accordingly. Though these advancements are for the help of humans but at the same time we lose our freedom.

    Increase use of electronic gadgets and our overdependence on them has caused many health problems in our daily life too. Anxiety, obesity, sleeplessness, weak eyesight, lethargy, depression are just a few to name. These problems existed rarely in our past but are now common. Though technology has made our life easier but because of our overdependence we are making our life tough. In overall sense we can say that through technological advancement we have taken a step towards human development but its overdependence has retreated our advance.

    But its not too late to rectify our mistake. We can again go forward in the right direction of human development. We just need to realize our place i.e. we are the masters of technology and not its slave. We need to use technology to increase our capability and not to limit it. For this we should be aware of disadvantages of that technology, and how can we better utilize it without hampering our own capacity. We should always keep in mind that virtual world however amazing and good cannot replace real world.

    In the above story if Abhishek keeps himself fit and do not solely depend on technology he can easily walk those 8km easily. A balance between dependence on technology and need should be maintained because our priority is welfare of human beings but not to become slave of technology.

    • learner

      flow is good..started with story shows overdependence and ended with story…

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi eco – friendly intro with a story is good. I think you emphasised more on overdependence, it is one of the key words along with human development, hence balance can be maintained. calculator and spelling mistakes point is good. I think PDS is not suitable, because it is fault in technology not overdependence. Remaining points are good. Review mine friend. ATB.

      • Eco-friendly

        yes you r right PDS example can be avoided. Thanks….will review yours

    • abhinav raj

      Bro
      nyc piece of essay has been written by you
      bt i think
      ur essay was a little bit in ante motion
      bt it was gr8
      enjoyed ur essay

    • JBB

      Good essay Eco-friendly bhai…Your examples are also eco friendly like your name. Good one!!!

    • Hello Eco bhai 🙂
      Starting story is lovely. 🙂
      One doubt, you wrote technology restricts our creativity. But technological advancements are only possible because of human creativity, no?

      I really liked how you have dealt with dependence and over dependence simultaneously! 🙂 Good work.
      Conclusion needs some work. Connecting the story with the conclusion didn’t work much this time 🙁
      Overall, a good attempt bro! 🙂

      • Eco-friendly

        Thanks Simran for ur review.
        Technology restricts our creativity eg- a machine (to make burger) will give the same output when input are same but human can create a new kind of burger with the same inputs. Another example- if a robot is asked to go from point A to B then it will go straight or follow the programmed path but human can go in multiple ways. Similarly a multiplication of two numbers can be done in a prescribed manner by calculator but we can do it in multiple ways

        and yes technological advancements are only possible because of human creativity but these technologies cannot create new things they will do things in a programmed manner or through learning (AI)

    • FedEx

      Hello Eco-friendly
      Good write-up. And nice to see you taking stand on the topic. But while discussing, apart from one para, whole essay is in anti-tone. I guess could have elaborated a bit on the positive side too.

      Please review mine too

    • SM

      Dear Ecofriendly,
      The story doesn’t seems realistic, as abhishek just 20. You need to add qualities to abhishek: obese, donot play outdoor game etc

      UP defect example= this example could have been presented in a better way, some instruments can get faulty. But its not beyond repair

      It’s not clear how can we improve (second last para)

      Rest the essay is good:

      Thank you and take care..

  • Nitesh

    “Overdependence on Technology will advance Human Development”
    During the conversation of a child with his grandfather, he asked what are these letters you have from other people? How do they get delivered from one place to another? why didn’t you use WhatsApp or skype to interact with your friends? His grandfather responded by saying that this was the medium by which we used to interact among ourselves and internet as you know came only 30 years before. He further said that even these postcards which are delivered by post office or by ‘dakiya’ was not present before few hundred years. Earlier common people had no medium to communicate with people living in away from them. Only the kings used messengers to receive and send the news from one kingdom to another. This advancement is due to introduction of new technology.
    Truly, man has always benefitted a lot from overdependence on technology. Since pre ancient history, the INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION developed sophisticated drainage pattern, rectangular roads and burnt bricks houses so that they could settle, instead of being nomadic herders and roam for food. They started practicing agriculture on Indus plains and trading with other civilizations. This was possible only by people then depending on technology to ease down their lives. Till 18th century, the world was basically an agricultural economy and was based on feudal nature. There were wars and battles on the claims of the fertile lands and India and China owing to their fertile lands were superpowers of the world and used to hold more than 50 percent of the world GDP together. But after the 1ST INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, European powers beginning to exert power over the world and India and China were soon under the colonial control of Europeans. It was the spinning jenny and power loom which helped Europeans to produce cheap and fast cloth. With the help of renaissance and scientific discoveries in the west, Europeans and Americans asserted dominance over the world. India and China lagged in keeping pace with the technology therefore were colonized by the Europeans. However it was this technology which became the BANE of the Asian and African countries in the 18th -20th century. It was help of ships, rifles, planes, bombs and cannons which were used by west to conquer the world and suppress the conquered.
    In the present day, technology has helped mankind immensely. The internet has been the frontrunner among the new technologies developed in 20th century. It has led to SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT of man on a variety of fronts. Technology has helped a student living far from the school to get education, it has helped poor and disabled along with people in remote areas to get education by getting enrolled into distant learning programs. With the help of SOCIAL NETWORKING, we can get live updates on news, events and happening all over the world. We can stay in touch with our loved ones. Technology has helped us to connect to world, but we don’t know the names of our neighbors. Due to social networking real person to person interactions has become limited and new generation lack social skills to interact with each other. Technology has created a deep interweb of illusion for the coming generation in which it traps and avoids the real experience of nature and world.
    Coming to POLITICS, recently all over the world, the elections are now fought over the internet and people are more aware the choice they are making, leader themselves are more assertive and transparent on the stand they are taking. Technology has helped defy famous saying that
    PEOPLE HAVE SHORT TERM MEMORY IN CASE OF EVENTS.
    It is now said that INTERNET NEVER FORGETS.
    Even the governance of the country is done with the help of technology, all the schemes are monitored on the internet like GARV app which monitors electrification of rural households in the country. However, political parties now have misused the internet by creating cyber cells to malign the image of other candidates and leaders of political party. Nowadays, a leader has to speak and take a stand very cautiously as it becomes very easy to manipulate the words or stand by him.
    ECONOMICALLY, we have shifted from historical barter trade to coins with the help of technology, coins were made of precious materials which were very rare to find. In the 19th – 20th century, world shifted to bullion currency which were pegged on the gold reserves each country had. But in the 1960s with the collapse of Bretton woods system of currency. Due to collapse of gold prices, it was reform in economics via technology that fiat currency was then introduced in place of bullion currency. Nowadays, a new currency called plastic currency has taken place of fiat currency. But with new technology, came new challenges like credit card fraud. In the 21st century new cyber currency called bitcoins came into place which is still to be accepted all over the world. Automation in the home, industry and services has led to simplification of life of man. Now he can turn on the air conditioner of his home from any part of the world. Technology has helped man to orient itself from manure labour to knowledge and skill labor. However, due to these advancements in technology, we have become more lazy and want everything automatic from washing machine to vaccum cleaner. This has adversely affected the lives and led to several deadly disease like diabetes and cancer which were non-existent few hundred years ago. We now have a global market with multilateral institution like WTO, world bank and IMF, the markets are interconnected and needs of one is fulfilled by the other. However, it is this interconnectedness that recession in one country has impact on the other.
    Technology has also had an adverse impact on our CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENT specially after the first industrial revolution. With man creating non degradable waste and steel structures and polluting the environment there has been continuous increase in the average global temperature and thus melting of glaciers. This has led to submergence of many coastal establishments and even some countries!! With the introduction of nuclear bombs, we have exposed ourselves to irreversible disasters like Hiroshima and Nagasaki along with Chernobyl in the past and Fukuyama disaster in the present. Industrial disasters like Bhopal gas tragedy had impact on generations to come, which is a heavy price to pay for the advancement in technology.
    Technology has indeed brought us closer, made our lives more comfortable, with the help of new technologies like AI and virtual reality we are advancing faster into the future. But on the same time, we are delinking the human connection and social interaction which made us human at the first place, without it, it would be very difficult to differentiate between us and the machines. To conclude, we have only one earth as our home, and therefore it is our duty to protect, preserve and cherish and make it available for the coming generations.
    “Nature determines the route of development, while man determines the rate and state.”

    • Abhijeet B

      My review:-
      1. Your introduction is very simple & touchy.good
      2. After introduction upto the half of ur essay you traced the Historical journey from Indus to present. In my view its not required to write & focus on history itself.That makes essay dull & make the invigilator impression that you are from History optional( i think you are). You can reduce that to much less extent & try to incorporate other points which add good tone to overall essay.
      3. After the sentence “It is now said that INTERNET NEVER FORGETS”, you have written long paragraph of about 400 words which is not desirable .Make it 3 or 4 paragraphs so that it keeps invigilator to go on reading till end w/o loosing sight.
      4.Also you can add examples & quotes to fetch good marks..
      Overall above average attempt. i think 50/125….

      • Nitesh

        Thank you so much for the reply. I am very grateful for your review.
        Btw I have geo as my optional but your point stands corrected that I wrote too much about the historical underpinnings which could have been cut short. I agree that i have strayed away from the topic at hand. I will surely keep your suggestions in mind. This was one of the first essays and I think i need to improve a lot. Again thanks a lot for the kind review.

  • yogi

    Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development’

    • yogi

      Rough Draft:

  • naren

    “Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development”

    Please Review:

    ” Human get so much information or digitally connected all day long that may loose their common sense”

    We are aware that the word ” over” when used as prefix then things become over reactive and results goes against desired results. Here “over dependence on technology will advance human development is absolutely wrong. As I said above over use give negative effect. Technology is everywhere in today’s scenario from starting with sandwitch maker to running industry.
    Human development is mostly dependent on technology today. Technology helpful in social , political , economy, culture, legal prosecution, international communication, health facility, medical care, and so on. Human feels paralysis without technology support.

    Since our childhood, we become more familiar with technology through use of calculator, mobiles phones,projector in school, threading mill, and so on all these are helpful in human development. For example now days school provide a digital pen in the primary classes to the children to learn or listen poem, ABACUS, etc. with the help of this pen child can learn anywhere and anytime,When child put pen over any topic in book then pen started playing topic and child listen to it again and again he cramp poem very efficiently,So that is helpful for both child and parents who get less time to teach their children but it has a negative effect that child become a good listener but not a good reader, he does not know what is written their, simply put pen over the topic and listen it.

    Now when we grow up, we are more dependent on technology, which definitely helps us to understand things, manage works, run business, helpful in social life,agriculture, and so on.Now everyone connect to any another person on social networking sites, through communication network like phones, emails, video chat, video conference, etc. These all helps for human development, human become more acquainted with digital literacy,for example a person can study distance e-learning courses, take lecture from any university of the world, study from any university through internet,participate in any research development project or works who unable to go anywhere, information technology is rudimentary element of human development, etc.
    At same time over use of technology gives wrong effect over the student,for example a report recently publish by an agency which clearly shows that the country who goes with digital or tablet studies in school, found children use less brain for mathematics calculations, they are unable to solve simple calculations as they are more familiar with calculator, so now Japan works towards conventional method of teaching, avoid digital gadget in schools, While India is more focusing on digital literacy but it need to take care about its bad consequences.

    Now how technology is helpful in social life, people are connect to each other through social networking sites, they are updated with surroundings happening from US president election to Modi Ji speech over Baloch, through news app. But now days people are so addicted with gadget that they loose their control over them and guided by them.They believe more in signing a petition over change.org instead of helping people in reality.For example road race accident occur in metro cities, people passing from the victims are more interested in their new song or ponder over google instead of helping him. Next day they see in the news that a person died because nobody could save me on the road. The same person who passes near to the victim signed petition on change.org said that was really horrible how people are so irresponsible.

    Technology helpful in daily life for the human development, like water purifier, ac conditioner keep the body temperature cool in summer, micro wave for cooking food instantly, efficient LPG technology in cooking has less worse effect than fire wood used in rural areas,public transport, etc. over all they played crucial role in human development, it save more time and money too. But at the same time over use of them have very worse effect on both human and environment, for example CFC used in ac was a big reason for ozone whole, do not go for exercise, as mostly they travel by vehicles, etc.

    Technology helpful in economic growth which increase the per capita income of people and led to better standard of life. Now automation is fourth Industrial revolution, production rate increases,but at the same time many labour loosing their jobs, fall in to poverty line, increase the government excehquer on welfare schemes.It is useful for the development of few people while it is disaster in respect to employment generation.

    Technology helpful in medical care facility, it gives immense result in curing dangerous diseases like cancer, TB, cholera , dengue,etc. Many operation are performed with robotic arms, robots, X-ray, MRI, like for injecting medicine directly into cancer patient body, etc. But as over use of X-Machine or MRI cause harmful effect in people working on it.

    Technology helpful in agriculture,we have seen big growth during green revolution like HYV seed, irriagation facility but it has very harmful effect on environment which hamper growth human development.For example children are not getting nutritious food as mostly they contain high chemical fertilizer. So now we change our mind towards organic farming which gives more better crop with no side effect.

    Technology is used for better development of human in balancing way then it can give immense benefit to both human and environment. While it over used in commercial way then soon our planet become home of thousands of diseases, for example Zika, elbola , cancer, etc. then no human will survive. So people should try to used less technology or use it in trade off way so it has no harmful effect.Technology we made for our human development not for destroying ourselves. If person stop using their brain then they will loose their common sense , quality to judge things, soon their brain will stop thinking etc. People need to do exercise for brain proper working, so they have to rely less on calculator, mobiles phones app, etc.

    “It is not our technology but our attitude who determine our altitude ”

    Please review:

  • Mystique Rose

    the order of pages is 5, 4,1, 2, ,3… sorry for the inconvenience.
    i am just learning to post in images, it was the first time

    • Ankit

      Simple language is always effective 🙂
      But I feel it was a plain read until I came across so what should we do the solution part. It was nice. We need a lot more emotions while writing an essay to leave an impression. Maybe I’m wrong.

    • saba

      Your essay is well structured and well written.
      You have touched upon many aspects . I am new and just wrote my first essay so can’t point out any fault in your well writte.

    • Night Fury

      Hello Karan
      Your essay is good
      – monetary value paragraph was not in sync with the topic imo, you can omit that para
      – third last para you gave some solutions – that’s very good,
      but again you mentioned some MNC problems and then gave solutions. Keep solutions para as separate – mostly it is the penultimate para that we write solutions and then conclude in last para ( I missed on solutions part)
      -conclusion is very nice and positive.
      -overall liked reading it.
      keep writing.
      thanks 🙂
      p.s you can write page numbers on the pages itself

    • ThirdEye

      Dude, few suggestions(just my opinion): I fould little difficulty in reading,may be due to writing speed, please slow bit while writing(atleast in essay), evaluator will be impressed. Also somewhere in the middle too much of technology bashing i felt, keep balance. Other than that nothing, good one on the whole, keep writing 🙂

      • X.

        great suggestion.
        thank you for your review bro

  • jester

    Hii friends please review……
    Overdependece on technology will advance human development

    The invention of steam engine was a watershed event in human history. The mechanization of work facilitated by this fueled what we today know as 1st industrial revolution. This was accompanied by renaissance and the whole social, political and cultural structures of the time changed drastically due to this. Today when we stand on the brink of 4th industrial revolution which is based on digital revolution and as an extension of 3rd industrial revolution’s information and communication technology, one can not help but wonder whether the changes ushered by this will add or diminish to human development in totality.

    While technological changes have always been an enabler and disruptor both in all spheres of human life, the velocity of change and impact of change will be much more rapid this time because of the all pervasive nature of technology today. So in this scenario it becomes extremely important that only the most ethical use of technology is done while keeping the human centric approach. We will have to analyse how dependence or overdependece on technology has affected our economic, social, political, cultural spheres of life and how it can be changed further. What changes are desirable and hence should be promoted, and what changes can have unintended catastrophic externalities and hence must be embraced with caution.

    In the economic sphere technology has been a force multiplier. Whether be it in the field of production, packaging, transportation, logistics or delivery, technology has increased efficiency and efficacy both across the value chain. Digital financial inclusion has made, making payments so easy that in large transactions money hardly changes hand in physical form, it is all done by the click of a mouse. While mechanization and automation has made things more systematic and cost efficient, it has also led to machines replacing humans in factories for manual and repetitive work. While it frees humans to engage in more productive avenues but in the world especially in developing countries where unemployment is rampant, machines can not and should not be allowed to replace the labor force. So what is needed is the well thought out human welfare centric approach in the use of technology and not just the maximisation of profits or the mad craze for technology itself. Like our Prime Minister suggested that companies should be given incentives to increase their labor force by giving them per employee subsidy instead of subsidy on value of production.

    In the social sphere technology has contributed immensely in building human capital. Free Online courses, e health care services and social networking all have had great impact on human well being. Today e classes are being given to students in remote areas and also to students who want to learn on their own like part time learners and people already in jobs. Technology has brought learning, evaluation and certification all at our doorstep. National knowledge network (NKN), Coursera, unacademy, insightsonindia all are using technological platforms to deliver contents to students in geographically diverse areas and hence contributing to the logo” Padega india tab hi to badega india” (india will study and move forward). E health services through NOFN to every pachayat is also being mooted, there are already mobile health vans providing vaccination and primary health services to people in remote areas. Similarly for people with disabilities technology has been nothing less than a boon it has given ears to deaf, vision to blind and legs to crippled. But on the other hand technology has also facilitated geographical disintegration of families, the feeling of being virtually connected blurs the need of being physically together. It has created a whole class of isolated individuals immersed in their gadgets, not knowing how and why to interact with others. This gives birth to many psychological issues which may even extend to depravity and hence crimes. So while we need to promote technology for socioeconomic development, we will have to ensure that it is used properly and in a way that enhances well being.

    On the political front technology has allowed more space for democratic participation. Through social media and other government initiatives like myGov people are today much more empowered to make their voices heard and ensure accountability from the executive. Regional issues evoke response globally forcing the rulers to act accordingly. Political revolutions like Arab spring are being facilitated by social media, making attempt for getting Democratic rights. But at the same time mobilization for riots and propagation of hatred is also being done using the same technological platforms. So what we need is censorship mechanism or at least a flagging mechanism that can identify quickly the deplorable use of such platforms for harming individuals life and liberty, and to ensure that technology is only used for furthering human rights and not for violating them.

    Security has emerged as a key concern in this age of technological development where even a small group of individuals (Non state actors) can cause immense harm to humanity by getting their hands on lethal weaponary. Countries are competing with each other for technological superiority in warfare resulting in the development of weapons like nuclear, biological and chemical weapons which threaten the existence of human race itself. Groups like ISIS are using the same social networking sites to spread their venomous ideology and for recruiting new people. The need of the hour is for global cooperation resulting in reduction in global arsenal and also better protocols to ensure that under no circumstances these technological weapons reach the people/states with no value for human life and its sanctity.

    On the Cultural front technology has made the world truly global. Hollywoods popularity across the globe and A. R. Rehman winning Oscar for his music, shows how the whole world is getting connected and aware of each others cultural niches. Different art forms are getting fused together and evolving because of technological reach of means of communication like internet (YouTube) and television. But at the same time technology has bombarded us with so much of popular culture from across the globe that regional and indigenous culture in many parts has reached on the brink of extinction. So the need of the hour is to modernise and promote indigenous culture while allowing free flow of values and arts along with artists.

    So we can say that whether technology will enhance or impede human development will depend on how and for what purpose it is used. If we promote the ethical use of technology and if even the innovators try to analyse how their inventions can benefit or harm humanity, we can really achieve wonders. Historically reduction in poverty has never been so fast as it has been in last 2-3 decades especially in india and china. Therefore technology definitely has the potential to substantially enhance the human development and elevate material and moral worth of all but for that we will have to follow human centric approach. Needs and aspirations of people will have to kept in mind while developing and deploying technology. In this way we will be able to achieve a technologically driven commune of all the people of the world living blissfully together.

  • Ankit

    “Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development”

    “Technology made large populations possible, large populations now make technology indispensable” – Joseph Krutch.

    The above quote is a testimony how technology has been a part of the human evolution and how essential it has become in daily life. From the idea of friction producing fire for the primitive man to the era of Internet of Things, technology and along with it the human civilization has come a long way. So how has the technology helped in advancing Human Development?

    Development is the process of learning and evolving. The hunter gatherer primitive man learnt the art of agriculture and this was the beginning of a settled life. AGRICULTURE itself involves technology, be it ploughing or choosing the right crop suitable to the land. With agriculture they felt the need to irrigate the fields and we do have evidence of WATER MANAGEMENT in ancient cities like Dholavira. Coming to the present era of large multipurpose damns the technology is quite visible and it is going a step further with efforts like inter-linking of rivers in India for better management and availability of water. Thus advancing the cause of FOOD SECURITY and FLOOD MITIGATION.

    From land let’s move to the arena of SPACE. We have conquered the skies with TECHNOLOGY moving into distant and unknown areas each passing day with Missions like Voyager and Mars Orbiter. Satellites like ASTROSAT and HUBBLE are an eye in the space. Coming to Indian perspective the latest efforts like NAVIC will advance out efforts in areas like Disaster Management, National Security, better Fishing information, pushing the agenda of Make In India, Climate studies and so on. Proving to be a catalyst in the over all Development on the Nation.

    Technology is multifaceted and so are it’s uses. From VIRTUAL classrooms to DIGITAL education technology is enabling transform EDUCATION. One of the important aspect of this transformation is TELE-EDUCATION which is enabling greater penetration of quality education to the remotest of places. Though there is a lot to be achieved in this direction but one small step lays the foundation of a giant leap. And this GIANT leap can be seen in the MEDICINE and HEALTH sector. From life expectancy of 32 years to 65 years our own infant democracy India has come a long way. Health sector and Education has a strong co-relation and TECHNOLOGICAL help in RESEARCH and DEVELOPMENT has led to invention of medicines and procedures which have transformed Health sector e.g. Cancer is curable, Jonas Sulk’s polio vaccine is a gift to Humanity, today we can fight with global emergencies like Ebola and Zika.

    But there is a flip side to technology and that is “OVERDEPENDENCE”. When we start relying on TECHNOLOGY too much we start IGNORING the real meaning of HUMAN DEVELOPMENT and we find ourselves entangled into a web of TECHNOLOGY which restricts our HUMAN side.

    What is the use of such a TECHNOLOGY which is utilized in making Weapons of Mass Destruction? Or which leads to over-exploitation of resources as in the case of underground water in several Indian states. Do we really need such DEVELOPMENT which is so UNSUSTAINABLE that we are looking at the prospect of several island nations vanishing from the World Map in the next one hundred years because of Global Warming? And the most VISIBLE yet neglected question, What is the use of this Human Development when INEQUALITIES keep rising both between and within the states?

    These are tough question to answer. But what requires a more serious consideration is the meaning we associate with “HUMAN DEVELOPMENT”. It is all encompassing, SOCIAL EQUITY, GLOBAL PROSPERITY, HARMONY WITH THE ENVIRONMENT, ADVANCING HUMAN VALUE of COMPASSION and BROTHERHOOD. Our dependence on TECHNOLOGY does provide us an opportunity to integrate all these in DEVELOPMENT. Using TECHNOLOGY to extract Oil from offshore wells does sound development but not at the cost of THREAT to Marine ecosystem. Gurugram becoming a technology hub is does bring ECONOMIC Development of the region but when the villagers in the vicinity become DIGITALLY literate and their children can share the fruits of this DEVELOPMENT then it transforms into HUMAN DEVELOPMENT.

    The GREATEST scientist of our generation Albert Einstein once said ” It has become appallingly obvious that our TECHNOLOGY has exceeded our HUMANITY”. Let’s take our lesson from this saying and work towards HUMAN DEVELOPMENT where no one lags behind.

    • Ankit

      Please review. Aj maine essay ko elaborate karne ki try ki hai which I always fail to do 😛

    • Mystique Rose

      hey ankit

      good essay
      good use of words
      smooth essay
      start was very good and ending was also good, thru use of quotes

      could have xplored dimensions of development, its meaning, scope etc.
      otherwise it looks like a black and white essay. positives and negatives

      other than that no problem
      Pls review mine as well
      thank you

      • Ankit

        Thanks for the review 🙂

        Have I not included the scope when I put up questions about what Human development encompasses and explain that it includes all this?

        Digital divide, inequitable benefit sharing poverty I have included these as the negatives.

        Please tell me what else should I include. Will be helpful in future 🙂

    • Abhijeet B

      My review:
      Good points:
      1. Great start with quote.
      2. Most people write 200-300 words of history itself which loose relevance of topics.But you have cleverly overturned this & covered it in 50-60 words & that too with past & present links.Very good.
      3.You covered almost all dimensions.This makes ur essay wider in scope.
      4. Good & precise write ups.Good paragraphs.
      Things to improve:
      1.1st half part is very good .no doubt. but after this line-“But there is a flip side to technology and that is “OVERDEPENDENCE”.”, you have not stressed on the topics of essay.It states “Overdependence leads to human dev”.So you have to mention ur views,ideas in supports of this aslo.You have only written -ve points o this which I think is not good for health of topic itself.
      So this improvement can make ur essay better. I think 55/125 for this

      • Rahul

        Abhijeet pls. review my essay

      • Ankit

        But I feel that is the basic theme of the essay “overdependence” is not good. That is what I have stressed after this line. Anything in excess is poisonous and our over dependence on technology is making us neglect the other aspects. Maybe I got it wrong -_-

        • Abhijeet B

          The topics titled-“Overdependence on technology will advance human development”..There is no “!” or “?” or “Critically” like this at the end.SO in my view its better to mention good & fleep side as well.(Better we should ask this to more experience senior players which can guide us in this)

          • Ankit

            But I did bring out the positives in the initial part. Where a painted a rosy picture of technology. And then I went deeper into it saying that Human Development has much more to it then just economy and science and more.
            Anyways thanks for reviewing 🙂 it will help me in future.

          • Ankit

            Btw you have to take your stand in open ended topics and justify it. Sometimes things are said in contradiction without the usage of ‘?’ and ‘!’ you just have to make out what they mean. ‘Over’ is a negative connotation in any respect. Dependence is in positive sense but when it becomes over them the problem arises.
            I hope I make sense with what I just said 😛

            • Abhijeet B

              yes..yes..bro..I understood what you want to say….So in my view whenever we got confused with this kind of wording, its better acc. to me to balance the essay so that we should not loose out what invigilator expects.

    • Rahul

      I reviewed your essay. The points you have mentioned are more are less similar to mine but you have used key words more frequently which makes essay more effective. Quote was well suited. You can add more dimensions such as ethical concerns on over dependence such as gene editing for producing defect free babies etc.

      pls. review mine

    • Eco-friendly

      brother your first part is just amazing. You can add little more on Overdependence part. Last 2 para’s are nice too

    • Shefali

      I couldn’t find your write up earlier. Here’s my review. The content is rich with current examples. Starting quote is apt. good one. 🙂

      • Ankit

        Thank you 🙂

    • Dear Ankit,
      Except for the last 4 paragraphs, you essay is to the point. 🙂

      But there is a flip side to technology and that is “OVERDEPENDENCE”.
      When we start relying on TECHNOLOGY too much we start IGNORING the real
      meaning of HUMAN DEVELOPMENT and we find ourselves entangled into a web
      of TECHNOLOGY which restricts our HUMAN side. ??? This is completely off track man!
      In essays we should stick to the theme of the essay.

      -Capital letters reduce karo.
      -Write more, it is not even 600 words. Haina?

    • Buddha

      recent examples of technological advancement is amazing.. please review mine as well:)

    • Buddha

      recent examples of technological advancement is amazing.. please review mine as well:)

    • Bikashfree

      the best essay so far… flow was so nice… apt use of quotes… imp words have been highlighted..
      i was expecting more content on drawback side.. a brief elaboration on the meaning of elaboration was perhaps needed..
      still an above average essay… keep it up..

      • Ankit

        Thank you. Will try and work on a better one next time 🙂

  • Amrita

    Essay Topic “Overdependence of technology will advance Human Development”

    Technology is the knowledge, process, skill, techniques embedded in a machine which can be operated by Individual without knowing its working. Technology includes all tools, machines, uensils, weapons, intruments, housing, clothing, communicating, transporting and the skills by which we produce and use them. Technology is an opportunity to develop, diverse and expand our humankind.
    Technology is not a new phenomenon, it not even started from the Great Renaissance or the Industrial Development. Technology has evolved before our existence from the Big Bang expansion. The formation of stars created the opportunity of expansion and creation of elements which created atmosphere. In the paleolithic time the discovery of fire, than increased availibity of food to the invention of Wheel. Every single small or large invention has led to the development of techniques which has evolved mankind to its current form. Mobile Phone, Internet, and Communication technology is the latest technology but we must not forget the architectural marvels of The Egypt Pyramid. In India itself we can see the expansion of territorial empire from 6th century BC after the discovery of Iron. Iron was used to clear forest in East which resulted in formation of Mahajanapadas. The paintings of Ajanta, temples of south india they all are produced by the skills of people.

    Just like a coin has 2 sides Technology also has 2 sides/results. Positive and Negative. Technology has benefitted the humankind. Imagine early Humans rubbing stones to ignite fire to the development of matchsticks than gas stove and now Inductions used to cook food. Fire has benefitted a lot but the same fire if catches the house, Jungle, Office burns the entire thing. The same technique can do wonder and at the same time destroy lives. It has led to developemnt of advanced economies with surplus production but the same idea has led to colonialism and imperialism. The Good and Bad can be seen at the same time. Technology has also led to leisure time, which is non-productive and just for the sake of displaying and attaining social status. Technology which helped us to produce fuels to run motors, engines and cars. The same fuel has brought the change in our atmosphere. Industrial revolution cannot be isolated from the amount of pollution it brought to us.

    We depend too much on technology. There is no doubt about it. But what does it mean by over-dependence of technology?
    Suppose there is a call centre equipped with Laptops, internet and phone connectivity.( Communication technology with Cyber Technology). Sudden breakdown in the local server. The internet stopped working and thus no work possible. No work means no productivity. No Productivity means no economic Value. No Economic Value means nothing added to GDP. No addition in GDP means lower Growth. Lower Growth means lesser investment in Social sector schemes and other consequences, Thus we can see the chain. Everything is connected and in my example I just talked about 1 call centre. Imagine the number of call centre, Industries, manufacturing hubs etc.
    Technology has overtaken our lives to the point that we no longer live in the moment. A common example is that a father adjusting his camcorder to record his one year old child cutting his cake. As sson as he adjusted the camcorder he realised there is no battery. By the time he changed battery the cake was cut. He couldnt enjoy the moment.
    Childrens too have become overdependent on technology. They no longer play on thier backyards rather they need a playstation. It has many side effects such as playing indoor makes them lazy, lethargic and less energetic. Traditional method of overall development is being hindered. A Child without internet or playstation is considered to be a bored child.
    It is not Just children that are overdependent on technology but most of the individual. From the start of the day by preparing breakfast in a toaster to driving office via car, method of work in office to the greetings we send via whatsapp/twitter, everything around us is run by Technology.

    Society is so over dependent on technology that it is hindering the growth of culture, influencing the values of society. Whatsapp/Twitter/Instagram all forms of social mediais not just bringing people together but it is alienating people. Mother calling son for lunch via message in the same house. Emotions has taken the form of emoticon and what not. Technology has affected so much to us that there exists a virtual life parallel to us.

    Technology is good, Development is good, but over dependence?
    Over dependence of technology also kills natural talent. For example the latest application known as Prisma effect gives you the same picture which an artist could draw via painting. The naturality of painting may die in coming future. A lot of leisure time only kills productivity.Lot of time online over internet also results in strain in our eyes. Fast food has its health impacts. Thus we can see technology caanot be isolated from Human life, it is interwined into the society from the time of the expansion of Universe. Just like over eating and less eating creates obesity and acidity which is not good for our health there has to be a balance of technology and its uses. The king of future will be the person who can master his own mind, the one who knows how to use technology. When to use Technology and most Importantly when not to use technology and to find a balance between life and technology.

  • Tom

    Technology is defined as the combination of skill, knowledge, expertise used to manufacture goods or service or to achieve so desired goal.

    UNDP has defined Human development as the the process of enlarging people choice to enable them to lead a long, healthy life and to enjoy descent standards of living.

    Since times immemorial, reliance of humans on technology is very pronounced and monumental. Early man was hunter gatherer and used basic tools made out of stones and bones to hunt and survive. Then with experience and desire to explore, man developed copper tools and with more proficiency came the era of iron tools, using which man was able to clear huge stretch of forests, fight big animals, settle down and cultivate the land. These tools helped him to slowly conquer the need to have sufficient food and to feed the population in the community.

    With cognitive development and inherent curiosity about the world around, man started to explore seas, oceans, desert and deep forests. All this required application of knowledge man has gained over centuries. Slowly the art of ship making developed, man was able to claim distant islands and uninhabited lands.

    To fulfill the need of security, weapons were fashioned. Huge wars were won on the mere pretext of having technologically advanced weapons and on the basis of technological advancement.

    With the invention of steam engine and subsequent industrial revolution that revolved around it, man was able to increase production of goods. This also fulfilled the desire of man to travel faster than the hitherto fastest mode of travel, which was on horse back. With motor vehicle invention and future advancements, now man dreams of conquering mars and space.

    Challenges of human survival like famines and plagues were very efficiently dealt with using technological advancements in the field of medicine making like penicillin, the first antibiotic. Life expectancy improved and man could now spend more years to make his life fruitful and fulfill his desires and have new desires to fulfill.

    Today countries all across the world are loomed with different kind of problems. Developed countries are suffering with problems of environment, climate change, terrorism while developing and underdeveloped countries are suffering with problems of widespread poverty, hunger, unemployment, poor infrastructure.

    The diversity in problems is also because of disparity in technological advancement. Because the fruits of industrial revolution were distributed in the developed countries early, that’s why they boast of better infrastructure, better lifestyle, better economic conditions and better social advancement. On the other hand, developing countries are still plagues with problems of benefits of electricity, roads, water not reaching the masses.

    Reliance on technology is the key to solve the prevailing problems. The problem of climate change and environment can be tackled only with technological advancement which would lead to better utilization of resources.

    To curb the problem of poverty which is major in the third world countries, technological advancement is suggested as a solution as it would drive development, which in turn would create more job opportunities. To get these jobs, people are required to have the skills for which technological inventions like online classes, mobile phones come handy.

    Human development is not only about freedom to way of life and living with dignity, in the current scenario factors like reduction in inequality, social justice and distribution of fruits of democracy to all and sundry is also important.

    With the rise in technological penetration in our way of life and with the onset of Information Technology and Internet revolution, a new tool is there to induce human development. In the current scenario where information is of prime importance, internet has proven to be of ultimate importance. Prospects of huge chunks of information within seconds, accessing desired information with click of mobile, is helping humans in spreading the idea of development. Using internet small industries using modern technologies are propping up in village. Mildly educated farmers are using drip irrigation, rainwater harvesting is being done. Novel ways of doing this are being easily conveyed through the internet.

    But overdependence on technology has its price. It can lead to complete reliance on technology with less emphasis on human development and self reliance, moreover with the reliance on technology and everything at the click of a button, the need to know has exceeded and the desire to learn is reducing. Over reliance on technology is making it difficult for humans to function independently.

    Moreover, proper balance should be on what is achieved through technology and what is achieved through human efforts. Today over reliance of technology in initial stages of child like using tablets to teach infants is detrimental to their cognitive development. Use of online education has benefits but it cannot substitute teacher student interaction as that induces a sense of confidence. Over reliance on technology like video games, movies, serials has pushed us away from physical sports. People are connected to the whole world but cordial relations with neighbors is a distant desire. Overdependence on technology has led to degradation of environment, climate change is a looming problem of 21st century. Ew are constantly exhausting all our natural resources because of which solution is itself creating a bigger problem. At his rate of reduction in water level, we will suffer from potable water scarcity in the next 50 years.

    Using technological development and our inherent desire to treat earth as our proprietary has led to wide ecological destruction. We have invaded into the habitat and life of almost all the animals on the earth. Many like dodo and passenger pigeon have gone extinct.

    Overdependence on technology has helped humans combat natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, tsunamis and help understand themselves and the environment around them better. Technology has been a constant companion of man in his journey. But still there are questions to be answered, areas to be explored and problems to be solved. Man will increase his dependence on technology, as human development is the need of the hour and technological development is the most plausible solution.

    But with a proper balance between technology and human capability enhancement we can dream of a golden future. Overdependence should not become complete dependence as the case has been or the results would be detrimental, not only to the humans but to our mother earth in general.

    • awaneesh

      well written.revie wmine

  • saba

    The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and later Neolithic revolution increased the available sources of food and invention of wheel helped human to travel and control their environment. That was the beginning of human made technological intervention which was born only to grow with higher speed with time passage. The use of the term “technology “ has significantly changed over the last 200 years rising to prominence in connection with the second industrial revolution. Before 20th century technology included study of industrial arts only but post second industrial revolution it included the industrial arts itself and not just its study.
    Technology dependence is good as it helps making human life easier but overdependence over anything is bad. Einstein said “I fear the day that technology will surpass our human interaction. The world will have a generation of idiots”. So technology has both positive effects as well as overdependence on it is having several negative effects too.
    Positive effects of technology along with how overdependence on it is advancing human development:-
    Economic benefit – technological advancements have helped businesses save time and cost of production thus helping in gaining competitive advantage globally and at national level too. Japan is the finest example of the country that is among largest economy mainly because it enjoys high technological development in many fields. Recent technology of 4g broadband can be taken as an example how it can help by increasing the speed with which business can reach target markets with lesser cost of production.
    Over dependence on technology is advancing human development on the economic front by increasing the inequality resulting in those with technology getting richer and those without it poorer. This can be seen in light of difference between economic condition of people living in developed and least developed countries. That’s how the British using their industrial technology exploited the Indian economy during the British era.
    Medical and health related benefits- technology has helped in saving millions of human as well as other living beings. Examples such as smart phone ultrasound help the doctor in carrying them to remotest of areas as they are hand held device. Nanotechnology is one of the best gift to medicine which is technology based. Other examples include Nano composite contact lenses, robotic surgeons, neuroprosthetic chips (prevents seizure), multimodal hybrid image technology (detects prostate cancer), etc.
    Over dependence on such technologies have advanced human development because ,the doctors nowadays are hell-bent on using these expensive technologies just for sake of making more and more money for their economic gain, without taking into account the financial status of patient. This has led to poor people not even having the right to live a healthy life. This is one of the reasons behind the maximum number of disease outbreak, mortality rate in least developed countries followed by developing and least in developed countries because they have better technology.
    Communication benefit- printing press, telephone, internet, mobiles are the finest examples of how technology has made our life easy by decreasing the physical distance of communication. This is one of the areas which are getting better with fastest speed.
    Such developments lead to change in lifestyle of humans also. People become so much addicted to these technologies that now they tend to prefer long distance communication technologies for short distance technology too to save their time. The very essence of lively face to face communication has been replaced with watsapp group chat through mobile. Internet has its enormous positive effects but it has its negative effects too like the issue of cyber-crime, people are over using their right to freedom of speech and using internet to do many wrong activities(affecting human development) being anonymous which they could not have done without internet.
    Agriculture –Technological development has played big role in changing the face of agriculture. Examples of such technologies include use of HYV seeds, advanced sprinklers, agricultural machinery, agricultural biotechnology, organic fruits, livestock farming, cattle breeding, and GM food.
    At the same time, side effects of GM crop can’t be ignored. The excessive use of biotechnology or overdependence on such technologies is having bad effect on environment and biodiversity.
    Educationn – technology has changed educational sector. Use of tablets and YouTube channels like un-academy, khan’s academy are finest example of education revolution. Education technology overdependence is making the students too lazy because most of the online education is actually spoon feeding the information thus rendering the analytical and logical reasoning of the future generation unused. The ethical conduct and morality is also lacking in such online classes where there is no physical environment of classes and physical presence of teacher.
    Political- : be it UN’s E-government survey, or E –governance at global level, technology has helped the political side of the world too. In India we have examples of digital India initiative, JAM trinity for reaching the poorest of the people from the remotest area of the vast country.
    Over dependence and over focus on such political initiatives may end up further increasing the inequality between rich and poor and even forming inequality at village level between those with internet technology and those without it. Problem is only those with internet technology can communicate with government and gain from its initiatives despite being part of the electorate that bring the government to power.
    Scientific development- Be it missile technology that help country in increasing its power and strength or space technology which helps in exploring the outer space, or the defence technology that helps the country in protecting and guarding it from other nations. All are examples of how technology has helped human in so many ways.Technologies
    like missile technology can be devastating for the world.

    If such overdependence on technological advancement continue to increase with same pace there will be time that the nations will be racing for being number 1 nation in the world without thinking about the overall consequences. We have in the past seen consequences of First World War, Second World War. We should remember what Bill Gates has said “technology is just a tool. In terms of getting kids working together and motivating them, the teacher is always the most important”. The wakeup call fortunately we got long back when we witnessed the Ozone hole and at Rio summit 1992 we make the first step towards fighting the side effects of over dependence on technology by calling for the world to fight the climate change. 24 years since earth summit we seems to be working in right direction but we need to be persistent in our efforts of maintaining the balance between human development and technology advancement to keep us as well as the earth alive.

    • saba

      @ITSAK91:disqus @disqus_u9TIUN80fu:disqus @disqus_UaxfplR5xN:disqus

      kindly review

    • Mystique Rose

      hello maryam

      i think more brainstorming was required here.
      i would personally not advise writing in points because then it looks like an answer.
      essay tests your language and sentence and para construction as well
      your essay was positive negative of technology intro and conclusion.
      pls add more dimension.

      as you write more essays you will improve.
      pls review my essay, and point out my mistakes, it will help both

      thank you and KWAR

      • saba

        More brainstorming thanx for telling dat but plz tell about all the areas where I hav missed so dat i may write about them next tym and improve .

        • Mystique Rose

          like the human aspect, effect on relationships, family problems, generation gap, frustration, suicides, conflict with inner self
          definition of development, what does it mean, what are its dimensions etc etc.

          pls take a look at mine maryam and help me with it. i have tried it, but do not know how effectively.
          thank you

          • saba

            Thanku so much I will keep all this in mind next time 😃

    • Abhijeet B

      Very good attempt friend.You touched most aspects & dimensions. Two things to add-
      1.If you had added quotation in beginning then it could have impressed invigilator rather than at the last.(addition of quotation is not necessary in essays but if added it will get some edge)
      2.Don’t write like the word-“Conclusion”. This is essay writing bro.This is not 1/3rd writing where you have to mention “Reference,Explanation & Conclusion” .Simply connect your earlier section with conclusion with some statement which is logical in meaning.Mentioning “Conclusion” makes it disconnected idea.
      Overall very good .I think i can surely give you 65/125.

      • saba

        Thanku so much for enlightening review 😃😃
        I will definitely try to improve next tym inshallah 😃😃

    • Sharief

      nice essay covered most of the topics relevant to given essay..
      Few observations –
      – avoid writing in points, if possible try not to mention “Conclusion”. Just keep writing in paragraphs, let the examiner understand on what sub-topic u r focussing on
      – your view on “education” seems to be little negative. Focus more on positives and write little on negative. Tech has helped a lot in edu sector – like online textbooks, ppts, videos etc. So if u write only negatives, then it may be felt that u hav limited knowledge..
      Overall it was a good essay, keep writing, inshallah u’ll improve.. 🙂

      • saba

        Ameen …thanku
        It was my first essay will try to be better .thanx for enlightening me with your review and specially pointing out education point mein mistakes

    • awaneesh

      u covered all dimensions nicely..revie w mine

      • saba

        Thanku for the review 😃

    • Anwar

      Very good attempt, keep on writing and reviewing, you will get better day by day….

      • saba

        Thanku so much 😃😃 inshallah 😃

    • Anwar

      Very good attempt, keep on writing and reviewing, you will get better day by day….

    • Ankit

      Hi maryam..great essay covered varius aspect and include recent schemes as well…Your score : 70/125….Please review mine tooo…iam writing for the first time..ur valuable comments help me improve…try to give score as welll…thanks..:)

    • Ankit

      Hi maryam..great essay covered varius aspect and include recent schemes as well…Your score : 70/125….Please review mine tooo…iam writing for the first time..ur valuable comments help me improve…try to give score as welll…thanks..:)

      • saba

        Thanx for reviewing my essay 😃😃

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hi..
      1. The intro is really nice
      2. You have used 2-3 qoutes try to use them in the start of paragraph or in the intro or end.. that way it gives weightage plus gives the reader a direction of thought, brings his and your line of thought together.
      3. Use of similar words like over dependence just because it is in the title is not reqd, makes the lines too clichéd.
      4.till 3rd parah you were already covering the various horizons of technology and then you again went on with separate sectors, I already assumed that matter will get repeated – human brain never puts effort especially an examiner in re-reading it.
      5. Make parahs more precise.

      Content can be improved
      I found your flow and line of thought much better than mine.

      I was able to point out so much bcz u actually had so many nice elements in your essay.
      Keep up the good work.

      🙂

      • saba

        Thanku soo much for enlightening review …it really helped me …will try inculcating your suggestions in the essay next week.
        Keep reviewing and enlightening.
        Thanx again 😃

      • Ankit

        please review mine tooo…writing for the first time..your suggestion will hep me to improve..:)

    • Intro needs more alignment with the topic.

      GS ke approach ke saath Essay likha hai aapne! Needs improvement

      Content is decent.
      Keep writing.

      • saba

        will keep it in mind…thanx for reviewing
        can u plz elaborate here do i need to improve
        are not e suppose to cover all the aspects lik those from gs point of view???
        i am new to writing ….it was my first essay thanx for revieing ….will surely try my best to improve…keep reviewing wenever tym permits 🙂

    • SYA

      Its a very nice written essay.
      Doctor’s example pretty nice.
      Divide between rich and poor is increasing again a strong point.

      You could have mentioned an imp point that it leads to cutting of jobs , robotics ,changing the genes .
      Intro i.e first para can be better . By looking at intro it seems that you will follow a chronology from prehistory till today which you haven’t followed .

      • saba

        Thanku sooo much Sya sir for the enlightening review.
        Will keep these points in mind next tym inshallah 😃😃

  • Mistborn

    Let’s walk down the memory lane twenty years back into the time. We had to enquire with our neighbors about the way if we were embarking on a journey for some completely new location. Electricity and water bills were paid by going to the concerned offices. There used to be limited number of trusted options for going out. Connecting with a sister studying in a distant city meant going to the nearest PCO to make a call. And so on. Today, we can achieve all those things and many more with just our smart phone. The rapidly evolving technology has changed our daily lives beyond recognition is a short span of time.

    Technology has played a tremendous role in the advancement of average human life throughout the course of history. For a Neanderthal man, discovery of fire and stone equipments was a life changing breakthrough. Similarly use of iron facilitated the rise of the next big urban civilization after Indus Valley. The superior navigation techniques of the Europeans shaped the course of history through the spread of colonialism and economic exploitation of nations across Asia, Africa and Latin America. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION was another example of technological evolution.

    Even the last century was shaped tremendously by technology. The two world wars witnessed the destructive side of the technology culminating in the dropping of nuclear bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Later on technology was instrumental in solving the hunger problem in the newly independent India.

    Thus far, it is clear that our lives are deeply shaped by the application of science in different areas. These effects can be positive as well as negative. We can analyze the impact of technology at INDIVIDUAL, SOCIETAL, GOVERNMENTAL AND INTERNATIONAL levels.

    At a personal level technology has freed up a lot of time previously spent in seemingly mundane tasks such going physically to pay our bills or book a train ticket, asking around with acquaintances about routes and hotels while going to an untraveled destinations, going to banks to withdraw money etc. We can use this time more creatively now increasing our productivity and satisfaction. Technology has also allowed us to become more efficient professionally. We can be well versed with the developments in our professional fields and upgrade our skill sets by using internet judiciously. Technology has allowed us to present our ideas in more lucid and effective manner through the use of computers. We can also broadcast our ideas to a wider population through the use of different social media platforms.

    Society has benefitted a lot from the use of technology is different areas. For example, in the field of education, technology has facilitated in expanding the breadth and depth of field through the use of video lectures, MOOCs, e-books etc. Health function has been assisted by technology through the development of prosthetic limbs, telemedicine, various diagnostic techniques such as ultrasound and X-ray etc. There have been also attempts to understand the origin of various diseases and one such project is CRISPR 9 which is a gene editing project with applications in curing hereditary diseases. Technology has also highlighted the problems of climate change, pollution and deforestation through the use of remote sensing equipments, satellite imagery and other ground based technologies.

    At the governmental level, technology has helped various departments to reach the vulnerable sections of the society and ensuring effective service delivery. For example initiatives such as DIGITAL INDIA PROGRAMME which focus on electronic and mobile governance to serve the society are proving to be effective in inclusive growth. Also biometric technology used in AADHAR CARDS has resulted in tremendous savings for government through the elimination of duplication and corruption in Public Distribution System. The government also leverages upon various technological means such as remote sensing, sensors in the ocean for tsunami and cyclone warning in its disaster risk reduction plans. Technology plays a vital role in the aftermath of a disaster in the form of response, rehabilitation, reconstruction and recovery efforts. Technology also facilitates the monitoring of various government projects such as GEO TAGGING OF CREATED ASSETS IN MGNREGA programme. Similarly BHUVAN and GAGAN are being employed to monitor the progress of National Highways and developing them on scientific grid lines. Similarly these satellites are helping in the implementation of Green Highway projects by keeping account of planted trees.

    At the international level, technology becomes crucial for the resolution of important issues such as CLIMATE CHANGE and DEFORESTATION. In this regard the resource efficient and less polluting technologies of the developed countries become important to tackle global warming. Also nations which have a competitive edge in renewable energy technologies may play a vital role in addressing the climate change concerns. Apart from climate change, international cooperation is visible in joint projects undertaken in the space exploration such as HUBBLE TELESCOPE, joint space missions of different space agencies etc. Projects such as LARGE HEDRON COLLIDER also require international cooperation and funding.

    Despite all its advantages we have to remember that the technology is a double-edged sword. There are advantages as well as disadvantages which can be disastrous as well. An example can be sought from the history books when Indus Valley Civilization was destroyed due to floods and shifting river courses. It is speculated that in their technological prowess the IVC people destroyed their natural surroundings and overexploited the resources to this end.

    Even today the mindless exploitation of resources has not stopped and we are suffering from it in the form of degrading quality of air, water and soil that permeates our food products as well. The easy lifestyle promoted by our technological progress has also resulted in LIFESTYLE DISEASES such blood pressure, diabetes, obesity etc. The advent of smart phones has made us ALOOF FROM OUR SOCIETY and the time that could be productively used is wasted in mindless surfing of the internet, messaging services and games. This culture has also reduced the outdoor gaming activities in children which are beneficial to their fitness and health.
    The technology has mainly helped the rich in exploiting the societal resources and that has widened the gulf between the rich and poor of our society. There is also the problem of ‘DIGITAL DIVIDE’ in a poor country like India where a large majority of our population does not have access to internet or smart phones.

    At the international level, technology has led to the armed race between the two global superpowers of USSR and USA during the Cold War days. Even after the disintegration of the USSR, the competition for military and political supremacy has not subsided. China has risen as the next superpower and thus the use of technology continues towards destructive ends. On the climate change front, the developed world has largely shied away from their historical responsibilities of large scale industrial emissions and it has led to gradual progress of climate change negotiations.

    To sum up ALBERT EINSTEIN famously said once, “I FEAR THE DAY THAT TECHNOLOGY SURPASS OUR HUMAN INTERACTION, THE WORLD WILL HAVE A GENERATION OF IDIOTS.” We just have to look around ourselves to find people engrossed in the smart phones and laptops rather than engaging in fruitful human interactions. Perhaps Einstein was right. And perhaps we are a generation of idiots to over rely on technology rather than our own mental and physical faculties and harming ourselves in the process.

    • Mistborn

      An essay after a gap of almost an year. Please review friends!

    • awaneesh

      nice essay.revie wmine

  • Ash

    Plz Review …

    ‘Technology’ – is a word easy to define but difficult to construct. My definition of the word is ‘Science-into-play’ is technology.

    ‘Human Development’ – are words difficult to define but considerably easy to achieve ‘*’ .

    Difficult to define because different Organizations/ entities define it using different parameters. However mainstay remains anything that raises the standard of living and improves quality of life.

    The asterisk above definitely signifies ‘terms and conditions apply’. However, terms for easy achievement of human development remains just one – ‘A walk on Ethical Lines’.

    A question – ‘How does technology help in advancing human development?

    To answer this, let us revisit the Industrial Revolution era. Technology in form of steam engine, cotton gin and other industrial equipments sprung. The mill owners were definitely ‘dependent’ on these technologies and it actually led to their growth and in turn ‘development’ of these mill owners. They had separate colonies with all amenities. However, perusal of the same situation shows – Development was one sided. Industrial workers were shown machines and told if they didn’t work, the machines were always there to replace them. This fear instilled by technology helped Europe exploit its labours in the most inhuman way. They were not paid adequately, nor were they covered under any security nets. To averse this they were made to work animals. What is more impressive is the depth of harm caused. To feed these machines with raw materials, colonies were created and more humans were brought within its vicious circle.

    What I’m trying to convey here is, technology is a mere tool. It is the usage which either leads to development or degradation of human capital. Usage is definitely dependent on the owner’s value system. Had these mill owners shown a little empathy these human rights violations caused would have been deterred and the hatred workers developed for machines would not have developed.

    Another way to look at the topic is – ‘Does an individual’s ‘overdependence’ on technology lead to Human Development’?

    Most of us when we wake up the very first thing we touch is our mobile phone because we want to turn the alarm off. Electric geysers, sandwich makers, refrigerators have become our morning pals. If we are posted to a distant land, we have language translators, GPS to help us out. Depending on these we agree to move to new places. New jobs, in most cases leads to, more money which leads to development .

    This use and benefit of technology has been acknowledged by the Government too. The increased focus on ‘Digital India’, ‘Make in India’, ‘Make in Universities’ is because the Governement knows producing technology itself leads to development at multiple ends – the developer since her brain is challenged to develop the technology, the users because their work gets easier. A very good example would be use of robots to do hazardous work saving precious human capital from dangerous aftermaths .

    We can’t deny that the entire economy is working on the infrastructure provided by technology. We are trying to integrate our rural areas with the nation so that development penetrates. Bank accounts, Aadhaar seeding, JAM trinity, commodity markets all run on technology.

    We are trying to modernize our urban areas by Maglevs and bullet trains. Isn’t it the technology that we bargain for in climate talks?

    If we consider UNDP’s development indicators – education, health and standard of living we realize technology has a penetrating impact on all.

    Educational videos, documents, distant learning programs – video conferences across nations helping in conducting surgeries, start-ups , drones to monitor crops and damage, online marketing of production all testify encompassing role of technology.

    However it is this ubiquitous presence of technology is the real concern . The increased dependence of man on technology has its own serious implications. One being – We humans have become very lethargic and highly dependent on technology. Addition of two numbers baffles us and we need our phones equipped with arsenals like calculators, predictions (Believe it or not, predictions are getting more accurate than us!).

    Technology is definitely expanding human capabilities but we forget the number of times we use our calculators we are turning off a bigger and a better technology. A technology which is the creator of all technologies – OUR BRAINS We are forgetting – ‘The more we use our brains the better it works. In contrast the more we use technology it depreciates. The less we use both, both degrade’. We of late have been picking the degradation of ‘our’ brains at the cost of the technology developer’s brain.’ And here we are creating a knowledge followed by monetary divide ourselves which would widen sharply with time.

    Another major issue raised about technology is – ‘Can technology replace manpower’. When IBM’s Blue Ocean can defeat Chess maestro Gary Kasparov, we really can’t deny the threat of robots replacing us at jobs and eventually taking over humans. Man’s dependence on technology is acting as an incentive to arming technology with arsenals. It has already become better than us. Eventual ‘overdependence’ would incentivize the creation of a FRANKESTEIN who we would not be able to control.

    While we look at Climate talks and debate the need of technology, we are often forgetting who is the culprit of this climate change. It is human manufactured TECHNOLOGY. While we debate technology leads to development we are just holding a myopic view. How can technology lead to development? People rescued from hazardous work if not provided jobs how will they develop. Though in many cases we see monetary gains but what guarantees the money earned due to excessive use of technology will be channelized in the right direction. Unless this happens there can never be growth, hence assuming man’s overdependence on technology leads to growth would not be a complete picture.

    However man’s overdependence has increased to an extent we stay indoors in air conditioned rooms, order things online and make payments online. Life definitely is easy in the short run but later comes the health implications. A little thoughtfulness would encourage us to go enjoy the salubrious air and pick up stuffs from nearby markets. There are definite chances we meet someone, we learn something.

    Now the reader can contest – We can do the learning and the talking via hangout, gtalk, mails, etc and to this my question would be – Would reading about Gandhiji teach us more or meeting him in person? If we understand this we will come to the same conclusion as derived before – Technology is just a tool, usage needs to be defined by us.

    The very word ‘dependence’ is wrong. We should never be dependent on anyone or anything because as we do that we are left at the mercy of that person or thing which shouldn’t be the case. We are all blessed with ‘Brains’ and our aim should be to foster it so that we can help the society not become a slave to technology ourselves because its aptly said ‘Technology is a good slave but a bad master’. Hence, we should make wise choices because may be we don’t face the repercussions of our decisions the upcoming generations definitely will. Worldwide there have been freedom movements to gain freedom from someone or the other. We can’t enslave ourselves at the hand of technology and let our future generations bear the brunt of our acts.

    • Abhijeet B

      @Ash Very good attempt.Very different essay from what I had reviewed from morning. Right from start you keep on encouraging the readers to read further.This makes invigilators attention steady & he traces ur essay till the last point.
      Good logical flow, strong argument at each & every point wherever necessary.
      Advise:- Though i had not counted words but i think its crossing upper limit. So keep check on that. I can give you 70/125 here. Best luck.You will surely shine.

      • Ash

        1227 wordz! 🙂

        Will keep in mind! Thank You Abhijeet! 🙂

      • Ankit

        Hi abhijeet, i have written essay for the first time..your reviews will give me a great boost to improve….please review when u are free…:)..thanks a ton

    • CSE2017 aspirant (ABG)

      Very good essay
      Frankelstein waala para was the best. Excellent. Actually Chess is a trivial game and for every move of an opponent, there is a move by which he can be defeated. So, a supercomputer can easily defeat a person in chess.

      Introduction was unconventional, but nice 🙂 . One good thing in your essay was balance between examples and content which is extremely difficult job to do.

    • Abyss

      its a well structured essay and you have definitely improved from last time. this one covers more dimensions.
      i hope you have stuck to not using google or other aids this time as well.
      do see mine as well. its buried somewhere below the plagiarized versions of the same above.

      • Ash

        No google .. 🙂
        I’m a fan of my original write up no matter how screwed up it is! 🙂
        I do refer quotes though … but then sometimes I write my own quotes too! 🙂
        Tq 4 reviewing! 🙂

    • saba

      U write so well kindly review mine if tym permits as it’s my first essay

    • Harsh (Learning Unlimited!!!)

      gOOD ONE …

      Few observations:-
      1) Intro is bit complicated ( I mean to say its not free flowing , i have read it twice to understand it )

      2) How does technology help in advancing human development ( Well framed & well answered)

      3) Bank accounts, Aadhaar seeding, JAM trinity , IBM’s ( very good examples & well connected)

      Good conclusion…

      One of the best so far … Keep writing …

      How was ur prelims ( I am getting 102-106 by various keys , so a 50-50 chance )

      • Ash

        Hey Harsh! 🙂
        Tq for reviewing! 🙂

        I have screwed up badly .. Dont worry .. prepare for the next phase .. let them decide! 🙂

    • Dear Ash,
      EXCELLENT start! How did you come up with this?

      , technology is a mere tool. It is the usage which either leads to development or degradation of human capital. This part is too good!

      Mention of maglevs and bullet trains.was superb!
      Liked the diversity in your essay.
      Flow was nice!
      Examples were unique!
      I got to know what my essay was missing 🙁
      Keep writing girl!:) All the best.

    • Ankit

      hey great essay…as said by abhijeet, it is a different essay…but very practical content…keep writing…ur score 65/125…please review mine when free and give ur valuable suggestion..its my first essay so ur points and score are of immense help..:)

      • Ash

        Plz gimme some time.. I have a lot of requests! 🙂

    • Ankit

      hey great essay…as said by abhijeet, it is a different essay…but very practical content…keep writing…ur score 65/125…please review mine when free and give ur valuable suggestion..its my first essay so ur points and score are of immense help..:)

    • Strategic Voice

      Hello ash, kindly allow me to review your essay:

      1. intro: very unconventional. if your stand in essay is “technologu is tool, its usage is defined by us”, why not state that in intro itself. using asterisk thing etc, it would have been excellent if you were wrtiing a blog, but for upsc essay, i think you could have said lke, ‘human dvelopmen is… but with caveat that’
      2. In body: good thing is you have actuallu addressed overdependece part , whcih mst people have only tangentially touched. but your concerns like ‘technology dependence will depreciates our brain’ is more like observational rather than based on facts. i get the point you r trying to say but better connect with larger developmental issue , like “overdependence on gagetary taking its toll on health, stress problems, NCDs rise etc” this would have been genuine concern

      also , Industrial revolution part, i guess you are trying to convery that technology usage also casued inequality, apart from porsperity, a little more clarity is required,

      3. try to avoid use of first person pronouns lke ‘I’ ‘we’ ‘you’ etc , agian my personal opinion (i may be wrong).
      4. very good point regariding job loss, try to elaborate a bit here, showing both positives and negatives.
      5. conclusion: could be better . try giving way ahead in some specific points around the ‘technology is a good slave but bad master point’.

      overall, scope of improvement is there.
      Pls review mine if you can
      cheers

      • Ash

        Plz gimme some time.. I have a lot of requests! 🙂

    • Strategic Voice

      Hello ash, kindly allow me to review your essay:

      1. intro: very unconventional. if your stand in essay is “technologu is tool, its usage is defined by us”, why not state that in intro itself. using asterisk thing etc, it would have been excellent if you were wrtiing a blog, but for upsc essay, i think you could have said lke, ‘human dvelopmen is… but with caveat that’
      2. In body: good thing is you have actuallu addressed overdependece part , whcih mst people have only tangentially touched. but your concerns like ‘technology dependence will depreciates our brain’ is more like observational rather than based on facts. i get the point you r trying to say but better connect with larger developmental issue , like “overdependence on gagetary taking its toll on health, stress problems, NCDs rise etc” this would have been genuine concern

      also , Industrial revolution part, i guess you are trying to convery that technology usage also casued inequality, apart from porsperity, a little more clarity is required,

      3. try to avoid use of first person pronouns lke ‘I’ ‘we’ ‘you’ etc , agian my personal opinion (i may be wrong).
      4. very good point regariding job loss, try to elaborate a bit here, showing both positives and negatives.
      5. conclusion: could be better . try giving way ahead in some specific points around the ‘technology is a good slave but bad master point’.

      overall, scope of improvement is there.
      Pls review mine if you can
      cheers

    • Hi Ash,

      A nice essay., liked the angle of climate change.

      Try to make it more interesting, I dont know how!

      Also, I ‘personally’ feel 900-950 words should be enough to keep the reader engaged and keep the matter concrete.

      Keep writing and please review my essay. 🙂

      • Ash

        Gimme some time Atin! A lot of requests! 🙂 😛

  • Pacify

    Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development

    Recently an advertisement of Amazon on this Raksha Bandhan occasion captured my attention and led me to think about the days of my childhood when we used to go to STD booth even to make a call. Having a landline connection at home was a thing of
    proud in society those days. Amazon adv which has shown the importance of human interaction over materialistic things, movement of which is simply on our finger tips was never been so easy as now made by various E-com org. This raised many question in one’s mind –

    Where exactly are we heading towards?
    What future of technology holds for us?
    Will the world become Interaction less or full of lively robots?

    Well here I would like to present a quote of Sir Albert Eienstien –

    I fear the day that technology will surpass human interaction. The world will have a generation of idiots

    It is not a ignored factor that the way technology made our lives simpler, the ease to doing big things on finger tips were never as easy as it seems. Nevertheless progress in this direction was incomparable to any other factor. Let’s go back to the history from where this all technological shift had started. In mid 19th century with invention of steam engine by James Watt removed the hurdles and pave the way towards technological advancement. From small measure like development of windmill, power loom to today’s building of spaceships, satellites, Missiles etc by global powers sounds like a journey of thousands of year which in reality is a shift of appx 165 years of development.

    Advantages of technological advancement have various facets like Political, Economical, Ecological, Social, environmental, scientific are major ones. Some Political advantages of technology are increased transparency, easy communication, fast interaction, various processes streamlined by ICT, decreased red tapism, effective implementation and monitoring of policies, improved electioneering are among some. Recording and maintenance of various legal, executive, political, administrative documents to provide significant backup have immense benefits.

    Economical advantage includes ease of doing business with the help of easing of processes, increased transparency, smoothen and fast communication etc. Eg. E biz portal, RTI. Monitoring of environmental and ecological process via drones, remote sensing satellite have many advantages in water management, agri development, mining field, forest management etc. Adoption of environment friendly technology will help world to keep carbon emission in limit. Scientific developments like invention of pacemaker, ECG machine, Bio chemicals techniques, Biotechnological development, antibiotics, vaccines against life threatening disease have provided tremendous amount of people a better physical condition. Development in field of Education is equally important to highlight that with the advent of first to today’s notepad, technology have change the framework of overall education
    system from theoretical to more emphasis on practical today. R&D in different field opening the new avenues for growth and human development. MDG & SDG is a step in this direction.

    Today Smart phones with variety of apps and function ranging from calling to access of any information via internet make life easier than anyone can ever imagined . Communication across border just becomes a game of buttons and many other such
    technological advantages have immense importance in our day to day life.

    India’s Industrial development in true sense had taken a turn with Nehru’s Mahalanobis model in 2nd FYP advocated shift from Gandhian Agricultural primacy approach tp Industrial approach towards development of capital goods. In modern India today service sector have taken a major leap from agriculture in a way skipping industrial development vis a vis technological advancement.

    India is nowhere behind the major global powers in any arena of development ranging from handling smart phone to launching MoM mission into space. Performance of India is as par with global powers and also proven to be competent in many instances
    like success of MoM in first attempt, India is among largest service provider in BPO industries, India accounts for a significant chunk of world trade etc. Government are also taking noteworthy steps in direction of technological advancement with projects like Digital India Mission, Make in India, Start up India, Stand up India, MUDRA bank etc

    Now with all this development what we are losing behind is “HUMAN”, a variable of this development. With this changing equation of techbological and overdependence on the same there is a small but significant question arises that ,

    Are we advancing human development with equal pace or lagging behind in race of holistic development?

    It’s worth to quote Dalai Lama here –

    Without technology humanity has no future, but we have to be careful that we don’t become so mechanized that we lose our human feeling

    What exactly are we losing in today’s race of technological development? On one hand we are struggling to get technology for environmental benefits to keep overall carbon emission under 2 degree of 2005 level as per Paris agreement and on the other
    hand US is playing a mysterious game of good terrorism and bad terrorism, supplying arms and ammunition to further fuel terrorism. These are two flip side of technology which portrays the most constructive and destructive use of technology.

    As correctly stated by Dalai lama technology is critical for humanity and human development but not at its cost. Dependence on technology is necessity of human development in modern era but overdependence on it may results into disastrous situations
    like too mechanistic approach, Impersonal behavior, deteriorating human values, loss of morality and danger to humanity etc. Technology if not handled properly is too vulnerable to misuse.

    Balance between interdependency on technology and human development is necessary for the world to move on peacefully. Global organization which provides for peaceful and constructive development of technology like UN and organization
    which put in place the stringent mechanism to regulate the technology from its misuse like NSG, MTCR, Wassenar Arrangement to name some of them are extremely important for world order to go on.

    • Pacify

      KINDLY REVIEW

  • Akhil

    25 year ago, gohana village, Pratapgarh district, utter Pradesh. This village is largely inhabited by backward caste people and most of them are illiterate and poor. There is no facility of electricity, sanitation and water. But the same village today has all weather road, school, cyber cafe, and almost every house has mobile phone and television. Today youngster of the village are using smartphone and internate and know about what is happening around the world and in government, even the illiterate can use mobile and WhatsApp. such is the impact technology has on human life.

    ‘technology ‘is one of the most ubiquitous word today and with which everyone wants to associate. People are eager to know about latest technologies whether they are living in Metro cities or small town. This can be seen specially among younger generation. but the question arises why there is so much Crave for modern technologies?

    The answer to this question can be that human being have always endeavored to improve their life and technology has played vital role in that. From invention of fire and wheeel to current day nanotechnologies, technology has helped human to achieve his dream.

    This can be understood from the role technology has played in various fields of human life from medicine, engineering, agriculture, communication, economy and many more. Technology is there in every walk of our life from from simple toothpaste to advanced laptop.varoious invention in past like steam engine, aeroplane, bullet train have contracted the world. Invention in medicine has cured many deadly diseases like hepatitis, chicken pox, polio etc. Many example from other fields are also available.

    But, question which comes in mind is, what are the pros and cons of overdependency on technology will be and to what extent this dependency should be? To answer these questions we will examine each aspect in upcoming paras.

    More and more use of technology in governance will lead to reduction in corruption, increased efficiency, transperancy and better service delivery, which will ultimately benefit end user and consequently more development. Similarly in medicine latest invention have shown prospect of treating deadly cancers, and genetic disorders. More research may bring treatment to currently incurable diseases like AIDS, Parkinson etc.

    Latest technologies in renewable sectors can minimise the dependence on fossil fuel which will ultimately help in fighting global warming and climate change. Similarity advanced farming technologies, high yielding seeds will enhance farm production to feed ever increasing population and fight poverty, malnutrition etc. Revolution can be brought by using ITC in education sector. More emphasis on technology will definitely save time of pepeole and they will be able to give time over other important things like to family, friends. This will bring happiness to person and better development.

    However, one should not forget “ati sarvatra vsrjate.” (too much of anything is bad) this applies to technology as well. Overdependency on technology can have negative impact on human health, may lead to social problem and even risk the survival of human. More use of internate, laptop, mobile leads to headache, migraine and visual problem. Similarity radio waves can lead to health problem of heart, mutation etc.

    In the same way overemphasis on automation has led to unemployment like situation in several part of world this only exacerbate poverty and other social crimes. Misuse of technology by wrong people like terrorist and hackers only accentuate the problem of human. More attention on modernizing their arsenal by major countries today creates the risky future.

    Another aspect of technology today is ‘artificial intelligence ‘. This has proved that human brain can be defeated. Latest ‘alphago’ by Google and ‘deep blue’ by IBM in past have defeated genius human minds. But most important problem overuse of technologies will create is disturbance of human culture. ethics and values may be lost in the absence of physical interaction between people. This will lead to moral chaos, which is not a good sign for humanity.

    However, too less use or negligence of technology is not good be cause it causes slower economic growth and large problem of poverty, malnutrition, corruption, diseases etc. Poor technical know how causes inefficient use of countries natural resources and consequently less human development. Several Sub-Saharan countries are live example of this today.

    So what is the ideal way to use the technologies? Gautam Buddha’s ‘madhayam marg’ (middle path) can be good answer to this question. It will not only avoid conflict but lead to overall happiness to mankind. Technology should be used to achieve rapid development but care should be taken that it is not leading to environmental degradation or increasing the suffering of man itself (unethical use of technology may create this problem)

    So it can be said that proper balance between technology and concern for ultimate welfare of humanity can ensure better outcome and subsequent human development. And one thing should always be kept in mind that technology is made for human and not vice-versa.

    • Abhijeet B

      Good attempt.but Some suggestions-Look ur approach is good but Essay is about thought process & organizing skills. Your essay mostly focus on information.Essay will not test ur knowledge that will be done by General Studies Papers. So look on that.
      Also there should be some continuity betwn diff paragraphs .You can correct it by multiple reading ur own writing. You should write essay in manner in which it should make invigiltor to keep on reading till last.This comes with much more work on value addition & some command on language.
      Overall with only 15 days after prelims, good start. for this 50/125. Keep on practicing.

      • Akhil

        Thanks a lot for review brother..
        I’ll certainly work on your suggestions.

  • Kshitij Singha

    Kindly review !!!

    Overdependence on Tehchnolgy will advance human development

    From Renaissance, which originated from the old state of Italy to the the Reformation followed by Protestantism, Catholic Reformation and to the era of enlightenment which dawned Britain and Holland and then spread to various other European countries, we, as a society, got a wonderful gift in the form of technology which became the underlying cause for Industrial Revolution. Industrial revolution which originated during the 18th century, symbolised through steam engine, have travelled a long course to its newer version which, the World Economic Forum rightly pointed out as a digital age of Industrial Revolution or the 4th generation of Industrial revolution.
    Technology is so much deeply entrenched into our life that it has become an absolute sine qua non for our survival. A government at the end of the day, after policy making, can’t divorce itself from its use due to the wider scope and the inclusiveness which the policy can achieve through its use. The use of technology is now more conspicuous in umpteen number of fields, be it medicine, agriculture, society, sports etc. We are all aware of the far reaching effects of various interventions like DBT in LPG subsidy- PAHAL, BAPU(biometrically authenticated physical uptake) for PDS etc . The vision and the target of Sabka sath, Sabka Vikas is now more closer and reality as technology has the potential to fill the lacunae which previous service delivery mechanism failed to deliver. Similarly, use of technology in the form of High yielding variety of seeds such as Bt Cotton which has almost more than doubled the cotton production and other interventions like Green Revolution have helped a lot. The field of sports is also not left untouched as Hawk-eye technology in different sports have ameliorated the decision making process and in the same way the education system in world is making use of technology to spread its reach and make its quality even better. All these interventions including those in the field of Human development are based on the bedrock of technology over which their edifice stands out today.
    The question of dependence on technology for Human development is often marred by the quantum of its usage. State of art technologies like LiFi, Bitcoins, HYV seeds and Unified Payment Interface are no doubt game changer as they target inclusiveness and making things more simpler and quicker. But, excess of everything is not good. Notwithstanding the apprehensions raised by a lot of people during the introductory phase of technology that it will reduce the manpower required and thereby lead to unemployment, new horizons have been discovered and on the contrary few sectors like IT and ITES have elicited more jobs, the areas on which India has very well capitalized.
    Things seemed hunky dory in the short to medium term during the introductory phase, but what we witness today are some of the harmful effects of their over dependence on advancement of human development. In the field of Health, invention of bots, machines and various other gadgets have led to people exerting less and people taking very less to physical activities and rather preferring spending time on their sofa. Obesity and eye problems are more frequent among people, especially children. On the Ethical front, there has been gradual decline in our moral fibre as we tend to achieve things at any cost and also there has been rise in the material culture which technology has brought along with it. Society is now witnessing more inequity in distribution of wealth because of innate social gaps in our society. There has been decline in the emotional warmth among us because technology has made us more dependent on them and their interface being non-human has certainly corroded the moral fibre. Thinkers and philosophers of 17th century like Montesque and Rousseau emphasized on the emotional warmth and according to them moral progress was the real progress, rather than materialistic one. This is certainly one of those thing which the so called ‘enlightened people are missing now’.
    There couldn’t have been more better time than now to start contemplating about maintaining the right balance between the dependence on technology for human development and traditional ones. That definitely doesn’t imply we abandon this disruptive phase of new invention and innovation but every effort should be made to auger to the growing needs of the humanity and especially those at the bottom of our pyramid . The cynicism which is prevailing around the use of technologies like use of HYV seeds in food grains and that too based on non-scientific studies needs to countered and presented well in front of the respective group. Other areas like use of genetic engineering which is one of the hotly debated ethical issue today, need to be laid more emphasis on. This bubble of skepticism needs to be pricked at a stage where there is a well structured regulatory framework. Imagine the kind of happiness we can bring to the society if we are able to cure genetic disorders which are hitherto not been able to scale due to time lost in debates and anachronistic laws being made against them. These are few examples which can help make humanity better but what is imperative is maintaining the right balance with technology for human development.
    The use of human wisdom in promoting the balanced approach while dealing with technology is the need of hour. Some questions like Where to use and the Lakshan rekha, that is where not to use it, are some of the important one which we have to answer. There is absolutely no doubt about the cornucopia of technology at our disposal and sometimes too much of resources and choices, that we now prefer to call human development, at this moment could be misleading and may not be the best thing that can happen to human being. This is because in the longer run when we witness the dearth of resources and choices and when we are not habitual of carving out our living with them, we tend to suffer. As Immanual Kant, a famous german philosopher and the torch bearer of the Enlightenment in Germany, once said “We are not rich by what we posses but rather by what we can do without them ”, it makes a complete sense in todays world when the fingers are being pointed at us for making sure our children bequeath a better environment.

  • Invictus

    @night_thinker:disqus i think a point regarding the ill effects of increased dependence on technology on the employment zone should also be included.The incorporation of robots and automatic machines has resulted in manual job scarcity especially in manufacturing sector.
    do correct me if i am wrong please.

  • awaneesh

    At present technology is present in every possible sphere.the way we think, the way we live,

    the way we communicate, the way we travel, the way we learn, everything has changes due to

    technological advancements.

    since the intial stages of human life, the people used to make advancements in technology for their

    survival like stone axe and other weapones.the people made technology advencem,ents to make their

    easire in the forms of inventions of wheel and other things.in this way technolgy has made great

    contribution to human development.

    technolgy has made immense contribution towards human development.telemedicines that is used for

    promotes clinical health care.most of dangerous diseases can be cubred with the development of new drugs ,

    and health care facilities.besides this technology has prolonged human life span.the romote areas of

    the country can have access to health care facilities due to advancements in technology.

    education sector has been benefitted due to technological advancements.learning through smart classes

    have made long lecture interesting.the students can study at home with the hepl of internet.internet

    has also boost the people’s knowledge.internet is very useful for those students who can not afford

    to study in metro cities like delhi for civil services and other competitive exams.

    communication technology has borught the people very close.it has made communication easier, smoother,

    and faster.the people can see one and another with the smart phones.due to smart phones the people are

    having access to internet.

    areicultural sector is also being benefitted by techonological advancements.automated water sprinkles,

    genetically produced palnts, agriculture machinery have benefitted the world in feeding the incresing

    population.

    technological advancements has played very important role in economic development of a nation.it haqs helped

    businesses save time and cost of production. japan is finest example of the country that is among the largest

    econmoy just beacause of technological advancements.

    reliance on technology can be key to solve the prevailing problems.the problem of climate change and enviornment

    can be tackled with technological advancements.

    good governancee can be promoted with technology advancements like e-governance.other problems like

    corruption, money laundering etc can be tackled with help such technologies.

    the increase in the technological developments has created problems like degradation of the nature.global

    warming, climate change, mkelting of glaciers, increased sea level, ozon depletion etc have beeen

    due to technological advancements.

    technological advancements is necessary for human development.but balance between human development and

    technological advancements is essential.the people should utilise the technologis in such a way that the

    nature can not be affected.

    • saba

      Your points are good but structuring could have been better. Quotes if possible could have added to the beauty

  • Abhiknowledge_is_free

    Please review! 🙂

  • RKC

    “Overdependence on technology will enhance human development”

    In the last semester of my post graduate all students of our institute had to prepare and present a project on any subject that we had opted for before the examiner for which we had been given one month’s time. During the preparation of my project I mainly focused on different aspects which were related to technology through which I could give my maximum potential so as to fetch good marks. I was completely over dependent on my laptop, mobile phone, camera and tab. They were of tremendous helpful in accomplishment of my project in time. I presented my project in the exam in a very unique way that was something new to the examiners which would have impressed as they treated it different from other candidates. Finally I could secure good marks that gave me some sighs. It was that day when I realized how technology has been an important part of our life that helps people in different walks of their life. It brings them a status in the society as well as improves their life through the applicability of technology based knowledge.
    When we look at the present era of competition we find the use of technology everywhere. It has brought almost a revolution in the life of humankind. It is the technology which has led people to access the planets existing in our solar system. The historic India’s Mars Orbiter Mission which has brought Indians on par with only a few listed countries of the world on a platform where we Indian could play an important role for the development of entire human beings. We are now in search of a new planet as we are not very far away when we would have completely consumed all our limited natural resources. This insight has caused worry among the world community. As a result of which we are seeking an alternate planet similar to the Earth where we could adjust ourselves and sustain our lives with the use of resources available on the new life supporting planet. Today’s technology based researches in the field of medical science have resulted in development of life saving important medicines. These medicines have not only saved the lives of people but also have enhanced their age of living. It has reduced the mortality rate and increased the fertility rate of human. Even the most deadly virus that we have faced recently, named as Ebola and Zika virus, has spread among the masses in various parts of the world for which World Health Organization had to declare an emergency throughout the world. However, the spread of the virus causing disease was brought under control only with the help of technology by using technology based instruments which were helpful in detecting the causes of disease. The various necessary checkups and tests were also performed using medical instruments so that proper treatment could be given to the patients. The body detection and scanning instrument were also used at various airports of the world so that the disease could be prevented from spreading from people of affected countries to the people of unaffected countries. In these curbing efforts we succeeded because of our overdependence on technology that has so far given an impetuous to the improvement of human life, protection from unwanted diseases and events etc. This has also improved the quality and the standard ways of living but these virtues are not available equal in many parts of the world as in some parts of the world people are more developed due their technological advancement while in some parts people are less developed as technology are not much developed there but this difference has created the concept of technological divide where some parts of the people of the world are unable to access the same technology as other people of the world are accessing.
    In the competing ambience of the world the most challenging task for a state is that of security both internal and external security. Though technological overdependence has brought peaceful environment around the world but sometimes it has also caused severe damage to the humankind of the world as over dependency is good only if technology is properly used in a very careful way. The bad consequences we have seen in the past when many doctor while in operation did a silly mistake that has take away the life of many patients. We are the witness of the two world wars. Of the two, the Second World War was more destructive. We have seen how the atom bombs had shattered the entire city of Nagasaki and Hiroshima of Japan in 1945. Although the bombs and weapons are prepared for the sake of people of any country so that external threat from enemy country could be prevented. These instruments act as a protective cover to the citizen of any country so that citizens could sustain and develop their life without any fear of external aggression. We have also availed the advantages of nuclear energy in modernizing our life in form of sustainable safe and secured electricity generation that has become the backbone of any economy but at the same time we have also witnessed the dire consequences of Fukushima when a default has caused unrecoverable damages to the people of Japan.
    It is our technological dependence that has so far enabled us to check and curb many internal threats like anti social and anti government elements who are trying to destabilize the law and order thereby causing societal unrests and downfall of government which are an important ingredients for the development of a country as well as for its citizens. We can be proud of our national agents who have controlled the cyber crimes and other attack from our enemy through the use of updated technology. We can feel proud when we talk about the propaganda of ISIS, the most threatening organization in present era as they have in number more or less penetrated in many countries of the world and caused economic and human capital losses but no such mishaps have so far occurred in our country. It is true that human can not keep everything in their mind, so they need an extra mind, like the extra RAM required for a computer to function well, where they can store all their experience. We interact with hundreds of people every day and it is almost impossible to keep their records in our mind. The mobile phones and tabs and other storing devices, here, play an active role in storing their names, contact numbers being an extra memory to the human beings. This shows our overdependence on technology that has revolutionized our lives in many ways.
    Thus, the multifarious advantages of over dependency on technology have advanced humans in different walks of their lives. We have seen how well this year our IMD has predicted the incoming good rainfall to our country. This was only possible on the technological calculations that predict almost correctly which led Indian farmers for seeding seed in their land. The ultimate fruits they will garner after harvesting which would increase their income as well as consumption power moulding their lives towards the development.

  • SherniZaad

    ” Every nectar is poison if taken to excess.” When we use this line in the context of technology, it only means that when dependence on technology creates a chain reaction and leads to its overdependence, then the otherwise ,acting as a boon to the society, it can become a bane and degrades human developmental process.
    Human development means overall development of society in almost every sphere from health to education to money to the environmental surroundings we live in. Technology here acts as a means to achieve the goal of human development. However, when the means to achieve the goal itself starts becoming a goal , then is the time to stop and take the warning . History is testimony to the fact that technology has played a catalytic role for advancement of growth and development , be it from invention of wheel to steam engine, to railways to telephones, to satellites to the internet , all have been a key to reach great heights in human history. However, excessive dependence makes the very essence of technology to lose its fragrance.

    Education is one of the most important component of human development. Its a key to unlock huge potential of human resources. With technological developments like use of computers, internets and now more recently, use of smart classrooms, are adding new dimensions to education. Various schemes of government of India like e- pathshaala and SWAYAM are also making use of technology to help education reach masses. However, when technology is given excess importance then it can create some problems. For example,nowadays , students rely mostly on google and other sources to do their homeworks and projects. This is degrading their ability to think and and be creative. Having said that, more focus on technologically equipping the schools and educational institutes have diminished the importance of teachers and the role they can play to shape the student’s future.

    Health is a sector which requires continues research and innovations to fight the new emerging health problems and diseases. Innovations like cancer treatment with gene therapy, creating organs from stem cells and 3D printing, telemedicine etc are acting as a boon to the medical advancements. But health, being a very significant factor of our lives can be affected badly if technology is used in excess . On one hand, we are gaining from it, on the other we are losing from it. For example- using electronic gadgets throughout the day can damage our eyes since they emit harmful blue lights. Some people rely so much on internet, that they seek medication from it without even consulting a doctor which can lead to serious consequences.

    Use of technology does not remain restricted to the above spheres only. It has entered the political arena as well. Government is making use of technology to reach its policies to its citizens effectively and efficiently. In india, schemes like DIGITAL INDIA , E- GOVERNANCE, PAHAL, etc,are taking the benefjts of technology for maximum governance. But this can leave a few sections of our population behind who are either not capable enough to use technology or reluctant to use it. This can create a gap between haves and have nots defeating the purpose of human development. Moreover, excessive reliability on technology for everything, even for communicating with people diminishes the importance of face to face government to people contact. For example – relying too much on video conferencing rather than vising fields and sites for direct supervision.

    Human resource is the most important resource on the Earth. If they are skilled and trained in technology, they become more efficient and productive in nature. For example computer operators are more efficient than manual clerks. However,excessive technology can lower down the importance of human manpower. For example, replacing labourers with robots can lead to large scale unemployment affecting overall growth and development, thus defeating the purpose of technology .

    Due to technology, markets have been integrated. Its beneficial for both the sellers and buyers which promises good returns to sellers and offers enough choices to the consumers. E- commerce like mahila- e- haat, national agriculture market , etc by government of india is in the right direction of correctly using technology for the benefit of the society. However, online shopping portals like flipkart, snapdeal, etc are competing with each other leading to huge drops in prices which is only till the time they capture the consumers and make them addicted. Easy shopping just at the click of the mouse is turning the consumers into ‘shopaholics’ , eating away lots of their productive time.

    Technology played a key role in changing the modes of transportation and communications. Construction of maglev trains to reduce time travel significantly,use of catalytic converters in cars and hybrid cars to check green house gas emissions are very positive aspects of technology. However, overdependence can prove to be fatal sometimes. For ex- the craze for driverless/ robot cars are going on increasing. These cars are prone to big accidents if something with the system goes wrong.

    When there was hardly any communication channel in the past, people used to visit each other , meet personally. With the advent of advancement in communication, it became easier to send telegrams, make a call using telephones. In the present times, use of internet, emails, social medias like facebook and whatsapp have connected almost everyone under the sky. However, this virtual world only gives an illusion of being connected to each other. People now avoid meeting personally due to lack of time, even if they do they remain glued to their gadgets, children instead of playing in playgrounds and making friends are seen playing videogames inside their houses. All of this is a sign of how excessive usage of technology is breaking the close knitted societal relationships. At the end of it, everyone would be alienated from everyone having very bad effects on human growth and development.

    Technology is a part of our lives and indeed a very important one. It is very crucial for faster and better development of society, provided it is used with some check and balances. Overdependence of technology will just nullify the impact it has created in our lives so far. Its important to realise that humans have created technology and not vice versa. Therefore, it must not be used in excess which would act as a poison with the potential of replacing humans with itself.

    • CSE2017 aspirant (ABG)

      awesome essay 🙂
      Simple and straightforward. Good use of examples and steps taken by govt. – Digital India and all.
      As it was your first essay – I will say it is excellent.

      Suggestions :

      (1) Could have reduced length of many paras.
      (2) Philosophical part of your essay could have been improved.
      (3) Could have included 1-2 out of box ideas too.

      Rest of the things were pretty fine.

      • SherniZaad

        Okayy…will keep try incorporating these things in the next essay. ☺

    • Hello Sherni, with a cute DP 🙂
      -Liked reading you essay. Simple and easy to understand.
      -Good use of latest technologies and schemes
      -More could be added.. IOTs, self driving cars
      -Write short paragraphs.
      Thank you, please review mine too when you find time 🙂

      • SherniZaad

        Hey thanku for the review and suggestions. Will keep in mind the next time. Will review urs too:-)

    • Ankit

      I think this is the best essay i have ever read..the way of presentation with refreshing introductory line…proper emphasis on each and every aspect with inclusion of recent schemes…From my side, there is no improvement tip and straightaway i can give u 82/125….

      I myself is writing essay for the first time..please please help me improve by giving ur valuable suggestion…:) thanks a ton…

      • SherniZaad

        Thanx Ankit, this was my 1st essay. What i did was tried to include all the spheres like social, political, economic, and then connected the use of technology with these things. Took a lot of time to jot down points, form structure and then proceeded with writing. 🙂

      • SherniZaad

        Thanx Ankit, this was my 1st essay. What i did was tried to include all the spheres like social, political, economic, and then connected the use of technology with these things. Took a lot of time to jot down points, form structure and then proceeded with writing. 🙂

        • Ankit

          please review mine too and give ur opinion and score:) Thanks a ton

        • Ankit

          please review mine too and give ur opinion and score:) Thanks a ton

    • saba

      Well written kindly review mine if tym permits

    • shan ayroopadam

      Good attempt… but more emphasis was given to pros and cons of different technologies…ideas and opinions should get more prominence…..

      • SherniZaad

        Thanx for the review!

    • JKL

      Heyy Sherni,

      IMO

      1. A very good Intro
      2. Jus a little focus on temporal scale of technology, could have explained a little
      3. Sectoral Scale was awesomely analysed and portrayed
      4. Though essay doesnt demand, few points on sustainable activities which can form a profitable nexus with technology and have a little or no negative effects jus before conclusion would have made it much better

      KWAR
      JKL

  • the green bird

    “Ma, come faster, it will be dark soon, we have to go get sticks for our Chulha otherwise there shall be no dinner today” said 9 years old Lakshmi to her old fragile mother.

    Lakshmi lives in a remote village where there are no pucca houses, no electricity, no sanitation facilities, no LPG, no school, no hospitals and no means of employment other than subsistence agriculture. People still eat off banana leaves as plates. There is open defecation, diseases and no health facilities. The opportunities of growth and development are non-existent. Such lack of education, the fumes of Chulha causing deadly diseases and poor conditions of living are in stark contrast to the basic parameters of Human Development i.e. Education, Long and Healthy Life and Decent Standard of Living.

    Then, what is the Solution??
    How to make 9 years old Lakshmi read books than to search for dry sticks in the woods?
    How to ensure her mother is not subjected to toxic fumes of Chulhas ensuring her long and healthy life?
    How to provide electricity, steel plates for food, pucca houses, latrines so that all villagers have a decent standard of living?
    How to put all the remote areas into mainstream?
    The answer to all the above questions lies, primarily, in – “TECHNOLOGY”

    Generating electricity and laying down transmission lines to far off distant places has lightened up thousands of houses. Telecom networks and internet has connected the remotest areas into mainstream. Even if we find lack of willingness among teachers to serve in rural areas, the online classes are playing a big role. Even in the health sector, technology has played immense role in finding cures to deadly diseases. We have reached far beyond our atmosphere into outer space to find solutions of even bigger problems.

    All in all, technology has extraordinary potential to transform primitive backward societies into modern ones and modern ones into ultra-modern ones. We find the impact of technology into more inclusiveness, more penetration and more development.

    Talking about education sector – access to teachers, materials and new means of learning has become possible only due to technology.

    In Health – More access, better alternatives of treatment, nano technology, finding cures of once considered incurable diseases is due to advanced technology.

    Food Security, green revolution, HYV seeds, cloud-seeding, air-seeding, mechanization of agriculture, resultant increased productivity and production are all the fruits of technology.

    Transferring money to far off continents, trading online, operating CBS, and communicating without any hassles are all a result of better technologies.

    Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, automation, e-commerce and such other recent variants of technology have helped a lot in solving multitude of problems.

    We have been able to understand about what constitutes our planet, about outer space, about under sea life only due to technology. Such knowledge has definitely helped us in solving bigger problems of humanity like climate change, ground water replenishment, changing weather patterns internal and external security, disaster prediction and management etc.

    So, is it the ultimate solution to the problems of growth and development??

    In the process, we tend to idolise technology so much that we forget technology only gives us power, but it does not and cannot tell us how to use that power. Thanks to technology, we can instantly communicate across the world, but it still doesn’t help us know what to say. Thus increasing dependence on it cannot be a final solution to the problems of society, problems of overall human development. We cannot rely so much on our own creation for the final answers. No matter technology has a prominent and indispensable role in overall growth and development but it is only a means and not an end in itself.

    Over-dependence on anything is disastrous and so is true for technology also. It is best as slave and should not take place of that of the master. As mentioned earlier, it has definitely caused immense development in all the areas of society but it has also caused a lot of harm.

    Where dependence on technology has provided access of education to rural areas, it has failed to check on the absorption of such knowledge into pupils’ minds. The lack of concentration and indiscipline in online classes is a well-known truth. This necessitates human intervention and lessens the value of e-teaching.

    In health sector, where technology has on one hand increased average life expectancy, on the other hand has been responsible for a lot of medical wastes and testing of new medicines etc on animals. The recently innovated Watson Supercomputer that can detect cancer can be only helpful if a learned medicine practitioner diagnoses on the basis of its results. It can be dangerous to consume medicines prescribed by a machine with artificial intelligence.

    Where agriculture has been immensely benefitted by improved technologies but at the same time has also faced problems of land degradation, health issues due to the use of pesticides & fertilizers and genetically modified crops etc.

    Technology is credited with lots of employment generation but in a developing country like India, there is a lot of unskilled labour which has faced more joblessness with the advent of technology.

    Where technology connects to outside world for good and for knowledge, it has also aided the growth of e-frauds, organized crime and terrorism. The criminals use modern satellite phones to communicate with each other escaping themselves from the Police Radars and carry out operations successfully. It has also helped in propagandizing their ideologies & missions and also served as potential recruitment agency as it generally hides the identity of the person sitting behind the screen. There has to be proper checks to avoid such mishappenings.

    On one hand, technology has helped us harnessing energy from sun, wind, water and nuclear sources; the same has been responsible for dangerous weapons proliferation. Japan nuclear bombings were one such nightmare incident. Not only this, the radioactive waste it produces is equally poisonous and poses one of the biggest threats to the mankind.

    Then what is to be done?

    We have to understand that improved technology is the need of the hour. We can’t survive without it. We have become so depended on it that we even fail to picturise our lives without it. Even a simplest man needs Television, AC, Refrigerator, Mobile Phones, Laptops, FB, Twitter, Flipkart, Air-Travel and what not.
    However being overly dependent on technology can be disastrous. It can lead to path of destruction than development. The measured use of technology is what is desirable. We actually need more of good doctors, teachers, scientists, managers, academicians, bureaucrats etc to solve the problems of society and human development along with the best possible support of their best friend – Technology!

    • I am the best

      Your start was strong and different in a good way. You have ensured to cover all points. But it comes across less as an essay more of a draft of an essay as there are too many points and paras. Otherwise it is good. Keep it up!!

      • the green bird

        Oh!! Will keep this in mind. Thanks 🙂

    • kt

      never seen such a suprb start…..

      • the green bird

        Thank you 🙂

  • Sunep C Jamir

    “overdependence on technology will advance human development”
    Historically human society advanced from hunting and gathering to agricultural society to industrial age to finally information age because of the advancement in the area of technology. technology helped us to solve innumerable problems we faced and understanding of our surrounding . it was the development of telescope and subsequent rethinking of planetary system that challenge the false belief of orthodox roman catholic church about the centrality of earth in our solar system. These unravelling of truth through technological advancement gave rise to the power of reason and was followed by renaissance and induatrial revolution in Europe , which took human civilisation from agrarian to industrial economic system .

    Technology was used as an aid to solve problem we face and achieve the desired result which brought change to the society and not the dependence on technology per se . technology in itself is just like a “tool” –using which we undertake various task as per our goal . its utility and efficiency depends on how it is used . thus the user of technology – human beings will be the sole responsible for bringing human advancement

    In todays age of rapid advancement in science and technology it is difficult to find any aspect of society which is not affected by technology .The following are some broad category where how the interaction of technology and human society is taking shape .
    1.Health care:

    For many centuries before the advent of modern medical science disease and dead were considered as controlled by supernatural phenomenon beyond human comprehension and human attitude towards life was thus fatalistic approach .
    The discovery of vaccine and better understanding of human anatomy has eradicated many disease such as small pox etc . and increased the life expectancy rate . these development not only improved the health of the population but change the human attitude towards life .

    Inspite of rapid advancement in the area of medical science there are many parts of the world where basic life saving medicine are not available . this raises the question of advancement in technology for whom , and is technology affordable to all?
    This highlights that technology by itself will not affect human development without proper policy and management of utilisation of such advancement in technology to affect advancement in human development.

    2.Economic growth and development ::

    The application of water power and invention of steam engine gave rise to industrial revolution .these technology made possible efficient economic production on wide scale and helped in building infrastructure and transportation network which resulted in advancement of human civilisation .

    Increased in mobility and opportunity such as manufacturing , trade , industrial employment allowed people to break the rope which tied them to the land they were bonded as serfs . this increases the choice in life and its advancement .
    Advancement in genetic engineering and invention of genetically modified high yielding crop has not only increased the agricultural production but also made the crop pest resistance . this increased in production play a crucial role for the food security of man kind

    Information technology has enabled the government , national and international agencies to identify and target the weaker section of the society through benefit transfer programn .Aadhar card and digitisation of pds (public distribution system )in india has brought many genuine targeted individual under safety net and plug the leakages in the pds system .
    But these development are not without its negative consequences with respect to human society and environment .
    The mechanisation brought about by technology development resulted in wide scale unemployment and labour unrest in many part of the world and impoverished large section of the society for the gains of few capitalist individual resulting in wide inequality of the social system .

    Utilisation of technology indiscriminately will result in adverse environmental consequences . green revolution of 1970 in india resulted in adverse environment impact such as lowering of water table , land salinization , pollution due to excessive usage of fertilizer and pesticites in Punjab and Haryana region . this has also resulted in unbalanced economic growth among big land owner and small land owner.

    Big land owner garnered maximum advantages at the cost of small and landless peasant further creating inequality in the society . the recent drug addict problem in Punjab depicted by the movie unda Punjab is a direct consequences of unbalanced development .

    Technology without proper monitoring and analysing its consequences will create more harm than the intented benefit we aim to achieve . this necessitates awareness of all aspect of technology and proper policy for its implementation .

    3.Energy security and environment ::

    There will be no human development without ensuring energy security to every individual . but at the same time environment pollution and global warming due to conventional energy generation through coal and natural gas power plant pose a serious threat to our own existence on this planet earth .

    Advancement in renewable and clean energy source technology such as solar , wind , nuclear power has shown a ray of hope to tide over the energy security verses environment protection dilemma .

    India’s vision to generate 175 MW of renewable energy through solar (100 MW) , wind (60 MW) , biogas (10 MW) and small hydro (5 MW) by 2022 and initiating an international solar alliance for the country within the tropical region will not only decrease the pressure on environment but will ensure energy security of the population for its all round development .

    But the sad reality is the access to such advancement in crucial technology is confined to a very small group of advance western countries and its access becomes financially unviable to many countries in the least developed countries which happens to be most vulnerable in any event of adverse environmental phenomena .

    To ensure that the benefits of technology is reached to all section of the society and parts of the globe for human development . international organisation such as UN , UNFCCC, WTO should formulate effective non-biased policy and mechanism . this becomes very important because for international peace and harmony equitable world is the key .

    4.Social life::

    Advancement in information technology has completely redefined the way we interact and work in our social environment .
    Cloud computing and digital locker has made very convenient for interaction with the government processes . transparency and quick response is ensured by making most of the government system digitalised and online .

    Odissa state police online FIR registration has helped many citizen to file an FIR promptly and at the same time avoid the inconvinence and unnecessary intervention by the local police . these mechanism helps in ensuring security and trust in the government system which is crucial to proper democratic functioning of the society .

    Maintaining of citizen data and crime records data comes handy in co-ordination among various government agencies in emergency situation and security of its citizen .

    Mobile phone comes handy for security of children and women when they are in dangerous situation . the recent proposal by IT ministry to provide panic button in mobile phone is a step in right direction .

    But the record of various public and private agencies which manage such data are not without genuine questions raised due to its intentional misuse .

    In the name of security , private space of an individual is intruded and brings untold stress to the individual and society atlarge . in the recent past stories of central government and some state government intruding in to private phone tapping has come to light . eg: radia tape , essar cable . this creates fear and panic among the citizen . thus it was due to such misuse of official machinery , some section of the society raised question about privacy to be included in fundamental right while implementing Aadhar project .

    Misuse of technology can be avoided by properly designing the policy with adequste check and balances in the system . otherwise dependence on technology without proper safeguards will not advance human society but rather take it backward .

    Conclusion ::

    Dependence or overdependence on anything be it technology or otherwise is improper without clearly defining its objectives and its positive as well as its negative consequences . moreover technology is no more than a tool that can be used as an aid for whatever human civilisation wants it to achieve . thus the most important aspect for human advancement is this goal defining and approach towards these goals .

    • Sunep C Jamir

      kindly review my essay . need your valuable feedback to understand my state of preparation . thank you

    • Sunep C Jamir

      kindly review my essay . need your valuable feedback to understand my state of preparation . thank you

  • Ant-Man

    Guys Please review my Last week’s essay on, it is short but please review:
    Geography may remain the same ; history need not:
    It is a general view that and can be seen in International stage and era of globalisation that geography remains the same but history not always. It is also true for other parts of life but this essay will focus on International relations on the world stage.

    If we take India-China, at the time when India acquired independence there was a mutual cooperation and attitude of Brotherhood(Hindi-Chini bhai bhai) but was shattered in 1962.SImilar is the case of Russia-Ukraine in recent times due to Crimean issue.

    If we look at the history of world wars and relationship between central and allied powers had been changed so immensely that Germany, in group of so called P5+1, is part of governance of every important institution of the world.This again support the argument.

    Further to this if we take US-Cuba relations, from Cuban missile crisis to recent reconciliation is again the proof.

    Now if I go to very familiar neighbourhood Pakistan, once the ground for incessant independence struggle, location of congress annual sessions, ‘POORN SWARAJ’ declaration at Lahore,Important session at Karachi, Birth place of Bhagat Singh, all shows that the very land which gave us so many freedom fighters who died for the unity and integrity and freedom of the nation is the breeding ground for Pakistan supported terrorism which is a security challenge for India’s unity and Integrity.

    Now I want to take example of India-Ceylon relationship, both remained at same place on map(if we ignore few cm changes due to plate tectonics,never mind) seen various ups and down from the era of Indira Gandhi-Rajiv Gandhi to Manmohan Singh-Narendra Modi.Sri Lanka once the favoured destination for Chinese strategic investment turned to India. Opposite is true for India-Nepal relationship.

    Finally if we talk about US-Russia, giants in multipolar world, are on loggerhead for most of the time in modern era and but at the time of world wars fought on the same side except Russia flipping some time.Intense cold war which saw origination of Non Aligned Movement is changed in case of ISS(International Space Station) project,both collaborated effectively.

    From above examples it can be concluded that Geographical changes happens slowly and outrun human life however History changes on day to day basis,International relations, where we can see this happening easily but it can be applied most aptly to local/state/national elections in India, sports, art culture, religion, economy and others.

    • I am the best

      Hey Ant-man points are really good given the length of the essay. But you need to proof read before pasting here. Refrain from using “I” in UPSC essays. But overall a good essay I must say.

    • I am the best

      Hey Ant-man points are really good given the length of the essay. But you need to proof read before pasting here. Refrain from using “I” in UPSC essays. But overall a good essay I must say.

      • Ant-Man

        Thanks a lot for review, please suggest what should I use instead of “I” should it be “WE”

  • I am the best

    Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development

    Human Development in all its facets-health, education, poverty eradication, better nutrition, access to greater number of opportunities, longevity etc – has been greatly advanced by an increasing reliance or dependence on technology. By relying on technology, humans as a species on the planet Earth have gained substantial advantages over other species and are no more at the mercy of natural forces and its vagaries. Human development has gradually expanded its definition with passing time and increasing access to newer and better technologies. For example in terms of health, earlier human development referred to protection from common diseases like Small pox, cholera, malaria etc. Now, with advanced technology at humans’ disposal, it includes cure for life style diseases, organ transplant and much more. However, increasingly humans’ unrestrained over-dependence on technology is beginning to be questioned by many as it has led to unbridled consumption and population explosion and an unsustainable economic development model which threatens to undo the benefits & progress achieved by human beings by leveraging the very same technology. Overreliance on technology as a panacea for all our needs and problems is incorrect as can be witnessed by the unfolding climate change, pollution, extreme weather events, breaking down of human relations or inter-personal relations etc.

    To begin with let us first discuss the overwhelming positive side of technology’s role in advancing human development. When humans evolved on the planet Earth, they were extremely vulnerable to all sorts of vagaries of nature, threats in the wild and had an existence similar to any other species. First technological innovation in the form of fire suddenly enhanced humans’ survival chances in an otherwise hostile wild environment. This primitive technology called fire ensured that humans could have access to cooked food and to warmth even in cold winters. Moreover, it staved off threat to life from physically superior wild species.
    Second technological advancement in the form of wheel greatly enhanced transportation to long distances and reduced human drudgery. Subsequent advancements in terms of knowledge of cultivable & edible varieties of wild plants ensured access to a predictable and more reliant food source, thereby reducing a precarious hand to mouth existence. This helped him to settle in one place and expand its species numbers and build tribes and societies.

    Later on discovery of metals like copper, iron, bronze etc gave a sudden, immense fillip to agriculture as it helped humans clear large tracts of land for agriculture as well as access to metallic agricultural implements. All this lead to production of surplus food and freedom from constant worry of food shortage, thereby, greatly adding to human development from the days of existence as caveman.

    Further access and dependence on technology in other fields like medicines and vaccines advanced human development by removing the threat of mass deaths from epidemics. It helped improve average life span and freedom from numerous deadly diseases like smallpox, cholera, tetanus etc. All this greatly improved quality of human life.

    Coming to more recent day technologies in the form of computers, telephones etc have facilitated long distance communication in the blink of an eye and at a fraction of cost. This has advanced human development by facilitating exchange of new ideas and collaboration on knowledge generation and its dissemination. Further technological advancements in the form of e-commerce and e-governance have ensured reduced transaction costs, greater financial inclusion and access to resources to a greater number of people. In particular, e-governance has advanced human development in a significant manner by leveraging technology to cut leakages, corruption and ensure transparent and efficient distribution of resources to a greater segment of society. An increasing dependence on technology in this field will only add to human development for many years to come.

    Nevertheless, the over-dependence or over-reliance without careful thought in certain cases is beginning to show negative consequences to human development. Rather human life is getting threatened as we use technological advancements on a larger scale. Case in point is climate change owing to increased greenhouse gas emissions. Over-reliance on automobiles, electrical equipment etc has meant greater demand for fossil fuels and electricity generation. Life style changes in the population of developing world on the lines of the resource-intensive consumers of the developed world has meant release of pollutants like ChloroFluoro carbons(CFCs), heavy metals (mercury, cadmium, lead) etc into the environment. It is polluting water, air, land and negatively impacting human well-being or development. Increased population as a result of medical advances has meant increased demand for all kinds of resources (including food) and thus increased pressure on land for agriculture leading to deforestation and loss of biodiversity. Indiscriminate use of medicines like anti-biotics to cure ailments especially in developing world has resulted into the evolution of drug-resistant microbes which have spelled danger for human development. Access to more sophisticated technology has meant proliferation of nuclear weapons and other bio-chemical weapons which threaten the very human progress made till date. The rapid growth of information technology in the form of internet has without doubt advanced human development by making possible sharing of new ideas and knowledge. But at the same time, it is being misused by militant groups like ISIS to undo the gains made on human development front. Inequitable access to technology among countries has led to increased income inequality in the world. Over-reliance and careless use of technology has resulted into incidents of pre-birth sex determination and consequent female foeticide in conservative parts of the world thus aggravating issues like skewed sex ratio and other gender biases. This has only done harm to human development.

    Lastly, the overdependence on technology has made human life a lot more comfortable and individualistic. This has hurt the spirit of interdependence which is the bedrock of human relations and families. This has increased cases of loneliness and depressions among humans thereby negatively impacting human development.

    In a nutshell we can conclude that humans need to re-evaluate the over-dependence on technology going forward and consciously opt for technologies that serve human welfare and advancement without the concomitant potential ill-effects. For example humans need to move to renewable energy technology in place of fossil fuel technology and reduce its carbon as well as waste footprint. They need to leverage technology to fill development gaps by increasing access to it to less privileged sections of society. Humans need to opt for cleaner and greener technology to counter the reality of climate change which threatens the human progress and existence. After all technology per se is neutral and it’s a curse or a blessing depending on our own intentions. It can continue to further human development or can equally easily reverse the gains made.

    • Ankit

      Hi best, great answer…covering the wide scope almost all the areas…Point of improvement.
      1. Make introduction small…split more paragraph for every aspect eg: health, agriculture etc. in separate paragraph.
      2. Write about name of recent schemes/programmes like ISIS terrorist are using FLASHER software currently, Immunization schemes (Mission Indradhanush)…

      Everything else is great 🙂 60/125 must be your score…

      Please review mine..:)

    • KnowledgeBuff

      Hi,
      Good attempt. I have following observations:
      1. 1st para is like summary. Introduction has to be more like invitation to read further. so try to make it more appealing.
      2. try writing a rough draft before writing the final version. Some of your paras are too long and essentially contain all the ideas. for eg overdependence is finished in two paras. One of them is disproportionately large. Four smaller paras with each conveying one specific dimension would lend more colour to the essay.

      Keep Writing! 🙂

      • I am the best

        Thanks Vikram.. Appreciate ur inputs… Will try incorporate in next essay…

  • KnowledgeBuff

    From the mummies of Egypt to the millionaires of Silicon Valley, the human civilization has come a long way. Every phase of human civilization has led to advancement of human development in one way or another. The stone age was the age of tool making. The renaissance was the age of ideas. And the current age is the age of technology.

    The proponents of technology believe that if there is a problem, then technology has the solution. Considering that technology has affected every sphere of our life, it would be hard to disagree with them. To connect with your friends there is social media, to keep a check on your calories there is fitbit, to satiate your reading desire there is the kindle, to keep an optimum temperature there is the AC, and to help you travel there are soon going to be driverless cars.

    But wait. While we sing paeans of technology, for making us healthier and happier, let us consider for a moment what exactly we mean by the concept of human development. Just like technological development means having better technology than before, similarly human development means having a better human civilization than before.

    So, is technology leading us on the path of human development? To answer this better, we will look at the impact of technology on the individual, the society, the nation and finally at the world. Only then, will we able to gauge the true effect technology is having on our lives.

    An individual’s life as described above has become mightily comfortable with the use of technology. But sadly, this comfort has been achieved at a great cost to our physical and mental well-being. Technology has made us more lethargic and dependent than ever before. Most services are available to us at the click of a button. This has brought physical exercise to a standstill. The results are coming out in the form of rising incidences of non-communicable diseases : obesity, diabetes, blood pressure and sleeplessness. The effects on the mind have been no less devastating: reduced memory, lack of attention span and restlessness.

    At the societal level, the coming of social media has been hailed as a boon. No matter which corner of the world you are in, you can stay connected. But this connectivity comes at what cost? The constant desire to post about our lives on social media means we are in constant need of validation. Instead of living in the moment, we are constantly posting photos/videos/status updates and consequently have become disconnected from our nature and surroundings. People are losing their empathy and moving towards narcissism.

    At a broader level, excessive dependence on gadgets means that people hardly talk to each other in the real world. This has bred a sense of isolation and aloofness in the society. Old family ties no longer remain the same because technology is defining our relationships. No wonder, the rise of depression/suicide rates among teenagers is at an all-time high. While earlier, teenagers simply spent their days just jumping around, today’s kids are often found to be bored/unhappy with their lives for absolutely no reason.

    So, as a nation what is the result that this ubiquitous presence of technology is giving us. While the positives can be seen in the form of improved service delivery to citizens, accountability on part of government and a greater awareness about the happenings around us. The mobilization of public opinion in the Nirbhaya case, was in partly due to the speed with which the news travelled all around the nation.

    However, at the end of the day a nation is comprised of the individuals and society, and if they suffer, then the nation is bound to suffer. The rising burden of non-communicable health diseases, which is putting stress on our health systems is an indicator of this. An unhappier population also means that in measures of human development like Gross National Happiness, a nation will fair properly. Lastly, a if the population suffers from stress/depression it will affect the productivity and ultimately, the economic output of the nation.

    And, what about the world we live in? How has technology impacted the human development collectively? For one, flow of ideas across nations has never been easier. It has spurred a healthy competition among countries wanting to show their technical prowess. Space missions, damming of rivers, cures for diseases, all are part of this competition among nations. Even the idea of democracy, spread to West Asia, on the shoulders of social media. It was a series of social media posts/messages that initiated the Arab Spring and toppling of dictatorial regimes one after another.

    Yet, this unquestioning race towards technology has extracted a great price from the world. The environment has been destroyed in our quest for more technological advancement. Human capacity to inflict damage through technology has become thousand times magnified. Cyber warfare has the potential to paralyze a country’s economy and information systems. Bangladesh cyber heist demonstrated the potential of cybercrime amply. The weapons of mass destruction, just need a few clicks and they will be on their way to destroy an entire civilization. We claim to have tamed nature with technology but the nature is finally striking back with a vengeance.

    Thus, it is absolutely clear, that no matter how enamoured we are with technology, a complete and unquestioning dependence on technology is not going to lead to advancement of human development. This is true both at the individual as well as collective well.

    In conclusion, I would like to state that while there is no doubt that technology has greatly improved our quality of life, lately the negatives of over-dependence have also started showing. To reverse this aspect at the individual level, there is need to once again inculcate the value of physical activity, family gatherings as well connecting with nature. Few hours of the day should be totally reserved for self-development, where all gadgets should be switched off. Moreover, the schools/governments/ NGOs/offices need to create awareness regarding the problems associated with over-dependence on technology and promote healthy involving and a sense of community and brotherhood among its students/ citizens/members. The world has only partially woken up to the dangers of technology. Developed countries continue to take pride in the path of development they pursued, while countries with greater love for environment/family continue to considered under-developed. All nations need to develop an attitude of learning the best practices of other countries, regardless of the level of economic development.

    True advancement in human development will only be possible if technology is viewed as the means and humans as the end, and not the other way round.

    • I am the best

      Written in very a very crisp and to the point manner. You have covered more or less all major points. Grammar is good. Keep it up. Also, pls review mine.

      • Ankit

        Please review my essay tooo…Reviewing yours (please provide marks after review)..thanks a ton..:)

    • Hey Vikram!
      This is the 2nd essay that I have upvoted for this topic.
      Sorry, I could not find a flaw.
      You dealt with a general topic amazingly!
      The best part was the conclusion! This is how it should have been written! Superb!
      Next time likho, to please inform me saab 😛

      • KnowledgeBuff

        Thank you so much madam. 😛
        next time se pucca i will inform you. 🙂

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      Dear Vikram ,

      I feel that you would have done justice to the essay had the topic been — ” is technology leading us on the path of human development? ”

      I may be wrong

      Actually , to be honest , the word ” Overdependence ” is confusing me a lot.
      Overdependence = Negative … Human Devlpt = Positive , So where exactly should the theme of the essay hover about ?

      Kindly review mine too 🙂

      • KnowledgeBuff

        Thank you for the review!
        Overdependence does have a negative connotation in my opinion. So, there can be two ways, you can go ahead: 1) Yes, surrendering ourselves to technology is going to help us progress. 2)No, over dependence on technology is going to be our doom.
        Whatever side you choose, you should substantiate.

        • Mrinal Mukherjee

          Can you please look at my essay too !

          Thanks in advance 🙂

  • cheestix

    ‘Over dependence on Technology will Advance Human Development’

    Even a cursory reading of history would point out the common theme that has underlined the progress and development of mankind, and that is science and technology. Whether it be the use of fire that man mastered while he was merely a hunter and gatherer, or the invention of the wheel which revolutionized agriculture when he started cultivating crops, or the Industrial Revolution which ushered in the “modern” era and raised the living standards of billions of people, it is technology that has spearheaded these changes and made human progress possible. This essay seeks to explore whether an “over dependence” on technology can actually advance human development, or whether there are other key factors that also need to be kept in mind to ensure human development.

    Although the ancient and medieval periods also witnessed great inventions and technological progress, it is the industrial revolution, and the events that immediately preceded and succeeded it that has shaped the lives of people in a phenomenal manner. The role of technology has been such that there is virtually no sphere of our lives that remains untouched from the clutches of technology. The invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell reduced the distance between people and nations, and changed the way people communicated with each other, so did the invention of the Telegraph. The railway engine invented by Randall Stephenson, and the aeroplane, designed by the Wright Brothers made travel from one place to another incredibly easy. Of course, the telephone and the telegraph have been replaced by the mobile phones and the internet, and the ordinary trains by the bullet and Maglev trains, which has further enhanced human development and reduced the time and costs involved in staying in touch with people. Similarly, in the sphere of health, the inventions of many vaccines, antibiotics, etc have increased the life span of people drastically. (At the time of Independence, the life expectancy of an average Indian was less than forty years, whereas it has jumped to sixty seven, and in some states to about seventy five.) The aforementioned examples constitute merely the tip of the ice-berg when it comes to portraying the role of technology in advancing mankind’s progress. The benefits are for everyone to see, as living standards have risen, people have begun to live longer, boundaries and distances have collapsed, and this has fundamentally altered the way we lead our lives. This begs the question- will an overdependence on technology advance human development? The answer to which can be found out by only examining various dimensions of the issue at hand.

    The era in which we live is termed as the “Digital Age” which is characterized by the rapid proliferation and use of technology and the Internet, and has completely changed the way in which we hail cabs, hold conferences, engage in shopping, etc. But the recently published World Development Report, brought out by the World Bank, talks about how the “digital divide” is increasing inequalities among different groups of people in nations across the world. The report states that while the relatively well off and educated sections of the world’s population have benefited immensely, the poor and the less educated people have not been able to reap the benefits in a proportional manner. Why is this so? Amartya Sen defined development as a process which expands the functioning (freedom) of the people. His ‘capabilities approach’ to development states that freedom can be expanded only by increasing the capabilities of the people, and ‘Capabilities’ are determined by one’s education, health, social status, etc. Thus, it is the combination of various economics, social, psychological and political factors that determines whether a person is able to utilize the opportunities that are around him/her. Due to the rising inequalities and the poor social infrastructure, the poor, especially in the developing countries, are not able to fully enjoy the benefits of the digital age, which hampers human development in general. Thus, the active intervention of the State is required in the spheres of education, health, financial inclusion and Internet penetration for the poor to partake in the digital revolution.

    Human development is driven by economic growth, which in turn, is accelerated by the consumption of energy. This, along with the generation of vast amounts of wastes, has had disastrous consequences for the environment. The urgency of the situation is reflected in the Paris Agreement that was signed last year, which urges all nations to take steps to curb the impact of climate change. With technological progress, nations would be able to switch to solar, wind and other renewable sources of energy in a manner that does not undermine their growth and development, as seen in the drastic drop in the cost of producing solar energy, but the moot question is whether our present lifestyles, especially in developed nations, are sustainable at all? Thus questions such as- should we cycle to work instead of driving to work, or should we design glass buildings that absorb a lot of heat, consequently increasing the usage of air conditioners, etc. are going to be pertinent as the technological solutions that we adopt to tackle climate change. As Gandhiji rightly remarked, there is enough on this earth to meet everyone’s need, but not enough to meet anyone’s need.

    One of the major technological development cited in one of the aforementioned paragraphs was the discovery of antibiotics, which have been the mainstay of humankind’s battle against disease causing bacteria. However, of late, the issue of anti- microbial resistance (AMR) has gained a lot of attention courtesy the indiscriminate use of these medicines. Increasingly, cases of multi drug resistant tuberculosis are being reported which has affected our fight against TB, particularly in India, where more than 2.3 million cases of TB are reported every year. With no major antibiotic being developed in the past thirty years, and with at least a decade and a half to go for the present drugs that are being developed to come into the market, even diseases such as common cold will become difficult to treat. Technology will not be able to produce the required answers in such a scenario; only judicious use of these drugs under the prescription of qualified medical personnel will be able to do the job. Another challenge on the health front that we face is the increase in the number of mental diseases and stress caused by the over dose of technology. Internet and gaming de- addiction clinics have been increasingly rapidly in China in the past few years, India will not be free from it going by how even kids are becoming addicted to games like PokemonGo.

    The aim of the essay was not to completely debunk and disregard the use of technology in aiding human development. Rather, it is to point out that only a very judicious and right mix of technology, government policy, change in our mindset and behavior and a more sustainable lifestyle can advance human development in the twenty first century, in the light of numerous challenges that we face today.

  • priyanka

    In a distant village,there was a small hut with no electricity & the members of the family of the family were having their dinner in the light of the oil lamp.they were having a hearty meal with burst of laughter.though each of them knew that tomorrow would be a another tough day to find enough food to fill their stomach.the family was in miserable condition because of the lack of rain and also the poor connectivity of their village for any industries to be developed.on the same day, the other side in an well urban society, a middle class family were having their dinner deeply engrossed in their gadgets in their own world without even uttering a single word among themselves.they are secure of there jobs and were living a decent life.clearly, the two different stories depict both pros and cons the technology.though over dependence on technology is not good but dependence on it is very much required in this growing world of inter connectedness.
    The earlier civilisations and the human existence on earth is widely is because of the technology he has developed over the centuries.whenever a civilisation/ empire has abonded there was a lag in its devolpment and remained out of the developmental process.the technological advancement of the west had them the colonial powers.though India had made significant contributions in the field of science and maths from the ancient period.its closureness to innovations in the medieval period has made British think India as merely orthodox and superstitious.advacement of technology and adopting it the way it suits us and make our life comfortable is very crucial.
    Communication which is important and vital in the human development has made much progress, that the flow of information is with minimal time lag. development in education is playing a key role in shaping the other fields.the development of online courses have helped the student to tackle the regional barriers and develop as a whole.and also opportunity to study abroad or in their place has also been changing their lives for the best.The access to the best doctors& hospitals is one such thing.providing single platform for the doctors, researchers connecting them across various parts of the world will help them develop better medicines and also finding best possible remedies earlier than before.agriculture which is the backbone of our country has been developed with the use of hybrid variety seeds,pesticides,the advancement in irrigation facilities have allowed the farmer to get the yield more than usual.the online banking transactions,online shopping have made man’s life at ease.the world has become a small place almost everyone is connected to their near & dear ones,which leads to the exchange of ideas.the success of the Mangalyaan mission, NAVIC of ISRO’s has created perspective of India in the global arena.
    As stated as it has it’s pros it has its other face too.the mass destruction & loss of the lives during WW2 by the use of nuclear weapons.and its impact even felt now with disabled children born and the contamination of both ground & water.the same technology means is being used by the terrorist groups to spread violence and gain supporters.
    The growing inter connectedness virtually is deteriorating the relationship in the real world.with no one having time to spend their time with family.
    Technology to be used in such a manner that we do not fall prey to its over usage.

    • mogwli

      I liked the introductory part. Please break up your essay in paragraphs. Rest its nice.

      • priyanka

        Thank you for the review.i will try to implement your suggestions from my next essay.

      • priyanka

        Thank you for the review.i will try to implement your suggestions from my next essay.

  • KAJALPREET

    Want to make a whtsup group for daily post ques ans and review throughly,,, plz any serious student who daily reviews the ques????

    • Ant-Man

      yes please 8055305835 add me

    • Ant-Man

      yes please 8055305835 add me

  • Ankit

    Please review……

    Overdependence on Technology will advance human development

    The clock stuck 3 am.

    My phone starts ringing. My friend Rushil is on phone, his voice shaking with distress and he said, ‘Ankit, sunaina (his wife) admitted to the hospital. Doctor said there is tumour in her stomach, need to operate immediately. Brother (to me), i need 2 lakh rupees, can you do something?’ I assured him help. Within few minutes, i transferred 2 lakh rupees to his account through my mobile. Sunaina’s operation went well and everything goes fine. Here, there is one thing which played a major role i.e. TECHNOLOGY.

    Life is a humdrum affair. To keep pace with innumerable number of events occurring in our life, technology plays a vital role. From medicine to space communication, Defence to education/IT, advancement in technology has now made life of human quite simple and lively. With use of technology, one saves time and money. It promotes innovation/creativity and makes the country renowned globally in the world. But its OVERDEPENDENCE can lead to deteriorating effects such as isolation among family members, misuse to provide harm to country/individual, letharginess among individual etc. Hence, it’s important to value this fortune and make its optimum use in various fields.

    MEDICINE:
    Today, with development of scientific machines and advancement in immunization programmes, it becomes comparatively easy to save the life of a dying person. Recently, Government launched Mission Indradhanush Scheme providing immunisation against once deadly diseases such as Whooping cough, hepatitis, Tuberculosis, Tetanus, Polio, diphtheria and measles. Small pox is now completely eradicated and polio, except in few countries like Pakistan, is also on the brink of extinction.

    DEFENCE:
    In Second World War, USA has fired, then newly developed atomic bomb, on Japan which causes mass destruction. Today, with advancement in technology, many countries have tested nuclear bombs/weapons. North Korea has recently tested Hydrogen Bombs. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (Drones) are now hovering in the atmosphere like the way paper aeroplanes used to do in the past. With technology, advance missiles are developed which in coming years can even destroy an aircraft carrier.

    COMMUNICATION:
    Regional and Global satellite system are now launched covering every aspect of earth, giving information among meteorological, navigation, mineral, disasters etc. Recently, ISRO has completed its launch of seven satellite, NAVIC, in space as part of regional satellite program.

    In order to spread the internet facilities in rural areas, Google started Project LOON using unused spectrum bandwidth. In India, National Optical Fibre network programme is under progress which connects 2.5 lakh gram panchayat with internet facilities. Through Video conferencing application such as Skype, face time etc one can now do video talk with person located in any part of world. Through mobile application such as Whatsapp, one can get updated with his/her peers anytime and anywhere.

    SCIENCE:
    Around a century ago, one of the greatest scientist, Albert Einstein, talked about GRAVITATIONAL WAVES formed as a result of merging of two black hole particles. Recently, with the use of scientific instruments, we have a conducted an experiment LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory) in USA to detect the presence of gravitational waves (churping sound produce) on merging of black holes.

    Gene editing tools (CRISPR/CAS 9) are now developed which can perform DNA/RNA repairing i.e. it can change the genetic characteristic of an individual. This is a major discovery in the field of biomedical engineering.

    Today, Artificial Intelligence, virtual reality computer programme such as Alphago designed by Google has changed the way of life of a common man.

    TUC Robot are being designed which can serve as hospital nurse to meet the healthcare needs of patients especially elders.

    EDUCATION
    E-learning courses, text books, 3D videos have become a need for every student in this scientific world. Peer to peer online connection, covering every student in any part of world, thus creating a useful platform of sharing ideas, suggesting innovative techniques and leads to transfer of knowledge. NTPEL videos prepared by prestigious IIT/IISC institution are great source of help for engineering students living in any part of world.

    AGRICULTURE
    It is a prime source of occupation for around 50% of population. Uneven monsoon deteriorates agriculture crops yield forcing farmers to take extremes step like suicide. Today, with technology, farmers are connected with weather experts through mobile application. Further, Gvt launched KISAN TV providing suitable updates on amount of fertilizers to be used for particular crop. Soil Health Card Laboratories are now set for testing the soil samples and giving guidance to farmers about type of crop to be grown in a particular area. Similarly, introduction of GM crops, HYV Seeds, organic, bio products usage in agriculture increase its productivity and provides suitable benefits to farmer and society.

    MISCELLANEOUS AREAS
    Transfer of LPG subsidies, student scholarship, booking of railway tickets/movie/concert shows, ordering food items, recharging your TV set-top box etc, has become a matter of few minutes through the advancement of technology.

    So, in almost every field of life, the advancement in technology benefits human one way or the another. But we all know that EVERY COIN HAS TWO SIDES.

    With OVERDEPENDENCE on technology, we are shifting away from our moral values. People living abroad with their hectic schedule prefer talking through mobile/videos with their parents, with time, it creates a divide between family members and creates isolation especially among parents in their old age. Busy life of an individual in this scientific world leads to creation of OLD AGE HOMES in our society.

    MISUSE of technology can leads to disastrous effects which can affect the security of individual/country. With increasing digitization, cyber security has become a matter of serious concern. Terrorist, nowdays, are using FLASHER Software which prevent the track of their mobile through IMEI number. Transferring obscene videos of boy/girl and uploading them on internet can create a psychological effect on minds of victim. Anti-social activities like sending computer worms/ malicious link (such as STUXNET) by hackers to get information about secret intelligence database of another country has become a matter of concern for countries. Nuclear weapons can cause massive destruction, if in case third world war happens in future. Robots, if wrongly programmed, can cause harmful effects to society. With drones hovering over our head, privacy of an individual is under serious risk.

    Hence, in a nutshell, one can conclude that science and technology serve as a boon in advancing human development but its overdependence can leads to disastrous effects. In the past, many international conventions like Earth Summit on climate change, Montreal Convention on ozone depletion, Basel Convention on adverse use of hazardous chemical etc. are being conducted to check the adverse technology impacts on our environment. So, there is a need to create strict discipline among humans on its usage of technology in order to avoid its overdependence.

    • I am the best

      Hey Ankit good coverage of all major points. You have ensured to provide recent examples too. But some where depth element is wanting. Try to have a smooth flow vis-à-vis too many bullet points. Otherwise a well written essay. Keep it up!!!

      • Ankit

        Hi thanks for review..please give me score what u thing is fit for this essay…

      • Ankit

        Hi thanks for review..please give me score what u thing is fit for this essay…

    • saba

      Well written ankit.
      Keep it up 😃😃

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi ankit intro was simply superb raised my eyes with wow factor. It is on positive side, but you might give similar example for overdependence to balance both. Otherwise technology takes more weight in your essay. your pros are good, but seems more technical i don’t think these many will stuck your mind during exam and examiner might think your are technocrat. I think you completely missed human development aspect bro. It is half of the essay. I think it is NPTEL videos bro, don’t write mistakes like these, if evaluator is from IIT will backfire you. Write something philosophically. If essay is on technology yours is very fine. But stick to the essay. Good luck and ATB. KWAR

      • Ankit

        thanks bro for the review..will remember all your points NPTL was actually a typo error…(even did’nt get it after revising)..will be alert next time…thanks a ton

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hi..

      I was reading almost 10th essay on this very general topic today.
      So I will be reviewing from a checkers point of view who would already have read over 50
      ( Assuming your copy will not be in top 5 bunch 😁)

      1. Starting as essay, with. General topic , with a story is a blunder. Honestly I didn’t read the story- I knew it must be appreciating technology.
      2. Second parah must be the starting
      3. I already knew what you must have written in the subtopics because you mentioned each.
      4. I never saw such clearly defined tooics in such essays , where content for everyone is more or less same.
      5. Miscellaneous: shal not be a topic or sphere. How can human development be categorised as miscellaneous
      6 the essay focused more technology while it needed more of its influence – in philosophical and behavioural aspects.

      It was really nice content wise.. but was too predictable
      Here, the race is to make your essay more interesting and intellectual , to compel the checker to read yours’ with more time and marks than other’s.

      Review mine as well.. I too have done sort of same things.

      Thanks.
      Keep up the good work. 🙂

    • Ash

      Hey Ankit! 🙂

      1. sunaina – capital plz!
      2. Life is a humdrum affair – Seriously? What a boring person!! 😛
      3. Is this some GS answer, I’m reading.. with back to bakc heads and points to substantiate those!
      4. Scheme providing immunisation against once deadly diseases such as Whooping cough, hepatitis, Tuberculosis, Tetanus, Polio, diphtheria and measles. — gives an impression .. u ;ack content and you’re wasting words!
      5. All forced GS .. I guess you sat with your GS notes and wrote this!
      6. People living abroad with their hectic schedule prefer talking through mobile/videos with their parents — how is this immoral
      Busy life of an individual in this scientific world leads to creation of OLD AGE HOMES in our society. — time is never a prob u know.. its always about priorities … I frankly have no time… but I’m reviewing your essay… y?? Its my priority coz I promised…. Dont put heartlessness ka blame on technology .. the same tech can be used to transfer money every month …

      JUST SCIENTIFIC WORLD. are you sure?? this is a wrong argument!

      7. errorist, nowdays, are using FLASHER Software which prevent the track of their mobile through IMEI number. Transferring obscene videos of boy/girl and uploading them on internet can create a psychological effect on minds of victim. Anti-social activities like sending computer worms/ malicious link (such as STUXNET) by hackers to get information about secret intelligence database of another country has become a matter of concern for countries. Nuclear weapons can cause massive destruction, if in case third world war happens in future —

      FORCED GS … give one ex or two!

      8. Hence, in a nutshell, – we are not writing a GS answer,, this is no way to conclude… when you learn teach me also.. I’m poor too.. 🙂
      9. Try ending on a positive note!

      Take it positively! 🙂
      Good to see Ankit has to improve SOMEWHERE coz when it comes to GS .. you look like a pro to me! 🙂

      KWAR! 🙂

      • Ankit

        Thanks Ash for the detailed review..u made me remember my class 10th english grammar mam who used to say, ‘Ankit, u have good knowledge and ideas but don’t just VOMIT everywhere’….Lot to learn…please keep reviewing my essay and help me improve…:)

  • Miss. Rath

    ” When one of my cousin who works for an MNC, was handed with his first salary, he decided to gift his parents a smart phone. On their first video call, the joy of seeing their son on a mobile screen could absolutely be visible. A mother who was almost teary eyed towards the end of the conversation, I on witnessing all this could only be grateful for wonders that technology has brought to us.”

    In a world where we keep asking “So what’s next?” Technology indeed has helped us to keep up with our expectations. From electricity to television to telephones to the fourth basic need as teenagers so do the young mass would call it, internet , technology has taken care of our comforts, entertainment, communication overall our respective lifestyles.

    Gone are those days, when we relied upon a segregated system of TEACHING. We no longer wait for our doubts to be cleared the next day in school or college, SELF-EDUCATING is the new school conduct that internet has gifted us. Students are now able to take webinar courses and attain their degree online just as any student on campus. Undoubtedly,it has developed a wide perspective of learning as well as made people believe that they can pursue their dreams, well online. It has also helped in fulfilling one’s creative endeavours.

    An exemplary of honesty and professional integrity, Subhash Chander, could go viral on social media inspiring thousand many to retain in them important social values, says enough about the kind of AWARENESS that technology has helped to built.

    Technology has made our work easier, hence increasing LIFE EXPECTANCY. In the ancient times, using manpower was considered as an act of superiority, which gave birth to untouchability. Now with microwave, dish washer, washing machine, floor cleaning machines, one can easily fix a meal or do his laundry. Thus, adding to a healthy SOCIAL FABRIC.

    What makes a nation powerful? It is when a nation is able to provide SECURITY to it’s citizen from allies by enhancing the defense system. With the advancement of Science and Technology, security has been well boosted.

    This is evident enough to say how overdependence on technology will advance human development, but there are few shortcomings to it which requires our sincere attention before it becomes too late.

    Information over internet are not absolute, that is because there is no authority to regulate it. So one should not FALL PREY to false informations.

    Over indulgence will do no good. Social media is well, useful but time-consuming and easily prioritised. One must know how to balance.

    Technology could lessen manpower, but at the same time it has made humans lazy and lethargic. With everything around us getting fixed with a tip of touch, we have taken our own body which happens to be the most sophisticated system for granted.

    It could be used to our defense but not at the cost of human lives, Hiroshima and Nagasaki are still paying for the regressive misuse.

    Technology in order to advance Human Development, must be handled by the same human diligently.

  • Buddha

    HELLO PPL THIS IS MY 1ST ESSAY ON INSIGHTS PLEASE REVIEW AND CRITICISE 🙂

    21st century can be termed as technological era where the omnipotence of technology is inevitable in life of humans. The
    symbiotic relationship of humans and technology is paving way for shaping and reshaping of digital human advancement.
    Every sphere of our lives is connected to use of technology from micro to macro level like from the use of alarm clock in the morning to the use of satellite communications.

    Technology has provided enlightening benefits in everyaspect of life. It was an important part of the evolution of man from stone age to present 21st centuru. technology has helped in advancement of humans from early discovery of wheels, to ignition of fire , ploughing the land for agriculture to the development of fusion reactors etc. It has made life simpler and easier.

    Technology has promoted aspects of employment and improvising the living standards . use of computers , bullet trains ,
    communication technologies , digital technologies , nano technology, information technology ,space technology, biotechnology , use of sensors , leading to industrialization, urbanization to the macro level globalization.

    Technology in simple terms is the application of scientific knowledge with the execution of skills to invent devices that makes life
    simpler and easier. The technological advancement has promoted human development in the diverse field ofhealth care, education , security , governance ,agriculture, trade and commerce
    etc.

    However in the present century the human is not utilizing but over utilizing the technology so much so that negative implications now equals to the positive implications of technological advancement. The sad truth is that we have made ourselves very
    much dependant and now it’s hard to imagine our world without technology. From tube lights, to hand mixers, to electronic cooking stall, clothing washer and drier etc pretty much everything is the product of technological progress. Thus over dependence on technology will have its own cons.

    Human development is marked by comprehensive growth of human in correlation to the social, political,economic , psychological and cultural progress . technology has proved to be an effective tool to achieve a complementary sustainable growth but it cannot be the sole criteria.

    Overdependence on technology at individual level has become one of the reasons of addiction, stress thereby creating psychological isolation, depression and headaches , backache etc. people are becoming lethargic leading to obesity , diabetic problems in extreme. Individuals do not remember important phone nos, resistance of mind to perform simple calculations
    with effective use of calculators results in ‘technological amnesia’. technology surely is helping us solve our problems by creating, “digital versions of human intelligence,” yet, it equally is destroying our ability to judge and solve problems by ourselves.

    In addition to that it has also created social barriers between family whereby augmenting social isolation. Excessive use of watsapp , facebook has weakened family interaction and communication. Children inspite of playing in grounds prefer playing video games . this excessive use of technology and internet has no doubt bridged the communication gap but it has also widened the social and psychological bond.

    At macro level technological advancement has been very effective in providing good governance but at the same time technological improvement in collection of biometric data , eg ADHAR has also infringed the ‘right to privacy’ of individuals. A simple change in statistics can have multiple adverse effects resulting in various scams and corruption activities. This has resulted in political obstacle to those who do not have access to such technology.

    Technology has also created economic and digital barriers widening the gap between rich and poor. Economic integration is one of the products of technological effect . but there has been a significant increase in the cyber crimes. The increasing use of smartphones and tablets for online banking and other financial transactions have increased risks. Various criminals like hackers, crackers have been able to pave their way to interfere with the internet accounts through various techniques like hacking the Domain Name Server (DNS), Internet Provider’s (IP) address, spoofing, internet phishing etc. and have been successful in gaining “unauthorised access”.

    Biotechnology has been very effective in providing cure to various diseases , 3D printing, stem cell research has revolutionized the medical sector. But at the same time methods like cloning , use of artificial fertilizers has its alarming side effects. Genetic engineering crosses and violates natural boundaries of reproduction by crossing genes between unrelated species that would never crossbreed naturally, which is done in a, potentially hazardous way. Consequently, genetic alterations can lead to unexpected interactions and unpredictable effects.

    Cyber terrorism is a threatening result of overdependence on technology at international level that has resulted in Syrian war, displacement of millions of civilians and loss of human lives. Again at international level the world is propelling towards advancement of nuclear arms , atomic weapons, dangerous missiles inspite of existing treaties of nuclear proliferation, CTBT and nuclear disarmament . thereby excessive use of technology denotes the beginning of the end .

    At environmental level over dependence on technology has resulted in unsustainable growth of human civilization.Environmental degradation, desertification, global warming, pollution atvarious levels of water, soil, air due to over exploitation has negative impacton earth and its limited resources . over dependence has resulted in the chemical contamination of the environment
    through the release of non biodegradable substances,e-waste that have a direct toxic effect on flora and fauna (e.g.pesticides).

    These technologies have not been without controversy, and many have sparked intense ETHICAL debates. often polarized or embroiled in scientificambiguities or dishonest demagoguery thesetechnologies pose ethical dilemmas. with GMOs, driverless automated cars, stemcell research , operation of drones, navigation satellites raise news questions of new questions of standardization,traceability and copyright. emergent AI could change speech andconversational software with unprecedented precision, helping millions of people and also redefining the way we command and interact with computers.

    Thus technology is a double edged sword . it can be a bane and boon but over dependence on technology will result in ‘slavery’ of humans not ‘utlilization’ as excess of anything is poisonous. Ultimately, how we approach the regulation of emerging technologies will inevitably have wide implications—not only for security and ethics but for our definition of human dignity and the equality of individuals.

    • Buddha

      PLEASE REVIEW

    • Abhijeet B

      Look-“Technology in simple terms is the application of scientific knowledge
      with the execution of skills to invent devices that makes life
      simpler
      and easier. The technological advancement has promoted human
      development in the diverse field ofhealth care, education , security ,
      governance ,agriculture, trade and commerce
      etc.” This paragraph can be moved after 1st one. Its introductory & should be at the begining.
      You covered most dimensions.Good. Just work on connecting the dots-Some paragraphs are looking like copy-paste from some std books ,your own touch is missing in them.So work on that.
      Also your essay is also looking mostly informative. You can see my diff comments in other reviews.For that remedy is also given there.
      Overall above avg attempt. Can give u 55/125.Keep on improving.

  • christyageorge

    Technology has transformed human life beyond imagination. Today our lives are intertwined with technology. From dawn to dusk we depends heavily on products or gadgets of technology. An alarm wakes up us in the morning and an air conditioner leads us to a smooth sleep at night. In between we use gadgets like iron box, geaser, smartphones, vehicles, computers etc which are inevitable in our daily life. The dependence on technology has increased in the last few decades. The achievements in technology has reduced the human efforts. The life expectancy has increased. Poverty has reduced. Man has landed in moon. Thus, the achievements of technology are innumerable. But is it all good? Is over dependence on technology good? Let us analyse this questions in the following paragraphs.

    Man has transformed himself from primitive hunter gatherer to advanced human being through years. The pace of this evolution was accelerated by technology. The traditional men used stone tools and created fire by rubbing stones. Creation of fire was a major technological development for primitive men. Using fire they cleared more forests, kept wild animals away, cooked food, protected themselves from cold and thus spread themselves to new regions. Later fire was used to create energy and triggered industrial revolution. This resulted in creation of machines which reduced the need for human labour and saved time to great extent. Invention of trains and air plane reduced distances. We can reach any part of the world in hours. Communication was also seen drastic improvement with development of telephones,telegraphs etc. Introduction of internet has further revolutionized communication. These developments has further accelerated the pace of globalisation making the world a global village.

    Technology has also influenced the education and health sectors. Today any person can learn desired subjects through internet. Classrooms are becoming digital, which provides students proper understanding. Teleconferencing helps the students to learn from the world’s best teachers. Health sector has witnessed dramatic progress. The diseases like small pox, which killed thousands have been irradicated. Scientists have developed variety of drugs to tackle diseases caused by viruses, bacteria etc. Agriculture has progressed heavily by the influence of technology. Introduction of farm machines like tractors, High yielding variety seeds, application of pesticides etc has increased the efficiency and productivity of farms. India has been one of the biggest beneficiary of technology. During the post independence period we have used technology to improve the situation of masses. Introduction of public sector enterprises led to creation of jobs and capital assets. Green revolution has helped to make ourselves self sufficient in food. The education sector has improved by opening a large number of higher educational institutions. India is producing large number of engineers and doctors yearly. We have completely iradicated polio. Infant Mortality Rate and Maternal Mortality rate have come down significantly. Indian universities are among the top in research. They have developed vaccines to prevent diseases like Japanese Encephalitis and Rotavirus etc. India’s Space research organisation ISRO has brought laurels to nation by succesfully finishing its Mars mission and is a pioneer in space mission. All these have become possible through technology. Thus technology has helped in the progress of humans by influencing every single field of human life.
    Eventhough technology has provided solution to many problems, it has brought certain problems. The smartphone connects people. But it makes people more selfish and isolated. People are spending most of their time on whatsapp, losing the connection with society. Like this every technology has come with a downside,negating the positive side. The development of industries has led to increase in pollution and global warming .The air quality of worlds major cities are very poor. This in turn affects the health of people. Global warming, the increase in the average global temperature due to green house gases are threatening the existence of humans.The influence of televisions and computers are making todays lifestyle sedentary leading to lifestyle diseases like heart problems, cholestrol etc. The technology has led to breakage of bond between families creating nuclear families. The children are losing the values of sharing and understanding. The availability of net at fingertips have made children addicted to pornography and treat women as commodities. Technology has increased the rivalry among people by creating lethal weapons. Nuclear weapons have destroyed thousands of lives. Alexander Nobel who invented dynamite later wept to see his invention being used for killing people. Hence technology is not a panacea but is a demon if not treated with caution.
    Man’s progress is closely associated with technology. Every sectors like education, health, agriculture has witnessed progress with step by step improvement in technology. It is good to depend on technology but as mentioned above overdependence is not desirable.

    • Buddha

      HEY THERE ARE MORE EFFECTS OF OVER DEPENDENCE on technology that involves ethical issues , indiviudual, societal , and international issues .. i m also a beginner so pls dont mind but i could not understand what u wnated to convey .. thnks review mine as well:)

    • Buddha

      HEY THERE ARE MORE EFFECTS OF OVER DEPENDENCE on technology that involves ethical issues , indiviudual, societal , and international issues .. i m also a beginner so pls dont mind but i could not understand what u wnated to convey .. thnks review mine as well:)

      • christyageorge

        thanku buddha thanx for ur review. What i wanted to tell was dependence is good but overdependence is dangerous. Hoping to improve next time

        • Buddha

          sure buddy even i m a beginner review mine as well

  • christyageorge

    Technology has transformed human life beyond imagination. Today our lives are intertwined with technology. From dawn to dusk we depends heavily on products or gadgets of technology. An alarm wakes up us in the morning and an air conditioner leads us to a smooth sleep at night. In between we use gadgets like iron box, geaser, smartphones, vehicles, computers etc which are inevitable in our daily life. The dependence on technology has increased in the last few decades. The achievements in technology has reduced the human efforts. The life expectancy has increased. Poverty has reduced. Man has landed in moon. Thus, the achievements of technology are innumerable. But is it all good? Is over dependence on technology good? Let us analyse this questions in the following paragraphs.

    Man has transformed himself from primitive hunter gatherer to advanced human being through years. The pace of this evolution was accelerated by technology. The traditional men used stone tools and created fire by rubbing stones. Creation of fire was a major technological development for primitive men. Using fire they cleared more forests, kept wild animals away, cooked food, protected themselves from cold and thus spread themselves to new regions. Later fire was used to create energy and triggered industrial revolution. This resulted in creation of machines which reduced the need for human labour and saved time to great extent. Invention of trains and air plane reduced distances. We can reach any part of the world in hours. Communication was also seen drastic improvement with development of telephones,telegraphs etc. Introduction of internet has further revolutionized communication. These developments has further accelerated the pace of globalisation making the world a global village.

    Technology has also influenced the education and health sectors. Today any person can learn desired subjects through internet. Classrooms are becoming digital, which provides students proper understanding. Teleconferencing helps the students to learn from the world’s best teachers. Health sector has witnessed dramatic progress. The diseases like small pox, which killed thousands have been irradicated. Scientists have developed variety of drugs to tackle diseases caused by viruses, bacteria etc. Agriculture has progressed heavily by the influence of technology. Introduction of farm machines like tractors, High yielding variety seeds, application of pesticides etc has increased the efficiency and productivity of farms. India has been one of the biggest beneficiary of technology. During the post independence period we have used technology to improve the situation of masses. Introduction of public sector enterprises led to creation of jobs and capital assets. Green revolution has helped to make ourselves self sufficient in food. The education sector has improved by opening a large number of higher educational institutions. India is producing large number of engineers and doctors yearly. We have completely iradicated polio. Infant Mortality Rate and Maternal Mortality rate have come down significantly. Indian universities are among the top in research. They have developed vaccines to prevent diseases like Japanese Encephalitis and Rotavirus etc. India’s Space research organisation ISRO has brought laurels to nation by succesfully finishing its Mars mission and is a pioneer in space mission. All these have become possible through technology. Thus technology has helped in the progress of humans by influencing every single field of human life.
    Eventhough technology has provided solution to many problems, it has brought certain problems. The smartphone connects people. But it makes people more selfish and isolated. People are spending most of their time on whatsapp, losing the connection with society. Like this every technology has come with a downside,negating the positive side. The development of industries has led to increase in pollution and global warming .The air quality of worlds major cities are very poor. This in turn affects the health of people. Global warming, the increase in the average global temperature due to green house gases are threatening the existence of humans.The influence of televisions and computers are making todays lifestyle sedentary leading to lifestyle diseases like heart problems, cholestrol etc. The technology has led to breakage of bond between families creating nuclear families. The children are losing the values of sharing and understanding. The availability of net at fingertips have made children addicted to pornography and treat women as commodities. Technology has increased the rivalry among people by creating lethal weapons. Nuclear weapons have destroyed thousands of lives. Alexander Nobel who invented dynamite later wept to see his invention being used for killing people. Hence technology is not a panacea but is a demon if not treated with caution.
    Man’s progress is closely associated with technology. Every sectors like education, health, agriculture has witnessed progress with step by step improvement in technology. It is good to depend on technology but as mentioned above overdependence is not desirable.

  • Mrinal Mukherjee

    OVERDEPENDECE ON TECHNOLOGY WILL ADVANCE HUMAN DEVELOPMEMENT

    The other day on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan I made a FaceTime call to my sister in the UK along with my grandmother and mother and celebrated Rakhi in real time .After having a hearty conversation for about an hour and half , my granny was overwhelmed to no bounds as it was something which she had experienced for the first time.The incident took her to a flashback where she remembered the good old days where one had to use the payphone and make trunk calls on such occasions.My mother smiled gently and said that it was our necessity which has lead to such inventions.

    When people wrote letters to one another , there was a desire to hear their voice which lead to the invention of the telephone.This further deepened their dependence on technology and expectations who now wanted to see the person as if he or she is sitting right next to him/her which gave way to video conferencing .If the current pace of our desires continue , I wont be surprised of the time where things happen as according to the way you are thinking right now !

    Technology has impacted all the sectors of the economy and by having the flexibility to improve and modify the existing , it has not only skyrocketed human development but also human dependence on the very same.It all started during the Industrial Revolution in the 17th Century in England where the success of the Spinning Jenny not only manifolded yarn production but also modernised England along with its natives.It was our over dependence on the coal fired steam engine that prompted innovators to look for a better variant that would connect people and spur development at the same time and today we have the Maglevs.These all give us a slight glimpse of how the over dependence of technology with the constant quest for innovation has benefited the world from a birds eye view.

    Coming to India , this technology has not let any stone unturned in serving its mankind who have now turned into addicts.

    Talking about the telecommunication sector ,the invention of the mobile phones has created no less than a revolution.Mobile phone penetrability in India has surpassed its levels in the 2000s by leaps and bounds which has encouraged the government to come up with apps like mKisan and KISAN (hailstorm app by ISRO) which has benefited the farmers to a great extent.The exponential growth of Smartphones and their associated apps like WhatsApp and Google Maps have not only augmented connectivity but has also bettered relationships with distance being no bar.The recent initiative by the Delhi Police to form a WhatsApp group to tackle crimes is a clear indiction that the government has tapped the right nerve among its people who are glued to social networking 24×7.The effort made by the Railway ministry in its latest Rail Budget to devise an app to clean the coaches instantly also shows the government’s belief in the smartphone technology thus catering to development.

    Coming to the Education Sector , the governments efforts in promoting e – learning by incorporating technology and moving away from the brick and mortar system of learning through SWAYAM(Study Webs for Active Learning For Young Aspiring Minds) portals by providing massive open online courses(MOOC) would not only facilitate better education but would also witness a paradigm shift from the conventional methodologies of rote learning.Apps like the E Pathshala by NCERT would infuse a new vigour among the students and specially the civil service aspirants who now have the entire collection in their pockets.

    Our Dependence on Technology can also be felt in the Medical Sector.The concept of telemedicine,mHealth,electronic health records and web based services has expanded digital patient data which has emerged out to be a blessing in disguise for the remote villages of India.Technology has also lead to better planning execution and control , online tracking of drug delivery and streamlining of drug transfers among warehouses which has aided in the facelifting process of this sector.This has not only thwarted leakages but also ensured the welfare of its beneficiaries in true letter and spirit.

    On a more personal level on how I use and my over-dependence , I can clearly confess that even i have been victimised by the ever burgeoning wave of technology.Being a civil service aspirant and to save as much time as possible , I prefer ordering groceries and vegetables online rather than physically going to stores and chaffering , depend on the connectivity offered by the private cab aggregators rather the local transport.For me , ATM cards are the only way of withdrawing cash and making transactions rather than going to banks.However , it is my this dependence on technology which has made my grandfather comment many times that technology is a good slave but a bad master.He really has a point.

    If something promotes laziness and lethargy , then that surely doesn’t qualify under human development but sadly our over dependence on technology has made us the same.We get anxious if the webpage doesn’t open instantly or are being devoid of any such facilities of which we are used to in our normal life by banning on technology completely.At one end technology has spawned intensive mechanisation , but at the same time , it has also affected the livelihoods of the thousands of tribals for whom handicrafts was the sole way of sustenance.These instances are not exhaustive and compels to retrospect and ask ourselves that is this over dependence on technology really worth it ?

    If technological advancements are put to its best uses , it would undoubtedly promote development ,but at the same time the very same technology can turn out to be a potential disaster.Technological Advancements would continue to advance rapidly as we move forward,however , what is more important is to maintain the right balance between our dependence and ensuring that these advancements benefit humanity more inclusively.

    WORDS : 996

    • Buddha

      nice essay however more dimensions could have been added .. review mine as well:)

    • Buddha

      nice essay however more dimensions could have been added .. review mine as well:)

    • Hi Mrinal bhai, my views-
      – examiner may not be knowing about “FaceTime”
      – first para, last line “which has LED to such invesntions”
      – intro gives a feeling of a topic “necessity is the mother of invention”
      – avoid extremes like “addicts” or “glued to social networking 24×7”
      – initially you wrote “all sectors of economy”, one can expect that you’ll go by Primary, Secondary & Tertiary classification
      – again “Technology has LED to better planning….”
      – “I have been VICTIMIZED..”, this may tide against the positive aura that you’ve created about technology. I know you were trying to link it with second part but the para may show you in negative light. Take care of such things
      – Balance in essay is important, make sure you devote a few paras to same. Here your argument didn’t go far in “against”
      – conclusion is fine
      – the essay would be quite conventional, so try to bring wow elements like you can bring international aspects. I don’t remember exactly but there was a hacker who hacked into Germany files during WWII; psychological aspects like app YourDost in times of stress; space tech
      Overall, the essay was fine 🙂

      • Mrinal Mukherjee

        The wow factor reminds me of the Edward Snowden case. Would this be apt here ? Kinda recent .

        Secondly , as you said about getting the right balance , this is where I am confused. I have points against This overdependence but then as the theme is more pro overdependence , would writing a “couple of paragraphs ” highlighting its shortcomings be safe enough ?

        • Yea, you can use that too. Apart from that I forgot to mention that more of your essay was in favor of ICT. Try bringing other techs too like clean technology; WMDs
          It is always better to impart balance. Excess of everything is harmful, so you can definitely write some paras in ‘against’ 🙂

          • Mrinal Mukherjee

            Thank you so much brother !

    • Hi Mrinal bhai, my views-
      – examiner may not be knowing about “FaceTime”
      – first para, last line “which has LED to such invesntions”
      – intro gives a feeling of a topic “necessity is the mother of invention”
      – avoid extremes like “addicts” or “glued to social networking 24×7”
      – initially you wrote “all sectors of economy”, one can expect that you’ll go by Primary, Secondary & Tertiary classification
      – again “Technology has LED to better planning….”
      – “I have been VICTIMIZED..”, this may tide against the positive aura that you’ve created about technology. I know you were trying to link it with second part but the para may show you in negative light. Take care of such things
      – Balance in essay is important, make sure you devote a few paras to same. Here your argument didn’t go far in “against”
      – conclusion is fine
      – the essay would be quite conventional, so try to bring wow elements like you can bring international aspects. I don’t remember exactly but there was a hacker who hacked into Germany files during WWII; psychological aspects like app YourDost in times of stress; space tech
      Overall, the essay was fine 🙂

    • Hey Mrinal,
      -Decent read
      -Good use of schemes
      -A few grammatical mistakes
      -Balanced approach is required.
      -Theme of the essay is no dependence over technology but OVERDEPENDENCE.
      -Conclusion needs work. For what to write in conclusion, and how to write this one, I came across one essay written by Vikram Goyal! A fabulous piece. You can read his conclusion, it will surely help you. 🙂

    • KnowledgeBuff

      hi Mrinal,
      good attempt. My observations:
      1. Intro is good. but write the story in third-person.
      2. you have focussed on good parts of tech. But focus has to be on “overdependence” part. so going beyond personal sphere try to include more dimensions – -ve aspects of social media, ill-effects of technology on global level – cybercrime, env destruction etc.
      3) the para regarding “on my personal level”. The intent is good but you became too informal. Try to convey your point in a more solid way. Remember : idea you intend to convey is more important than the story you are telling.”
      Thanks! Keep writing!

    • Isha

      You started very well Mrinal. Intro was to-the point. Examples you quoted were varied and sufficient.The main striking negative thing about the essay is i guess- the missing balanced stance. You leaned towards technological benefits in almost 3/4th body of the essay. In the examples- that spinning Jenny one: i think using the word ‘over dependence’ isnt correct. It was the necessity- the huge demand pushed for innovation or improvement in technology to increase production. Over dependence word in itself has a negative connotation- i feel so. I would like to know your opinion on this.
      By this line of argument- i guess we should be balanced in our opinion.
      The examples you quoted were perfect- but i think they should be used in the sense that as the technology advanced in a particular segment/field, it has led to human development since long. But overtime, it has become inseparable with us. This has resulted into other problems- lifestyle diseases, environmental pollution, lethargy, reduced social interactions, missing moral values, declined emotional bonding, etc. I am short of precise points.
      Feel free to differ 🙂

      • Mrinal Mukherjee

        Hello Isha !
        Apologies for the late reply 🙁

        Regarding the term “Over-dependence” , I was really confused as i felt the theme was pro technology despite knowing that over-dependence is generally used in a negative connotation as rightly pointed by you.Hence , keeping this in mind i decided to write the essay which is more towards promoting the human devlpt side.I dunno but maybe i was playing safe here :p

        Do you recommend writing a couple of negative points even though the topic is slightly towards the positive side ?Eg Say the topic is – “Hard work is the key to success”.Now here , would you consider writing about when hard work doesnt lead to success ?

        Eagerly anticipating your response !

        PS : I even posted this doubt in the forum.I have attached one of the replies.See if you are convinced with this 🙂 https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/15dbb0a709eca08ea35bd8effb1a27b149fb9ff3a7853b1b4277e93f03546ab9.png

        • Isha

          Hey Mrinal,
          Apologies for the late reply from me as well 🙂
          Its going to be long- be mentally prepared 😛

          1. For this topic, i guess it would be pretty safe to be balanced in our stance as ‘over-dependence’ is implying a negative sense.
          2. In general as well, we should have a preference to look for both sides of the coin. Being biased or being in favor of one side is not safe- i have learned this from all the reviews on my essays till now.
          3. For a topic having as positive connotation as that of ‘hardwork’ one mentioned by you- i guess in the first place, we should avoid attempting it 😀

          BUT- in case you have no option- we should mention about the riders associated. Like, not just hardwork, but “smart” hard work; being positive & hopeful about yourself, being confident and happy about your work. Then only your efforts would be really 100% in true spirits.

          “Karmanye Vadhikaraste Ma Phaleshu Kada Chana”- not thinking about the results; not being affected by others result; not stamping others success as sheer luck.
          Its not that only farmers or laborers do hardwork. Hardwork is not only when you sweat literally. Its when you mentally, physically and spiritually drown yourself into your work and do everything whatever it takes. That would ultimately result into success. I mean the above gyan/riders must be mentioned towards end of the essay-1/4th body.
          In 3/4th part- there should be a classy intro to subsume the boredom of the theme; few examples of people/ field; luck factor has a tiny role (indeed) should be mentioned- but ultimately the major share is of hardwork that determines your future course. I guess that how i would have attempted this topic if i had no other option.
          In such utterly nonsensical positive topics you have shortage of content- so better to avoid.
          Sorry for the elaborated reply 😛

          • Mrinal Mukherjee

            I would like to give you a shout-out for the efforts you take in dealing with doubts.. Amazing ! Everything’s crystal clear now 🙂

            And what sorry re ! I really look forward for those elaborated replies that points out my flaws 🙂
            Its fun learning from you !

            Cheers !

            Mrinal 🙂

            • Isha

              I am surprised and happy to read that your doubt was cleared. And i feel we are here to help each other in this long journey, as much and as honestly we can. Stay in touch 🙂
              Cheers!

    • Isha

      You started very well Mrinal. Intro was to-the point. Examples you quoted were varied and sufficient.The main striking negative thing about the essay is i guess- the missing balanced stance. You leaned towards technological benefits in almost 3/4th body of the essay. In the examples- that spinning Jenny one: i think using the word ‘over dependence’ isnt correct. It was the necessity- the huge demand pushed for innovation or improvement in technology to increase production. Over dependence word in itself has a negative connotation- i feel so. I would like to know your opinion on this.
      By this line of argument- i guess we should be balanced in our opinion.
      The examples you quoted were perfect- but i think they should be used in the sense that as the technology advanced in a particular segment/field, it has led to human development since long. But overtime, it has become inseparable with us. This has resulted into other problems- lifestyle diseases, environmental pollution, lethargy, reduced social interactions, missing moral values, declined emotional bonding, etc. I am short of precise points.
      Feel free to differ 🙂

  • FedEx

    Overdependence on technology will advance Human Development

    Ashika is an 18 year old girl who lives with her mother, Vimala aged 45, who works as a house cleaner. They live in the outskirts of a city while her father, Dinesh aged 50, is working in the city to earn a livelihood for the family. When Ashika was 2 year old, Vimala was pregnant, Ashika was hoping for a brother to play with but unfortunately during delivery Vimala got miscarriage due to non-availability of proper gynecologist. Also, her mother and father are illiterate so they could never earn any decent living but they made sure that Ashika had good education.

    Now after 16 years of the mishap, Ashika is about to complete her school thanks to facility provided by e-learning and tele-education. She is dreaming of joining college in the city. But in recent times she has observed that her mother has gone weak and coughs a lot. She decides to consult the doctor at Primary Health Centre (PHCs). After visiting PHC, the general doctor was having doubts of Tuberculosis. To conform this, she consulted an expert sitting in City using telemedicine facility. Luckily for Ashika, doctor’s doubt was false but she still needed money for her mother’s treatment.

    Ashika calls her father on the mobile phone. While the phone was ringing, she recalls how she used to wait in que, with her mother, at the public booth that charged a lot for a single call when she was young. On receiving the news for medical treatment, Dinesh instantly transfers money using internet. On receiving money transfer notification on her mobile, Ashika again wonders that how earlier either Post man used to come with money order or some friend or relative was asked to deliver money by her father.

    After few months, making sure that her mother will be okay without her, Ashika left for college. Now things started to change. She got new smart phone and made a lot of friends, but she was not compromising on her studies. When she returned home for her vacations she and her family saw a lot of changes. A new mobile tower was setup nearby her house and her mother was complaining of constant headache, probably due to radiation from the mobile tower. Ashika also notices few officials surveying water and land in the locality. On inquiring about it with her neighbours, she found that due to dumping of e-waste near their locality whole area is suspected to be contaminated, even the drinking water.

    At night, during dinner, Vimala made all food items that were once used to be Ashika’s favourite. But her mother was disappointed when she noticed that Ashika was busy on her smart phone, smiling and giggling, while they had dinner in complete silence, unlike earlier times when Ashika used to narrate her whole day story to her mother during dinner.

    While for Dinesh in the city the future is looking grim. He always used to thanked god for job, which was result of new technological advancement was leading to setting up of a new manufacturing industry some 15-16 years ago. But in recent times, he is tensed. He has heard that the company will be firing line workers as they are planning to bring in automated machines to replace them. He being illiterate is wondering, how he will be able to feed his family, to pay Ashika’s college fees. Being in tension and stress has impacted his health too, with problems of hypertension and high Blood Pressure.

    From the above story, it is clear that technology certainly improved Ashika’s and her family’s life with help in health though telemedicine, education through tele-education & e-learning. Technology also made their life easier with use of mobile phone and money transfer. Even her father’s job and their livelihood was also result of some technological advancement.

    But this dependence changed into overdependence leading to health issues for her mother as well as father, breaking of the social fabric that she shared with her mother, even environmental problem in her neighborhood. Even same technology could leave her father workless and without any income.

    So to answer the question that will overdependence on technology will advance Human development, we need to first define the line between dependence and overdependence. And if we breach this fine line, then the famous saying says
    “Excess of Everything is Bad”
    Same excess of technology can not only stop human development but also may reverse the human development that we have achieved with our technological advancement through time.

    Need of the hour is to cautiously decide upon our dependence on technology to maintain a balance between utilizing technology for human development and allowing overuse of technology that may hamper our development as humans.

  • FedEx

    Overdependence on technology will advance Human Development

    Ashika is an 18 year old girl who lives with her mother, Vimala aged 45, who works as a house cleaner. They live in the outskirts of a city while her father, Dinesh aged 50, is working in the city to earn a livelihood for the family. When Ashika was 2 year old, Vimala was pregnant, Ashika was hoping for a brother to play with but unfortunately during delivery Vimala got miscarriage due to non-availability of proper gynecologist. Also, her mother and father are illiterate so they could never earn any decent living but they made sure that Ashika had good education.

    Now after 16 years of the mishap, Ashika is about to complete her school thanks to facility provided by e-learning and tele-education. She is dreaming of joining college in the city. But in recent times she has observed that her mother has gone weak and coughs a lot. She decides to consult the doctor at Primary Health Centre (PHCs). After visiting PHC, the general doctor was having doubts of Tuberculosis. To conform this, she consulted an expert sitting in City using telemedicine facility. Luckily for Ashika, doctor’s doubt was false but she still needed money for her mother’s treatment.

    Ashika calls her father on the mobile phone. While the phone was ringing, she recalls how she used to wait in que, with her mother, at the public booth that charged a lot for a single call when she was young. On receiving the news for medical treatment, Dinesh instantly transfers money using internet. On receiving money transfer notification on her mobile, Ashika again wonders that how earlier either Post man used to come with money order or some friend or relative was asked to deliver money by her father.

    After few months, making sure that her mother will be okay without her, Ashika left for college. Now things started to change. She got new smart phone and made a lot of friends, but she was not compromising on her studies. When she returned home for her vacations she and her family saw a lot of changes. A new mobile tower was setup nearby her house and her mother was complaining of constant headache, probably due to radiation from the mobile tower. Ashika also notices few officials surveying water and land in the locality. On inquiring about it with her neighbours, she found that due to dumping of e-waste near their locality whole area is suspected to be contaminated, even the drinking water.

    At night, during dinner, Vimala made all food items that were once used to be Ashika’s favourite. But her mother was disappointed when she noticed that Ashika was busy on her smart phone, smiling and giggling, while they had dinner in complete silence, unlike earlier times when Ashika used to narrate her whole day story to her mother during dinner.

    While for Dinesh in the city the future is looking grim. He always used to thanked god for job, which was result of new technological advancement was leading to setting up of a new manufacturing industry some 15-16 years ago. But in recent times, he is tensed. He has heard that the company will be firing line workers as they are planning to bring in automated machines to replace them. He being illiterate is wondering, how he will be able to feed his family, to pay Ashika’s college fees. Being in tension and stress has impacted his health too, with problems of hypertension and high Blood Pressure.

    From the above story, it is clear that technology certainly improved Ashika’s and her family’s life with help in health though telemedicine, education through tele-education & e-learning. Technology also made their life easier with use of mobile phone and money transfer. Even her father’s job and their livelihood was also result of some technological advancement.

    But this dependence changed into overdependence leading to health issues for her mother as well as father, breaking of the social fabric that she shared with her mother, even environmental problem in her neighborhood. Even same technology could leave her father workless and without any income.

    So to answer the question that will overdependence on technology will advance Human development, we need to first define the line between dependence and overdependence. And if we breach this fine line, then the famous saying says
    “Excess of Everything is Bad”
    Same excess of technology can not only stop human development but also may reverse the human development that we have achieved with our technological advancement through time.

    Need of the hour is to cautiously decide upon our dependence on technology to maintain a balance between utilizing technology for human development and allowing overuse of technology that may hamper our development as humans.

    • Buddha

      where have u analyzed the topic .. its mostly stories

      please review mine as well

  • santosh

    Overdependence on Technology will advance human development

    Technology is human knowledge,which involves tools, material and systems.We apply technology in almost all of in everything we do in our lives, we can describe technology to produce process and organizations.We use technology to extend our abilities.Technology is also a application of science to solve a problems,but we have to know that technology and science are difference subjects,they are with hand in hand by accomplish a task or solve.We use technology every section of our lives.we use it for work, communication, manufacturing,production, extract material,secure data scaling,business and so on.

    If technology is well applied,it can benefit human. By the way it applied wrongly than it can causes of the harms to human being.It is more adoptive to human.If anyone uses one time a device, that would makes it continues to human. Because without mobile we can not stay a single day away from it.Days actives start with it and end with it ,like from morning to evening all actives. Where to go,how to go. whom to meet as well as it gives us entertainment in between of our works.

    On the one hand,our life is more efficient, faster ,cheaper and simpler thanks to app 24-7 is connectivity and on other hand exposes our intellectual vulnerability of our offline life-without internet access. so as an even seven year older is smarter than us as far as access in the Internets. our fascinating with social media and our reliance on GPS to find an urban destinations. We are changing on worse by suggested few researcher and even most technologist suggested that we are changing better like connecting each other and altering when we drive and discover information. All the beyond change is natural phenomenon,whatever that is need to use behind there would be some of the harm. We have to aware the harms, and use only for appropriate manner, that can boost our development.

    Life has become more complex but we hardly ever notice. because technology made us complexity simpler than ever.Psychologist explains the two distinct fluid and intelligence,fluid refers to ability to acquire and process information,in computer.more you have it faster and effortless you can multi task. And second intellect crystallized IQ mean knowledge. all the knowledge of the world is outsources and cloud soured . So only knowledge we need to have where to find stuff.

    Technology is dynamic,it keeping on improving ever we need and demand keep on changing. we have moved from industrial age or revolution to information age.It provides a different work environment,and this has helped for small business to gain highly competitive markets.It has advantage and disadvantages. Human has developed technology for use. we have to be more advance than technology.

    Advantages of technology
    Increases the production,it helps business automate most task.Where are the small business gain competitive advantage.It will save time, since most of activities automate so it saves the time. accelerate the innovations and improve sharing of information.improve data storage, business communication,individual learning,promotes student engage in the classroom activities,helps student to learn more and write and spell, encourages group learning and so on.

    Disadvantages
    Technology is expensive for business as of to maintain technology for monthly bases of price for small business holders,It is not safe because it is very easy to use lose data of business through the internet, disconnectedness more of dependence on technology will move out of work like when by email message through works,distraction in classes,requiring training.

    Technology have advantages and disadvantages. when we are in information age. we need technology,beyond it we have to find out problems of harm us and solve the way it goes.Technology can take us toward glove world even rural to urban.It has more advantage than disadvantage in this contemporary world.

  • santosh

    Overdependence on Technology will advance human development

    Technology is human knowledge,which involves tools, material and systems.We apply technology in almost all of in everything we do in our lives, we can describe technology to produce process and organizations.We use technology to extend our abilities.Technology is also a application of science to solve a problems,but we have to know that technology and science are difference subjects,they are with hand in hand by accomplish a task or solve.We use technology every section of our lives.we use it for work, communication, manufacturing,production, extract material,secure data scaling,business and so on.

    If technology is well applied,it can benefit human. By the way it applied wrongly than it can causes of the harms to human being.It is more adoptive to human.If anyone uses one time a device, that would makes it continues to human. Because without mobile we can not stay a single day away from it.Days actives start with it and end with it ,like from morning to evening all actives. Where to go,how to go. whom to meet as well as it gives us entertainment in between of our works.

    On the one hand,our life is more efficient, faster ,cheaper and simpler thanks to app 24-7 is connectivity and on other hand exposes our intellectual vulnerability of our offline life-without internet access. so as an even seven year older is smarter than us as far as access in the Internets. our fascinating with social media and our reliance on GPS to find an urban destinations. We are changing on worse by suggested few researcher and even most technologist suggested that we are changing better like connecting each other and altering when we drive and discover information. All the beyond change is natural phenomenon,whatever that is need to use behind there would be some of the harm. We have to aware the harms, and use only for appropriate manner, that can boost our development.

    Life has become more complex but we hardly ever notice. because technology made us complexity simpler than ever.Psychologist explains the two distinct fluid and intelligence,fluid refers to ability to acquire and process information,in computer.more you have it faster and effortless you can multi task. And second intellect crystallized IQ mean knowledge. all the knowledge of the world is outsources and cloud soured . So only knowledge we need to have where to find stuff.

    Technology is dynamic,it keeping on improving ever we need and demand keep on changing. we have moved from industrial age or revolution to information age.It provides a different work environment,and this has helped for small business to gain highly competitive markets.It has advantage and disadvantages. Human has developed technology for use. we have to be more advance than technology.

    Advantages of technology
    Increases the production,it helps business automate most task.Where are the small business gain competitive advantage.It will save time, since most of activities automate so it saves the time. accelerate the innovations and improve sharing of information.improve data storage, business communication,individual learning,promotes student engage in the classroom activities,helps student to learn more and write and spell, encourages group learning and so on.

    Disadvantages
    Technology is expensive for business as of to maintain technology for monthly bases of price for small business holders,It is not safe because it is very easy to use lose data of business through the internet, disconnectedness more of dependence on technology will move out of work like when by email message through works,distraction in classes,requiring training.

    Technology have advantages and disadvantages. when we are in information age. we need technology,beyond it we have to find out problems of harm us and solve the way it goes.Technology can take us toward glove world even rural to urban.It has more advantage than disadvantage in this contemporary world.

  • Ant-Man

    Please review guys, this is short in length:
    Overdependence on technology will advance human development, we can agree to this statement however there are various dimensions which need to be examined carefully.Technological advancement has not left any part of human life untouched from basic services like food,health and shelter to detecting and analysing gravitational waves to solve the mystery of the universe.

    From ancient times technological developments were part of way of life. Our ancient scriptures are testimony to that. Technologies developed before modern human history are valid to date.Technological advancement like Wheel, fire, bow and arrow had lead to the human life today.

    What is human development?
    It is the process in which value of human resources increases. Human development also included enlarging freedoms,opportunities and improving their well being.Human Development is also about real freedom which ordinary people should have to decide WHO TO BE,WHAT TO DO and HOW TO LIVE.It also includes betterment of level of health, education and standard of life.

    Technology has played a major role in human development whether it is education, health or standard of living which is defined as the degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community.

    Education is now availabe to the remotest part of the world due to advancement in techonolgy and low cost in the associated materials like paper, ink, internet.Technology caused education revolution in the world.

    Health can be measured by life expectancy, Maternal Mortality Rate, Infant Mortality Rate,Birth Rate and Death Rate. In each of these world has improved a lot due to advancement in diagnosis techniques, vaccination, advancement in medical procedures.

    Technological advancement like steam engines to jet engines, telephone to computers,fans to air conditioners, shops to malls, advancement in space technology, nanotechnology, biotechnology, chemicals all had lead to rise in standard of living of humans on earth.

    Advancement in ICT has improved Service delivery, reduced corruption, saved time, made world more transparent and accountable.

    Technological advancement in agriculture like HYV-Green Revolution, GM varieties, resistant varieties, fertilizer, irrigation also lead to increase in crop output and lead to make countries of the world food secure.

    Advancement in renewable energy like nuclear, wind and solar are making ecological footprint of human beings less and making the life easier.

    However overdependence on technology may cause some harms to the human development like modern terrorist uprising, dedevelopment of extremist an fundamentalist ideology is also and indirect result of technological advancement.

    Anti-microbial resistance, ethical issues surrounding surrogacy, ecological and environmental problems, climate change,global warming, sea level rise, year of extinction of vital biodiversity and wildlife as per recent research, pollution has lead to significant loss to human development on the other hand.

    Money Laundering, Terrorism,Cyber attacks, breach of privacy done by developed countries in the name of national security are other side effects of the technological advancement.Nuclear Bomb is another exmple.Technology is a double edged sword if not handled carefully can lead severe loss to mother earth and in turn to human development.

    • Dear Ant-Man,
      Am I allowed to review your essay critically?
      If yes, then, 😛
      -Start needs work. You’ll ask why? I dont think we can straight away criticise technology.
      -Asking questions is an excellent startegy! GREAT
      -Over dependence part has not been sufficiently addressed! Main to wahi hai boss.
      -Conclusion looked abrupt.
      I hope you will take the criticism in positive manner. 🙂

      • Ant-Man

        Dear NT all comments are welcome always and will be taken positively, I need to improve and we all need to improve 🙂

        I just repeated the easy line with few words was not criticism to technology, please let me know ur views on this

        Thanks for second point 🙂

        Yes agree with ur third point

        will work on conclusion

        Thanks for your time, please be generous to review my posts in future.

        🙂

  • Alf

    Please Review

    Technology is the Panacea for any society no matter if any country processes unlimited amount of resources ,it cant prosper and advance to a developed economy.
    Technology has served humans in uncountable number of ways .first impact that can be seen is health sector where a lot of improvement have occured. Technology has helped carryout drug researches ,find Drug Delivery method ,target research at microscopic level as well as detect certain rare disorders .it has also been used to create artificial Limbs and even organs. use of artificial reproductive Technology has greatly improved parenthood.
    agriculture has seen a lot of improvements due to interventions like GAGAN,Indian GPS, a better weather and climatic prediction by the Indian metrological department. this has really benefited farmers,help reduce the distress levels which were earlier related to vagaries of Monsoon.
    it has also improved the scenario of education .now through distance learning and online courses, education can reach even the distance location. it also had economic benefits as mentioned already, If a country has adequate Technology, it can process its resources to generate development as well as employment .
    it will also make the government more responsive as well as accountable through online platform ,e-governance ,RTI and others.ferthermore ,it will be an ease for legal procedures as more work will be done online , reducing RedTape, avoiding time and cost overrun .this will lead to fast tracking of cases and online appeals.
    this will also promote National interest as our resource use efficiency will be enhanced and we can add to our defence capabilities .this will also augment Space Research and related aspects like communication satellites, Earth observatory, etc. even our energy prospects will be augmented and there will be more scope for non- conventional sources like solar,wind ,Biomass ,small large Hydel and nuclear .Technology will also improve our global ranking and placeus among the elitist group at par with countries like US,Europe and Australia.
    however excess of everything is bad and Turns the benefits to a poison. for instance using more Technology has ruined the job prospects of our nation aswe are more dependent on machine then men .for countries already facing unemployment issues, this is not a good option. even the benefits to certain sections may raise issues. people,particularly women are blackmailed online .issues like cyber terrorism ,Malwareand Trojan Horse are already Haunting the online community .these should be checked with more security features and online policing. certain prospects like section 66 of IT Act have a chilling effect on freedom of speech and expression .these should be curtailed as they harm citizenry.
    even energy could be used for destructive and has had already happened during Second World War Attack by US on Japan through atomic bombs .this should be avoided and more Emphasis should be laid on peaceful progress and development. man is becomingeven more and more dependent on machines for his personal comfort which is adding to problems like obesity, hypertension, diabetes and other muscle and joint issues. children are now saying Indoors thus restricting the proper growth and development of their body.
    hence there is a need to follow a rational approach in this case which should provide Balanced solutions to these issues. the focus should be on improved coverage and increased International collaboration. Technologywhich is used to enhance effectiveness and not only human comfort should be the criteria. counselling is required to save mankind from the misuse and overuse of technology.
    lastly, Technology should only be the means towards an inclusive ,developed and ecologically stable and prosperous society and not an end in itself.

    • gomuki

      not impressed………..u also focused more on technology question asked about over dependence ….. more u need to focus on it lead to unemployment…..how by reducing human intervention we can improve for eg: DBT and PDS system ………….remaining points as mentioned other case are applicable …..but i feel you need to change fundamentally in writing essay……..please ignore if you thing irrelevant

      • Alf

        thanks a lot for your valuable feedback…will try my level best next time

  • Sumit

    Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development’

    Recently, Shraman was having a debate on the taxing and demanding nature od their class 10 th studies. He articulated to his friend neeraj that “ despite taking a separate coaching and taking help of guides and study materials, education now seems to be a burden rather than the means of development and enlightenment to knowing the world in a better manner” to his amazement neeraj was aplomb and he accepted this fact but he reverted with a one word as the master game changer between his and others studying methodoly “ Technology”. He went on jesting about his friend troubles “that despite being educated and having basic knowledge of technology many of the school students have’t been able to capitalize upon it.” To this he added “technology is the change which will change the exsiting norms and the way the society conduct itself in the 21st century” in the meantime they attended their science class about the role of magents and its real life applications like mangleev train adoption being planned in india. It excited shraman and made him reflect upon his frien neeraj exclaiation about trchnology being the harbinger of change and questioned whether it is limited to transportation or does it find its aplications in making the life of the people around him better such that their problems can be resolved in a speedy manner.

    Little did shraman knew about technology and its potential in 21 st century taking place around him. From e-governance to citizen charter, service delivery to e-learning, e-commerce to financial inclusion have their roots in technology modernization. India today seems to have been riding on the wheels of technology where masses have become liberlaized in taking the best advantages of the information availability and speed with which communication is done via watsapp.

    Social scenario from technology perspeective:

    earlier peope used to remain confined to their occupations and socialization agencies, which remained agenda specific and role specific. Cmpared to now, virtual rooms, organisations, groups, have taken place of physical settings, not only resulting in increasing closeness aming the masses , but also leading to increased awareness with regard to the local and national events of relative importance therby contributing to development of the feminist masses and youth of the demographics.

    Technology role in Economic growth and development for human development:

    hysical distances have been reduced down to the point of a click. Where busnisses now utilizes social communication platforms like watsapp, facebook, email sercices like Gmail, on their smartphones which had in true form has led to a technological revolution.economic transactions have become wireless, orders and reciepts have become QR oriented, service sector proliferation have become magnified reaching nook and corner of the nation therby leading to implementation of trickle down theory and increased purchaisng power ogf the masses and goods and services accessability beyond the territorial region.

    International relations redefined by technology:

    india’s border have remained at the receiving point of the developmental process, being deprived of the economic and socail benefits available to the indian masses. Connectivity availability via internet and across the border agreemn with bangladesh, have led to inclusive development. Globalization has gained pace with technology driven demand of the masses.MNC’s are able to operate across the borders with ease via contract agreements over internet, reduction in info asymmetry ,IPR streamlining in developing nations, formation of regional satellites like NVAIC of India, regional connectivity via technology and advance defense technologies have led to redifition of international priorities and significance of indigenous technologiacl advancements leading to human development in form of tackling claimte change, arresting financail terrorism, limiting cross-border infiltration and trafficking activites thus leading to rule based regime an greate transparecny in international mandates.

    Technology in every day to day life:

    day to day life of a urabnites comprises mainly of managing their finances, enjoying the services available in their locality like retail shopping, multimedia based entertainment, accessbility to internet ,telecom services, on the spot services via mobile handset, one stop solutions for information and social groups accessability via social networks, and e-learning based mechanisms for education and training , making them self-sufficient to tackle everyday challenges in real time.

    Compared to a rural citizen who still have more to gain from technology as a means for using it for their welfare have remianed confined to banking services, aadhar based subsidy linkages, universal crop insurance under PM fasal bima yojana. Capitalization upon m-commerce and e-commerce have yet to take place via ru-urban mission, extension services, power reforms, net metering of natural resources consumption , deployment of region specific low cost energy generation technologies.

    Thus human development have taken place in form of improved fucntional capacity of old aged citizens via cochlear implant, divagang masses via electronic wheelchair, intenet based empowerment in accessibility to services on their doorstep, start ups culture in everyday life at ease like grocerry services, taxi services, financial services.

    Techno-revolution in space and other indigenization:
    Recent NASA’s development of cost-effective Mars orbiter mission(MOM), indigenous GPS mechanism named NVAIC. These portrays the extent of advanceent by developing nations compared to first world nations.
    India’s defense have historically remained import oriented with engagement in arms race with strategic neighbours like china and pakistan, remaining dependent upon major central powers like US, Russia for defense technology acquisition. India 2.0 initiative i.e. make in india, start up india, skill india have emphasized upon the need for technology and innovation in competitive sectors like services, pharmaceuticals, maritime and logistics domains.
    There is a need for national defense university, lateral entry recruitment from private sector, international education programes in niche areas etc which will enable india to exploit its available demographics, demand and demography in particular.

    Seeing the current advancements in technology, and technology led revolution in social, economic, international ,mobile based service delivery availability, e-governance, social communication n/w based cohesiveness has led the administrators and policy implementors about the significance of social reforms.

    In a nutshell, Future is bright for those who are able to capitalise upon this technology wave, and upcoming 4 th industrial revolution, for community, personal and collective well-being in particualr and human development in general.

    • Akash

      Good essay. Spelling errors/Typos must be taken care of (its Maglev trains btw). Overall good points write about biotechnology as well

      • Sumit

        thanks for the review! more suggestions would have been welcomed

  • Akash

    Please review this is my first essay (1074 words)

    Ramesh lives in a small village where there are no good colleges near to him to complete his graduation in Physics and move towards his goal of becoming a successful scientist. However he does not lose hope and enrols himself to a course in an open university and downloads all the study materials and course books from the internet, thus helping him to study despite the inadequate facilities near to his home.
    The example of Ramesh clearly shows how technology can be immensely helpful in the overall human development. With the use of technology, humans can achieve the impossible and the unimaginable.
    Technology is basically the application of science into making products that helps the human in his day to day life. Technology has become an integral part of human lives from waking up in the morning from an alarm clock to the use of air conditioners in cooling of our body at night; humans are using technology in their overall development.
    In the field of education, humans are now increasingly dependent on technology. Internet is one large storehouse of knowledge that has replaced the traditional role of books in imparting knowledge. This has led to wide information dissemination and reach of education in areas where traditional methods would have never gone or would take too much time to reach e.g. in villages and hilly areas.
    Similarly in the field of health, a large number of diseases can easily be detected at an early stage due to various technological innovations like x Rays, MRI etc. Technology is also used in child birth where traditional methods had failed e.g. Test tube babies.
    In the field of Space, technology has been immensely helpful in exploration of new planets and solving the mysteries of outer space. We have so many artificial satellites going for exploring new planets for presence of extra-terrestrial life. India’s very own Mangalyaan went to Mars and many new facts about the planet were discovered. All these discoveries could have been possible only due to the use of technology.
    The area of agriculture is the one which has immensely benefitted from the use and dependence of technology. The inventions of High Yielding Varieties of crops are the answer to feeding the growing population of the world. New technologies in the field of irrigation like drip irrigation will not only increase the yield of the crop but will also save water. New machinery in agricultures like threshers, tractors has gone a long way in reducing human labour and increasing the productivity. More and more mechanised agriculture will lead to higher productivity and surplus production and help in tackling the problem of malnutrition as well. Thus technology has played an immense role in the sphere of agriculture in enhancing human development.
    The way of human and material transportation has drastically improved because of technology. With the inventions of airplanes, trains, cars etc. the human life has become quite mobile. With enhanced speed, the world has truly become a global village. The faster movement of goods like perishable food material has enhanced the food security of the world. Thus technology has greatly helped in development of human life.
    Technology has also been used to save the ecology and create a better environment for all the creatures. Genetic initiatives like seed bank or the use of cameras in keeping a look on the endangered species are some of the areas where technology is being used to make this world suitable for all living beings.
    Hence we see a lot of overdependence of technology by humans and technology today has become an integral part of human society. But every coin has two sides. On one side although technology has benefitted humans to a large extent, there have been cases where overdependence on technology has caused harm to human lives as well.
    The very common cause of obesity in humans today is attributed to technology. It has made humans lazier and forcing us to lead a sedentary lifestyle. Due to this, humans are at a risk of developing many diseases. The use of mobile phones and other gadgets have been known to cause cancer and hearing problems. Similarly over use of laptops and computers are causing posture problems in humans today with loss in eyesight due to excess radiations.
    Environment is perhaps one of the most widely affected areas from the use of technology. The widespread industries are spewing out harmful gases warming the Earth and melting glaciers causing rising sea levels and erratic climate pattern which has affected humans worldwide especially the poor.
    The use of technology has also caused a lot of man-made disasters and has affected people worldwide. The construction of dams on rivers has known to cause earthquake and are even causes of flood in case of heavy rainfalls. The nuclear disaster in Russia is also an example of how technology can sometimes go terribly wrong.
    Most worrisome use of technology is being portrayed in the times of wars. The dropping of atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima is a perfect example of how technology can be very easily used to wipe out the entire humankind from the planet. With growing number of terrorist organisation in the world like ISIS, technology in wrong hands could certainly not be beneficial for human development.
    Technology affects each and every human being and in different ways. On one hand, it is bringing the world closer through faster means of communication; it is also making the individual isolated. People do not want to talk to their neighbours because they are too busy in their social media lives. On one hand it is curing a large number of diseases, it is also the frequent cause of many diseases. On hand, it can remove poverty through better use of resources and education access at an affordable cost, on the other hand it may increase the poverty gap if the access of technology is confined to a few individual.
    Hence dependence on technology may be a good thing as it may lead to human development and better lifestyle, the overdependence may lead to more problems than it solves. It entirely depends on the individual, how he wishes to use the technology. It can be used to create fighter jets and bombs which can take lives of innocent people, or it can be used to create satellites and probes to study outer planets for finding life there as Ramesh wanted to do by becoming a scientist.

    • Eswar Sai

      Hi Akash, intro is good but you can elaborate a bit whether he reached his goal or not. Second para is not good bro “use of air conditioners to cool our body at night” don’t use these type of sentences bro, instead stop upto air conditioners. Again you mentioned the same education point in 3rd para which is already done in intro itself, hence avoid. You can focus more on human development aspect. Remaining is nice. Review mine. Good luck bro.

      • Akash

        Thanks for your feedback. i have reviewed yours 🙂

  • vishal

    please review guys, this is my first essay ever…. any type of review is welcome…:)

  • Naina

    This is my first essay guys…anyone plz evaluate!!!

  • I know that I know nothing.

    Overdependence on technology will advance Human Development

    India is the second most populous country in the world, with 1.3 billion people which is more than a sixth of the world’s population. India is projected to be the world’s most populous country by 2022, surpassing China, its population reaching 1.6 billion by 2050 but having 130th rank in HDI by UNDP report. India’s GDP is growing at rate around 7.6% in 2015-16 but in Human development India is even after small country Sri Lanka. Human development is a holistic development of the human being viz education, life expectancy, health, income, happiness etc. This development is possible by using other approach like use of technology to bring the change.

    Government being the welfare state working towards the betterment of the society but these measures are not reaching to masses in same gravity. Therefore, Technology can play important role in reducing the chance of failure or mishandling or corruption. Technology provides the transparent, scalable, monitor able and vigilant approach to deal with the present problems. It is best tool to use in human development BUT alone cannot or overdependence will not solve the problem. Technology should be used as facilitator not as master. If technology is used for human development along with proactive bureaucracy and willful politics then surely it will advance the human development.

    Main contributor in the human development is EDUCATION. In India, the Indian literacy rate has grown to 74.04% but lot of work is required to cover all. After 70 years of independence, we have not covered our all people in education net. Education is main tool to deal with eradication of social evils, eliminating superstitions and will increase rational thinking, wide exposure, independent decision making. The end result will be Healthy lifestyle and more organic society. Technology can help in increasing the reachability of education into remote areas using broadcast, videos, smart classes, open portals etc. BUT teachers cannot be replaced completely by technology. Therefore technology alone cannot work.

    HEALTH which is key indicator of development. We are having the ratio of doctors as 1:1800. This condition goes worse in rural areas where proper first aid is also a big challenge. Technology can be used for providing the health services to hinterland using e-health technologies. This will reduce the malnutrition and mortality rate. If this key indicator goes up, then this will boost the human development. BUT the bandage can be windup by doctor only. Some geeks developed Decision Making System to replace the doctor but failed. Technology can be better slave then master.

    In complex society like India, the maintenance the Law and Order can be better handled by using the technology like e-governance. This will promote the minimum government and maximum governance. The use of E-Governance technologies will bring the transparency, strengthen to democracy and this will curb the corruption. These facilities will increase the participation of people. BUT end of the day, the work has to done by the humans.

    The information regarding the rights and laws is most powerful weapon for peoples. Sometimes information is not available to them easily so information technology can play significant role in this. This awareness will spread empowerment of people and mostly women empowerment. The aware people becomes more assertive so will reduce the corruption.

    We are having major part of population in agrarian sector. The technology can provide extra edge to providing the information to farmers like DD Kisan for latest information, the soil health card which can reduce the use of the fertilizers. The calculation of post-harvest loss can be calculated using drone services so early calculation to farmers.

    New technology opens new industries which can provide the jobs to people so this increases the income of masses. This can reduce the poverty and may increase the happiness. But the participation of people is end requirement.

    New technology like drone, satellite can be used to calculate the level of environment degradation. Technology can monitor the level of injection of new pollutants in air. This can also monitor the effect the industrial pollution. These factor plays important role in the various aspect of human life.

    New space technologies like gagan, navic will play major role in the regional mapping. These new advancement will create an ecosystem of peace and mutual respect. These technology increases the reachability of human so new horizons are explored. New resources means various varieties.

    In present scenario, technology is bringing the revolution in the way of life style. We have faster transportation means, communication channels, social media for sharing of feelings etc. these things provide the growth to nearby areas like rural people comes to these areas for job therefore less dependency on the agriculture.

    Technology can play vital role BUT need to have joint participation of people. In present scenario, joint families are broken apart; the number of divorce is increasing; air quality of major cities is injurious but human is forced to live in the polluted cities; women is not safe in cities and the incidents of rapes are increasing; child labor and child marriage are prevalent in society; So here technology cannot help us because these things are directly or indirectly related to human life. The meaning of technology growth is not development of human. The human development contains non-materialistic things like happiness. But blend of technology with proactive bureaucracy and positive politics will bring advancement in human development.

    Be the change that you wish to see in the world- Mahatma Gandhi

  • Strategic Voice

    The 21st century world is living in a technological age, with a technology led revolution upon us. Artificial intelligence, internet of things, advancements in nano and biotechnology etc have reshaped our lives and well being to such an extent that it has been called as fourth industrial revolution. Yet the role of technology in advancing human welfare is complex and non linear.

    ” the reason I love technology is not the technology itself, though it is exciting. the reason I love technology is because of what it makes possible”

    this quote clearly brings about how technology is a MEANS towards an END, that is human prosperity. underlying it is the notion of how technology is used and for what purpose. technology has created new opportunities for millions, yet it has also replaced jobs. it has been used to advance democcratic movements while at same time, also used as tool of radicalisation. to realise the potential of technology, it is thus imperative to not lose sight of the overarching goal of human well being.

    LEARNING FROM HISTORY

    The age of renaissance in europe was also the age of new technological dawn. the inventions like steam engine ignited first industrial and agricultural revolution that discredited Malthusians’ prediction of food scarcity and famines. printing press not only brought education to the masses, but also nourished ideas of democracy, liberalism etc. But the same technology also meant loss of livelihoods for millions of weavers of india, disruption in rural economy and impoverishment. the nuclear technology brought world to the brink of disaster during cold war. it reminds us of the nature of technology being a double edged sword, a lesson that has become even more relevant during present times.

    TECHNOLOGY , FREEDOMS AND SECURITY

    As in the past, technology and democracy enjoy a symbiotic relationship. the former brought home the notions of democracy and freedoms while the latter provides space for technology to expand and explore. the internet and rise of social media have democratised knowledge and information, which resulted in pro-democracy Arab Spring movements in north africa and west asia against autocracy.
    But in its darker manifestations, social media has become propaganda tools for terrorist organisations like islamic state (IS), radicalising even educated persons. technology has enabled terrorism to spread its footprints from dhaka to paris and orlando. Adverse use of technology has also meant rise of new theatres of warfare in form of cyber-terrorism, threat of thermo-nuclear weapons etc. this underlies the need to channel technology in appropriate directions for human advancement

    THE COMPLEX EFFECTS OF TECHNOLOGY ON LIVELIHOODS

    Apart from security, technology has widespread implications in creating and replacing jobs. Spread of digital technology has created new job opportunities in sectors like e-commerce, banking etc. Financial inclusion through Aadhar platform, mobile wallets, payment banks etc all use technology as a platform to reach out to marginalised sections of society, unleashing entrepreneurial energies in the process. Automation is increasing productivity, safety and reducing costs of goods. Yet one can’t ignore how it can also, and has, replace numerous jobs, especially in labour-surplus country like india. the complex forces of globalisation and technology have disrupted livelihoods, and given rise to counter forces of regionalism and protectionism as witnessed in Britains’ exit from European union, and US politics. the reaction should not be an aversion to automation, but rather opening realignment of skills, and exploring new avenues of livelihoods thrown open by technology. using technology to advance human welfare will require that those adversely impacted by it are not left behind through creating appropriate social safeguards and safety nets.

    COUNTING ON TECHNOLOGY TO TACKLE CHALLENGES IN HEALTH, AGRICULTURE, AND ENVIRONMENT

    Perhaps the most striking implications of technology are felt in fields of health and education. Advances in vaccine technology, immunisation and sanitation are responsible for sharp decline in death rates across the world due to diseases. the newer innovatiosn in nano-technology are helping finding non-intrusive ways to administer medicines, reducing side-effects etc. Similarly in education, Information and communication technology (ICT) is helping in unviersalising access to quality education at all levels.
    But at same time, newer challenges have also emerged due to technology specially in fields of health safety, and environment. for instance impact of Genetically modified (GM) crops and organisms, rise of antibiotic resistance, emergence and spread of hitherto unknown pests to even far-off regions (whitefly attack on Bt cotton in punjab) etc. the most significant perhaps is how technology led processes have created a huge ecological footprint such as anthropogenic climate change. Much of this is fuelled by unsustainable consumption and production lifestyles of west , aided by technology. The impact of technology is thus unevenly spread across space and time, with most adverse consequences born by most marginalisaed sections like fisherfolk, small farmers, daily labourers etc. even as we look to technology to solve technology enabled climate change and environment degradation, it is imperative to factor in such adverse implications on human advancement, especially in poor countries.

    Thus it is clear that while role of technology in advancement of human development is unquestionable, in the process it has also brought forth the darker side that can reverse decades of human progress. Also, spread of technology led prosperity remains unequal across geographies and various social groups. Unless this aspect is factored in, it could worsen inequalities. The future role of technology , therefore, must be within the overarching context of furthuring equitable human development. thus requires atleast three important course corrections:

    One, adverse implications of technology must be understood. Whether it is misuse of social media for disturbing peace (like through hate speech and violent propaganda) ; adverse impacts of newer , intested technologies on health , biosafety, and environment etc, they must be accounted for through regulatory safeguards, global cooperations, neccessary checks and balances etc
    Two, technology must increase equitable and inclusive development rather than worsen it. this involves creating new social security nets for those adversely impacted, harmionising skill sets with technological advancement etc.
    Three, channelising technological innovations into areas that advance human welfare rather than threaten to reverse it. achieveing global cooperation and consensus is critical for such vision.

    Technology will thus become an enabling tool in achieving global welfare objectives such as those outlined in sustainaible development goals.

    • Strategic Voice

      Guys , please review.
      for every honest review, i will review two of yours, promise!

    • I am not good with detailing.

      But I enjoyed your essay thoroughly.
      Keep writing.

    • BODHI VRIKSHA

      very matured way of writing using contemporary events and issues.
      can add an exclusive 4-5 lines for multiple aspects of human development
      can elaborate more on OVER dependence rather than just describing positive & negative aspects of particular tech.
      very good and diverse coverage.nice str and good flow .
      overall very good essay love to read

      • Strategic Voice

        Thank you sir for the review, really appreciate it :))
        Yes, will incorporate your suggestions.
        KWAR

  • dard_bhari_zindagi

    MY FIRST ESSAY..HOPE SOME ONE REVIEWS.. ..THANKS IN ADVANCE…

    • dard_bhari_zindagi

      @disqus_ofdByS24qy:disqus will u pls review this.

  • TDP abhimani

    friends……….please review my essay and give suggestions…….

  • STOS

    Human history is itself evolution of human development. Human development is the actualisation of potential of human by using knowledge and skill which is learnt from our elders, teachers, interactions and research and development. It can’t be isolated from various type of technology used in human history to advance the human development. This organic relation has gained increasing importance in contemporary world due to intense competition and globalisation. This is leading towards, overdependence of technology because it helps in rapid human development and keeps people ahead those who use the technology. Now question is – is the overdependence on the technology for advancing human development the sustainable approach? OR if we do then, is there any need of cautions and care?

    Since Pre-historical period to modern age, we have developed technology and used it for our overall development including human development. Technology became integral part of our daily life and increasingly, we are dependent on it for mostly all developmental work. These all advance our capability in terms of knowledge and skill quickly and easily. This can be seen in various aspect of our life evidently.

    e.g. we are dependent on TV, internet and newspaper for news, entertainment, knowledge, etc which leads to provide not only just information but advances their knowledge and skill for better life. Online education, online interaction of people e.g. on social media, online courses, online services of different type of information [provided by various websites], etc such technology always helps to people for their further human development. It further spreads to rural and remote areas due to technology and helps in such areas to the people for their advancement.

    Moving further, we are also dependent on our technology in health sector which also in-turns advances our human development. Good human health is most important part of human development. We come to know what should we eat and what should not. Which type of environment we should live, which type of routine we should follow for healthy mind and body, what steps should be taken as precaution if we come to any type of new diseases e.g. dengue and zika virus, these all information easily accessible to people by using technology helps not only in human development but also healthy and safer society.

    Similarly, technology also helps in knowledge about Disaster management to the people in vulnerable areas. It skills them how to deal with disaster events whether it man-made or natural, how to construct buildings and where to live safely, drilling practice to counter actual situation, etc.

    Moreover, technology plays crucial role for uneducated and under educated farmers which feeds our population. Different kinds of information like how to use their lands efficiently, which cropping pattern, seeds and fertiliser is good for sustainable agriculture, how to deal with unwanted situations and how to use latest technology help to these farmers which contribute their knowledge and skills for better developed human society.

    Similarly, weaker section of society such as women, children, depressed class also dependent on technology for their easily accessible information which is very important for their development. E.g. different types of mobile app for education and distress situation, use of RTI Act 2005, knowing their rights through different channels, etc.

    Further , we can see that our polity and economy whether it is local or international also dependent on technology for quick and easy accessibility of desirable information. Such type of information not only helps their leaders to learn and grow but also their people due to technological accessibility. This leads to development of all human beings.

    Moreover, technology provides sustainable use of their resources to all the people who lives on this earth e.g. which is good practice and which is not, which types of practice should be performed to combat global warming and ozone depletion. Since, we can’t leave the environment to degrade, we move towards better technology for sustainable use and become dependent on it because we go back. This enriches people’s knowledge and skill for better development of human and future. Similarly, people and government is also dependent on technology for interaction, awareness of schemes and suggestions e.g. e-governance.

    However, such all type of dependence is good and need of the time to live in better world. But, overdependence may not be sustainable approach because technology is changeable method which adjusts according to need. It may not always function in sustainable direction. On the other hand, it may be misused and controlled by others for their personnel gain. E.g. whistleblower snowden has revealed such cases in 2013. Overdependence may lead to ‘virtual colonialism’ in future in which we will be virtually controlled by small group of people and they may fix direction of human development for their personal gain.

    Therefore, it does not mean that we should not dependent or overdependent on technology. We must use the the technology which is necessary for our human development. Dependence and overdependence on technology are good for advancement of human and can be used according to vulnerability of dependency. We should use in cautious manner. E.g. technology we use should be independent from manipulation, should not be controlled by small group of people, should have people-centric approach. Some spiritual and physical knowledge and skills should also be integrated with current technology. This will lead to comprehensive and safe society in which, peace with nature and human development will be objective of every human beings.

  • Meiji

    Please review..
    Topic:
    ‘Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development’

    Essay:

    “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.” – Arthur C. Clarke

    The evolution of man into a social animal is inextricably linked with technological advancement. Man has relied on science and technology to improve the living conditions of fellow human beings from time immemorial. Be it rejection of superstitions, religious dogmas or questioning the status quo, technology has played an important role in advancement of the development of the human race. It is dependence on technology that has made life easy for man and also in unearthing the answers to the questions which challenged mankind for long.

    Dependence on technology, be it in fields of medicine, physics, electronics, agriculture, etc. has always helped in easing the way humanity progress through time. The evolution of modern man from his ancestors millions of years ago happened at a gradual pace. The development of societal norms, customs, religious practices, etc. has always advanced mankind. But the advancement achieved in the last millennium or in the past 6-7centuries, since the renaissance in Europe is phenomenal when compared to the several millennial advancement of mankind. Not belittling other achievements, technology has played an indisputable role in this evolution of mankind in the last millennium.

    The question of technology and the dependence of man on it for his advancement gains importance in a world where technological changes occur day-to-day, if not hour-to-hour. This has advanced the world altogether and there are gains as well as losses in the process. Overdependence on technology has given man its fruits, but at the same time it is also important to remember at what costs these advancements have been achieved. The gains out surpass the losses, but in a world facing its greatest ever threat in the form of global warming, technology is the answer.

    1. Man suffered many hardships and faced loss of lives of dear ones to diseases, whose root cause was not known. Technological advancements in medicine has not only answered many questions, but also provided solutions to the problems.
    2. With advancement of medicine and establishment of a new global order, the average life expectancy of a human being has increased phenomenally. This has put a strain on the resources of the earth – food, water, minerals, environment, etc. Technology assisted man to increase food production, recycling and efficient use of water and minerals, conservation of environment.
    3. The digital era has changed the way the world functions, which no other technology could achieve. It ushered mankind into a new world altogether. It redefined how things work, fantasies became reality.
    4. Universe has always been a mysterious place for man. There were many questions, debates, theories regarding the formation of the universe, its galaxies, stars, etc. Technology has given us means to research these questions.
    5. Technology has also played destructive role. Social relationships of man has been challenged, wars became more destructive, the life of other species is being threatened, the question of global warming remains unanswered. These questions need to evaluated and thought upon by man.

    “Technology is a useful servant, but a dangerous master.” – Christian Lous Lange

  • Rachit chugh

    Hey frnds its good to have discussion on that but we can give example about the clean way of technologies in that answers like recent clean technologies summits

  • mogwli

    Please review ..mera phela essay hai aaj tak ka..let me know what lacks in it and also if i need to write a longer one.

  • mogwli

    Please review ..mera phela essay hai aaj tak ka..let me know what lacks in it and also if i need to write a longer one.

  • ESWAR

    please review

    There is much change in present compared to the past i.e. before birth of Jesus Christ or at the time of Christ. Earlier human find time to listen to someone keenly but now a days it is different. Technology made people busy, life changed and many more. Whether technology advanced human or human advanced technology for making his life easier? Does over dependence on technology good or bad to human? These are some trickiest questions asking to human now days? Understanding these questions and solving them decide future of human survival. Over dependence on anything is always danger. There must be balance while assuming modern technology, it is essential for human development.

    In the race of technology human forget indigenous medicine – AYUSH or typical herbs/practice, which practiced over the centuries. It was much written about the AYUSH and available in scriptures though. Very limited investment made towards it’s enrichment, as a result chemistry led allopathy medicine developed. Yes, fast cure, easy surgeries, organ transplants and much more available in quickest mode but it is to them who affords but for poor, it is available at the mercy of Govt or philanthropist or god or by sacrificing their whole time savings.

    There is no end to human desire especially in making profit. Robos will certainly increase profits of entrepreneurs by reducing human efforts, loss in production. What about human labour if we over dependent on computer controlled Robos? Some studies already pointed out that blue collar jobs had been decreased across the globe aftermath of computers. Further decrease of such jobs may put many at risk as well as cause to social disharmony. So too much dependence on technology will definitely cause unrest in society.

    Forests, oceans, mountains and now Artic are being mined for precious minerals. Wherever mining is done in whatever way despite using the best technology the local flora and fauna is affected. In many cases, the affected ones are not satisfactorily rehabilitated. For them such technology helped who are in power or wanted it. Many had lost their lives protesting for rights. Many in Africa ,Asia, latin America countries became vulnerable to mining. Their curse is their native land having precious minerals. Technology is not afforded by everyone or country equally. The country which is advanced in technology is dominating others. The result is climate change, worst geo politics, mass destruction etc. To control this, human efforts again invested as often seen at UN Conference of Parties (COP). Hence, neither sophisticated technology nor over dependence on technology must be apprised.

    Communication is very cheap in present day. Affordability is only the factor now to have communication at whatever distance and can own gadgets. Public to Govt, Govt to Business dealings even changed with the advancement of communication. Human life progressing with direct benefits transfers, grievance redress through citizen charters and online etc. Social media which is famous for fast communication is now also used by radicals – ISIS, Alqaeda. On one hand such media improving lives, on the other hand also putting many at risk.

    With the advancement of internet, mobile the age old practices like Greeting cards, postal cards, letters are hardly visible now. There was a different feeling and affection then while doing communication, it is missed now. Also, the communication carried through these old practices was safe despite reaching destiny late. To secure communication through modern tools need huge investment. The amount which could be used for welfare schemes is now being used for cyber security. Also Post Officers are forced to find new business – banking services, booking travel tickets etc. Hence, it is advisable not to tilt more on anything.
    Technology is revolutionized tremendously in banking sector. Accounts maintenance has become very easy and fast now meanwhile vulnerability of phishing, skimming also increased. Hard earned money of individuals is easily being looted. Now a days, book maintenance almost gone. The issue of securing financial transactions is becoming complex day by day.

    Modern gadgets – Calculator, computer etc though decreased human labour and time but his creativity, retention of memory was reduced. Human development is not that how much profit was made or life became easy without doing much. Less movement of body, eating junk food by ignoring nourished indigenous food causing to many health problems. It is a wholesome process, taking fellow beings, creatures and nature together.

    UNDP, UNHCR, Oform International, IUCN etc are striving in one or other way for all round human development. Sustainable development goals are concerned to human development. Strict implementation of these goals are very much essential for survival of entire mankind.

    Over dependence on technology may create human as a slave to machines. Gradually, health problems will increase and also clashes will occur to own such technology. Technology must be for the benefit of human unlike mass destruction as happened in Hiroshima, Nagasaki and now in Syria, Lybia, Yemen.

    Yoga, meditation are some good practices gifted by our ancestors. By practicing them, one not only attain a peaceful mind but also cause to harmonious life. UN has recognized the importance of YOGA and declared Jun 21 as International YOGA Day. A peaceful life will always lead to human development thereby reduces poverty, good life, etc.

    The land locked Himalayan country, Bhutan is giving importance to happiness in enumeration of national income which is very concern to human development . It is the only country in the world using Gross National Happiness for measuring national growth unlike Gross Domestic Product taken by it’s neighbors. It is already proven that the countries which are recording high GDPs, their people are not necessarily fully developed.

    Over dependent on technology (read not clean) – auto mobiles, thermal power plants led to emission of green house gases in air which is causing health problems , atmospheric changes. Cyclones, droughts, cloud burst are occurring due to this development. Crops yield decreasing and land degradation increasing. India’s 30% land is now vulnerable to degradation due to climate change, water erosion etc. Clean technology is always welcome however there must be alternative keeping in mind of human as well as flora and fauna survival.

    In order to have sustainable future, all stake holders must commit to practice the best indigenous methods if any before over dependence on technology and also give concern to human creativity & relations.

    • TDP abhimani

      good essay anna……but conclusion can be improved anna…….esari nenu sarigga rayaledu anna essay…..review mine if possible…….

    • naren

      a very good essay, you cover all aspects.

    • Eswar Sai

      Bro good essay, AYUSH and Arctic points are excellent. Yoga too was good. Conclusion is not apt bro i think because if someone directly reads conclusion they might think essay is on Indigenous development, thus balance is needed in conclusion. Essay was excellent and covered sooooooo many aspects, but only thing i found is connection is missing between these many, if was there it will be an excellent essay bro. Thank you.

  • Master Yodo

    Hi friends kindly review it, though I tried hard that images are upload as vertical but it appears there some problem with my phone. One more thing Gross Happiness Index is of Bhutan which I have mistakenly written Nepal.

  • Distinction

    “OVER DEPENDENCE ON TECHNOLOGY WILL ADVANCE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT”

    “All the biggest technological inventions created by man-the airplane,the automobile,the computer,says little about his intelligence,but speaks volumes about his laziness.”
    -John.F.Kennedy.

    “Good Morning” says the alarm clock and our day starts with a sweet warble of technology.From the dusty classrooms of India to the steering up of spacecraft,the cobwebs of technology surround us.From the times when man was a hunter and gatherer,to the times when he is an e-marketer;from town planning in the ancient Indus valley civilization to the initiative of Smart Cities in the present times,man has developed through out his journey with continuous and sustained modifications/polishing up of technology according to the changing times which has in a way become the harbinger of his development.Beside such advantages that technology has gifted us with,its OVER DEPENDENCE has made us robotic,which in Einstein’s phraseology has “….EXCEEDED OUR HUMANITY.” It has given us the keys of our own destruction.

    Technology in a common man’s parlance may be defined as the application of knowledge and usage of tools(such as machines or utensils) and techniques to control one’s environment.The technology culture is : SPEED DOMINANT CULTURE-It’s all about getting faster and faster,difference of few seconds can question someone’s credentials and capability;our impatience grows if it takes more than a second or a two to get into a site,separated by miles; it is a SCREEN DOMINATED CULTURE-Gone are those days when screen was often correlated to a movie;movie screens were followed by television screen,then computer/laptop screens,getting downsized to a mobile screen-people spend a large portion of their waking hours in front of the screen; INFORMATION CULTURE-technological age is all about being informative-access to information becomes easier,science,drama,history-all at your finger tips;More importantly, it is a COMMUNICATION CULTURE- Social media-the virtual world, has brought us closer to each other-we talk to people to whom other wise,we couldn’t have;has communicating with peers instantaneous.

    HUMAN DEVELOPMENT may be defined as a measure of achievements by humans with advancement of knowledge,biological changes and habit formation.The Human Development Index(HDI) by the UNDP takes into account: •Life expectancy; •Expected years of schooling; •Mean years of schooling •Gross National Income.However,the concept of Human Development varies from country to country as some consider happiness and availability of choice fundamental to measure Human Development.But,primarily,Human Development must satisfy 3 broad areas:
    >>PROVISIONING OF AVAILABILITY OF BASIC NEEDS-which includes availability of food,shelter,clothing and other necessary services both by public and private effort.
    >>DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC HUMAN CAPABILITIES-This according to Amartya Sen is the “SUBSTANTIVE FREEDOMS ONE NEEDS TO LEAD….THE KIND OF LIFE HE OR SHE ENJOYS”-includes health,knowledge and skills.
    >>AVAILABILITY OF SPACE-need of space to apply the innate and acquired knowledge,assets both individually and communally for the advancement of humans,to achieve higher outcomes.The essential characteristics of this ‘SPACE’ being a stable environmental development (political,social and economic),interalia democracy,promise of basic Human Rights etc.

    Technology has acted as a catalyst in the development of human race,it makes our task relatively easier.The areas of development being:
    •PHYSICAL-this includes health,environment among others.With technological advancement,Cancer and Leukaemia is getting cured,fighting HIV has become a part of our MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL(MDG)- here, technology comes to our rescue;the ongoing research on stem cells,if successful, will bring with it a ray of hope to our patients of Sickle Cell anaemia,Cardio treatments are improving,maternal care has improved-this has helped us in reducing our mortality rates;Technology has helped us to access alternate sources of energy,has reduced our dependence on fossil fuels-thus our commitment towards environment is strengthened.
    •INTELLECTUAL-Competitions in every phases of life has made intellectual advancement a necessary pre condition for survival.Children improve their mental capability playing word games,Sudoku,solving puzzles;not to forget,players like Viswanathan Anand have all attributed their success to technology-He spent hours playing chess with computer.
    •SOCIAL-Technology has made the world a better place to leave in,we remain connected to our relatives because of technology,Government’s initiative like “Accessible India” is primarily dependent upon technology,is likely to improve the accessibility of other wise abled to public institutions.The push for a digital India has brought with it a culture of transparency -has reduced corruption.For e.g. AADHAR linked PDS has reduced leakages.With the availability of information on web,we remain empowered,technology has helped educating people by bringing in best of teachers at their door steps through video conferencing.Thus,it has contributed to our social amelioration.
    •EMOTIONAL-Helps in improving emotional intelligence.Rape victims,children who other wise don’t open up to their parents,have all access to counselling facilities with complete privacy.Thus,technology has provided us with private space we need.

    In addition to above areas of development,technology has come out to be of great help to our farmers.Initiatives like soil health card has helped them to know the quality of soil and the type of crops that can be best grown in it.E-NAM,has made their work relatively easier.They could see the prices offered to buy their produce and accordingly decide,reduced their dependence on middle men.

    Success in space technologies has been commendable,our satellites have helped us in weather forecasting-improved our disaster preparedness,ISRO’s MOM,NASA’s Curiosity Rover stand as a testimony to our advancement,we have started exploring the possibility of life in the Martian surface.

    The RTI Act,along with the drive of our digitization has made our government relatively more accountable,e-governance has started showing results.People with their cell phones have reported the prevalence of potholes in roads by sending its pictures and it has been addressed by the concerned authorities.There are plenty such examples to cite.

    . Now,if the question comes whether our dependence on technology will advance human development-the answer ought to be yes,but our ‘OVER DEPENDENCE’ will cost us much to be contemplated over:

    The innovation of telephone has shrivelled the barrier between people,with mobile phones in our hands,it became just another sign to boast of our technological advancement,telephone directories became museum displays,we didn’t jot down the numbers anymore-this has reduced our capability to remember. At times of emergency,we fail to recall the numbers not their in the cell phone,which other wise we ought to have remembered.People who are addicted to cellphone messaging have acquired the skill of mastery over sms lingo add to it,the availability of auto correct software,they commit plenty of spelling mistakes when given a chance to write manually in a paper without such correction options.

    Students no longer execute their assignments all by themselves,they get it readily available on web,their creativity starts getting passive.Cognitive skills starts waning with every passing day if the brain remains ideal.

    Our overdependence on technology has developed a wall of separation between parents and their children.Independence from parents has resulted in greater dependence on peer’s advice,guidance and support.Availability of immediate access to friend has further exaggerated this trend and quite possibly,has widened the divide between them. It has over projected the generation gap between the two.

    We are so much dependent on technology that our world has become unthinkable without them.We fail to perform without their help.The Americans had got some of the most advanced weapons of all times,they had a bigger strength of their armed forces,yet they had a tough time fighting the Vietnamese who with their limited resources demolished the morale of the Americans-with “OVER DEPENDENCE” on technology,they failed to tune themselves according to local conditions-therefore it is rightly said: “the best of soldiery comes with the worst of resources”The Allied powers for that matter,during the first World War failed in their numerous attempts in breaching the western frontiers where the Germans had made trenches,though they had access to some of the world’s best weaponry-the point when we get over dependent on technology,we put on whiskers,our necessity to think of alternatives which could possibly give better results,becomes narrow.

    Overdependence on Messaging/texting has reduced our emotions,we have started lacking basic skills to face people,talking to them in person,expressing grief,happiness,sorrows when we meet them.Time seems not to be far enough when we would having images of dead being circulated intimating others of their death.Ut has reduced our frequency of visits to our kith and kin.

    Overdependence has made us lethargic,even walking a stone a throw distance becomes an uphill task.We prefer motorbikes,cars,SuVs over bicycles;morning/evening walk have become obsolete terms in a modern man’s lexicon.It has cost us a sound health.Being glued to TV screen has become part and parcel of our lifestyle,if anything comes on top of our mind in addition to watching TV,playing computer games is Sleeping and eating-we hardly care of the health impacts, such activities are likely to have on us.We forget about alternative sources of leisure-reading a good book,taking your time off to visit your cousins,playing sports,etc.We become dull.

    From the stone age to the age of ‘SMARTNESS’,technology has always made our task easier,but at the same time,weapon manufacturing has place d human race at the edge of risk and destruction-not to forget the dropping up of Atom bomb in Hiroshima and Nagashaki! Its access by the anti-socials,terrorist has made it far more dangerous though,at the same time,it is our dependence on technology that has accentuated our Counter terrorism measures.Here our Overdependence can’t just be questioned because there is hardly an alternative without it(other than terrorist changing their mindset).We have failed to eliminate poverty,technology can help us to address it.Dependence on technology is certain to Human Development,its overdependence however has backfired-we have become handicaps; one that was a good servant has become a bad master,being humans,our adaptive capability and our versatility gets undermined with its overdependence.

    • Distinction

      Please review 🙂

    • Distinction

      Please review.

    • Abhijeet B

      Very good approach.Beg. with Quote very good ,but still some advice:-
      1. Essay should be less informative & more thought process & critical based. So work on that

      2. Don’t write like CULTURE,GOAL,EMOTIONAL,etc like titles.It looks like you are answering a GS question.Essay should avoid these things.It should like homogeneous ideas.So work on that.

      3.Your para-“HUMAN DEVELOPMENT may be defined as a measure of achievements by humans
      with advancement of knowledge,…………………………………….. availability of
      choice fundamental to measure Human” should be at starting.Its basic thing you are explaining about H.D. So Make these changes

      But overall very good. 60/125 for this.Keep on improving.

      • Distinction

        Thank you brother.Owe you debt! Will treasure those words.After all my very first critiqued points.
        Will work on it. what is a good score in essay? I mean on an average,out of 125?

  • Distinction

    “OVER DEPENDENCE ON TECHNOLOGY WILL ADVANCE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT”

    “All the biggest technological inventions created by man-the airplane,the automobile,the computer,says little about his intelligence,but speaks volumes about his laziness.”
    -John.F.Kennedy.

    “Good Morning” says the alarm clock and our day starts with a sweet warble of technology.From the dusty classrooms of India to the steering up of spacecraft,the cobwebs of technology surround us.From times when man was a hunter and gatherer,to the times when he is an e-marketer;from town planning in the ancient Indus valley civilization to the initiative of Smart Cities in the present times,man has developed through out his journey with continuous and sustained modifications/polishing up of technology according to the changing times which has in a way become the harbinger of his development.Beside such advantages that technology has gifted us with,its OVER DEPENDENCE has made us robotic,which in Einstein’s phraseology has “….EXCEEDED OUR HUMANITY.” It has given us the keys of our own destruction.

    Technology in a common man’s parlance may be defined as the application of knowledge and usage of tools(such as machines or utensils) and techniques to control one’s environment.The technology culture is : SPEED DOMINANT CULTURE-It’s all about getting faster and faster,difference of few seconds can question someone’s credentials and capability;our impatience grows if it takes more than a second or a two to get into a site,separated by miles; it is a SCREEN DOMINATED CULTURE-Gone are those days when screen was often correlated to a movie;movie screens were followed by television screen,then computer/laptop screens,getting downsized to a mobile screen-people spend a large portion of their waking hours in front of the screen; INFORMATION CULTURE-technological age is all about being informative-access to information becomes easier,science,drama,history-all at your finger tips;More importantly, it is a COMMUNICATION CULTURE- Social media-the virtual world, has brought us closer to each other-we talk to people to whom other wise,we couldn’t have;has communicating with peers instantaneous.

    HUMAN DEVELOPMENT may be defined as a measure of achievements by humans with advancement of knowledge,biological changes and habit formation.The Human Development Index(HDI) by the UNDP takes into account: •Life expectancy; •Expected years of schooling; •Mean years of schooling •Gross National Income.However,the concept of Human Development varies from country to country as some consider happiness and availability of choice fundamental to measure Human Development.But,primarily,Human Development must satisfy 3 broad areas:
    >>PROVISIONING OF AVAILABILITY OF BASIC NEEDS-which includes availability of food,shelter,clothing and other necessary services both by public and private effort.
    >>DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC HUMAN CAPABILITIES-This according to Amartya Sen is the “Substantive freedoms one needs to lead….the kind of life he or she enjoys”-includes health,knowledge and skills.
    >>AVAILABILITY OF SPACE-need of space to apply the innate and acquired knowledge,assets both individually and communally for the advancement of humans,to achieve higher outcomes.The essential characteristics of this ‘SPACE’ being a stable environmental development (political,social and economic),interalia democracy,promise of basic Human Rights etc.

    Technology has acted as a catalyst in the development of human race,it makes our task relatively easier.The areas of development being:
    •PHYSICAL-this includes health,environment among others.With technological advancement,Cancer and Leukaemia is getting cured,fighting HIV has become a part of our Millennium Development Goal(MDG)-here,technology comes to our rescue;the ongoing research on stem cells,if successful will bring with it a ray of hope to our patients of Sickle Cell anaemia,Cardio treatments are improving,maternal care has improved-this has helped us in reducing our mortality rates;Technology has helped us to access alternate sources of energy,has reduced our dependence on fossil fuels-thus our commitment towards environment is strengthened.
    •INTELLECTUAL-Competitions in every phases of life has made intellectual advancement a necessary pre condition for survival.Children improve their mental capability playing word games,Sudoku,solving puzzles;not to forget,players like Viswanathan Aanand have all attributed their success to technology-He spent hours playing chess with computer.
    •SOCIAL-Technology has made the world a better place to leave in,we remain connected with our relatives because of technology,Government’s initiative like “Accessible India” is primarily dependent upon technology,is likely to improve the accessibility of other wise abled to public institutions.The push for a digital India has brought with it a culture of transparency -has reduced corruption.For e.g. AADHAR linked PDS has reduced leakages.With availability of information on line,we remain empowered,technology has helped educating people by bringing in best of teachers at their door steps through video conferencing.Thus,it has contributed to our social amelioration.

    •EMOTIONAL-Helps in improving emotional intelligence.Rape victims,children who other wise don’t open up to their parents,have all access to counselling facilities with complete privacy.Thus,technology has provided us with private space we need.

    In addition to above areas of development,technology has come out to be of great help to our farmers.Initiatives like soil health card has helped them to know the quality of soil and the type of crops that can be best grown in it.E-NAM,has made their work relatively easier.They could see the prices offered to buy their produce and accordingly decide,reduced their dependence on middle men.

    Success in space technologies has been commendable,our satellites have helped us in weather forecasting-improved our disaster preparedness,ISRO’s MOM,NASA’s Curiosity Rover stand as a testimony to our advancement,we have started exploring the possibility of life in the Martian surface.

    The RTI Act,along with the drive of our digitization has made our government relatively more accountable,e-governance has started showing results.People with their cell phones have reported the prevalence of potholes in roads by sending its pictures and it has been addressed by the concerned authorities.There are plenty such examples to cite.

    Now,if the question comes whether our dependence on technology will advance human development-the answer ought to be yes,but our ‘OVER DEPENDENCE’ will cost us much to be contemplated over:
    The innovation of telephone has shrivelled the barrier between people,with mobile phones in our hands,it became just another sign to boast of our technological advancement,telephone directories became museum displays,we didn’t jot down the numbers anymore-this has reduced our capability to remember. At times of emergency,we fail to recall the numbers not their in the cell phone,which other wise we ought to have remembered.People who are addicted to cellphone messaging have acquired the skill of mastery over sms lingo add to it,the availability of auto correct software,they commit plenty of spelling mistakes when given a chance to write manually in a paper without such correction options.

    Students no longer execute their assignments all by themselves,they get it readily available on web,their creativity starts getting passive.Cognitive skills starts waning with every passing day if the brain remains ideal.

    Our over dependence on technologies has developed a wall of separation between parents and their children.Independence from parents has resulted in greater dependence on peer’s advice,guidance and support.Availability of immediate access to friend has further exaggerated this trend and quite possibly,has widened the divide between them. It has over projected the generation gap between the two.

    We are so much dependent on technology that our world has become unthinkable without them.We fail to perform without their help.The Americans had got some of the most advanced weapons of all times,they had a bigger strength of their armed forces,yet they had a tough time fighting the Vietnamese who with their limited resources demolished the morale of the Americans-with “OVER DEPENDENCE” on technology,they failed to tune themselves according to local conditions-therefore it is rightly said: “the best of soldiery comes with the worst of resources”The Allied powers for that matter,during the first World War failed in their numerous attempts in breaching the western frontiers where the Germans had made trenches,though they had access to some of the world’s best weaponry-the point when we get over dependent on technology,we put on whiskers,our necessity to think of alternatives which could possibly give better results,becomes narrow.

    Overdependence on Messaging/texting has reduced our emotions,we have started lacking basic skills to face people,talking to them in person,expressing grief,happiness,sorrows when we meet them.Time seems not to be far enough when we would having images of dead being circulated intimating others of their death.Ut has reduced our frequency of visits to our kith and kin.

    Overdependence has made us lethargic,even walking a stone a throw distance becomes an uphill task.We prefer motorbikes,cars,SuVs over bicycles;morning/evening walk have become obsolete terms in a modern man’s lexicon.It has cost us a sound health.Being glued to TV screen has become part and parcel of our lifestyle,if anything comes on top of our mind in addition to watching TV,playing computer games is Sleeping and eating-we hardly care the health impacts such activities are likely to have on us.We forget about alternative sources of leisure-reading a good book,taking your time off to visit your cousins,playing sports,etc.We become dull.

    From the stone age to the age of ‘SMARTNESS’,technology has always made our task easier,but at the same time,weapon manufacturing has place d human race at the edge of risk and destruction-not to forget the dropping up of Atom bomb in Hiroshima and Nagashaki! Its access by the anti-socials,terrorist has made it far more dangerous though,at the same time,it is our dependence on technology that has accentuated our Counter terrorism measures.Here, our Over dependence cant just be questioned because there is hardly an alternative without it.We have failed to eliminate poverty,technology can help us to address it.Dependence on technology is certain to Human Development,its overdependence however has backfired-we have become handicaps; one that was a good servant has become a bad master,being humans,our adaptive capability and our versatility gets undermined with its overdependence.

    • Distinction

      Please review.

    • gomuki

      no need to ask anyone to review………be the first one to write essay so that people will see ur essay first……my opinion …..next time please dont ask ……..maintain individuality……….coming to essay………. Introduction is very good ……but u seems to be does not know how to write essay……..defined the terms in a broad way ……does not need ……..technology and human development …….and no clarity of thought …….suddenly u wrote american example in the last para….see late para should dedicate to explain you stand and anyalysis ………giving many examples is very good……..i can say you have good talent ….but need a whetting stone to make it sharp….impressed with ur talent but not with ur content and flow

      • Distinction

        True bro.Don’t know how to write an essay.Could you please guide me,it will create wonders for me.

        • gomuki

          How to write Essay:
          (This format I have copied from two toppers of Upsc-2006, 2013. I neither claim any originality nor take credit)
          After reading many essays in the Insights I would like to present my views on “How to write Essay”. Before going to that , what qualities are required to become a civil servant? In my opinion required qualities are- Understanding the problem, always ready to update , maturity, able to see the issue from multiple dimensions, not only pointing the problem but also should know the solution and futuristic oriented. While writing essay(for that matter any answer) how can we tell the examiner that we possess all these qualities.
          I would like to explain how to write essay/any answer by taking a previous year essay: Tourism next big for India(2014).
          First part is Introduction: While writing introduction, ask your self a question, as there are many topics why he asked this question, it means this topic has current relevance, start your introduction by quoting the relevance of the topic. For eg: tourism question, relevance—people talk about demographic dividend but there is no employment, current account deficit, people talk Mgnrega is of no use, rural to urban migration and regional inequality, and through service sector(software) jobless growth, Govt announce swatch Bharat( How we can converge tourism with swatch Bharat). These are the issuses and we can write how tourism resolves all these issues. If we write like this, we will show two qualities, we understand the problem and by quoting contemporary examples we are updating ourselves continuously.
          Next—-Body part …write different dimensions—-historical, political, economic, social, and so on here .try to explore different dimensions of tourism—medical, art, business, local tourism, piligrimage and many other dimensions—It means we see the issue from multiple directions.
          Third thing…….If everything is perfect they will not a question.. it means there is something wrong… so highlight the loopholes ( If asked specifically explore more dimensions, if not try to write core points)……no cleanliness, luxury tax, no safety( can quote current examples like rape in goa or attack on Russian woman) , no infrastructure, no logistics, hypocrisy of Indians, no awareness of tourist sites in India and so on………
          Fourt thing is, we always tell the examiner that we are solution oriented… it means if the queston asks specifically to write solutions ,,,write many points ,,,if it is not asked then write core points(atleast 2 ) while mentioning govt. steps………Here Although govt has taken steps to boost the tourism- visa on arrival, e-visa- but there are some other urgent measures should be taken to boost tourism- no differential charges for tourists, try to include more places in Unesco heritage list, ICCR should conduct more awareness fares in abroad and so on………
          Last thing is conclusion……Through conclusion we need to tell the examiner that we know what happen if present thing is not solved….so try to present what happens in future if issue is not resolved….for this topic… India’s population is growing, and more number will join workforce , if the potential of tourism which provides huge employment with low investment that to for semi-skilled people not utilized , India would not able to enjoy the demographic dividend rather it will become demographic burden. Govt also realized the potential of tourism, has taken some good steps in this regard, if other measures also followed India would not need to go IMF if we have current account deficit, which happened in 1991.
          How can we prove examiner we are matured that is my maintaining proper flow, Please give more importance to flow of your answer, we can compromise some points at the cost of flow. With this we have covered all the qualities. This is not only applicable to essay but also for your answer writing in GS .
          May be I am wrong , you can ignore if you think so.

          • Distinction

            Thank you.Was so much informative.

    • saba

      well written with gud conclusion
      keep writing 🙂

  • Vamsi

    ..

  • Please review, this is my first ever essay on this site. 🙂

    Humans have a progressive nature, right from the stone age, we have strived to invent things that have made our survival on this planet much easier. This progressive and curious mindset have brought to us to the world of computing where we have machines that automate our work, increase our life expectancy, give us information about anything, made the communications easier, and creates countless economic opportunities. One of the biggest achievement of the Technology is the internet that represents equality in it’s best form, everybody regardless of his socio-economic stature in the society has access to all the publically available information like any other person on the planet. However, technology is a double-edged sword and should be used with restrain and discipline.

    One of the most important field that has gained a lot from technological revolution is the Medical Science. The improvement in communications has made the collaborations between the doctors much easier and efficient; the virtual reality is letting the students and the experienced doctors perform mock surgeries before trying their hands on the real subject. The internet of things is making our everyday objects like watches, bracelets, belts, glasses and mobile phones much intelligent as now they can monitor our current vital conditions plus push us to have a better lifestyle via notifications, reminders, and custom tailored health and dietary suggestions. The power of computing is giving the chemists a sandbox like an environment to play around with different medicinal compositions for creating more cheaper and effective drugs. The availability of medicine in bulk was only possible because of the robotic automation in the medical foundry industry. The Bio-3D printing machines are now able to achieve laser-like accuracies that can measure, and recreate a fully functional cybernetic organ, which can replace a faulty natural liver, heart or even a body part like a limb. The scientists are confident that within next 50 years, the doctors will only focus on preventing the disease, and there will be very rare cases of actually “curing” the disease.

    The Education system is benefitting massively from the technological advancement. The audio-visual content available on the internet is letting students understand even the most complex concepts of all fields by the best teachers on various Youtube channels. The spread of the essential books in the form of e-books is easy, cheap and seamless to transport to various faculties and students. Students can find detailed information about any topic on the internet using the various free encyclopedias that are growing by high quality verified content. Our Indian HRD ministry has launched many plans to equip rural government schools with the Internet so that the quality of education can be amplified in those regions too.

    Technology has completely changed the face of communications for humans. We did pretty well, considering our humble beginnings, that involved signs, and pictorial languages. We have come a long way, where things like video-calling have become a widely available tech. The advent of mobile has changed our behavior in our workplace and our personal relationships. The broadband connectivity has made us capable of transferring documents and files over the internet a breeze. There are some devices currently under test that can create your 3D holographic image that would make the participants feel like they are present physically in the same room. Doctors and teachers often use the video conferencing to share their knowledge with their fellow partners and students. Just imagine a complex operation in the rural area of India is being managed a doctor sitting in Delhi.

    Our way of employing agriculture has changed dramatically in past 30 years and technology has played a major role in that. The technology is being employed in every sector of the agriculture, right from the seeding process till it’s sold to the customers. There are multiple programs that Indian government runs to educate the farmers about the quality and varieties of the seeds that they should be using, all this information is provided to them via easy to grasp audio-visual techniques, like showing them presentations in their local language, sending the farmers informative SMSes on their mobiles, and exposing them to the internet. As our agriculture relies completely on Monsoon rainfall, the technology has given our farmers various way to be aware of the rainfall patterns. There are devices that are capable of identifying the quality of the soil, and suggesting what crops would be beneficial for that area. Even the pesticides, that have become a major health concern from past couple of decades are going through a fascinating evolutionary phase, the pesticides are being replaced by pheromones laden auto-sprinklers that attract and later kill harmful pests and rodents. These pheromones are made up of natural materials and are not at all injurious to plants. There is a piece of tech that can be suspended on a water body, and it does a detailed checkup on suitability for aquaculture. The best part about all these technologies are that they are incredibly user-friendly, and the support system for any queries and problems is being perfected.

    Technology has significantly grown economies across the world, be it the 1st world countries like U.S and UK or 3rd world, Asian and African countries. Many Asian countries have become an outsourcing hub employing millions of people every year. India is a market leader for Outsourcing, currently dominating 67% share of the outsourcing industry, and India is expecting that by 2018, Information Technology is going to account for 12-13% of country’s GDP. The developing countries were mostly involved in outsourcing business in the earlier phases, but since 2008, India and Indians across the globe have become major players in the application development and IT-based products, as well. The e-commerce sites like Amazon, Alibaba, and E-bay, have successfully created an international market by using the internet and sophisticated applications to accomplish successful deliveries at most part of the world. Things are easily available because the contemporary tech is letting the organization produce more goods in cheaper cost in smaller time. The national leaders understand the need for Innovation-based Tech-Economy, and that’s the reason every country is focussing on it.

    Abundance of anything is hazardous, and same goes with the technology too. If we rely too much on it, we may get in to a situation where things just fall apart. Let’s start with the field of Med Science. The CT scans have become a rave these days, but what if the patient is exposed to more than required radioactive doses for a clear imagery? It could be extremely fatal. Usage of Anesthesia has become a mandatory exercise for every surgery these days, what if the dose of Anesthesia is given to a child or an old age patient more than what’s intended? They will go in instant coma or even die. In the field of education, a lot of students rely on the internet content for understanding the basic concepts, what if the resource is incorrect? Plus today’s computing lets you do multi-tasking but our brains don’t work that way, and we end up watching our Facebook news feed than finishing up our papers because the distraction is quite strong in the world of Internet. People have reduced their physical labor as they try to kill their time and do their work on the computers or laptops this has given way to a widespread physical and gastrointestinal issues for both young and old. What if the pheromones sprinkler doesn’t stop on time and rinse the plants more than what is required? The whole lot of crop will get destroyed for good. The economy is booming due to Information Technology projects and automation but what about the people who failed to adapt to technological challenges in their elder ages? What’s going on with folks who have lost their jobs due to automation?

    Technology is a “necessity” that has to be used with restraint, and proper future planning. The preventive measures and backup plan incase of technological failure is a must. With the booming rise in the technological innovations, the organizations and government have to ensure proper job creations and facilities for the impacted work force and new seeds. Technology is a double-edged sword, if not used correctly it can destroy our world, in just a click of a button.

  • kahkashan anjum

    please review my first essay on insight

    OVERDEPENDENCE ON TECHNOLOGY WILL ADVANCE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

    Technology is the use of techniques used with skills, knowledge and mthods used to achieve objects with better process and results, basically getting the maximum beneits with minimum efforts. Technology is very important in current scenario as most of the work is done today with the help of technology. Technology is used much in our life as we are now not only dependent on technology for our normal daily work but also overdependent on technology for our most of the work. it is a good sign as we can the perform the work easily, faster and with much accuracy in comparison to manually.
    Technology is very beneficial for us as it has helped us in various fields of life like medical, space, industries, tourism, weather forecasting, mineral exploration,missile technology, terrorism control mechanism, pollution measurement techniques and conservation of environment, telecommunication, connecting the world, findings in the outer space for well being of human and many more.
    Due to the use of technology particularly nano technology has brought the change in medical science. it is now possible to cure the people with severe disease with less pain and and effective result. Those disease which were incurable just before 10 to 20 years back like cancer is cured very much effectively now. Not only the treatment but prevention is also possible of many known and unknown diseases with he help of vaccine as is done in the case of polio vaccine whether oral or injected. Robotic technology has also played a vital role in this. With the help of nano camera infected area inside the body can be screened and can be cured with direct dose without affecting other parts of body. This targeted cure is much effective in comparison to old techniques and this is all because of use of technology human lives can be saved.
    Telecommunication is one of the best way to connect the world, bringing countries closer, connect people to people and shorten the distance. As the people come to know the other culture their values and life style the come to know that all the people in the world are equal only their needs are different due to topography of that place and environment. Once this feeling of equality is developed among the people, clashes will be minimized and peace and harmony will prevail in the world due to technology and will lead to human development.
    Various missions are sent to the other planets and outer space in search of better life, to know the root cause of origin of life on earth which is still a mistry for us. This can lead to the new horizon of life and human development can be speedier.
    Environment conservation is very burning issue today. Various convention are held protocols are signed to conserve the environment and make it livable for the people. Clean air to breathe, clean water to drink is the basic right of human being. y be done with the help oh technology as we can protect the air to be polluted and can use filters in chimneys and water treatment plant to treat the water and like ways to reduce the pollution with the help of technology. This initiative can reduce the diseases and adverse impact on the health of all living beings.
    Developed countries are using technologies in better way for their development whether for industrial development or human development. as a result developed countries are becoming more developed and the third world countries are lagging behind as technology scarce country. In developing countries more R&D is required to upgrade the existing technology as it is the benchmark now to measure any country developing or developed. as in the case of India government is focussing more on use of technology in governance and service providing as JAM, digital india, PRAGATI, online platforms for application like account opening and online visa application, licencing and many more.The more countries and people will use technology the more they will be developed. Thus we can say overdependence on technology will advance human development.

  • Ajay

    प्रोद्योगिकी पर अति निर्भरता मानव विकास को बढ़ावा देगी

    मानव विकास की परिभाषा हमेशा से ही विचार विमर्श का विषय रही है | कुछ जानकार इसे देश की आर्थिक संवृद्धि से जोड़ते हैं तो कुछ इसे मानव की खुशहाली से मापते हैं | पैमाना जो भी हो पर विकास का मूल मंत्र यही है की मानव अपने जीवन में कितनी स्वतंत्रता का अनुभव करता है , वह अपने हित के लिए साधन जुटाने में कितना सम्पन्न है और वह समय , परिस्तिथि , पर्यावरण आदि के आधार पर स्वयं को कितना अनुकूलित कर सकता है | यदि मानव के पास उपरोक्त शक्तियां और अधिकार हैं तभी सही मायने में उसे विकसित कहा जाना चाहिए | प्रोद्योगिकी की मानव विकास में अहम् भूमिका रही है |तकनीकी उन्नति के कारण ही आज असाध्य रोगों का इलाज संभव है , घर बैठे बैठे ज्ञान अर्जन हो सकता है , छण भर में लम्बी दूरियां तय करी जा सकती हैं, छुदा मिटाने हेतु पल भर में ही तैयार होने वाले व्यंजन आज हमारे पास हैं और यहाँ तक की भविष्य की गतिविधियों की गणना भी सुपर कंप्यूटर द्वारा करी जा रही हैं |

    तकनीकी अनुप्रयोग ने मानव के विकास में गति ला दी है परन्तु क्या अति निर्भरता से इसमें तेजी आएगी , इसके लिए उस मूल्य को समझाना भी आवशयक है जो हमने इस प्रगति के लिए चुकाया है | पर्यावरण का ह्रास, बढती बीमारियाँ और बढ़ता मानवीय अवसाद इस और इशारा करते हैं की कहीं न कहीं तकनीक की अति भी हमारे विकास को उलटी दिशा में ले जा रही है | सकारात्मक व नकारात्मक दोनों पक्षों की तुलना करना इस सन्दर्भ में जरुरी हो जाता है |

    आधुनिक विश्व प्रौधोगिकी से उत्पन्न महान चमत्कारों का साक्षी है| १७वीं सदी में आरम्भ हुई आद्योगिक क्रान्ति विभिन्न तकनीकों व उनके अनुप्रयोगों से जन्मी थी | जेम्स वाट द्वारा निर्मित भांप का इंजन , गैलिलियो की दूरबीन ,कर्ट राइट का पॉवर लूम, आदि ऐसे आविष्कार थे जिन्होंने दुनिया को आर्थिक, सामाजिक व राजनैतिक रूप में एक नयी दिशा दी | यह आद्योगिक आर्थिक बल ही था जिसके कारण यूरोप के छोटे छोटे देश समस्त दुनिया पर हुकूमत चलाने लगे | उन्होंने न केवल अपनी तकनीक का लोहा मनवाया बल्कि इसी की आड़ में अपनी सभ्यता और संस्कृति को भी सर्वत्र थोपने का प्रयत्न किया|

    आज हम औद्योगिक क्रांति के युग से ३०० साल आगे आ गए हैं | जो यन्त्र तब चमत्कार लगते थे अब तो वह विलुप्त हो चुके हैं तथा उनके विकसित रूप आज हमारे लिए हवा पानी की तरह रोज मर्राह की वस्तु हो गए हैं | जब हम अपने आस पास नजर दौड़ते हैं तो सर्वत्र प्रौद्योगिकी ही विद्यमान दिखती है | हाथ में पकड़ी हुई कलम से लेकर , हवा में तैरते हुए हवाई जहाज हर जगह किसी न किसी प्रौद्योगिकी का दर्शन होता है |

    प्रौद्योगिकी के कारण ही आर्थिक रूप से विकास करने में देशों को मदद मिली है | इन्टरनेट के माध्यम से आज बहुमूल्य जानकारी त्वरित रूप से उपलब्ध हो जाती है | कृषि छेत्र में आपदा पूर्वानुमान हो, आद्योगिक छेत्र में मांग – पूर्ती व महंगाई आकलन हो या सेवा छेत्र में बही-स्रोतन, हर छेत्र में तकनीकी प्रयोग द्वारा आर्थिक विकास को बल मिला है | भारत की ही बात करें तो तकनीक के विस्तृत प्रयोग से ही हरित क्रांन्ति का जन्म हुआ, ऊर्जा सुरक्षा हेतु सौर , ज्वार, पवन, अणु उर्जा जैसे गैर परंपरागत स्रोतों का उदय हुआ , आई-टी क्रान्ति के द्वारा देश का सेवा छेत्रक मजबूत हुआ तथा भारत ज्ञान आधारित पूँजी का केंद्र बना |

    आर्थिक प्रगति के साथ साथ मानव विकास हेतु स्वस्थ्य लाभ भी जरुरी है | प्रौद्योगिकी के प्रयोग ने न सिर्फ नए चिकित्सीय साधनों यथा एम.आर.आई, एक्स-रे, कीमोथेरपी, डीएनए री-कम्बिनेंट वैक्सीन आदि को जन्म दिया बल्कि नैनो तकनीक व बायो टेक्नोलॉजी ने चिकित्सा छेत्र को नया आयाम भी दिया है | आज चिकित्सा के छेत्र में डीएनए प्रोटीन का विस्तृत डाटा (बिग डाटा ) विश्लेषण किया जा सकता है | इसके चलते व्यक्ति के डीएनए प्रोफाइल के अनुसार उसके लिए अधिक असरदार दवा बनायीं जा सकती है |आजकल इ- मेडिसिन के जरिये दूरस्थ छेत्रों में चिकित्सीय परामर्श पहुंचाना आसान हो गया है | साथ ही कृत्रिम बुद्धिमत्ता (आर्टिफीसियल इंटेलिजेंस )के द्वारा ऐसे रोबोट का निर्माण किया जा रहा है जो एक मानव विशेषज्ञ की तरह उपचार बता सकेगा |

    तकनीकी सहायता से ही शासन प्रशासन में अधिक सक्षमता आई है | आनलाईन आवेदनों के जरिये कम्पनी पंजीकरण , पासपोर्ट सुविधाएँ, शिकायत निवारण आदि प्रक्रियाएं आसान बनी हैं वहीँ सीसी टीवी कैमरे, अपराधी डेटाबेस, फोरेंसिक लैब , मेटल डिटेक्टर आदि उपकरणों के द्वारा अपराध-रोधी छमता बढ़ी है | सोशल मीडिया संवाद द्वारा शासन व जनता के मध्य दूरी घटी है तथा जो दफ्तर लाल फीताशाही के कारण विलम्ब हेतु जाने जाते थे वह भी अब तीव्र कार्यवाही करते हैं | अब शासन तंत्र जनता के विस्तृत आंकड़ों का तेजी से विश्लेषण करने में सक्षम है जिससे वह स्वास्थय, आपदा , आर्थिक सहायता(सब्सिडी) आदि हेतु सटीक योजनायें बना सकता है| देश की सीमा पर निगरानी हो या संसाधनों का अनुमान सैटेलाईट प्रणाली द्वारा अब दोनों एक ही युक्ति से किया जाना संभव है |

    समष्टि से हटकर जब हम व्यष्टि स्तर पर देखते हैं तो भी प्रौद्योगिकी द्वारा वैयक्तिक विकास के विभिन्न उदहारण दिखते हैं | हम देख सकते हैं की कैसे वाशिंग मशीन, ओवन आदि के कारण महिलाओं के श्रम में कमी आई है | अब वह घरेलु काम से समय बचाकर अपने विकास हेतु लगा सकती है | साईकिल भी एक छोटी सी ही मशीन है परन्तु २०वी सदी में महिला सशक्तिकरण में इसका वृहद् योगदान था | आधुनिक नारीवादी विद्वान् भी इस बात को स्वीकारते हैं की प्रौद्योगिकी ने महिला मुक्ति को बढ़ावा दिया है | सेनेटरी पैड, कॉपर टी युक्ति , कंडोम , गर्भ निरोधक गोली , आदि से न केवल महिला का स्वास्थ्य सुधरा बल्कि उनके चयन की स्वतंत्रता व अवसरों में भी वृद्धि हुई है |आज आदिम युग की तरह मनुष्य आग , पानी , ज्वालामुखी , तूफ़ान आदि से डरता नहीं है बल्कि आज वह उनका सीना चीर कर नयी खोजें करता हैं|

    आज के प्रेमी युगल ज्यादा विरह विछोह के गीत नहीं गाते क्यूंकि मोबाइल के द्वारा वह २४ घंटें संपर्क में रह सकते हैं | वह दिन दूर नहीं जब टेलीपोर्ट तकनीक के द्वारा एक प्रेमी छण भर में अपनी प्रेयसी के समीप होगा | विछोह का दर्द समिट जायेगा और संयोग श्रृंगार बढ़ता जायेगा , पर प्रश्न यह उठता है की क्या सच में श्रृंगार रस को बढाने वाली वह हरियाली, वह कल कल करती सरिता, वह महकती पवन और आसमान में चहकते वह पक्षी होंगे| इस सबका जवाब अनिश्चित है और इस पर विचार करना भी आवश्यक है, जो तकनीक पर अतिनिर्भरता के अन्य पहलूओं को उजागर करता है |
    १९वीं सदी के प्रसिद्ध कवी विलियम वर्ड्सवर्थ ने आद्योगिक क्रान्ति के दुष्प्रभावों को जनता के समक्ष रखा था | उन्होंने कहा:
    ” प्राकृतिक सुन्दरता जो बंद आँखों को भी सुख देती थी वह खोती जा रही है , उपवनों की जगह मिलें दिख रही हैं और जहाँ मनुष्य स्वछंद विचरता था वह अब छोटे छोटे घरों के गुच्छों में कैद नजर आता है |”
    आज हम २१वीं सदी में हैं और जिस दुष्प्रभाव की तरफ वर्ड्सवर्थ ने इशारा दिया था वह अब यथार्थ बन गया है |

    प्रौद्योगिकी पर अति निर्भरता द्वारा जहाँ मानव ने अपना प्रत्यक्ष दिखने वाला कार्य सरल बना लिया है वहीँ जीवन को अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से सँभालने वाले तत्वों को उसने नुक्सान पहुंचाया है | वायु में तीव्र वाहनों द्वारा घोले गए सलफेट, नाइट्रस ऑक्साइड, कार्बन डाई-ऑक्साइड आदि पदार्थों ने वायु को इस प्रकार प्रदूषित कर दिया है की अस्थमा जैसी बीमारियाँ बढती जा रही हैं | जल का मशीनों द्वारा अतिशय दोहन , उच्च पैदावार हेतु घातक कीटनाशी प्रयोग , जायके हेतु खाने में एमएसजी जैसे रसायनों का प्रयोग, युद्धों में जनसंहारक अस्त्रों जैसे अणु बम , रसायन बम , जैव बम आदि उदहारण यह दिखाते हैं की किस प्रकार प्रौद्योगिकी के अतिशय उपयोग का दुष्प्रभाव हुआ है |

    अतिशय मशीनीकरण के कारण मानवीय श्रम व उसकी छमता भी घटी है जिसके कारण मधुमेह, मोटापा आदि बीमारियों ने जन्म लिया है| मानसिक रूप से भी प्रौद्योगिकी का दुष्प्रभाव दिखता है | आज फेसबुक, ट्विटर आदि के द्वारा एक आभासी समाज का निर्माण हो गया है जिससे ‘आभासी व्यक्तित्व ‘ जैसे दोष बढ़ते जा रहे हैं | इसमें व्यक्ति आभासी ई- समाज में तो अपने विचार खुल कर रखता है पर वास्तविकता में वह दब्बू ही बना रहता है | फेसबुक के १ लाइक व कमेंट की प्रतीक्षा में व्यक्ति धीरे धीरे अल्प अवसाद से भर जाता है जो आगे चलकर भयावह रूप ले लेता है | ऐसा ही ज्ञान के सन्दर्भ में भी है , जो ज्ञान बच्चों तक पहले माता पिता से छन छन कर आता था वह अब उन्हें नेट से त्वरित रूप में प्राप्त हो जाता है | इससे बच्चों के अन्दर खोजी प्रवृत्ति कम हुई है तथा वह बालपन की स्वाभाविक उमंग से कटते जा रहे हैं |

    इस प्रकार से जहां प्रौद्योगिकी ने हमे विकसित बनाया वही उसके अति प्रयोग ने हमे उसका दास बना दिया है | हमे इस स्तिथि से निपटने के लिए संतुलन की वह रेखा खोजनी होगी जहाँ तकनीक हमारे जीवन को सरल बनाये परन्तु उसकी स्वाभाविक सुन्दरता न छीने| जैसाकि ‘गुरुदेव टैगोर’ व ‘खलील जिब्राहन’ ने कहा है की “भाव और तर्क का सही संतुलन ही मनुष्य को उचित मार्ग दिखता है” हमे वैसा ही प्रौद्योगिकी प्रयोग में भी करना होगा | तकनीकी श्रेष्ठता को हमे पर्यावरण रक्षा व मन की शांति से जोड़ना होगा वैभव व संपत्ति से नहीं| आवश्यक है की हम तकनीक के दास न बने बल्कि उसका भी नया विकल्प खोजें, ताकि भविष्य एकांगी न हो | हमे उस नयी दुनिया का सपना देखना होगा जहाँ तकनीक जरूरतों को पूरा करे लालच को नहीं और ऐसी दुनिया के निर्माण हेतु बापू के यह वचन सदैव हमारा मार्ग दर्शन करेंगे |
    “हमारी पृथ्वी सभी मनुष्यों की जरूरतों को पूरा कर सकती है , पर लालच के लिए पांच पृथ्वियां भी कम पड़ जाएँगी ”

    ___________________________________________________
    सन्दर्भ

    रामचंद्र गुहा – A HISTORY OF ENVIRONMENTALISM
    खलील जिब्राहन- द प्रोफेट
    मोहनदास करमचंद गाँधी – टू स्टूडेंट्स
    बिग डाटा – विक्टर मेयर शौन्बेर्गेर
    द थर्ड वेव – एल्विन तोफ्फ्लेर

    • NANDINI R

      it was a good read but lacks wow factor imo. kwar

  • Doctor_Strange

    Can Anybody please provide a link for Essay Compilations of 2015 and 2016 Insights essay challenges….